BSc Politics and Economics

Key facts

(Guardian University Guide 2019)

“There are a great amount of workshops and advice sessions available to students, which means that there is help available to those who might be having difficulties within the course.”

In their words

Alex Fernandes, BSc Politics and Economics

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Discover how money and power interact. Few economic questions are untouched by political themes. So this degree combines a thorough grounding in economic analysis with the study of theory and practice of politics.

Offered in conjunction with the School of Political, Social and International Studies, you will gain high-level training in economics alongside detailed insight into political science. By mastering both political and economic inquiry you will be able to draw more wide reaching predictions and recommendations in answer to questions such as how to manage the trade-off between social welfare and levels of taxation.

Overview

Whether you are interested in business, politics or simply how the world ticks, economics is a wonderful discipline for understanding how individuals make choices, how those choices create markets, and how markets interact to create national and global economies. It also provides the essential understanding for how economic policies can be developed to improve social welfare.

BSc Politics and Economics allows you to study both economics and politics in a combined approach, giving you a thorough and high-level training in economics alongside providing you with a detailed insight into political science.

Course Structure

Our three-year BSc Politics and Economics degree offers a collaborative approach between the School of Economics and the School of Political Social and International Studies. You’ll take a compulsory core of modules, and then have the freedom to direct your own learning across the two disciplines with a choice of complementary modules.

Year 1

In your first year you’ll discover macro and microeconomics through core economics modules. You will also gain an understanding of economic modelling and statistical techniques through the modules Introductory Mathematics for Economists and Introductory Statistics for Economists.

Your study of politics will be founded in the module Introduction to Contemporary Politics – plus you’ll get to pick a further module from the School of Political, Social and International Studies.

Year 2

You’ll continue to strengthen your understanding of the macro and micro economy, alongside learning about the collection and analysis of data. In Introductory Econometrics you’ll build your statistical skills – and get the chance to apply them in a practical project in the module Econometrics Research Project. This module is also designed to enhance your employability.

Alongside your economics learning you’ll choose a selection of modules from the School of Political, Social and International Studies, to complement the compulsory module States, Institutions and Citizens.

Year 3

In your final year, you’ll choose modules from the School of Economics that allow you to further your study of economic theory and public policy. You’ll complement this with modules from a broad range of political disciplines – and have the option of taking a dissertation too.

Teaching and Learning

You will be taught by a lively, friendly research-oriented team who are committed to teaching excellence.

We have an international reputation in many key areas, including economic theory and applied subjects. Our research interests include behavioural economics, competition economics, environmental policy, conflict, contests and corporate behaviour, finance and financial markets, labour market studies in education, family and welfare, and cultural and creative industries. 

Independent study

You can deepen your understanding and experience by taking part in various student-led initiatives. The Economics Society is the perfect place to network and socialise with fellow students with shared interests.

There’s also the Norwich Economic Papers – a scholarly journal run by a Student Editorial Board. This is your chance to publish academic work, write discussion pieces and enter essay competitions.

Academic support

To make sure you get the most from your studies and help you reach your full potential, our Learning Enhancement team, based in Student Support Services, are on hand to help in the following areas:

  • Study skills (including reading, note-taking and presentation skills)
  • Writing skills (including punctuation and grammatical accuracy)
  • Academic writing (including how to reference)
  • Research skills (including how to use the library)
  • Critical thinking and understanding arguments
  • Revision, assessment and examination skills (including time management)

If you have additional needs due to disabilities such as sensory impairment or learning difficulties such as dyslexia please talk to our Student Support Services about how we can help.

Assessment

You will be assessed through exams and different types of coursework – such as essays, presentations, research exercises and group work.

Each type of assessment plays its part – for example: 

  • Essays will test your general levels of understanding and ability to apply concepts
  • Course tests will check you have mastered the technical material
  • Exams will provide the opportunity for open-ended treatment of material
  • Econometric projects will test your ability to apply, interpret and assess statistical techniques
  • Critical reviews of academic articles will check your understanding and ability to critically assess

In some modules we use audience response system technologies, which help to establish a dialogue with your teachers and give you feedback in real time.

After the course

Economics careers are among the most wide-ranging. Highly numerate graduates with skills in problem solving, communication and decision-making are highly sought after in every sector and you could go on to work in business, consulting, banking, politics, insurance, the Civil Service, business economics, personnel, accountancy, actuarial work, marketing, investment and financial risk analysis, and international organisations.

Career destinations

Career destinations related to your degree include:

  • Actuarial analyst
  • Data analyst
  • Economist
  • Financial risk analyst
  • Investment analyst
  • Statistician

Course related costs

Please see Additional Course Fees for details of additional course-related costs.

Course Modules 2019/0

Students must study the following modules for 100 credits:

Name Code Credits

INTRODUCTION TO CONTEMPORARY POLITICS

This module introduces you to some of the key contemporary debates and issues in the disciplines of Politics and International Relations. The central theme of the module is liberal democracy, its nature, scope and potential strengths and weaknesses. You will consider forces which have had an impact upon western liberal democracy - such as globalisation and immigration - and examine case studies which illustrate the success and failure of liberal democracy in practice. The case studies change from year to year, but currently include Weimar Germany, Northern Ireland, Britain, the Israel-Palestine conflict, Iraq, France and the US. You will be assessed on this module via coursework, usually a combination of an essay and/or a reading and seminar logbook. You will learn via attendance at weekly lectures and seminars, and your own private study. In addition to enhancing your subject knowledge, you will also acquire and develop skills which will be helpful in the rest of your degree, such as critical analysis and the construction of political arguments, in both written and spoken forms, as well as improving your confidence to participate in seminar discussions.

PPLX4052A

20

INTRODUCTORY MACROECONOMICS

The aim of this module is to introduce students to the economic way of reasoning, and to apply these to a variety of real world macroeconomic issues. Students will begin their journey by learning how to measure macroeconomic aggregates, such as GDP, GDP growth, unemployment and inflation. The module will establish the foundations to conduct rigorous Macroeconomics analysis, as students will learn how to identify and characterise equilibrium on the goods market and on the money market. The module will also introduce students to policy-making, exploring and evaluating features and applications of fiscal and monetary policy. Students will grow an appreciation of the methods of economic analysis, such as mathematical modelling, diagrammatic representation, and narrative. The discussion of theoretical frameworks will be enriched by real world applications, and it will be supported by an interactive teaching approach.

ECO-4006Y

20

INTRODUCTORY MATHEMATICS FOR ECONOMISTS

Are you surprised to find that studying economics requires some maths skills? Does this worry you? If so, this module will help you overcome these fears and show you that the maths techniques used in economics are actually not as hard as you might think. This module will provide you with a good grounding in basic mathematical techniques and prepare you for any second and third year modules which require maths skills. You'll learn how to apply your maths in an economic context during the lectures, seminars and in two computer lab sessions in which you'll use Excel. In this module, you'll cover some of the material normally covered in a typical A-level course. At first, you'll develop a basic understanding of linear and non-linear functions, gradually advancing to using differential calculus and constrained optimisation. Throughout the module, you'll focus on the mathematical techniques and their economic applications. In computer lab sessions, you'll learn how to use Excel to draw graphs of functions, solve simultaneous equations and optimisation problems. By the end of the module, you'll be able to correctly identify appropriate mathematical techniques and apply them to economics. You'll also know how to use Excel to solve some mathematical problems and draw graphs of functions. In addition, you'll be well prepared for any second and third year modules which require maths skills.

ECO-4001A

20

INTRODUCTORY MICROECONOMICS

Forming a foundation for subsequent economic modules, this module will introduce you to the fundamental principles, concepts and tools of microeconomics and show you how to apply these to a variety of real world economic issues. There is some mathematical content - you will be required to interpret linear equations, solve simple linear simultaneous equations and use differentiation. The module is primarily concerned with: 1) the ways individuals and households behave in the economy 2) the analysis of firms producing goods and services 3) how goods and services are traded or otherwise distributed - often but not exclusively through markets 4) the role of government as provider and/or regulator.

ECO-4005Y

20

INTRODUCTORY STATISTICS FOR ECONOMISTS

Who's most likely to win the next election? How old or wealthy is the typical shopper at UK's largest department stores? How much are you likely to earn from an economics degree? Describing the world in figures is what this module is about, and with so much data out there, there's never been a better time to study statistics. This module introduces key probability and statistical concepts and tools, exploring their application to real-world data. You'll learn statistical inference techniques to draw general conclusions based on sample data, and gain experience in the use and visualisation of real statistic data. This module is a foundation for the second year module Introductory Econometrics. You'll begin with an overview of descriptive statistics and how to characterise the data using measures of central tendency and dispersion, before delving into events, probabilities and data distributions. Though lectures and applied computer seminars, you'll then make use of these concepts to understand and perform estimation and hypothesis testing. This module will enable you to analyse and present basic features of any numerical data. You'll perform statistical techniques using specialised statistical software. This will prepare you for data analysis in business, economics and related disciplines, and for linked second and third year modules.

ECO-4001B

20

Students will select 20 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

GLOBAL POLITICS 2

Global Politics 2 explores the most important controversies and debates in contemporary international politics. Because international politics is constantly changing, we review this module every year, altering the precise mix of topics to reflect the world that you see around you. All of our topics involve questions of power, ethics, transnational cooperation and security. Recently we have explored terrorism, nuclear weapons, our moral obligations to foreigners, as well as migration, the fate of the environment, and emerging powers in the international system.

PPLI4055B

20

INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL COMMUNICATION

Trump's Tweets, Corbyn's "fans", and personalised campaign messages sent by algorithms#political communication has changed drastically in the last five years. Pundits and some scholars warn of serious dangers to democracy. What are the tricks of the trade in modern political communication and how different are they from those of the past? How does one now succeed to get across a message and gain support? Should we be worried about the implications for political discourse and decision-making? This module will enable you to critically assess the role of communication in national and international politics and help you understand the dynamics among political actors, media and citizens in opinion formation and decision-making. This is a professional practice module in which you will gain skills relevant to the conduct of political communications and to many other work environments, as well as experience working in a team on a task that requires critical thinking and collaborative strategizing. This module is ideal for anyone interested in working in politics, diplomacy, journalism, marketing, or for advocacy or activist civil society groups. Ideas about the power of communications and the ways that various political actors use that power are at the heart of this module. You'll examine how these actors use the media in political communications. Lectures and readings will cover media effects, how political communication has changed with changes in media technology, branding and celebrity in politics, and soft power with political communication at the international level, as well as the tools used by various political actors, such as political parties or civic movements. Lectures are interactive, using an audience response system and open discussion. Seminar activities include practical tasks as well as ones to enhance understanding of the readings. The first assessed work is a group project in which you will play the role of junior analysts in a communications consultancy and you will work together to assess the political communications of a real political actor, your "client", producing a report and presentation that includes recommendations for improvement. The second is an essay that gives you the chance to develop your ability to analyse and synthesise. By the end of this module you will be able to identify and describe the actors and their interests in a given political communications contexts, as well as formulate and articulate clear arguments about the relationships between political actors and the media in relation to power and agency. You will have gained experience in a simulated work scenario that will give you skills transferable across a number of professions as you will have delivered analysis and recommendations in a professional-style presentation and report. You will also be able evaluate political communications' role in an international context, something increasingly necessary in the ever more globalized world both for political and corporate actors.

PPLM4001B

20

Students must study the following modules for 80 credits:

Name Code Credits

INTERMEDIATE MACROECONOMICS

Inflation, unemployment, economic growth, interest rates, exchange rates and financial markets all feature prominently in the daily news. This module uses a range of economic models to build understanding of these key macroeconomic concepts, and the relationships between them. The module will further your awareness of key macroeconomic concepts and controversies. You'll be introduced to a range of economic models, accompanied by economic data, growing your understanding and ability to discuss recent macroeconomic events and critique macroeconomic theory. The early part of the module formalises macroeconomic issues including: how much is consumed and how much is saved; how much firms choose to invest; and why we have unemployment. The later part of the module builds these concepts into a macroeconomic model that you will learn to use to analyse the effectiveness of policy in different macroeconomic situations. Key questions throughout are: what can policymakers do and what should policymakers do? On successful completion of the module you'll have the knowledge and skills for further macroeconomic study. You'll better understand recent economic events, be better placed to discuss these within a formal economic framework, and be able to comment on macroeconomic policy decisions. You will have the ability to discuss and answer the sorts of questions prospective employers, friends and family might reasonably ask an economics undergraduate.

ECO-5007B

20

INTERMEDIATE MICROECONOMICS

What do a politician, a social media company and a supermarket shopper have in common? They all make choices. But what will they choose? What is a good choice? Should we try to change their choice? Understanding choices and how they are made is critically important. This module will see you explore the ways economists think about making choices. Whether those choices are in the context of uncertainty or interaction with others, you'll develop models for predicting and analysing them. You'll also develop skills of reasoning, argumentation and applying mathematical analysis to solve real world problems. You'll begin by looking at individual decision making, then uncertainty, and finally strategic interaction. Building on your knowledge of basic concepts in microeconomics, you'll become adept at applying mathematical analysis to answer a variety of real world problems, from providing public goods to understanding oligopolistic competition, learning through a mix of lectures, workshops and seminars. You'll also have the opportunity to practice for your future career as an economic consultant via a written assignment, where you'll write a consultant's report on a real-world problem. All areas of economics use microeconomics, so whatever you'd like to study or work with in the future, you'll be well served by this module. You'll complete this module with well-developed logic and analysis skills, as well as a solid grasp of fundamental concepts in microeconomics.

ECO-5007A

20

INTRODUCTORY ECONOMETRICS

Are you interested in working with data? Would you like to be able to make economics forecasts or predictions, or test an economic theory? If so, this module will introduce you the empirical techniques you need to satisfy these interests. This module will introduce you to econometrics, which is a combination of economic theory, mathematical economics, economic statistics and mathematical statistics. You'll acquire the empirical techniques that will enable you obtain numerical estimates of, for example, the relationship between the quantity demanded and price of a good, or the relationship between years of education and pay. You'll also learn how to test the strength of these relationships. For example, is there a strong and positive relationship between education and pay? Is there evidence of negative relationship between the price of a good and the quantity demanded? In addition, as your seminars will take place in the computer labs, you'll gain skills in analysing data using a specialist software package. In the first part of the module, you'll be shown how to estimate a simple regression model, interpret your findings and test the relationships between variables. As you progress, you'll learn how to identify problems with your model and how to address these problems. In the later part of the module you'll focus on models which allow you to calculate probabilities. For example, the probability of smoking, owning your own home rather than renting, or going to university instead of entering the labour market. In lectures you'll learn about the techniques; in seminars you'll apply these techniques to a variety of economic problems and estimate models with the help of the specialist software package. By the end of the module you'll be able to estimate appropriate regression models, identify problems that may arise and know how to address them. You'll also be able to test economic theory using empirical techniques and use a statistical software package. In addition, you'll be well prepared for any final-year modules which require econometric skills.

ECO-5006A

20

STATES, INSTITUTIONS AND CITIZENS

Political systems around the world are facing profound challenges and transformations. Established democracies in Europe and North America have seen the rise of populism, as marked by election of Donald Trump in the USA, the Brexit referendum in the UK or support for Marine Le Pen in France. Democracy has also been in retreat in many states which democratised or partly democratised after the cold war such as Russia and Poland. At the same time, autocratic regimes in the Middle East and North Africa have come under pressure, with movements such as the Arab Spring signalling aspirations amongst many people for a more democratic system of governance. This module provides you with a critical understanding of how political systems vary around the world and the pressures facing them. It begins by focusing on the drivers of democratisation. It then proceeds to consider how political institutions such as the executive, legislature and the degree of decentralisation vary - and the effects that this has. Finally, we consider new trends in citizen's voting behaviour at the ballot box and pressure groups campaigning for change. You'll gain a critical awareness of current debates in comparative politics and develop key skills including critical evaluation, analytical investigation, written presentation, and oral communication.

PPLX5162B

20

Students will select 20 credits from the following modules:

Students will select 20 credits from the following Politics modules.

Name Code Credits

DIGITAL MEDIA AND SOCIETY

For better or worse, digital technologies are hyped at having revolutionised society. This module will provide you with an introduction to the ways in which the internet and other digital technologies are (and are not) affecting society from theoretical and empirical perspectives, and how society shapes technology. Topics covered include: the evolution of the internet; the "network society"; regulating new media; the radical internet and terrorism; social networking, blogs and interactivity; culture and identity in the digital age; and how the internet affects politics and the media.

PPLM5053A

20

GENDER AND POWER

Providing a conceptual overview of feminist research approaches, this module examines contemporary gender and power relations. You will examine both the formal and informal power structures that shape the experience of gender. Bringing together the fields of media and sociology, politics and cultural studies, you will explore the relationship between feminist theory and activism.

PPLM5002A

20

INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION AND GLOBAL GOVERNANCE

Where does global power lie? International Organisations (IOs) such as the United Nations, World Trade Organisation and International Monetary Fund have important roles to play but just how relevant are they today, more than 70 years after they were set up? And what about regional organisations such as the European Union and African Union, or non governmental organisations (NGOs) such as the Red Cross, Greenpeace and Amnesty International? Can we say that these organisations collectively form a system of global governance? In this module we will discuss critically the theories and concepts used for the analysis of international cooperation and offer competing perspectives to gain substantive knowledge of the development, operation, and role of IOs in key policy domains. We will examine 'grand' dilemmas facing humanity (security, welfare, and environmental) and the forms of international governance set up to address those dilemmas. We ask why sovereign nation-states form, join and usually comply with the rules. We look too at the emergence of potential alternatives to western-centric IOs and bring together a critical evaluation of the main theories which seek to explain international cooperation with an examination of contemporary issues in these public policy fields. Finally, we consider whether international organisation (the latter singular) amounts to an effective form of global governance to the extent that it mitigates anarchy in the international system.

PPLI5057A

20

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORY

What does the world look like to a Marxist, or a liberal, or a feminist, or a realist? We all hold particular ideas about how the world works: about why certain events happen, who the key actors in the international system are, and whether it is even possible to change things for future generations. Theories of International Relations (IR) attempt to capture these assumptions, explaining the world in different ways to others. You will explore how the discipline of IR emerged in the early 20th century, before investigating the very different theories which have shaped, and sometimes dominated, academic and policy makers' ideas about how the world actually works.

PPLI5059A

20

INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

Why are wars fought? What is peace? What is security? International Security introduces you to these key issues in global politics. In the first part of the module, you will explore the continuing salience of violent conflict and the use of force in world politics. While some have argued that the advent of globalisation and spread of liberal democracy would make violent conflict less relevant in today's world, war and the use of force remain an integral part of the international system. In exploring these issues, you will study a variety of perspectives on the causes of war and peace to examine the roots of violent conflict and security problems in the present day. In the second half of the module, we will turn to contemporary 'critical' debates around international security. These include constructivist and feminist perspectives on what security is, how it is achieved, and whether it is desirable. We will also investigate the host of seemingly new security challenges that have increasingly captured the attention of policymakers and academics. How useful is it to think of issues such as environmental degradation, gendered violences, and poverty as security issues? What do we gain and lose in broadening security studies beyond a narrow focus on warfare and military power?

PPLI5056B

20

INTRODUCTION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION

Who rules the EU? What does it do concretely for EU citizens? How democratic is it? How serious are the challenges it is currently facing, from the reform of its economic governance to Brexit? To explore these questions, and more, you'll examine the development, structure, nature and functions of the European Union. You'll look at the history and theories of European integration from the 1940s to the present day. You'll explore the institutions and processes which run the EU, and demystify its main policies. The aim of the module is not only to ensure that you understand the 'nuts and bolts' of what the EU is and how it works. You'll also examine critically and articulate contending arguments on key issues such as the role of the member-states in the European system of governance; the EU's democratic credentials; the causes and consequences of Brexit; or the influence of the EU in the world. The EU is an integral part of its member states' structures of governance and it influences their domestic political, social and cultural life, as well as EU neighbouring countries. Understanding how the European Union works is important in many jobs at local, national or international levels in the public, private and third (community and voluntary) sectors. This module is recommended if you intend to progress to the 'European Studies with Brussels Internship' module in Year 3.

PPLI5044A

20

MEDIA, GLOBALISATION AND CULTURE

What role do media and communication play in processes of globalisation? How is an ever more global media creating cultural change? In this module you will explore the cultural implications of global media and culture by investigating audience practices and media representations. It begins by introducing the main theoretical approaches to mediated globalisation, before examining how these work in practice. Indicative topics include the power of global branding, global celebrity culture, global publics and local audiences, transnational cultures, and representations of migration.

PPLM5003B

20

METHODS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH

How do scientists in the fields of political science, media, and international relations actually perform their research? How do they know what they claim to know? How can we use scientific methods to study the political and social world? Throughout the module, you will learn how do evaluate research, and more importantly, how to perform your own research using scientific methods. You will acquire knowledge of the theory and practice of a range of quantitative and qualitative research methods. You will acquire a variety of skills - computerised data analysis, interviewing, observation, focus groups, taking fieldwork notes, and report writing. We will begin by examining ways of thinking about the world, developing ideas and hypotheses, and ways of testing them. We will explore a variety of ways to examine these hypotheses using a variety of basic quantitative/statistical methods. We will then explore a variety of qualitative, in-depth methods, of collecting and analyzing data such as interviewing and focus groups. You do not need to have any mathematical background to follow this module.

PPLX5047A

20

POLITICAL VIOLENCE and CONFLICT: THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES

Political violence, individual or collective, is easily condemned as an irrational and barbaric phenomenon, with little relevance for understanding political developments and social change. A lot is down to LeBon's famous nineteenth century accounts of the crowd as 'a primitive being' so destructive 'that the interests of the individual, even the interest of self preservation, will not dominate them' (LeBon, 1995). The taboo of violence persists despite attempts of social and political theorists to engage with the issue and understand different forms and contexts, from riots, to religious violence and terrorism. The aim of the module is to break this generalized taboo by tracing the role (explicit or implicit) of political violence in political theory and its function in processes of socio-political transformations and change. Critical engagement with contemporary theoretical and empirical debates around the issue and the examination of mass and new media representations of political violence will enable students to develop a sophisticated understanding of the origins, logics, perceptions and outcomes of political violence and conflict.

PPLM5002B

20

POLITICS AND MEDIA

Media are an inescapable part of contemporary political life. This much is obvious. What is more difficult to know is how media affect the conduct of politics - and how politics affects the conduct of media. In this module, you'll examine the many dimensions of media's political involvement. You'll start with arguments about how 'powerful' media are, and then go on to look at questions of media 'bias', before turning to the ways in which political communication has changed (and is changing). We'll look at the role of the state in using and controlling media and the new techniques of media management - and at how, in particular, digital media are changing the relationship between politics and media. This will lead to a discussion of media effects and how to measure them. You'll end the module by asking what is meant by a democratic media and what the future might bring for the relationship of media and politics.

PPLM5001B

20

POLITICS IN THE USA

The election of Donald Trump as President in 2016 has radically changed US politics. Yet to fully understand the current times, contemporary American politics needs to be put into context. This module covers the historical themes that exist in US politics from the eighteenth century to the present day. The emphasis will be on modern political history and contemporary politics, but this will be underpinned by a knowledge of the political philosophy at the time of the formation of the United States, the governmental structures, and political developments over historical time.

PPLX5164A

20

POWER, WEALTH AND NATIONS: GLOBAL POLITICAL ECONOMY

What if I told you that the West was no longer the power centre of the world's economy? Could Pax Sinica provincialize the UK as political economic power settles over Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta? What would Adam Smith, Karl Marx and Friedrich List have to say about global transformations underway in the global political economy? And, as Susan Strange famously put it: cui bono: Who benefits from all these transformations? Multinational corporations, nation states, financial sector, exporting economies, citizens? You'll investigate the accumulation of wealth, movement of capital, centres of power, flows of globalisation, patterns of trade, and the ubiquity of finance in a world being transformed by innovation where emerging powers challenge the status quo of North Atlantic powerhouses.

PPLI5161B

20

THE MEDIA AND IDENTITY

How do the media shape how we see ourselves? Or indeed how others see us? In a world of social media, self-branding and the increasing importance of mediated forms of identity, on this module you will explore critical ways of thinking about the relationship between culture, media and the self. Drawing on a range of theoretical approaches in the field of media and cultural studies, this module asks you to use research methods from autoethnography to content analysis to explore both their own identities and the way in which identities more broadly are formulated through contemporary media culture. Through discussing the representation of identity in media content, as well as issues of media production, regulation and consumption, you will critically reflect upon the relationship between media culture and social power and consider how social and technological changes impact on the ways in which identity is experienced in everyday life. On successful completion of this module, you should be able, at threshold level, to critically reflect upon the ways in which media texts construct social identity and should be able to discuss the relationship between media and identity with awareness for social, institutional and technological factors that shape both media production and consumption. Assessment is by group presentation and independent research project.

PPLM5042B

20

WESTERN POLITICAL THOUGHT

In this second year module you will examine in depth the works of selected thinkers who are seminal to the Western tradition of political thought, and have shaped the ways in which we think about politics even today, including Plato, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Mill and Machiavelli. You will also compare their work thematically, with a focus on themes such as the natural law and social contract traditions, and other schools of thought which have been influenced by these traditions. The module will be based on the study and interpretation of key primary texts and will enable you to develop skills of textual analysis and critique. It will also provide some of the historical background necessary to study more contemporary political theory at 3rd year undergraduate level, as well as building substantially on some of the political theories encountered on Social and Political Theory at first year level. The module is taught by a combination of weekly lectures and seminars, supported by private study of your own, and you will be assessed by coursework, usually a combination of an essay and a portfolio which reflects on your reading and seminar performance throughout the semester.

PPLX5064A

20

Students will select 20 credits from the following modules:

Students will select 20 credits from the following Economics modules.

Name Code Credits

BEHAVIOURAL ECONOMICS

In this module you'll explore findings from behavioural economics, a research area that has found people are often motivated by other factors than self-interest, and that their decisions are influenced by psychological biases and heuristics.

ECO-5005B

20

ECONOMETRICS RESEARCH PROJECT

The ability to understand and analyse data is an important skill in the toolkit of an economist. In this module you will learn how to apply econometric techniques to real-world data. The module will guide you step-by-step through the process of carrying out a research project. You'll develop a firm understanding of how to research and evaluate literature from a variety of sources, prepare data and undertake econometric analysis in the form of preliminary data analysis and culminating in a series of regression models using appropriate techniques that build on your knowledge from Introductory Econometrics. You'll also learn how to summarise and communicate your ideas, drawing out possible policy implications. The module builds on the econometric techniques introduced in Introductory Econometrics. Building on these skills and knowledge, you will further develop your data analysis and understanding of econometrics by applying them to a research project that uses nationally-representative UK survey data. The survey provides information on household composition, employment and skills, income and wealth, education, health and lifestyle, social and political attitudes, well-being, environment and transport, children and families, allowing you to consider a broad range of potential topic areas. On successful completion of this module you will have enhanced your knowledge and awareness of estimation techniques and enhanced your skills in analysing real-world data using specialist statistical software. Through the production of the research project you will have developed your investigative and analytical skills, preparing you for a career requiring a high level of competency in data and statistical analysis.

ECO-5008B

20

HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT

In the aftermath of the recent financial crisis and the Great Recession, the Economics discipline is under scrutiny. How can we criticise, re-invent, and develop economic thinking for the future? This module will explore this important question discussing lessons learnt from the past. In this module you will build knowledge of different economic theories established in the past. Moreover, you will learn how to compare and contrast alternative theories, developing an appreciation for the assumptions, the methods, and the solutions offered by different schools of thought to economic problems that are still affecting society nowadays. You will embark on a journey of discovery, studying the evolution of economic thought over the past four centuries, from Adam Smith's concept of natural order to the current days' debate on the Re-thinking Economics Movement. We will discuss how Economics has become the discipline that we know today, and what we can do to shape economic thinking for the future. Assessment tasks will address this debate, and they will focus on interaction and collaboration amongst students in partnership with your lecturer. By the end of the module you will have developed your critical thinking skills and your ability to identify strengths and flaws in different economic arguments and methodologies. Your ability to construct informed economic judgements will support you in further studies. It will represent an essential skill to establish as an experienced professional in the job market.

ECO-5009B

20

INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTEGRATION

Developing your understanding of the international economy, this module examines global flows of goods through international trade using a number of classical "core models" of international trade theory, as well as more recently developed models of "New" trade theory. It also deals with trade policy and its effects on overall economic welfare, and with controversial issues like strategic trade policy.

ECO-5005A

20

MATHEMATICAL ECONOMICS

Students can only enrol on this module if they obtained a mark of 60% on ECO-4003A or 70% on ECO-4001A - Please seek further advice if you have any concerns about your suitability for this module. The module provides an introduction to mathematical techniques for economists, covering linear algebra, comparative static analysis, optimisation, calculus, applications (e.g. growth models, market equilibria, constrained utility maximisation and cost minimisation). It is particularly useful if you intend to undertake postgraduate study in Economics.

ECO-5003A

20

STRATEGIC THINKING

Game theory provides a framework to understand how people behave in the strategic situation that arises when a person's welfare depends not just on their own choices, but also on the decisions made by other people. In this module you'll learn about different formal concepts of game theory through the exploration of examples in economics and in other social sciences. These might include bargaining situations (e.g. between workers and employers), interactions between firms in an industry, arms rivalry and military conflicts or the war against terrorism.

ECO-5004A

20

THE ECONOMICS OF CORPORATE FINANCE

*NEW - this module will be coming online in 2019/20* In this module you'll explore capital structure - how firms decide to finance themselves. You'll look at the trade-offs between issuing equity (shares) and issuing debt, and analyse financial statements and dividend pay-out policy. You'll also learn how bonds and stocks are valued.

ECO-5010B

20

THE EUROPEAN ECONOMY

Have you been wondering about how the European Union is dealing with the euro crisis, Brexit or refugee flows? This module will provide you with the analytical tools to explore these challenges within the framework of European economic integration. You'll learn why economic integration has been pursued around the world and how it could be reversed through the introduction of barriers to trade or factor mobility. The challenges of integration will be explored through individual and group research and presentations. You'll develop your debating and argumentation skills in QandA sessions, and encouraged to extend communication on the topic through online tools and networking. A reflection on your team work and interaction in the module will complement your understanding of underlying theories of economic integration. You'll ultimately gain a critical appreciation of the challenges lying ahead in European economies and be able to communicate these to both economists and a wider audience.

ECO-5006B

20

Students will select 40 credits from the following modules:

Students will select 40 credits from the following Economics modules.

Name Code Credits

ADVANCED TOPICS IN MACROECONOMICS

What determines aggregate economic performance in a globalised world? How can policymakers influence employment, production and inflation? These are the central questions of modern macroeconomics addressed in this module. Global events continuously reshape macroeconomic analysis and pose new challenges to policymakers. Throughout this module you will deepen your understanding of what drives aggregate phenomena and the response of governments and central banks to pressing real world issues by using formal analysis. You'll learn to use sound economic reasoning to connect theories to macroeconomic events, and to communicate economic ideas and concepts effectively. You'll begin with a refresher of the analytical tools learned in intermediate macroeconomics modules, before expanding your knowledge to explore the interactions between financial and real economy. You'll learn through a mix of lectures, take-home assignments, and workshops that encourage active participation. You will appreciate the reading of a different, non-textbook type of economic literature: original research articles, reports by international organisations, working papers circulated by central banks. This material will allow you to study the causes and consequences of events such as the recent global financial crisis, the prolonged stagnation affecting advanced economies, and the process of economic integration in Europe. You'll learn to exploit your knowledge for different purposes by providing written work in two formats, namely, essay-type exercises testing your ability to communicate economic ideas to the public, and analytical exercises emphasising your problem-solving skills.

ECO-6005B

20

ADVANCED TOPICS IN MICROECONOMICS

How have economists improved the designs of auction mechanisms, school admissions systems and even kidney exchanges? What light does their work shed on the remarkable successes of specific, creative new market places, such as e-Bay, Uber, Airbnb and Tinder? And why does microeconomic theory force us to re-think fundamental ideas of democracy and social-wellbeing? In this advanced theory module you'll explore a range of topics from modern academic microeconomics that are currently influential within the science or in public policy and debate. You'll learn to work with economic models that accommodate uncertainty, asymmetric information, and strategic interaction, and also entail bargaining, cooperation, and collective action. A recurring theme and motivation for such models will be the broader topic of "market design"; the theory and practice of creating and improving processes of collective choice and allocation. Initially, you'll learn through informal analysis - conducted in small groups - of practical microeconomic problems that illustrate wider, deeper questions. You'll then be guided to discover the classical, foundational papers that have addressed these questions, to form your own ideas about these seminal contributions and use the formal theory to tackle further problems. By this process you will gain confidence, experience and a deep, clear comprehension of frontier topics more than befitting a graduating microeconomist.

ECO-6005A

20

FURTHER ECONOMETRICS AND DATA ANALYSIS

This module provides you with further econometric tools, helping enhance your understanding of empirical work in macro and micro-economics and enabling you to use modern econometric strategies to tackle a wide range of research questions. It covers two prominent econometric themes - time-series analysis and microeconometrics - and makes use of econometrics software 'Stata' throughout. This module will prove valuable if you wish to undertake postgraduate study or pursue a career in a field that requires statistical analysis.

ECO-6003A

20

GOVERNMENT, WELFARE AND POLICY

Are you interested in the 'hows' and 'whys' of the design of government economic and social policy? These are the central themes of this module. Governments across the world are involved in the production and distribution of goods and services, but differ in the extent of their involvement. When and how should government intervene, and what is best left to the free market? This module looks in detail at policy design and analysis, and examines the challenges faced by governments when intervening in the market. You'll begin by looking at the motivations for state intervention and whether this can be achieved without sacrificing efficiency, and gain an understanding of the framework within which the UK government assesses policy initiatives. You'll go on to examine the role of the government in a number of key areas of economic, social and political action. You'll learn about different approaches to similar problems across different countries, and assess the success of policy in achieving its desired outcomes. For example, recent topics have included: education; the environment; social policy; health; and immigration. By the end of the module you will appreciate the intricacies of the challenges faced by governments when designing policy, and the interaction of social, political and economic spheres. You'll be able to critically assess policy interventions against their objectives and judge between alternative ways of achieving policy goals. The module offers you the chance to investigate a policy area or topical issue that you are interested in, and design an academic poster to convey your findings. You will also face the challenge of explaining what are sometimes complex economic concepts and ideas to non-experts, a key skill to take forwards into employment. This module is ideal for anyone interested in a career in the public sector, economics consultancies or policy evaluation.

ECO-6008A

20

POLITICAL ECONOMY

Political economy In this module, we will use classic texts, and the tools of modern economics, to make sense of contemporary politics. Objective This module is an introduction to thinking rigorously about politics. Politics today is chaotic, unpredictable and changing fast. Our political systems need to understand and deal with that change. The goal of this module is to introduce you to the most important contemporary political issues, to shed light on them with the tools of economics, to develop your judgment as a discriminating user of those tools, and to teach you to think and argue for yourself. The module aims to prepare you for a career where political forces are relevant - for example in a political party, as a civil servant, or working to influence public policy - or just to equip you to be an active, politically aware citizen. Process Some parts of economics are like engineering or maths, with right and wrong answers and a clear body of timeless truths. Political economy isn't like that. Political events regularly make experts look stupid. The past is not always a good guide to the future. To understand what is going on, you need judgment and insight as well as technical skills. Reading and topics are updated every year to keep fresh and relevant. Set reading includes both modern economic material, and some classics of economics and political science, to give us historical perspective. As far as possible, I will teach the module interactively, with lectures that are closer to a teacher-led seminar than the standard Powerpoint presentation. There will be chances to present. Assessment is 40% coursework, 50% exam, plus 10% for presentations during seminars. Coursework and exams are essay-based, because (1) being forced to make an argument is the best known way to learn about these complex issues; and (2) real politics is driven by arguments, so if you want to get involved, you need some practice. I will demand a lot from you as a student in terms of reading and participation. In return, if you put the effort in, I will try to make the course a truly mind-expanding and -stretching experience. Outcomes At the end of this course you will know about some of the key issues of contemporary politics. You will understand some relevant economic arguments and theories. Most importantly, you'll have learned how to think and argue about complex political issues. The aim is to prepare you for working in a political environment.

ECO-6008B

20

PROGRAMMING AND DATA ANALYTICS

This module aims to develop and reinforce in students appropriate skills that are required to tackle data science projects using an open source statistical programming language. This module aims to teach students the basics of programming, data gathering and management, data analysis and data visualization, that students will find useful and relevant for economic research. The ability to solve problems using data and help students to "think with data" is the driving philosophy behind this module.

ECO-6009A

20

Students will select 80 credits from the following modules:

Students will select 80 credits from the following Politics modules.

Name Code Credits

ACTIVIST CAMPAIGNING

How do grassroots and third sector organisations campaign for social and political change? Rather than pose this as an abstract question, you will partner with existing organisations to conduct campaigns on specific issues such as climate change, tax avoidance or gender inequality. You will receive a brief from a partner organisation and be supported in planning, devising, and carrying out activities that will achieve the aims of the brief. Taught content will include strategies for both online and offline activism, analysing power relations at different scales, and ways of assessing the effectiveness of your campaigns, but the bulk of the module will be the experience of a "live" campaign. You will combine applied research skills with professional practice in the form of a "reverse internship." As the partner organisations are embedded in the module, you will build valuable skills for employability as well as an opportunity for being supported in the exercise of engaged citizenship. You will be assessed by presentation and critical reflection. In the year 2017-2018 the partner organisation was Greenpeace, but partners may change each year.

PPLM6076B

30

ACTIVIST CAMPAIGNING

How do grassroots and third sector organisations campaign for social and political change? Rather than pose this as an abstract question, you will partner with existing organisations to conduct campaigns on specific issues such as climate change, tax avoidance or gender inequality. You will receive a brief from a partner organisation and be supported in planning, devising, and carrying out activities that will achieve the aims of the brief. Taught content will include strategies for both online and offline activism, analysing power relations at different scales, and ways of assessing the effectiveness of your campaigns, but the bulk of this module will be the experience of a "live" campaign. You will combine applied research skills with professional practice in the form of a "reverse internship." As the partner organisations are embedded in the module, you will build valuable skills for employability as well as an opportunity for being supported in the exercise of engaged citizenship. You will be assessed by presentation and critical reflection. In the year 2017-2018 the partner organisation was Greenpeace, but partners may change each year.

PPLM6079B

20

ADVANCED RESEARCH TOPICS

This module offers students a valuable experience of both individual and collective research - as well as the opportunity to study in depth an important contemporary aspect of politics, media and international relations. You will work in small groups pursuing research into a specific topic using a wide variety of source materials under the guidance of a leading expert in the field. There will also be accompanying classes developing skills vital for undertaking research and presenting that research to policy makers and practitioners. The available topics will vary on a yearly basis, but may include subjects such as: The Trump Presidency, Electoral Fraud in Britain, Assessing British Prime Ministers, The Rise of Populism, Nuclear Brinkmanship on the Korean Peninsula, Inside the EU, The Corbyn Leadership of the Labour Party, The Macron Presidency, Devolution and the Four Nations of the UK, and Negotiating Brexit.

PPLX6046A

30

ANALYSING MEDIA DISCOURSES

How can we distinguish "fake news" from reliable journalism? Which language features help us to assess the veracity and significance of political reporting, commenting and advertising? By using methods from Systemic-Functional Linguistics, Cognitive Semantics and Multimodal Analysis we analyse a range of media discourses, i.e. press, TV and computer-mediated communication and investigate how topics such as International Relations, Immigration and Climate Change are construed and interpreted by the media, and how this "social construction of reality" impacts on agenda-formation in public opinion and political decision taking.

PPLM6074B

30

ANALYSING MEDIA DISCOURSES

How can we distinguish "fake news" from reliable journalism? Which language features help us to assess the veracity and significance of political reporting, commenting and advertising? By using methods from Systemic-Functional Linguistics, Cognitive Semantics and Multimodal Analysis we analyse a range of media discourses, i.e. press, TV and computer-mediated communication and investigate how topics such as International Relations, Immigration and Climate Change are construed and interpreted by the media, and how this "social construction of reality" impacts on agenda-formation in public opinion and political decision taking.

PPLM6075B

20

BETTER WORLDS? UTOPIAS AND DYSTOPIAS

Would an ideal society have no more crime? Who would be wealthy? Would politics be outlawed? Do utopians wish to impose their views on the rest of us? This module explores questions such as these, which are central to political and social theory, through the prism of selected utopian and dystopian novels and other utopian texts ranging from Thomas More's Utopia (1516) to the present. It focuses on themes such as property, social control, gender, work, the environment and politics. A major question which the module addresses is the political significance and effects of utopian ideas - often derided as frivolous or impractical in their own time - and the historical role of utopian ideas in political theory and social reform.

PPLX6041A

30

BETTER WORLDS? UTOPIAS AND DYSTOPIAS

Would an ideal society have no more crime? Who would be wealthy? Would politics be outlawed? Do utopians wish to impose their views on the rest of us? This module explores questions such as these, which are central to political and social theory, through the prism of selected utopian and dystopian novels and other utopian texts ranging from Thomas More's Utopia (1516) to the present. It focuses on themes such as property, social control, gender, work, the environment and politics. A major question which the module addresses is the political significance and effects of utopian ideas - often derided as frivolous or impractical in their own time - and the historical role of utopian ideas in political theory and social reform. This module is a 20-credit version of PPLX6041A Better Worlds? Utopias and Dystopias.

PPLX6066A

20

BRITAIN AND EUROPE

Understanding Britain's relationship with the European Union and how the EU works is important in many jobs at local, national and international levels in the public, private and third (community and voluntary) sectors. The EU has been an integral part of the structures of governance of the UK and arguably will continue to impact the UK's political, social and cultural life after Brexit. This module will enable you to understand the complex relationship between Britain and the rest of the EU as we attempt to explain the ambivalence of the British towards European integration. We also track Britain's changing policy from aloofness to eventual accession in 1973 and the development of a reputation as an 'awkward partner'. The module culminates in the decision in 2016 to pursue 'Brexit' by examining its impact, management and the wider consequences.

PPLI6090B

30

BRITAIN AND EUROPE

Understanding Britain's relationship with the European Union and how the EU works is important in many jobs at local, national and international levels in the public, private and third (community and voluntary) sectors. The EU has been an integral part of the structures of governance of the UK and arguably will continue to impact the UK's political, social and cultural life after Brexit. This module will enable you to understand the complex relationship between Britain and the rest of the EU as we attempt to explain the ambivalence of the British towards European integration. We also track Britain's changing policy from aloofness to eventual accession in 1973 and the development of a reputation as and 'awkward partner'. The module culminates in the decision in 2016 to pursue 'Brexit' by examining its impact, management and the wider consequences.

PPLI6091B

20

CAPITALISM AND ITS CRITICS

The nature of Capitalism and its possible futures is one of the preeminent issues of our time. You'll consider the past, present and possible future development of capitalism as a socio-economic system. Drawing upon a wide range of classical and contemporary theorists of capitalism, you'll deliberate capitalism in relation to a range of issues, such as: freedom, urbanisation, imperialism, technology, climate change, art and culture and go on to consider capitalism's tendency towards recurrent crises, and what the alternatives to a capitalist system might be. The module will enable you to develop a critical understanding of capitalism as a political, economic and cultural system.

PPLX6081B

30

CAPITALISM AND ITS CRITICS

The nature of Capitalism and its possible futures is one of the preeminent issues of our time. This module considers the past, present and possible future development of capitalism as a socio-economic system. Drawing upon a wide range of classical and contemporary theorists of capitalism, we consider capitalism in relation to a range of issues, such as: freedom, urbanisation, imperialism, technology, climate change, art and culture. we go on to consider capitalism's tendency towards recurrent crises, and what the alternatives to a capitalist system might be. The module will enable you to develop a critical understanding of capitalism as a political, economic and cultural system. This module is a 20 credit version of PPLX6081B Capitalism and its Critics. THIS 20 CREDIT VERSION IS ONLY AVAILABLE TO VISITING, EXCHANGE AND NON-HUM STUDENTS.

PPLX6083B

20

CONSUMER CULTURE AND SOCIETY

In this module you will critically examine consumer cultures within Euro-American societies, understanding consumer culture as a specific form of material culture that is not restricted to commerce, but is both an economic and cultural phenomenon. The themes explored as a part of the module will intersect with larger questions of identity, modernity and globalisation. The main aims of the module are to challenge previous claims that production determines consumption and engage with broader ideas about the negotiation of power, and how individuals use goods to construct their own cultural identities.

PPLM6061B

30

CONSUMER CULTURE AND SOCIETY

In this module you will critically examine consumer cultures within Euro-American societies, understanding consumer culture as a specific form of material culture that is not restricted to commerce, but is both an economic and cultural phenomenon. The themes explored as a part of the module will intersect with larger questions of identity, modernity and globalisation. The main aims of the module are to challenge previous claims that production determines consumption and engage with broader ideas about the negotiation of power, and how individuals use goods to construct their own cultural identities.

PPLM6062B

20

DEMOCRACY: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE

When the Berlin Wall collapsed in 1989 democracy seemed triumphant as the best of all of political systems. Fast forward 30 years and the democracy is under threat. Distrust of government has risen, economic inequality persists, populist support is growing for illiberal leaders, and elections are being criticised for being 'rigged'. In this module you'll look back to consider how the concept of democracy has changed since it originated in ancient Greece, the critiques of democracy advanced by its opponents and the practical problems involved in designing democratic institutions. In the first part of the module you'll focus on great texts by the major democratic thinkers such as Locke, Rousseau and Mill before exploring contemporary theories of democracy, examining the problems which democracy currently faces and evaluating the solutions proposed, including "electronic democracy" and "cosmopolitan democracy". In the second part of the module you'll look at the applied challenges of designing and implementing democratic institutions including the challenges of organising elections, designing electoral systems, regulating media systems and designing legislatures.

PPLX6044B

30

DEMOCRACY: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE

When the Berlin Wall collapsed in 1989 democracy seemed triumphant as the best of all of political systems. Fast forward 30 years and the democracy is under threat. Distrust of government has risen, economic inequality persists, populist support is growing for illiberal leaders, and elections are being criticised for being 'rigged'. This module looks back to consider how the concept of democracy has changed since it originated in ancient Greece, the critiques of democracy advanced by its opponents and the practical problems involved in designing democratic institutions. The first part of the module focuses on great texts by the major democratic thinkers such as Locke, Rousseau and Mill before exploring contemporary theories of democracy, examining the problems which democracy currently faces and evaluating the solutions proposed, including "electronic democracy" and "cosmopolitan democracy". The second part looks at the applied challenges of designing and implementing democratic institutions including the challenges of organising elections, designing electoral systems, regulating media systems and designing legislatures.

PPLX6048B

20

DIGITAL POLITICS

Today's political world is more than ever influenced by digital technologies, from innovative social movements to 'fake news' and digital election campaigns. We will explore how the technologies influence political processes and how political processes in turn influence technology. We will examine the impact of digital media on electoral politics, examining key election campaigns (including recent UK and US elections) and the impact of social media, big data, and targeted advertising on their results. We will investigate how social movements (from Black Lives Matter to the Alt-Right) have been transformed through their use of digital networks. We will navigate the world of online politics, with a particular focus on the new culture wars being fought out in online environments. Finally we will explore the politics of the everyday, and the political effects of the technology platforms on which we live our online lives.

PPLM6077A

30

DIGITAL POLITICS

Today's political world is more than ever influenced by digital technologies, from innovative social movements to 'fake news' and digital election campaigns. We will explore how the technologies influence political processes and how political processes in turn influence technology. We will examine the impact of digital media on electoral politics, examining key election campaigns (including recent UK and US elections) and the impact of social media, big data, and targeted advertising on their results. We will investigate how social movements (from Black Lives Matter to the Alt-Right) have been transformed through their use of digital networks. We will navigate the world of online politics, with a particular focus on the new culture wars being fought out in online environments. Finally we will explore the politics of the everyday, and the political effects of the technology platforms on which we live our online lives.

PPLM6078A

20

DISSERTATION MODULE

The dissertation module gives you the opportunity to undertake research on a project of your own choosing under the supervision of a member of academic staff. The goal is to produce a dissertation of 8,000-9,000 words, which involves in-depth research on a specialist topic. An undergraduate dissertation represents a piece of independent research produced over an extended period and which demonstrates elements of originality in the selection of the topic, the use of sources and the analysis or argument contained within it. It is an opportunity to demonstrate the depth of your understanding of what you have learned across your degree course by applying concepts and theories from one or several modules to new contexts. A limited number of parliamentary internships are also available as part of this module. You will be expected to attend a series of lectures in the autumn semester which provide general advice on the process of conducting a dissertation, as well as meeting your supervisor on a regular basis over the course of the year.

PPLX6042Y

30

DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE

You'll examine one of the fundamental and enduring questions of normative political theory and applied ethics: who should get what? You'll focuse on some of the leading contemporary theorists of distributive justice, including Rawls, Nozick, Dworkin, Elster, and Sen. As well as exploring macro questions of justice (e.g. What principles of justice for the basic institutions of society? Equality or sufficiency? Need or desert?) you'll also spend time on a range of micro questions about just allocation (e.g. How should household chores be divided between men and women? On the basis of what criteria should scarce donor organs be distributed in hospitals?) In addition to this, you'll also address, through the work of Beitz, Pogge, and Miller, questions of global distributive justice (Is global economic inequality unjust? If so, why? Do people have a right to an equal share in the value of the Earth's natural resources?). The format of the module will be a two-hour workshop each week, comprising research-led teaching, seminar discussions, practical exercises, textual reading, balloon debate, and essay writing and research-skills mini-sessions. The assessment will be comprised exclusively of a series of short workshop briefing papers, with a heavy emphasis on formative feedback on drafts to be discussed during optional weekly one-to-one tutorials.

PPLX6097B

30

DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE

You'll examine one of the fundamental and enduring questions of normative political theory and applied ethics: who should get what? You'll focuse on some of the leading contemporary theorists of distributive justice, including Rawls, Nozick, Dworkin, Elster, and Sen. As well as exploring macro questions of justice (e.g. What principles of justice for the basic institutions of society? Equality or sufficiency? Need or desert?) you'll also spend time on a range of micro questions about just allocation (e.g. How should household chores be divided between men and women? On the basis of what criteria should scarce donor organs be distributed in hospitals?) In addition to this, you'll also address, through the work of Beitz, Pogge, and Miller, questions of global distributive justice (Is global economic inequality unjust? If so, why? Do people have a right to an equal share in the value of the Earth's natural resources?). The format of the module will be a two-hour workshop each week, comprising research-led teaching, seminar discussions, practical exercises, textual reading, balloon debate, and essay writing and research-skills mini-sessions. The assessment will be comprised exclusively of a series of short workshop briefing papers, with a heavy emphasis on formative feedback on drafts to be discussed during optional weekly one-to-one tutorials.

PPLX6098B

20

IN AND OUT: THE POLITICS OF MIGRATION

You'll address the politics of migration and citizenship. It will provide you with a background to political thought on citizenship, membership and belonging. You'll then examine migration at the international, state and individual levels. The international level will focus on historical movements of people (such as from Europe and Asia towards the Americas) and contemporary flows of refugees and guest workers. The state level will look comparatively at immigration and emigration policies and critically assess the logic behind them. Attention will be given to different countries in various regions for comprehensive comparative evaluation. Different types of migration will be considered, including economic (such as non-immigrant and immigrant work visas), family (such as spousal and family reunification visas) and humanitarian (refugees, asylum seekers, and special humanitarian protections). The politics of these migration categories will be foregrounded, including governmental tactics of management, how they comply or fail to comply with international human rights norms, and the foreign policy implications of humanitarian visas. Finally the individual level will consider narrative accounts of migration in order to understand policy and practice from a bottom-up and experiential perspective. You'll be encouraged to critically evaluate and analyse the politics of migration as manifest in the various policies and practices.

PPLI6089B

30

IN AND OUT: THE POLITICS OF MIGRATION

You'll address the politics of migration and citizenship. It will provide you with a background to political thought on citizenship, membership and belonging. You'll then examine migration at the international, state and individual levels. The international level will focus on historical movements of people (such as from Europe and Asia towards the Americas) and contemporary flows of refugees and guest workers. The state level will look comparatively at immigration and emigration policies and critically assess the logic behind them. Attention will be given to different countries in various regions for comprehensive comparative evaluation. Different types of migration will be considered, including economic (such as non-immigrant and immigrant work visas), family (such as spousal and family reunification visas) and humanitarian (refugees, asylum seekers, and special humanitarian protections). The politics of these migration categories will be foregrounded, including governmental tactics of management, how they comply or fail to comply with international human rights norms, and the foreign policy implications of humanitarian visas. Finally the individual level will consider narrative accounts of migration in order to understand policy and practice from a bottom-up and experiential perspective. You'll be encouraged to critically evaluate and analyse the politics of migration as manifest in the various policies and practices.

PPLI6092B

20

MULTICULTURALISM

This module looks at the political implications of the rise of multicultural societies in Europe and North America since the end of World War II. (Canada is given consideration because of its importance to these debates both as a practical model as well as a source of influential theorists.) The aim is to introduce students to a range of contemporary theoretical perspectives on multiculturalism and facilitate critical assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of such approaches in the face of competing political discourses such as nationalism and alternative forms of liberalism. Theorists under examination may include; Parekh, Kymlicka, Levy, Taylor and Modood as well as major liberal alternative views; Barry, Rawls and Raz. Among the module themes the following will be addressed; group differentiated rights; institutional racism, Islamophobia, recognition vs toleration and cultural offence. The module will also look at divergent policies adopted within European states (eg: France and Germany) and give attention to the attempts to operationalize multiculturalism in the UK in particular via the Parekh Report.

PPLX6072B

30

MULTICULTURALISM

This module looks at the political implications of the rise of multicultural societies in Europe and North America since the end of World War II. (Canada is given consideration because of its importance to these debates both as a practical model as well as a source of influential theorists.) The aim is to introduce students to a range of contemporary theoretical perspectives on multiculturalism and facilitate critical assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of such approaches in the face of competing political discourses such as nationalism and alternative forms of liberalism. Theorists under examination will include; Parekh, Kymlicka, Levy, Taylor and Modood as well as major liberal alternative views; Barry, Rawls and Raz. Among the module themes the following will be addressed; group differentiated rights; institutional racism, Islamophobia, recognition vs toleration and cultural offence. The module will also look at divergent policies adopted within European states (eg: France and Germany) and give attention to the attempts to operationalize multiculturalism in the UK in particular via the Parekh Report.

PPLX6073B

20

POLITICS AND FOREIGN POLICY OF THE ASIA-PACIFIC

This module will introduce you to important themes in international relations within the Asia Pacific, at a time when the region has assumed great importance. There will be a particular focus on the important historical periods in the relations between the USA, China and Japan. An understanding of elements of the trajectory of these relationships will be provided by taking a selection of historical subjects for analysis. While you will address the knowledge of history, and of long-term themes, in the latter part of the module you will consider contemporary political issues. This will require you to develop an understanding of the interaction of the United States with Asia, and China and Japan in particular.

PPLI6069A

30

POLITICS AND FOREIGN POLICY OF THE ASIA-PACIFIC

This module will introduce important themes in the American relationship with East Asia, at a time when the Pacific region has assumed great importance. There will be a particular focus on the important historical periods in the American relationship with China and Japan. An understanding of elements of the trajectory of these relationships will be provided by taking a selection of historical subjects for analysis. While this will address the knowledge of history, and of long-term themes, the latter part of the module will consider contemporary political issues. This will require an understanding of the interaction of the United States with Asia, and China and Japan in particular. This module is a 20-credit coursework-only version of PPLI6069A POWER OVER THE PACIFIC: THE AMERICAN RELATIONSHIP WITH ASIA and is available only to Visiting, Exchange and Non-HUM Students.

PPLI6070A

20

POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE

Popular culture links to politics in a variety of ways, some obvious, some less obvious. There are the politicians who seek the endorsement of film stars; there are the politicians who were film stars; and there are the rock performers who pretend that they are politicians. And then there are the states that censor popular culture, or those that sponsor it and use it as propaganda. We will explore the many ways in which popular culture and politics are linked. You will: - be introduced to competing theories of the politics of popular culture - those that see popular culture as political manipulation and those that see it as political resistance. - analyse examples of popular culture for the political ideas and values they represent. - look at how popular culture is used in political communication. - track developments in the political economy of popular culture, especially in relation to globalisation, digital media and power within the cultural industries. - debate the censorship of popular culture and use of state subsidies to promote it. - reflect on the effects of popular culture, and about its role in personal and collective identity.

PPLM6037A

30

POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE

Popular culture links to politics in a variety of ways, some obvious, some less obvious. There are the politicians who seek the endorsement of film stars; there are the politicians who were film stars; and there are the rock performers who pretend that they are politicians. And then there are the states that censor popular culture, or those that sponsor it and use it as propaganda. We will explore the many ways in which popular culture and politics are linked. You will: - be introduced to competing theories of the politics of popular culture - those that see popular culture as political manipulation and those that see it as political resistance. - analyse examples of popular culture for the political ideas and values they represent. - look at how popular culture is used in political communication. - track developments in the political economy of popular culture, especially in relation to globalisation, digital media and power within the cultural industries. - debate the censorship of popular culture and use of state subsidies to promote it. - reflect on the effects of popular culture, and about its role in personal and collective identity. This module is a 20 credit version of PPLM6037A Politics and Popular Culture. THIS 20 CREDIT VERSION IS ONLY AVAILABLE TO VISITING, EXCHANGE, AND NON-HUM STUDENTS.

PPLM6038A

20

SHIFTING POWERS AFRICA IN THE 21ST CENTURY

What do you know about Africa? Is it still the Dark Continent, lost outside of time, or do you see it as the next exciting 'happening' place to follow fashion, use FinTech, and do business? Did you know that Timbuktu was one of the world's greatest centres of learning? That West Africa's gold underpinned the global economy? How about if I told you that an explosion of megacities is taking place in the Global South, principally in Africa as the continent's population doubles to 2bn? You will look at Africa's place and importance within the international system and more, including exploring China's One Belt Initiative in East Africa, the African Union and security, and the African Development Bank's 'High five' development plan.

PPLI6039A

30

TERRORISM AND COUNTER-TERRORISM

Although the term terrorism goes back to the French revolution, it was rarely employed until the 1970's. Contrast this with today when terrorism, it seems, is everywhere we look: in foreign policy decisions, military interventions, homeland security measures, legal frameworks, newspaper headlines, speeches and sermons, films and video games, and, of course, in university modules such as this. In this module, we engage in a critical exploration of terrorism, counter-terrorism, and the academic field of terrorism research. You will explore the history of terrorism, and engage in debates around the definition and character of terrorist violence. Is it possible, necessary, or even desirable to separate terrorism from other forms of violence, for instance? The module will introduce different perspectives on the causes, types, and threat of non-state terrorism. You will examine a range of strategies for countering terrorism, and their political and normative implications. The module also explores the emergence and contribution of critical terrorism studies, examining issues including state terrorism, gender and terrorism, cultural representations of terrorism, and the production and influence of terrorism 'experts.'

PPLI6040B

30

TOPICS IN BRITISH POLITICS

Rarely before has British politics been in such turbulent times. Brexit has left Britain's position in the world uncertain; consecutive general elections have produced results that have defied the pundits; constitutional relationship between the UK nations unstable are unstable; a decade after the 2007/8 crash, austerity politics create further instability. We examine contemporary events and themes by examining four topics which vary on an annual basis according to developments in a fast changing world. These might include: Who run's Britain? Prime Ministerial Power, Parliament, Electoral Integrity in Britain, UK General Elections, Austerity and Economic Policy in Britain, and the Welfare State.

PPLX6043A

30

TOPICS IN BRITISH POLITICS

Rarely before has British politics been in such turbulent times. The prospect of Brexit has left Britain's position in the world uncertain; consecutive general elections have produced results that have defied the pundits; constitutional relationship between the UK nations unstable are unstable; a decade after the 2007/8 crash, austerity politics create further instability. We examine contemporary events and themes by examining four topics which vary on an annual basis according to developments in a fast changing world. These might include: Who run's Britain? Prime Ministerial Power, Parliament, Electoral Integrity in Britain, UK General Elections, Austerity and Economic Policy in Britain, and the Welfare State.

PPLX6047A

20

TOPICS IN PUBLIC OPINION

The role of public opinion is paramount in any democracy, as the public is often asked at election times and in-between elections to confer legitimacy to politicians and to their decisions. Yet what determines the public's opinion? How much does the public know about politics? How does political communication influence the public's positions? And last, but not least, how do we measure public opinion? You'll discuss old and new directions in answering these questions, drawing on political psychology and communication theories. The module is well anchored in current politics, and will provide you with the tools to understand current public opinion trends in the UK and other democracies.

PPLM6045B

30

TOPICS IN PUBLIC OPINION

The role of public opinion is paramount in any democracy, as the public is often asked at election times and in-between elections to confer legitimacy to politicians and to their decisions. Yet what determines the public's opinion? How much does the public know about politics? How does political communication influence the public's positions? And last, but not least, how do we measure public opinion? You'll discuss old and new directions in answering these questions, drawing on political psychology and communication theories. The module is well anchored in current politics, and will provide you with the tools to understand current public opinion trends in the UK and other democracies.

PPLM6046B

20

Disclaimer

Whilst the University will make every effort to offer the modules listed, changes may sometimes be made arising from the annual monitoring, review and update of modules and regular (five-yearly) review of course programmes. Where this activity leads to significant (but not minor) changes to programmes and their constituent modules, there will normally be prior consultation of students and others. It is also possible that the University may not be able to offer a module for reasons outside of its control, such as the illness of a member of staff or sabbatical leave. In some cases optional modules can have limited places available and so you may be asked to make additional module choices in the event you do not gain a place on your first choice. Where this is the case, the University will endeavour to inform students.

Further Reading

  • Carbon Labelling

    New research suggests that an initiative to show consumers which products are more environmentally friendly needs to be easy to understand to be effective.

    Read it Carbon Labelling
  • Norwich Economic Papers

    The Norwich Economic Papers provides an opportunity for ECO students to engage in and publish scholarly work in economics.

    Read it Norwich Economic Papers

Entry Requirements

  • A Level ABB excluding General Studies or BBB excluding General Studies with an A in the Extended Project
  • International Baccalaureate 32 points
  • Scottish Highers AAABB
  • Scottish Advanced Highers BCC
  • Irish Leaving Certificate 3 subjects at H2, 3 subjects at H3
  • Access Course Pass with Distinction in 30 credits at Level 3 and Merit in 15 credits at Level 3
  • BTEC DDM excluding Public Services and Business Administration
  • European Baccalaureate 75%

Entry Requirement

You are required to have English Language at a minimum of Grade C or Grade 4 or above and Mathematics at Grade B or Grade 5 or above at GCSE.

UEA recognises that some students take a mixture of International Baccalaureate IB or International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme IBCP study rather than the full diploma, taking Higher levels in addition to A levels and/or BTEC qualifications. At UEA we do consider a combination of qualifications for entry, provided a minimum of three qualifications are taken at a higher Level. In addition some degree programmes require specific subjects at a higher level.

Students for whom English is a Foreign language

We welcome applications from students from all academic backgrounds. We require evidence of proficiency in English (including writing, speaking, listening and reading):

  • IELTS: 6.0 overall (minimum 5.5 in any component)

We also accept a number of other English language tests. Please click here to see our full list.

INTO University of East Anglia

If you do not meet the academic and or English requirements for direct entry our partner, INTO University of East Anglia offers guaranteed progression on to this undergraduate degree upon successful completion of a preparation programme. Depending on your interests, and your qualifications you can take a variety of routes to this degree:

International Foundation in Business, Economics, Society and Culture

International Foundation in Mathematics and Actuarial Sciences

Interviews

The majority of candidates will not be called for an interview and a decision will be made via UCAS Track. However, for some students an interview will be requested. You may be called for an interview to help the School of Study, and you, understand if the course is the right choice for you.  The interview will cover topics such as your current studies, reasons for choosing the course and your personal interests and extra-curricular activities.  Where an interview is required the Admissions Service will contact you directly to arrange a convenient time.

Gap Year

We welcome applications from students who have already taken or intend to take a gap year.  We believe that a year between school and university can be of substantial benefit. You are advised to indicate your reason for wishing to defer entry and to contact admissions@uea.ac.uk directly to discuss this further.

Intakes

The School's annual intake is in September of each year.

Fees and Funding

Undergraduate University Fees and Financial Support

Tuition Fees

Information on tuition fees can be found here:

UK students

EU Students

Overseas Students

Scholarships and Bursaries

We are committed to ensuring that costs do not act as a barrier to those aspiring to come to a world leading university and have developed a funding package to reward those with excellent qualifications and assist those from lower income backgrounds. 

The University of East Anglia offers a range of Scholarships; please click the link for eligibility, details of how to apply and closing dates.

How to Apply

Applications need to be made via the Universities Colleges and Admissions Services (UCAS), using the UCAS Apply option.

UCAS Apply is a secure online application system that allows you to apply for full-time Undergraduate courses at universities and colleges in the United Kingdom. It is made up of different sections that you need to complete. Your application does not have to be completed all at once. The system allows you to leave a section partially completed so you can return to it later and add to or edit any information you have entered. Once your application is complete, it must be sent to UCAS so that they can process it and send it to your chosen universities and colleges.

The UCAS code name and number for the University of East Anglia is EANGL E14.

Further Information

Please complete our Online Enquiry Form to request a prospectus and to be kept up to date with news and events at the University. 

Tel: +44 (0)1603 591515

Email: admissions@uea.ac.uk

    Next Steps

    We can’t wait to hear from you. Just pop any questions about this course into the form below and our enquiries team will answer as soon as they can.

    Admissions enquiries:
    admissions@uea.ac.uk or
    telephone +44 (0)1603 591515