BSc Natural Sciences with a Year in Industry

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Studying Natural sciences is an ideal way to combine interests from more than one area of science. The Natural Sciences degree programmes are at the heart of the science faculty. The science faculty has a powerful reputation for innovation, excellence and working across the boundaries of different academic disciplines.

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Key facts

There’s no such thing as a typical Natural Sciences degree. Our students can take modules from any of the Science Schools at UEA and build a unique course to suit their interests. We’ve got expertise in a huge range of fields, from Biology, Chemistry and Environmental Science to Maths, Physics and Computing.

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From cataracts to climate change; superbugs to the solar system - UEA research impacts the world. Discover more about research at UEA.

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Biology alone will not beat cancer; environmentalists alone will not mitigate global warming: scientific advances are forged through shared knowledge and collaboration. By studying Natural Sciences you’ll gain an appreciation of complex scientific concepts and be able to approach them from more than one angle.

Our interdisciplinary Natural Sciences programme gives you the opportunity to create your own unique degree, crossing conventional boundaries and tailoring your learning to suit your interests. You could study any combination of Biology, Chemistry, Computing, Environmental Sciences, Mathematics and Physics, with knowledge from one complementing the other.

You’ll gain practical and professional experience by spending your third year of study on placement. You’ll have the opportunity to immerse yourself in a commercial environment and acquire invaluable experience as well as developing a greater understanding of the application of your scientific interests.

Overview

Our Natural Sciences course is ideal if you wish to study more than one area of science while retaining a larger degree of flexibility than traditional joint degrees allow. You’ll study modules from a minimum of two of the main disciplines: Biology, Chemistry, Computing, Environmental Sciences, Mathematics and Physics. And you’ll have the opportunity to study specialist topics as your degree programme develops. Whichever subjects you choose, you will be learning at the forefront of your chosen disciplines with our stimulating, research-led teaching programme.

Our programme will give you an appreciation of complex concepts from across contemporary science. You’ll experience what is required of a competent scientist; from the deliberation needed to design an experiment, including consideration of the results, to the excitement of discovering something new. And by spending your third year on an industrial placement, you’ll gain truly invaluable, hands-on experience of how this applies to a real working environment

This highly competitive degree provides you with vital knowledge of several scientific disciplines and the flexibility of the degree allows you to direct your learning around your own interests or career goals.

You’ll acquire technical skills and subject-specific knowledge as well as transferable skills desired by employers, including high levels of literacy and numeracy, data collection, collation and management, understanding and analysing complex systems, devising strategies of intervention, critical thinking, time management, organisational and analytical skills, teamwork and communication skills.

In your final year you will complete a supervised research project, which can be in a combination of disciplines.

Course Structure

This four-year course is made up of optional modules from across the Faculty of Science. It will give you the opportunity to develop your existing scientific knowledge, while discovering new avenues of scientific study.

In your second and final years you’ll have the chance to choose from a diverse range of modules from science schools across the faculty; from topics covering artificial intelligence to quantum mechanics and symmetry.

You’ll spend nine to 14 months on industrial placement in your third year. You will be responsible for securing the placement, but we have well-established commercial connections throughout the UK and beyond and can help you to identify and compete for appropriate industrial opportunities. Throughout your placement, you’ll maintain close contact with your UEA academic advisor and you’ll be supported by an industrial supervisor. You’ll keep a diary to ensure that you’re fulfilling your learning objectives. And the year will be assessed through a written report and a presentation. 

You’ll return to UEA for your final year of study, when you will undertake a substantial research project that will reflect your own scientific interests.

Teaching and Learning

You will learn from academics working at the forefront of their respective fields. The Faculty of Science is an integral partner of the Norwich Research Park, so you can be sure you’ll be learning within a cutting-edge research environment, where you’ll benefit from constant exposure to the very latest scientific developments.

As well as being taught by our world-class lecturers, you’ll be assigned a personal academic advisor, who will help you tailor your choices from across the sciences, ensuring you create a degree that ignites your passion and crosses conventional boundaries. We’ll also provide you with a high level of academic and pastoral care.

Independent study

You’ll have plenty of opportunities for independent study using our state-of-the-art University library facility.

Your independent study will, of course, be best exemplified by your final year project, which we encourage you to deliver as independently as possible.

Assessment

We use a variety of assessment methods across the different modules, ranging from 100% coursework to 100% examination.

Coursework assessment methods include course tests, problem sheets, laboratory reports, field exercises, field notebooks, literature reviews, essays and seminar presentations. Skills-based modules are assessed by 100% coursework.

You will also undertake a final year project, which will include a substantial piece of written research work and will count for 33% of your final year mark.

Optional Study abroad or Placement Year

Relevant work experience is an incredible asset in today’s competitive job market, so our Year in Industry programme ensures you’ll graduate one step ahead of other students. You’ll gain first-hand knowledge, secure valuable contacts, and learn how to put the theory into practise, governed by time and financial constraints.

You will be expected to seek your own work placement and in the first two weeks of your second year you will be asked to write a curriculum vitae and to apply to a range of companies. Not only will this ensure that you work within your preferred field, it will also provide you with the essential job-hunting skills you will require after graduation. We will, of course, offer our guidance and support whilst students are identifying and negotiating placement opportunities. Current industrial links include local and national government, Astra Zeneca, the Environment Agency, GlaxoSmithKline and ICI.

During this year you’ll be supported by an industrial supervisor and a mentor from the University. You and your industrial supervisor will feed back during the placement to ensure that it is progressing well, and your UEA mentor will visit you during the year.

Please note that we cannot guarantee any student a work placement as this decision rests with potential employers.

If you were unable to secure a work placement by the end of your second year you will have the option to apply to be transferred onto the equivalent degree programme without a Year in Industry.

There is also the option to take advantage of a Year Abroad, in Australasia, Canada, United States or Europe by studying on the BSc Natural Sciences with a Year Abroad.

After the course

You will graduate exceptionally well prepared for your future career, having gained skills that are highly valued by employers.

Many Natural Sciences graduates continue to specialise in their chosen scientific fields across a broad range of careers, including forensics, teaching, science journalism and laboratory research. You might also choose to progress to postgraduate study or research

We work with UEA’s Careers Service to support you at every stage of your course, from finding paid or voluntary work opportunities and choosing a career, through to applying for graduate jobs and further study.

Career destinations

Example of careers that you could enter include:

  • Forensic science
  • Teaching
  • Science journalism
  • Laboratory research

Course related costs

You are eligible for reduced fees during the year in industry. Further details are available on our Tuition Fee website. 

There may be extra costs related to items such as your travel and accommodation during your year in industry, which will vary depending on location.

Please see Additional Course Fees for details of other course-related costs.

Year In Industry

Completion of a Year in Industry programme will ensure you graduate with relevant work experience, putting you one step ahead of other students. This exciting degree programme provides you with this opportunity.

There is no greater asset in today’s competitive job market than relevant work experience. A Year in Industry will give you first-hand knowledge of not only the mechanics of how your chosen field operates but it will also greatly improve your chances of progressing within that sector as you seal valuable contacts and insight. These courses will also enhance your studies as theory is transformed into reality in a context governed by very real, time and financial constraints.

Our Industrial Links

We have well-established commercial connections throughout the UK and beyond and can help you to identify and compete for appropriate industrial opportunities. Current links with industry include, amongst others; Local and National Government; Astra Zeneca; the Environment Agency, GlaxoSmithKline; ICI; AVIVA; Barclays Bank.

Financial Benefits

A big attraction to this type of course, apart from the enhanced career prospects, is that students spending a year in industry as part of their degree will only pay £900 tuition fees for that year (2012 figures). There is also a realistic chance of being paid by the placement provider during the year which is a great way to help fund your continued studies.

For the latest on financial arrangements for our Year in Industry students please visit the UEA Finance webpage.

How it Works

The Year in Industry degree programmes are four years duration with the work placement taking place during your third year. They are a minimum of nine months full-time employment and a maximum of 14 months.

Throughout the work placement, you will maintain close contact with an assigned mentor at UEA who will also visit you at least once during the year. You will also be supported by an industrial supervisor. You keep a regularly updated work diary, so that your mentor will be able to ensure you are fulfilling all of the necessary learning objectives. Assessment of the year will be via a written report marked by both supervisors and a presentation.

We expect students to seek their own work placements. Not only will this ensure that you work within your preferred field, it will also provide you with the essential job-hunting skills you will require after graduation. We will, of course, offer our guidance whilst students are identifying and negotiating placement opportunities.

Please note that we cannot guarantee any student a work placement as this decision rests with potential employers and students will be expected to source these placements themselves.

For further information, please contact: Dr Mark Fisher, Year in Industry Co-ordinator, e-mail: Mark.Fisher@uea.ac.uk

 

Course Modules 2018/9

Students must study the following modules for credits:

Name Code Credits

Students will select 0 - 60 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

BIODIVERSITY

This module explores life on Earth. You will be introduced to the major groups of microorganisms, plants and animals. You will explore the evolutionary relationships that link the major groups and discover the immense biodiversity of living organisms. Central to this evolutionary path is how microorganisms, plants and animal invaded the land and coped with limited water. You will study this subject through lectures, workshops, laboratory-based practical classes and field trips. You will gain practical experience handling a wide range of organisms and learn how to report experimental work that you carry out. A key part of this module is the production of a learning portfolio which will help develop independent study skills in relation to the topic of the module.

BIO-4001A

20

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES

What are the most pressing environmental challenges facing the world today? How do we understand these problems through cutting-edge environmental science research? What are the possibilities for building sustainable solutions to address them in policy and society? In this module you will tackle these questions by taking an interdisciplinary approach to consider challenges relating to climate change, biodiversity, water resources, natural hazards, and technological risks. In doing so you will gain an insight into environmental science research 'in action' and develop essential academic study skills needed to explore these issues.

ENV-4001A

20

UNDERSTANDING THE DYNAMIC PLANET

Understanding of natural systems is underpinned by physical laws and processes. You will explore the energy, mechanics, and physical properties of Earth materials and their relevance to environmental science using examples from across the Earth's differing systems. The formation, subsequent evolution and current state of our planet are considered through its structure and behaviour - from the planetary interior to the dynamic surface and into the atmosphere. You will study Plate Tectonics to explain Earth's physiographic features - such as mountain belts and volcanoes - and how the processes of erosion and deposition modify them. The distribution of land masses is tied to global patterns of rock, ice and soil distribution and to atmospheric and ocean circulation. You will also explore geological time - the 4.6 billion year record of changing conditions on the planet - and how geological maps can be used to understand Earth history. This course provides you with an introduction to geological materials - rocks, minerals and sediments - and to geological resources and natural hazards.

ENV-4005A

20

Students will select 0 - 60 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

ATMOSPHERE and OCEANS I

The habitability of planet Earth depends on physical and chemical systems that control everything from the weather and climate to the growth of all living organisms. This module introduces you to some of these key cycles and the ways in which physical and chemical scientists investigate and interpret them. It leads naturally to second and third year study of these systems in more detail, but even if you choose to study other aspects of environmental sciences, a basic knowledge of these systems is central to understanding our planet and how it responds to human pressures. The module is made up of two distinct components. One focuses on the physical study of the environment (Physical Processes: e.g. weather, climate, ocean circulation, etc.) The other focuses on the chemical study (Chemical Processes: weathering, atmospheric pollution, ocean productivity, etc.). Interrelationships between these components are explored throughout. Teaching of this module is through a mix of lectures, laboratory practical classes, workshops and a half-day field trip. This module provides a Basic Chemistry introduction for those students who have little or no background in chemistry prior to joining UEA.

ENV-4007B

20

ATMOSPHERE and OCEANS II

The habitability of planet Earth depends on physical and chemical systems that control everything from the weather and climate to the growth of all living organisms. This module introduces you to some of these key cycles and the ways in which physical and chemical scientists investigate and interpret them. It leads naturally to second and third year study of these systems in more detail, but even if you choose to study other aspects of environmental sciences, a basic knowledge of these systems is central to understanding our planet and how it responds to human pressures. The module is made up of two distinct components. One focuses on the physical study of the environment (Physical Processes: e.g. weather, climate, ocean circulation, etc.) The other focuses on the chemical study (Chemical Processes: weathering, atmospheric pollution, ocean productivity, etc.). Interrelationships between these components are explored throughout. Teaching of this module is through a mix of lectures, laboratory practical classes, workshops and a half-day field trip. This module is for students with previous experience of chemistry.

ENV-4008B

20

EVOLUTION, BEHAVIOUR AND ECOLOGY

Why do trees grow tall? Why do male birds have long bright feathers? Why do people cooperate? Why does sex exist? Why do we grow old and die? These and other questions in biology can be understood if we learn how to think in terms of natural selection and adaptation. This module introduces the main concepts in evolutionary theory, from the original ideas introduced by Darwin to the modern developments, and uses these concepts to understand a wide range of topics in behaviour and ecology. We start from evolution and discuss how Darwin arrived at the idea of natural selection, its critiques and how to address them; we then study the basics of Mendelian genetics and population genetics and learn how to check if a population is evolving' we discuss adaptation and optimization in biology; then we move to specific issues like the evolution of reproductive systems and life cycles, the evolution of stable sex-ratios and coevolution between species; we discuss the concept of selfish genes and how it helps us think in terms of adaptation; we study the methods used to understand long-term evolution and speciation; and we conclude the first part with ideas from evolutionary medicine to understand why we get sick, and human evolution and social behaviour. In the second part of the module we focus to ecology: we discuss the general concepts of abiotic limits, resources and models of intraspecific competition and logistic growth; we learn the basic concepts of demography and population growth, interspecific competition, predation, predator-prey dynamics, and we discuss at length mutualism and cooperation in nature; finally we talk about the nature of the English countryside and issues in conservation biology and ecosystem services. In the third part we focus on behaviour: after a general introduction on the key concepts in the study of animal behaviour we discuss cooperation among non-kin and the concept of kin selection and kin conflict; we review animal communication and models of sexual selection and sexual conflict.

BIO-4002B

20

SUSTAINABILITY, SOCIETY AND BIODIVERSITY

Striking a balance between societal development, economic growth and environmental conservation has proven challenging and contentious at many scales. The concept of `sustainability' was coined to denote processes aiming to achieve this balance. This module introduces sustainable development, and examines why sustainability is so difficult to achieve, bringing together social and ecological dimensions. It also explores sustainability from an ecological perspective, introducing a range of concepts relevant to the structure and functioning of the biosphere and topics ranging from landscape and population ecology, to behavioural ecology, molecular ecology, and biodiversity conservation from single ornisms to the entire biomes. This module is assessed by coursework and an examination.

ENV-4006B

20

Students will select 0 - 120 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

ADVANCED QUANTITATIVE SKILLS

Mathematical and statistical skills are key to all brands of environmental sciences and geography. This module will strengthen your mathematical and statistical skills. It will consolidate your mathematics knowledge from GCSE level and will introduce you to differentiation and integration. You'll learn to recognise the purpose of simple statistical methods, to choose the appropriate methods to test hypotheses and to summarise data using tables and graphs. You'll use a computer package for statistical operations. You'll apply these quantitative skills to contemporary environmental and geographical problems, inspired by research in the School of Environmental Sciences. You'll be assessed through an online course test and an exam. This module will widen the range of science modules that you can take during your studies in geography and environmental sciences. Upon successful completion of the module, you'll have acquired skill in applying a range of mathematical and statistical methods to problems in environmental sciences and geography. Recommended if you have: A2 maths (D or E), AS Maths, A2 Physics (C or better), IB SL Maths (2, 3), IB SL Maths Studies, GCSE Maths (A, A*), CHE-0006.

ENV-4014Y

20

ASTROPHYSICS,ACOUSTICS AND ADDITIONAL SKILLS

This module explores the physics behind the generation and reception of music. It provides an introduction to the fundamental principles of astrophysics, using these to explore a variety of astrophysical phenomena, and introduces the topics of uncertainties, accuracy and ethical behaviour in physics. You'll learn about acoustics, sound measurement and analysis, including more widely applicable concepts such as the behaviour waves and analysis using Fourier series. You will also study aspects of astrophysics including the history of astrophysics, radiation, matter, gravitation, astrophysical measurements, spectroscopy, stars and some aspects of cosmology. You will learn to predict differences between idealised physics and real life situations. You'll also improve your skills in problem solving, written communication, information retrieval, poster design, information technology, numeracy and calculations, time management and organisation.

PHY-4002Y

20

BONDING, STRUCTURE and PERIODICITY

After a shared introduction to chemical bonding, atomic and molecular structure and chemical principles, this module will provide you with an introduction to the structures, properties and reactivities of molecules and ionic solids. The first few lectures of this module are integrated with the module 'Chemistry of Carbon Based Compounds'. The course is supported and illustrated by the bonding, structure and periodicity experiments of the first year practical modules, Chemistry Laboratory A or Research Skills in Biochemistry. The latter part of the course will concentrate more on fundamental aspects of inorganic chemistry. Emphasis will be placed on the relationships between chemical bonding and the structures and properties of molecules. This module is the prerequisite for the 2nd year Inorganic Chemistry module.

CHE-4301Y

20

CALCULUS AND MULTIVARIABLE CALCULUS

(a) Complex numbers. (b) Vectors. (c) Differentiation; power series. (d) Integration: applications, curve sketching, area, arc-length. (e) First and second-order, constant-coefficient ordinary differential equations. Reduction of order. Numerical solutions using MAPLE. Partial derivatives, chain rule. (f) Line integrals. Multiple integrals, including change of co-ordinates by Jacobians. Green's Theorem in the plane. (g) Vector calculus: divergence, gradient, curl of vector field. The Laplacian. Scalar potential and path-independence of line integral. (h) Surface integrals, Divergence Theorem and Stokes' Theorem. Operators in orthogonal curvilinear coordinates. (i) Introduction to Matlab.

MTHA4005Y

40

CHEMISTRY LABORATORY

You will be laboratory based to cover experimental aspects of the 'core' chemistry courses; Chemistry of Carbon-based Compounds, Bonding, Structure and Periodicity, Light, Atoms and Materials and Analytical Chemistry. You will use spreadsheets for analysing and presenting data, which is also covered in this module.

CHE-4001Y

20

CHEMISTRY OF CARBON-BASED COMPOUNDS

After a shared introduction to atomic structure and periodicity, you will be introduced to the concepts of bonding and hybridisation, conjugation and aromaticity, the mechanistic description of organic reactions, the organic functional groups, the shapes of molecules and stereochemical issues including the concepts of enantiomers, diastereoisomers and racemates.

CHE-4101Y

20

ELECTROMAGNETISM, OPTICS, RELATIVITY AND QUANTUM MECHANICS

This module gives an introduction to important topics in physics, with particular, but not exclusive, relevance to chemical and molecular physics. Areas covered include optics, electrostatics and magnetism, aspect of chemical physics, basic quantum mechanics and special relativity. The module will involve both lectures and workshops, where you will develop analytical thinking and problem solving skills. The module may be taken by any science students who wish to study physics beyond A Level.

PHY-4001Y

20

GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVES

This module provides an introduction and orientation regarding geographical thought, methods and concepts. It begins with an overview of the history and development of the discipline. This leads on to discussion of core concepts such as space, place, scale, systems, nature, landscape and risk. In addition, the methods and different types of evidence used by geographers are introduced. You will be able to demonstrate an appreciation of the diversity of approaches to the generation of geographical knowledge and understanding and the capacity to communicate geographical ideas, principles, and theories effectively and fluently by written, oral and visual means.

ENV-4010Y

20

LIGHT, ATOMS AND MOLECULES

This module will introduce you to the major areas of classical physical chemistry: chemical kinetics, chemical thermodynamics, electrolyte solutions and electrochemistry as well as spectroscopy. Chemical kinetics will consider the kinetic theory of gasses and then rate processes, and in particular with the rates of chemical reactions taking place either in the gas phase or in solution. The appropriate theoretical basis for understanding rate measurements will be developed during the course, which will include considerations of the order of reaction, the Arrhenius equation and determination of rate constants. Thermodynamics deals with energy relationships in large assemblies, that is those systems which contain sufficient numbers of molecules for 'bulk' properties to be exhibited and which, are in a state of equilibrium. Properties that you'll discuss will include the heat content or enthalpy (H), heat capacity (Cp, Cv), internal energy (U), heat and work. The First Law of Thermodynamics will be introduced and its significance explained in the context of chemical reactions. It is very important that chemists have an understanding of the behaviour of ions in solution, which includes conductivity and ionic mobility. The interaction of radiation with matter is termed spectroscopy. You will discuss three main topics: (i) ultraviolet/visible (UV / Vis) spectroscopy, in which electrons are moved from one orbital to another orbital; (ii) infrared (vibrational) spectroscopy, a technique which provides chemists with important information on the variety of bond types that a molecule can possess; (iii) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), which allow chemists to identify 'molecular skeletons'.

CHE-4202Y

20

LINEAR ALGEBRA

In the first semester we develop the algebra of matrices: Matrix operations, linear equations, determinants, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, diagonalisation and geometric aspects. This is followed in the second semester by vectors space theory: Subspaces, basis and dimension, linear maps, rank-nullity theorem, change of basis and the characteristic polynomial.

MTHA4002Y

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS A

You will cover differentiation, integration, vectors, partial differentiation, ordinary differential equations, further integrals, power series expansions, complex numbers and statistical methods as part of this module. In addition to the theoretical background there is an emphasis on applied examples. Previous knowledge of calculus is assumed. This module is the first in a series of three maths modules for those across the Faculty of Science that provide a solid undergraduate mathematical training. The follow-on modules are Mathematics for Scientists B and C.

ENV-4015Y

20

MOLECULES, GENES AND CELLS

You will explore the principles of how information is stored in DNA, how it is expressed, copied and repaired, and how DNA is transmitted between generations. You will gain an introduction to fundamental aspects of biochemistry and cell biology. The essential roles played by proteins and enzymes in signalling, transport and metabolism will be considered in terms of their structures. You will discover how living cells are visualised and the nature of the cell's component membranes and organelles.

BIO-4013Y

40

PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL METHODS IN BIOCHEMISTRY

To understand Life we have to study and understand the molecular properties of life's components. For any biochemist these are cells, energy, macromolecules, biochemical reactions and transport (of energy or chemical components). The tools we use as scientists in our quest for understanding life are various physical and analytical methods. You will be introduced to the basic principles of thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, electrochemistry, and reaction kinetics. You will conclude the module by having a look at various physical and analytical techniques that are being used in current Biochemistry. This lectures will introduce you and provide you with essential information about some of the physical principles that underpin our understanding of molecular and cellular systems. The complementary seminar series will help to consolidate your understanding through applying this knowledge to selected topics in biochemistry and provide you with the opportunity to develop skills in problem solving, data analysis, scientific writing, and presentation. The module is also enriched with six math workshops. In these workshops you are going to consolidate but also further develop basic and more advanced mathematical skills that directly relate with this module but that will also assist you for the duration of your degree.

BIO-4007Y

20

PHYSIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY FOR LIFE SCIENCES

You will gain an understanding of the key aspects of physical and biological chemistry that underpin the physiology of living systems. You will also gain a basic understanding of a number of physiological processes and functioning of major organ systems of the human body.

BIO-4009Y

20

QUANTITATIVE METHODS

You will explore how quantitative skills can be applied to solve a range of environmental problems. Designed primarily for students who have a GCSE in maths at grade B or C, but no AS/ A2 qualification (or equivalent), the module will include a review of some fundamental GCSE-level maths but will focus on the practical use of maths through physical equations and mathematical models. You will also learn about summarising data using both numerical summaries and graphs, testing hypotheses and carrying out these analyses on computers.

ENV-4013Y

20

RESEARCH AND FIELD SKILLS

You will develop a range of transferable skills, tools and resources that are widely used in research across the Environmental Sciences and Geography. It aims to provide a broad understanding of the research process through activities that involve formulating research questions, collecting data using appropriate sources and techniques, collating and evaluating information and presenting results. A week-long residential field course, held at Easter and based at Slapton Ley, Devon, applies field, lab and other skills to a variety of environmental science and geography topics. Depending on the size of the cohort, students on selected degree programmes may be offered the option of an alternative field course arrangement.

ENV-4004Y

20

RESEARCH SKILLS IN BIOCHEMISTRY

If you are a Biochemistry student, this module will provide you with practical and research skills. In the laboratory, you will experience experimental and computational aspects of different areas of chemistry: organic, inorganic, analytical and physical. The experiments and simulations provide practical chemistry skills, complementing lectures in other first year modules. In seminars and workshops, you will develops skills such as analysing data, using references critically, and presenting results in different formats.

CHE-4602Y

20

SKILLS FOR CHEMISTS

In this module, you will study mathematical skills relevant to the understanding of chemical concepts; statistics as applied to experimental chemistry; error propagation in physical chemistry and physical principles through applied mathematics. The module also contains a broadly-based series of lectures on science, coupled with activities based upon them. The twin objectives for this part of the module are to provide you with a contextual backdrop for the more focused studies in other concurrent and subsequent courses, and to engage you as a participant in researching and presenting related information.

CHE-4050Y

20

Students will select 100 - 120 credits from the following modules:

In this option range 20 of the 100-120 credits may be selected from a School outside the Science Faculty, not listed in this profile, with the approval of the Course Director.

Name Code Credits

ALGEBRA

This module will introduce groups and rings. Together with vector spaces these are the most important structures in modern algebra. At the heart of group theory in Semester I is the study of symmetry and the axiomatic development of the theory. Groups appear in many parts of mathematics. The basic concepts are subgroups, Lagrange's theorem, factor groups, group actions and the First Isomorphism Theorem. In Semester II we introduce rings, using the Integers as a model and we will develop the theory with many examples related to familiar concepts such as substitution and factorisation. Important examples of commutative rings are fields, domains, polynomial rings and their quotients.

MTHA5003Y

20

ANALOGUE AND DIGITAL ELECTRONICS

A practical introduction to electronics, this module is structured to consider analogue electronics and digital electronics in turn. Topics you'll cover include passive and active components, including op-amps, transistors, logic gates, flip-flops and registers. Circuits you'll study include amplifiers, oscillators, modulators, combinational and sequential logic and state machines. You'll spend much of your time doing practical work - underpinned by lectures - where you will build prototypes circuits, as well as designing and building Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs).

CMP-5027A

20

ANALYSIS

You will study the standard basic theory of the complex plane. In the first semester, you will study within the areas of continuity, power series and how they represent functions for both real and complex variables, differentiation, holomorphic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Moebius transformations. In the second semester, you will study within the areas of topology of the complex plane, complex integration, Cauchy and Laurent theorems, residue calculus.

MTHA5001Y

20

APPLIED GEOPHYSICS

What lies beneath our feet? This module addresses this question by exploring how wavefields and potential fields are used in geophysics to image the subsurface on scales of metres to kilometres. You'll study the basic theory, data acquisition and interpretation methods of seismic, electrical, gravity and magnetic surveys. A wide range of applications are covered, including archaeological geophysics, energy resources and geohazards. Highly valued by employers, this module features guest lecturers from industry who explain the latest 'state-of-the-art' applications and give you unique insight into real world situations. Students doing this module are normally expected to have a good mathematical ability, notably in calculus and algebra.

ENV-5004B

20

APPLIED GEOPHYSICS WITH FIELDCOURSE

What lies beneath our feet? This module addresses this question by exploring how wavefields and potential fields are used in geophysics to image the subsurface on scales of metres to kilometres. You'll study the basic theory, data acquisition and interpretation methods of seismic, electrical, gravity and magnetic surveys. A wide range of applications are covered, including archaeological geophysics, energy resources and geohazards. Highly valued by employers, this module features guest lecturers from industry who explain the latest 'state-of-the-art' applications and give you unique insight into real world situations. Students doing this module are normally expected to have a good mathematical ability, notably in calculus and algebra. This module also includes a one-week field course, currently held in the Lake District during Easter break. The cost of attending the field course is heavily subsidised by the School but students enrolling must commit to paying a sum to cover their attendance.

ENV-5005K

20

APPLIED STATISTICS A

This is a module designed to give students the opportunity to apply statistical methods in realistic situations. While no advanced knowledge of probability and statistics is required, we expect students to have some background in probability and statistics before taking this module. The aim is to teach the R statistical language and to cover 3 topics: Linear regression, and Survival Analysis.

CMP-5017B

20

AQUATIC BIOGEOCHEMISTRY

The Earth's terrestrial and marine water bodies support life and play a major role in regulating the planet's climate. This module will train you to make accurate measurements of the chemical composition of the aquatic environment. In lectures and in the lab you will explore important chemical interactions between life, fresh and marine waters and climate, looking at nutrient cycles, dissolved oxygen, trace metals, carbonate chemistry and chemical exchange with the atmosphere. Students taking this module are expected to be familiar with basic chemical concepts and molar concentration units. This module makes a good combination with Aquatic Ecology.

ENV-5039B

20

AQUATIC ECOLOGY

Explore how chemical, physical and biological influences shape the biological communities of rivers, lakes and estuaries in temperate and tropical regions. Three field visits and laboratory work, usually using microscopes and sometimes analysing water quality, provide an important practical component to this module. A good complement to other ecology modules, final-year Catchment Water Resources and modules in development studies or geography, it can also be taken alongside Aquatic Biogeochemistry or other geochemical and hydrology modules. Students selecting this module must have a background in basic statistical analysis of data.

ENV-5001A

20

ARCHITECTURES AND OPERATING SYSTEMS

Study the organisation of system software and the underlying hardware architecture in modern computer systems. The role of concurrent operation of hardware and software components is emphasised throughout this module. Central concepts are reinforced by practical work in the laboratory. The architectures portion of the module focuses on the components of a processor, including the registers and data path, and you will explore concepts such as instruction fetch cycles, instruction decoding and memory addressing modes. The operating systems component focuses on how the system software manages the competing demands for the system hardware, including memory management and disc and processing scheduling.

CMP-5013A

20

ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND GLOBAL CHANGE

Atmospheric chemistry and global change are in the news. Stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, greenhouse gases, and global scale air pollution are among the most significant environmental problems of our age. Chemical composition and transformations underlie these issues, and drive many important atmospheric processes. This module covers the fundamental chemical principles and processes in the atmosphere, from the Earth's surface to the stratosphere, and considers current issues of atmospheric chemical change through a series of lectures, problem-solving classes, seminars, experimental and computing labs, as well as a field trip to UEA's own atmospheric observatory in Weybourne/North Norfolk.

ENV-5015A

20

BEHAVIOURAL ECOLOGY

We will explore how evolution and ecology shape animal behaviour, examining how important traits have evolved to maximise survival and reproduction in the natural environment. Darwinian principles provide the theoretical framework, and we will explore key concepts of selfishness, altruism, conflict, survival, optimality, reproduction, parental care and death. Relevant research will be used to lead our understanding of the ultimate function of key traits. In parallel with the lectures, students design, conduct, analyse and present their own research project, working in a group to collect original data in order to answer a question about the adaptive significance of behaviour.

BIO-5010B

20

BIOCHEMISTRY

You will develop further understanding of contemporary biochemistry, especially in relation to mammalian physiology and metabolism. With a particular focus on proteins and their biochemical activities, you will examine their involvement in cellular reactions, bioenergetics and signalling processes.

BIO-5002A

20

BIOLOGY IN SOCIETY

Discuss a variety of aspects of Biology in society - ranging from ethical considerations of GM crops and designer babies to the portrayal of biological science in the media and science fiction. This module will provide you with an opportunity to explore various aspects of biology in society. Specific topics covered will involve aspects of contemporary biological science that have important ethical considerations for society, such as GM crops, DNA databases, designer babies and stem cell research. You will critically analyse the way biological sciences issues are represented in popular literature and the media. What was once viewed as science fiction has sometimes become scientific reality. Conversely, science fiction can often portray science inaccurately. You will also research relevant scientific literature and discover the degree of scientific accuracy represented within examples of science fiction.

BIO-5012Y

20

BIOPHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

This module will equip you with an understanding of the principles and techniques used in contemporary biophysical chemistry. You will learn experimental techniques for measuring thermodynamic and kinetic properties of biological molecules. You will gain firm grounding in the physical principles describing those properties and their use to provide quantitative descriptions of those properties. Using predominantly examples from protein biochemistry you will explore three major themes; i) spectroscopic properties of biomolecules, ii) thermodynamic and kinetic properties of proteins and enzymes, and, iii) methods defining biomolecule size and mass. Through weekly seminars you will benefit from putting your knowledge into practice, communicating your ideas and growing your confidence in quantitative data analysis and problem solving. During laboratory based practical work, you will develop your skills in sample preparation together with the collection and interpretation of spectroscopic data. Your participation in this module will give you the knowledge to appreciate how, and why, biophysical chemistry contributes to advances in medicine, sustainable energy solutions and healthy ageing.

CHE-5601Y

20

CELL BIOLOGY

This module explores the molecular organisation of cells and the regulation of cellular changes, with some emphasis on medical cell biology. Dynamic properties of cell signalling, growth factor function and aspects of cancer biology and immunology. Regulation of the internal cell environment (information flow, cell growth, division and motility), the relationship of the cell to its extracellular matrix and the determination of cell phenotype. Aspects of cell death, developmental biology, mechanisms of tissue renewal and repair. It is suggested that students taking this module should also take Molecular Biology (BIO-5003B) and/or Genetics (BIO-5009A).

BIO-5005B

20

CLIMATE CHANGE: SCIENCE AND POLICY

You will develop your skills and understanding in the integrated analysis of global climate change, using perspectives from both the natural sciences and the social sciences. You will gain a grounding in the basics of climate change science, impacts, adaptation, mitigation and their influence on and by policy decisions. This module also offers you a historical perspective on how climate policy has developed, culminating in the December 2015 Paris Agreement. Finally, it considers what will be required to meet the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to well below 2 #C above pre-industrial levels.

ENV-5003A

20

COMBINATORICS AND FURTHER LINEAR ALGEBRA

Combinatorics is one of the most applicable and accessible part of mathematics, yet it is also full of challenging problems. We shall cover many basic combinatorial concepts including counting arguments (enumerative combinatorics) and Ramsey theory. Linear Algebra underpins much of modern mathematics and is the key to many applications. We will introduce bilinear forms and symmetric operators on vector spaces leading to the diagonalization of linear maps and the spectral theorem. This theorem is key to many applications in statistics and physics. Other topics covered will include polynomials of linear maps, the Cayley-Hamilton theorem and the Jordan normal form of a matrix.

MTHF5031Y

20

COMMUNITY, ECOSYSTEM AND MACRO-ECOLOGY

This module introduces you to major concepts and definitions in community ecology, macro-ecology and biogeography. You will use these to explore how communities are structured in relation to local-scale to regional-scale processes, how they function and respond to perturbations at different scales, and result in emergent macro- to global-scale patterns of biodiversity distribution. Throughout the module, there is an emphasis on the relevance of theory and fundamental science to understanding the current environmental and biodiversity crisis. Anthropogenic impacts on natural communities through land-use, species exploitation, non-native species, and climate change, are a recurrent theme underpinning the examples you will draw upon.

BIO-5014B

20

CONSERVATION, ECOLOGY AND BIODIVERSITY IN THE TROPICS (FIELDCOURSE)

NOTE: There will be a significant additional cost to this module to cover the costs of transportation and accommodation in the field. Costs will be detailed at an initial meeting for interested students. 2017/18 costs were GBP1300 per student. Students will need to provide any visas required for entry into the host country, sturdy walking boots and appropriate field clothing. all attendees must ensure that all travel vaccinations etc are in order prior to departure. Conservation ecology and biodiversity are central areas of research in the biological sciences and they share many theories, concepts and scientific methods. This module intends to take a practical approach to the commonalities in these areas using a combination of seminar work and fieldwork. The seminars will develop ideas in tropical biology and students will research issues affecting conservation of biodiversity in the tropics, considering the species ecology and the habitats, threats and challenges. There will be a significant component of small group work and directed, independent learning. The field component of this module will be a two week residential field trip to the tropics, one of two field sites (depending on numbers of students and availability).The field sites are run by expert field ecologists and during the two weeks we will explore the local environment, learn about the ecology of the landscape and about the species that inhabit the area. We will develop and run practical sessions on survey and census techniques, use of technology in modern field biology and the role of protected areas in species conservation. Students will conduct original research on the field trip, informed by prior research at UEA, to gain a deeper understanding of an aspect of tropical biology. There will be an assessed presentation on the field trip and many opportunities to develop the students own interests. All student participants will take an active role in the organisation and running of the module in order to gain project management and field logistics experience. Students will be responsible for the sourcing, storage and transport of field equipment on the way to the field site and of samples on the return to the UK. Students will gain experience of travelling to a remote area and of working through licensing and customs processes. At the end of the module a report is written on the field project in the style of a journal article addressing specific questions in ecology conservation or biodiversity. Throughout the module students will be expected to maintain a modern-media record of their project from the initial desk based work at UEA, through the field component to outcomes and reporting.

BIO-5020K

20

CONSTRUCTING HUMAN GEOGRAPHIES

How can human geographers help us understand and address pressing environmental and social problems? This is the central question of the module which affirms the distinctive value and relevance of work in contemporary human geography. Throughout you will explore a wide range of approaches to environmental and social problems in contemporary human geography. You'll gain a firm grounding in social constructivism which is underlying philosophy of these approaches. You'll also learn how to communicate insights from human geography to policy-makers and practitioners, and how to critically evaluate examples of human geographers' engagements with policy. You'll begin with the basics of social constructivism, learn why this approach is used by human geographers, and consider the value of this perspective. You'll then delve deeper, exploring the social construction of a different object or problem each week. Topics covered will include: nature, hazards, alternative economies, and social difference. By looking at what these human geography perspectives mean for real-world environmental and social problems you'll practice applying what you've learnt to current policy problems, and learn about how human geographers are making a difference to these issues. You'll learn through a mixture of lectures, workshops and self-directed study and you'll be assessed through a written policy brief and reflective report (100%).

ENV-5038A

20

DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHMS

The purpose of this module is to give you a solid grounding in the design, analysis and implementation of algorithms, and in the efficient implementation of a wide range of important data structures.

CMP-5014Y

20

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS AND APPLIED METHODS

You'll gain a solid understanding in the following areas: Ordinary Differential Equations: solution by reduction of order; variation of parameters for inhomogeneous problems; series solution and the method of Frobenius. Legendre's and Bessel's equations: Legendre polynomials, Bessel functions and their recurrence relations; Fourier series; Partial differential equations (PDEs): heat equation, wave equation, Laplace's equation; solution by separation of variables. Method of characteristics for hyperbolic equations; the characteristic equations; Fourier transform and its use in solving linear PDEs; Dynamical Systems: equilibrium points and their stability; the phase plane; theory and applications.

MTHA5004Y

20

GEOLOGY LAB SKILLS

Good observational and descriptive skills lie at the heart of many areas of Environmental Science. This module is designed to develop those and is particularly suitable for students with interests in Earth and Geophysical Sciences. It will cover generic Earth science skills of use for projects in this area. The module will include: observing, describing and recording the characteristics of geological materials (hand specimen and under microscope); measuring and representing 3d data, and reading geological maps. You'll need to have taken co-requisite or pre-requisite modules of 40 or more credits from the list: ENV-5004B Applied Geophysics, ENV-5034A Geomorphology, ENV-5035B Sedimentology, ENV-5012A Soil Processes and Environmental issues, ENV-5018A Global Tectonics, ENV-5021A Hydrology and Hydrogeology, ENV-5005K Applied Geophysics with field course.

ENV-5029B

20

GEOLOGY SKILLS

This module is designed to develop good observational and descriptive skills and is particularly suitable for students with interests in Geology, Earth and Geophysical Sciences. It will cover generic Geological skills of use for projects. The module will include: observing, describing and recording the characteristics of geological materials (in the field, in hand specimen and under microscope); measuring and representing 3d data, reading geological maps and basic geological mapping. The module includes a week-long residential field work in the Easter vacation which has an added cost implication in the region of GBP300. You'll need to take co-requisite or pre-requisite modules of 40 or more credits from the list: ENV-5004B Applied Geophysics, ENV-5034A Geomorphology, ENV-5035B Sedimentology, ENV-5012A Soil Processes and Environmental issues, ENV-5018A Global Tectonics, ENV-5021A Hydrology and Hydrogeology, ENV-5005K Applied Geophysics with field course.

ENV-5030B

20

ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS AND POLICY MAKING

The most significant obstacles to problem solving are often political, not scientific or technological. This module examines the emergence and processes of environmental politics. It analyses these from different theoretical perspectives, particularly theories of power and public policy making. The module is focused on contemporary examples of politics and policy making at UK, EU and international levels. The module supports student-led learning by enabling you to select (and develop your own theoretical interpretations of) 'real world' examples of politics. Assessment will be via seminar presentations and a case study essay. The module assumes no prior knowledge of politics.

ENV-5002B

20

EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY

This module investigates the principles of evolutionary biology, covering various sub-disciplines, i.e. adaptive evolution, population ecology, molecular and population genetics, speciation, biogeography, systematics, and finishing with an overview of Biodiversity. This module will enable you to understand, analyse and evaluate the fundamentals of evolutionary biology and be able to synthesise the various components into an overall appreciation of how evolution works. Key topics and recent research will be used to highlight advances in the field and inspire thought. Weekly interactive workshops will explore a number of the conceptual issues in depth through discussions, modelling and problem solving. Although there are no pre-requisites in terms of specific modules, students without a basic understanding of Evolution and Genetics will have difficulties undertaking this module.

BIO-5008B

20

FIELD ECOLOGY

This module aims to introduce you to a wide range of habitats and methods for studying the organisms and natural processes occurring in these habitats. The focus is on identification of species and on formulating and testing hypotheses to investigate interactions between species and their habitats or on examining environmental gradients. The module includes a two week residential field trip to Ireland before the start of the first semester in the autumn term. This module would suit you if you are interested in natural history, geography, ecology and designing and testing scientific hypotheses.

BIO-5013A

20

FLUID DYNAMICS - THEORY AND COMPUTATION

This module introduces some of the fundamental physical concepts and mathematical theory needed to analyse the motion of a fluid, with the focus predominantly on inviscid, incompressible motions. You will examine methods for visualising flow fields, including the use of particle paths and streamlines. You will study the dynamical theory of fluid flow taking Newton's laws of motion as its point of departure, and the fundamental set of equations comprising conservation of mass and Euler's equations will be discussed. The reduction to Laplace's equation for irrotational flow will be demonstrated, and Bernoulli's equation is derived as a first integral of the equation of motion. Having established the basic theory, the way is set for a broader discussion of flow dynamics including everyday practical examples.

MTHA5002Y

20

FORENSIC CHEMISTRY - ANALYSIS

Following on from Forensic Chemistry- Collection and Comparison, where the emphasis was on collection of evidence, this module introduces more in-depth forensic chemistry, looking at the way evidence gathered at a crime scene may be analysed in the laboratory. The module will deepen your knowledge of forensic statistics and will cover: basic detection and recovery techniques for body fluids; DNA analysis; fingerprint development and recovery; advanced microscopy and spectroscopy and their application to fibres including the theory and practical application of infra-red and raman spectroscopy, paint and other particulates; the use of elemental analysis in forensic science including atomic absorption spectroscopy; and questioned document examination including counterfeiting.

CHE-5701Y

20

FURTHER MATHEMATICS

Further Mathematics will provide you with an introduction to the mathematics of counting and arrangements, a further development of the theory and practice of calculus, an introduction to linear algebra and its computing applications, and a further development of the principles and computing applications of probability theory. 3D Vectors and complex numbers are also studied. If you have taken Mathematics for Computing A or equivalent, this module is for you.

CMP-5006A

20

GENETICS

The aim is to provide you with an appreciation of genetics at a fundamental and molecular level and to demonstrate the importance and utility of genetic studies. Genetics and molecular biology lie at the heart of biological processes, ranging from cancer biology to evolution.

BIO-5009A

20

GEOMORPHOLOGY

Geomorphology is the scientific study of landforms and the processes that shape them, it underpins numerous subjects including: sedimentology, palaeoclimatology, biodiversity, ecosystem services, natural hazards and natural resources. In this module you will be introduced to different landforms and gain an understanding of the earth surface processes that create these landforms. Our approach will be both descriptive and quantitative, based on understanding erosional and depositional concepts, weathering and sediment transport and the evolution of landscapes. Drawing from our own research, the emphasis will be on local East Anglian field sites as case studies (with half and full day field trips) with key international examples, to illustrate and improve your understanding of glacial geomorphology, coastal geomorphology, ecogeomorphology and mountain/river/slope geomorphology with some arid geomorphology. You will learn about and apply the methods and different types of data and evidence used by geomorphologists (e.g., maps, imagery and field observations/measurements) to understand landform creation and evolution, gaining numerous transferrable skills.

ENV-5034A

20

GIS SKILLS FOR PROJECT WORK

This module builds upon the introduction to GIS provided in the first year Research and Field Skills module, focusing on how you obtain your own data, integrate it together and then undertake analysis and presentation tasks. ESRI ArcGIS will be the main software used, but there will also be an introduction to scripting tools (Python), and open source software (QGIS) and online GIS (ArcGIS Online).

ENV-5028B

20

GLOBAL TECTONICS

Processes in the Earth's interior exert a profound influence on all aspects of the Earth's system, and have done so throughout geological time. This module is designed for you to explore all aspects of those processes from the creation and destruction of tectonic plates to the structure of the Earth's interior and the distribution and dissipation of energy within it. This will include: the theory and mechanisms of plate tectonics, the generation of magma and volcanism; the mechanisms behind earthquakes. You will also cover the geological record of this activity, its evolution and impacts on the Earth.

ENV-5018A

20

GRAPHICS 1

This module will provide you with an introduction to the fundamentals of computer graphics. You will gain a strong foundation in computer graphics, focusing on 2D graphics, algorithms and interaction. You need to have a good background in programming to take this module. OpenGL is used as the graphics API with examples provided in the lectures and supported in the laboratory classes.

CMP-5010B

20

HEAT, ATOMS AND MOLECULES

Exploring fundamental aspects of thermodynamics and condensed matter physics, you'll be introduced to ideas about the electronic structure based on the free-electron Sommerfeld and band theories, along with the concept of phonons and their contribution to the heat capacity of a solid. You'll consider the structure, bonding and properties of solids, in particular electronic conductivity and magnetism, as well as atomic structure and atomic spectroscopy, and Entropy in terms of a macroscopic Carnot cycle and the statistical approach. Two important distributions of particles will be treated; Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac. Changes of state, 1st and 2nd order phase transitions and the Clausius-Clapeyron equation will be described.

PHY-5001Y

20

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

This module will provide you with an understanding of the themes and principles of physiology and a detailed knowledge of the major human organ systems. An understanding of how disease affects the ability of organ systems to maintain the status quo will be an important part of this course.

BIO-5004A

20

HYDROLOGY AND HYDROGEOLOGY

Hydrology and hydrogeology are Earth Science subjects concerned with the assessment of the natural distribution of water in time and space and the evaluation of human impacts on the water. This module provides an introduction to geological controls on groundwater occurrence, aquifer characteristics, basic principles of groundwater flow, basic hydrochemistry, an introduction to catchment hydrology, hydrological data collection and analysis, runoff generation processes and the principles of rainfall-runoff modelling. Practical classes develop analytical skills in solving problems as well as field skills in pumping test analysis and stream gauging. A field excursion in Norfolk is also offered in this module.

ENV-5021A

20

INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

In this module you will learn about the development of the technologies which are the basis of search on the Web. Search engine development has been driven by large increases in online documents and the need to provide better results. You will learn about a range of techniques for improving search results and how to evaluate their impact.

CMP-5036A

20

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

In this module, you'll study the structure, bonding and reactivity patterns of inorganic compounds. This module is a prerequisite for the 3rd level inorganic course Inorganic Compounds: Structure and Functions. You'll cover the electronic structure, spectroscopic and magnetic properties of transition metal complexes (ligand field theory), the chemistry of main group clusters, polymers and oligomers, the structures and reactivities of main group and transition metal organometallics, and the application of spectroscopic methods (primarily NMR, MS and IR) to inorganic compounds. You'll have laboratory classes linked to the lecture topics and so you will need to have completed either of the level 4 practical modules, Chemistry Laboratory (A) or Research Skills in Biochemistry.

CHE-5301B

20

INSTRUMENTAL ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

The module covers the theory and practical application of some key instrumental techniques for chemical analysis. Molecular spectroscopy, chromatography and electroanalytical techniques are the important instrumental methods included. Laboratory practicals using these techniques will reinforce material covered in the lecture programme.

CHE-5501Y

20

LOW CARBON ENERGY: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

This module examines the principles of energy science and technologies including energy generation and conversion, such as renewables, bioenergy and batteries. It provides a systematic and integrated account of the issues in energy resources and conversion. This knowledge is used to make a rational analysis of energy availability, applications and selections from physical, technical and environmental considerations. It also provides students with the opportunity to explore the future of energy provision in greater depth.

ENV-5022B

20

MARINE SCIENCES FIELDCOURSE

The first three days of the fieldcourse involve lectures, seminars and practical sessions on physical, chemical and biological oceanographic techniques, as well as analysis of data and planning of field activities. The next five days see you undertake practical activities using oceanographic research ships and laboratory facilities. On the final day, you'll be involved in data interpretation and presentations. The number of days undertaken will also depend on the number of students undertaking the fieldcourse, so the above days are flexible. This module runs every 2 years and only goes ahead if there are sufficient students enrolled.

ENV-5020K

20

MATERIALS AND POLYMER CHEMISTRY

Specialist materials dominate the modern world, and it is our ability as chemists to control their properties. Understanding and controlling these material properties is the central theme of this module. You will learn about two key classes of material: polymers and inorganic solids. You'll gain a firm grounding in the specialist methods used to characterise these materials. This will enable you to appreciate the unique properties of these materials, and how they can be controlled. In the practical element of the module, you'll gain skills in synthesising and characterising polymers and inorganic solids. In the polymers thread, you'll begin by gaining an appreciation of the role they play in society and why they are unique. You'll then encounter methods we can use to understand the properties of polymers, and how we can control them. You'll also explore the wide range of mechanisms that can be used to make organic polymers. In the thread focussed on inorganic materials, you'll explore the ionic model for inorganic solids, before gaining an appreciation of the synthesis and characterisation methods that allow access to these materials. You'll then explore the variety of properties that solids can exhibit, including semiconduction and magnetism. This lecture-based content is complemented by the practical component of the course, where you'll gain hands-on experience in both synthesis and characterisation.

CHE-5350Y

20

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING

Mathematical modelling is concerned with how to convert real problems, such as those arising in industry or other sciences, into mathematical equations, and then solving them, using the results to better understand, or make predictions about, the original problem. You will look at techniques of mathematical modelling, examining how mathematics can be applied to a variety of real problems and give insight in various areas, including approximation and non-dimensionalising, and discussion of how a mathematical model is created. You will then apply this theory to a variety of models, such as traffic flow, as well as examples of problems arising in industry.

MTHF5032Y

MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS

Learn the essential concepts of mathematical statistics, deriving the necessary distribution theory as required. Additionally, you'll explore ideas of sampling and central limit theorem, covering estimation methods and hypothesis-testing, with the introduction of some Bayesian ideas.

CMP-5034A

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS B

This module is the second in a series of three mathematical modules for students across the Faculty of Science. You will cover vector calculus (used in the study of vector fields in subjects such as fluid dynamics and electromagnetism), time series and spectral analysis (a highly adaptable and useful mathematical technique in many science fields, including data analysis), and fluid dynamics (which has applications to the circulation of the atmosphere, ocean, interior of the Earth, chemical engineering, and biology). There is a continuing emphasis on applied examples.

MTHB5006A

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS C

This module is the third in a series of three mathematical units for students across the Faculty of Science. It covers matrix algebra and numerical methods, partial differential equations and solid mechanics. There is a continuing emphasis on applied examples, and the use of numerical computing software (Matlab) is extended with a dedicated programming component. The module is taught by mathematicians with considerable expertise in the use of mathematics in the natural/environmental sciences and is largely designed to equip students with the tools necessary for advanced second and third level modules, particularly those in the physical sciences.

MTHB5007B

20

MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY

Medicinal chemistry is a highly interdisciplinary area and this module is designed to introduce a variety of topics in the field of medicinal chemistry. Some of the topics that will be discussed in a series of lectures include: - Molecular and biomolecular interactions - Biomolecules: Proteins and nucleic acids - Basic cell biology from a medicinal chemistry perspective - Basic processes in biology: Replication, - Transcription and Translation - Phases of drug action - Pharmacokinetics - Proteins and receptors as drug targets - DNA as a drug target and development of antitumor agents.

CHE-5150Y

20

METEOROLOGY I

The weather affects everyone and influences decisions that are made on a daily basis around the world. From whether to hang your washing out on a sunny afternoon, to which route a commercial aircraft takes as it travels across the ocean, weather plays a vital role. With that in mind, what actually causes the weather we experience? In this module you'll learn the fundamentals of the science of meteorology. You'll concentrate on the physical process that allow moisture and radiation to transfer through the atmosphere and how they ultimately influence our weather. The module contains both descriptive and mathematical treatments of radiation balance, thermodynamics, dynamics, boundary layers, weather systems and the water cycle. The module is assessed through a combination of one piece of coursework and an exam, and is designed in a way that allows those with either mathematical or descriptive abilities to do well, although a reasonable mathematical competence is essential, including basic understanding of differentiation and integration.

ENV-5008A

20

MICROBIOLOGY

A broad module covering all aspects of the biology of microorganisms, providing key knowledge for specialist modules. Detailed description is given about the cell biology of bacteria, fungi and protists together with microbial physiology, genetics and environmental and applied microbiology. The biology of disease-causing microorganisms (bacteria, viruses) and prions is also covered. Practical work provides hands-on experience of important microbiological techniques, and expands on concepts introduced in lectures. The module should appeal to biology students across a wide range of disciplines and interests.

BIO-5015B

20

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

You will be given a background to the fundamental principles of molecular biology, in particular the nature of the relationship between genetic information and the synthesis, and three dimensional structures, of macromolecules. You will also gain practical experience of some of the techniques used for the experimental manipulation of genetic material, and the necessary theoretical framework. The module also includes an introduction to bioinformatics, the computer-assisted analysis of DNA and protein sequence information.

BIO-5003B

20

NETWORKS

Explore how networks are designed and implemented to provide reliable data transmission. You'll take a layered approach to the study of networks, with emphasis on the functionality of the OSI 7 layer reference model and the TCP/IP model. You'll examine the functionality provided by each layer and how this contributes to overall reliable data transmission that the network provides, with a focus on the practical issues associated with networking such as real-time delivery of multimedia information (e.g. VoIP) and network security. Labs and coursework are highly practical and underpin the theory learnt in lectures.

CMP-5037B

20

OCEAN CIRCULATION

This module gives you an understanding of the physical processes occurring in the basin-scale ocean environment. We will introduce and discuss large scale global ocean circulation, including gyres, boundary currents and the overturning circulation. Major themes include the interaction between ocean and atmosphere, and the forces which drive ocean circulation. You should be familiar with partial differentiation, integration, handling equations and using calculators. Shelf Sea Dynamics is a natural follow-on module and builds on some of the concepts introduced here. We strongly recommend that you also gain oceanographic fieldwork experience by taking the 20-credit biennial Marine Sciences field course.

ENV-5016A

20

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

This course builds on Chemistry of Carbon-based Compounds (the first year organic chemistry course). You will cover four main topics. The first 'aromaticity' includes benzenoid and hetero-aromatic systems. The second major topic is the organic chemistry of carbonyl compounds. Spectroscopic characterisation of organic compounds is reviewed and the final major topic is 'stereochemistry and mechanisms'. This covers conformational aspects of acyclic and cyclic compounds. Stereoelectronic effects, Neighbouring Group Participation (NGP), Baldwin's rules, Cram's rule and cycloaddition reactions are then discussed.

CHE-5101A

20

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I

The module covers a number of areas of modern physical chemistry which are essential to a proper understanding of the behaviour of chemical systems. These include the second law of thermodynamics and entropy, quantum mechanics, the thermodynamics of solutions and chemical kinetics of complex reactions. The module includes laboratory work. Due to the laboratory-based content on this module, you must have completed at least one Level 4 module containing laboratory work.

CHE-5201Y

20

PLANT BIOLOGY

The module studies the biochemical, physiological and developmental processes of plants.

BIO-5006A

20

POPULATION ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

We live in a human dominated era recently designated "the Anthropocene". Humans harvest more than half of the primary productivity of the planet, many resources are over-exploited or depleted (e.g. fisheries) never before it was so important to correctly manage natural resources for an exponentially growing human population. It is, thus, fundamental to predict where other species occur and the sizes of their populations (abundance). Population Ecology is an area dedicated to the dynamics of population development. In this module we will look closely at how populations are regulated, from within through density dependent factors and from external density independent factors. We start the module with a global environmental change perspective to the management of populations and the factors that affect the population size. We then extend these ideas to help us understand population properties and processes both intra-specifically and inter-specifically. Finally we examine several management applications where we show that a good understanding of the population modelling is essential to correctly manage natural resources on the planet. Practicals include learning to survey butterflies and birds using citizen science monitoring projects and will be focused on delivering statistical analyses of "Big data" using the programme R. The projects will provide a strong training in both subject specific and transferrable skills.

ENV-5014A

20

PROGRAMMING 2

This is a compulsory module for all computing students and is a continuation of the Programming 1 module. It contains greater breadth and depth and provides students with the range of skills needed for many of their subsequent modules. We introduce C in order to improve your low level understanding of how programming works. We recap Java and deepen your understanding of the language by teaching topics such as nested classes, enumeration, generics, reflection, collections and threaded programming. We cover C++ and conclude by introducing C# to highlight the similarities and differences between languages.

CMP-5015Y

20

PROGRAMMING FOR NON-SPECIALISTS

The purpose of this module is to give you a solid grounding in the essential features of programming using the Java programming language. The module is designed to meet the needs of the student who has not previously studied programming.

CMP-5020B

20

QUANTUM THEORY AND SYMMETRY

You'll cover the foundation and basics of quantum theory and symmetry, starting with features of the quantum world and including elements of quantum chemistry, group theory, computer-based methods for calculating molecular wavefunctions, quantum information, and the quantum nature of light. The subject matter paves the way for applications to a variety of chemical and physical systems - in particular, processes and properties involving the electronic structure of atoms and molecules.

CHE-5250Y

20

RENEWABLE ENERGY

This module builds on understanding in wind, tidal and hydroelectric power and introduces theories and principles relating to a variety of renewable energy technologies including solar energy, heat pumps and geothermal sources, fuel cells and the hydrogen economy, biomass energy and anaerobic digestion. You will consider how these various technologies can realistically contribute to the energy mix. You will study the various targets and legislative instruments that are used to control and encourage developments. Another key aspect of the module is the study and application of project management and financial project appraisal techniques in a renewable energy context.

ENG-5002B

20

SEDIMENTOLOGY

Sediments and sedimentary rocks cover much of the Earth's surface, but how do they get there and what can they tell us? If you are a geologist or environmental scientist with particular interest in physical geography then this is a key issue that you need to think about. Sediments record the Earth's history of environmental change, a record that started 3.8 billion years ago. Sediments contain the fossil record and host many of the world's natural resources including water, hydrocarbons, and minerals. In this module you will discover how sedimentologists decode the wealth of information sediments contain, taught by two practicing sedimentologists who have international research reputations in their respective fields. This module includes the study of modern sediments in a range of environments including rivers, the continental shelf and deep ocean basins. We put particular emphasis on the physical and chemical processes that result in the deposition of different sediment types. We then use this basis to interpret the origin and processes that formed ancient sedimentary rocks. The module emphasises development of practical skills in the laboratory, and also in the field.

ENV-5035B

20

SHELF SEA DYNAMICS AND COASTAL PROCESSES

The shallow shelf seas that surround the continents are the oceans that we most interact with. They contribute a disproportionate amount to global marine primary production and CO2 drawdown into the ocean, and are important economically through commercial fisheries, offshore oil and gas exploration, and renewable energy developments (e.g. offshore wind farms). You will explore the physical processes that occur in shelf seas and coastal waters, their effect on biological, chemical and sedimentary processes, and how they can be harnessed to generate renewable energy. You will develop new skills during this module that will support careers in the offshore oil and gas industry, renewable energy industry, environmental consultancy, government laboratories (e.g. Cefas) and academia. The level of mathematical ability required to take this module is similar to Ocean Circulation and Meteorology I. You should be familiar with radians, rearranging equations and plotting functions.

ENV-5017B

20

SOCIAL RESEARCH SKILLS FOR GEOGRAPHERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS

How do we respond to social and environmental change? Why are some of our beliefs and behaviours so persistent, even when we agree that they should change? How do people inhabit the places where they live and work? This module will provide you with tools to investigate the social, cultural, psychological and political processes that shape us and our world. Human geography and the environmental social sciences employ a range of approaches and methods with which to explore their diverse research questions. This module will introduce you to the practice of social science research, including methods that use quantitative (numerical) and qualitative (non-numerical) data. Through a combination of lectures, workshops, and practical activities, you will learn how to design and carry out your own research. By the end of the module you will know how to formulate an interesting research question; how to choose an appropriate method to investigate it; how to ensure that you collect good quality data; how to analyse and interpret your data; and how to present the results of your research. The module is recommended if you intend to use social research methods in your independent dissertation project. In addition to gaining practical research skills, you will develop your ability to critically evaluate research studies that use social science methods. As well as benefiting your academic studies, these analytical and practical research skills are highly valued in many occupational sectors.

ENV-5031B

20

SOCIAL RESEARCH SKILLS FOR GEOGRAPHERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS WITH FIELDCOURSE

How do we respond to social and environmental change? Why are some of our beliefs and behaviours so persistent, even when we agree that they should change? How do people inhabit the places where they live and work? This module will provide you with tools to investigate the social, cultural, psychological and political processes that shape us and our world. Human geography and the environmental social sciences employ a range of approaches and methods with which to explore their diverse research questions. This module will introduce you to the practice of social science research, including methods that use quantitative (numerical) and qualitative (non-numerical) data. Through a combination of lectures, workshops, and practical activities, you will learn how to design and carry out your own research. By the end of the module you will know how to formulate an interesting research question; how to choose an appropriate method to investigate it; how to ensure that you collect good quality data; how to analyse and interpret your data; and how to present the results of your research. In the Easter vacation you'll go to Cumbria for a field-course that will provide you with excellent opportunities for studying a range of geographical and environmental issues such as flooding, low-carbon energy developments, spatial contrasts in economic development, and landscape management. During the field-course you will work in a small group to design a research project, including some practical data collection and analysis. The module is recommended if you intend to use social research methods in your independent dissertation project. In addition to gaining practical research skills, you will develop your ability to critically evaluate research studies that use social science methods. As well as benefiting your academic studies, these analytical and practical research skills are highly valued in many occupational sectors.

ENV-5036K

20

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING 1

Software Engineering is one of the most essential skills for work in the software development industry. You will gain an understanding of the issues involved in designing and creating software systems from an industry perspective. You will be taught state of the art phased software development methodologies focusing on the activities of initial class model design to actual operational software systems. These activities are complemented with an introduction into software project management and development facilitation.

CMP-5012B

20

SOIL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Through lectures, practical work, seminars and fieldwork, you'll explore the soil environment and the processes that occur within it. You'll gain an understanding of: basic soil components/properties; soil identification and classification; soil as a habitat; soil organisms; soil functions; the agricultural environment; soil-organism-agrochemical interaction; soil contamination; soil and climate change; soil ecosystem services and soil quality.

ENV-5012A

20

SYSTEMS ANALYSIS

This module considers various activities associated with the development of computer based systems including business strategy, project management, feasibility, investigation methods, stakeholder management, analysis, the links to design and implementation, and managing change. Its main focus, however, is on the early stages, in particular requirements investigation and specification including the use of UML. It makes use of a number of analysis and design techniques in order to produce readable system specifications. Students are introduced to a number of development methods including object orientated, soft systems, structured, participative, and agile approaches.

CMP-5003A

20

TOPICS AND LABORATORY IN PHYSICS

On this module you'll explore physics as an empirical science through a series of laboratory experiments that probe key concepts and physical laws. The laboratory sessions will be underpinned by associated teaching surrounding the studied phenomena, and will complement topics addressed in other modules in the physics course. Experiments have been chosen to cover a whole range of topics within your lecture courses. Examples include the analysis of circuit behaviour with DC and AC current, diffraction and interference, some aspects of radioactivity and some aspects of magnetic fields. This module also introduces you to the skill of writing for the general public; a skill recommended by professional bodies such as the Institute of Physics.

PHY-5003Y

20

WEATHER APPLICATIONS

This module will build upon material covered in Meteorology I, by covering topics such as synoptic meteorology, weather hazards, micro-meteorology, further thermodynamics and weather forecasting. The module includes a major summative coursework assignment based on data collected on a UEA meteorology fieldcourse in a previous year.

ENV-5009B

20

WEATHER APPLICATIONS WITH FIELDCOURSE

Weather is one of the most popular topics of conversation. But how, specifically, does it present risks and opportunities, to people, organisations and to the wider environment? In this module you will develop a clear understanding of these linkages and an evidence base to draw on in future roles in which weather is a factor. You'll learn how to confidently source a diverse range of real-time weather information and you'll practice analysing such data, leading subsequently to successful interpretation and effective communication, both written and in front of the camera. You'll see, first hand, how meteorology depends upon computer systems for the efficient sharing, processing and visualisation of weather information. Being taught by weather practitioners with long experience of providing weather services to users, you will get the inside track on what it's like to work in weather. Weather Forecasting is one central theme and application which will provide a focus for learning. How are forecasts made and delivered, who uses forecasts and what are their distinctive needs? Success in forecasting depends in part on a good physical understanding of atmospheric processes - through practical work, we'll study those processes and use real examples of weather systems and events to reinforce the learning. At the end of the module, through an embedded week-long Easter residential fieldcourse, you'll apply your enhanced process understanding and forecasting knowledge in a hands-on way to design and implement meteorological field experiments, testing hypotheses through the collection and interpretation of field data collected using weather sensors. You'll write up your choice of fieldcourse experiment for assessment, after first receiving informal feedback on a related poster presentation.

ENV-5010K

20

Students will select 0 - 20 credits from the following modules:

A further 20 credits may be chosen from Options Range A above, or by taking a level 4 module from the following list.

Name Code Credits

ADVANCED QUANTITATIVE SKILLS

Mathematical and statistical skills are key to all brands of environmental sciences and geography. This module will strengthen your mathematical and statistical skills. It will consolidate your mathematics knowledge from GCSE level and will introduce you to differentiation and integration. You'll learn to recognise the purpose of simple statistical methods, to choose the appropriate methods to test hypotheses and to summarise data using tables and graphs. You'll use a computer package for statistical operations. You'll apply these quantitative skills to contemporary environmental and geographical problems, inspired by research in the School of Environmental Sciences. You'll be assessed through an online course test and an exam. This module will widen the range of science modules that you can take during your studies in geography and environmental sciences. Upon successful completion of the module, you'll have acquired skill in applying a range of mathematical and statistical methods to problems in environmental sciences and geography. Recommended if you have: A2 maths (D or E), AS Maths, A2 Physics (C or better), IB SL Maths (2, 3), IB SL Maths Studies, GCSE Maths (A, A*), CHE-0006.

ENV-4014Y

20

ASTROPHYSICS,ACOUSTICS AND ADDITIONAL SKILLS

This module explores the physics behind the generation and reception of music. It provides an introduction to the fundamental principles of astrophysics, using these to explore a variety of astrophysical phenomena, and introduces the topics of uncertainties, accuracy and ethical behaviour in physics. You'll learn about acoustics, sound measurement and analysis, including more widely applicable concepts such as the behaviour waves and analysis using Fourier series. You will also study aspects of astrophysics including the history of astrophysics, radiation, matter, gravitation, astrophysical measurements, spectroscopy, stars and some aspects of cosmology. You will learn to predict differences between idealised physics and real life situations. You'll also improve your skills in problem solving, written communication, information retrieval, poster design, information technology, numeracy and calculations, time management and organisation.

PHY-4002Y

20

ATMOSPHERE and OCEANS I

The habitability of planet Earth depends on physical and chemical systems that control everything from the weather and climate to the growth of all living organisms. This module introduces you to some of these key cycles and the ways in which physical and chemical scientists investigate and interpret them. It leads naturally to second and third year study of these systems in more detail, but even if you choose to study other aspects of environmental sciences, a basic knowledge of these systems is central to understanding our planet and how it responds to human pressures. The module is made up of two distinct components. One focuses on the physical study of the environment (Physical Processes: e.g. weather, climate, ocean circulation, etc.) The other focuses on the chemical study (Chemical Processes: weathering, atmospheric pollution, ocean productivity, etc.). Interrelationships between these components are explored throughout. Teaching of this module is through a mix of lectures, laboratory practical classes, workshops and a half-day field trip. This module provides a Basic Chemistry introduction for those students who have little or no background in chemistry prior to joining UEA.

ENV-4007B

20

ATMOSPHERE and OCEANS II

The habitability of planet Earth depends on physical and chemical systems that control everything from the weather and climate to the growth of all living organisms. This module introduces you to some of these key cycles and the ways in which physical and chemical scientists investigate and interpret them. It leads naturally to second and third year study of these systems in more detail, but even if you choose to study other aspects of environmental sciences, a basic knowledge of these systems is central to understanding our planet and how it responds to human pressures. The module is made up of two distinct components. One focuses on the physical study of the environment (Physical Processes: e.g. weather, climate, ocean circulation, etc.) The other focuses on the chemical study (Chemical Processes: weathering, atmospheric pollution, ocean productivity, etc.). Interrelationships between these components are explored throughout. Teaching of this module is through a mix of lectures, laboratory practical classes, workshops and a half-day field trip. This module is for students with previous experience of chemistry.

ENV-4008B

20

BIODIVERSITY

This module explores life on Earth. You will be introduced to the major groups of microorganisms, plants and animals. You will explore the evolutionary relationships that link the major groups and discover the immense biodiversity of living organisms. Central to this evolutionary path is how microorganisms, plants and animal invaded the land and coped with limited water. You will study this subject through lectures, workshops, laboratory-based practical classes and field trips. You will gain practical experience handling a wide range of organisms and learn how to report experimental work that you carry out. A key part of this module is the production of a learning portfolio which will help develop independent study skills in relation to the topic of the module.

BIO-4001A

20

BONDING, STRUCTURE and PERIODICITY

After a shared introduction to chemical bonding, atomic and molecular structure and chemical principles, this module will provide you with an introduction to the structures, properties and reactivities of molecules and ionic solids. The first few lectures of this module are integrated with the module 'Chemistry of Carbon Based Compounds'. The course is supported and illustrated by the bonding, structure and periodicity experiments of the first year practical modules, Chemistry Laboratory A or Research Skills in Biochemistry. The latter part of the course will concentrate more on fundamental aspects of inorganic chemistry. Emphasis will be placed on the relationships between chemical bonding and the structures and properties of molecules. This module is the prerequisite for the 2nd year Inorganic Chemistry module.

CHE-4301Y

20

CHEMISTRY LABORATORY

You will be laboratory based to cover experimental aspects of the 'core' chemistry courses; Chemistry of Carbon-based Compounds, Bonding, Structure and Periodicity, Light, Atoms and Materials and Analytical Chemistry. You will use spreadsheets for analysing and presenting data, which is also covered in this module.

CHE-4001Y

20

CHEMISTRY OF CARBON-BASED COMPOUNDS

After a shared introduction to atomic structure and periodicity, you will be introduced to the concepts of bonding and hybridisation, conjugation and aromaticity, the mechanistic description of organic reactions, the organic functional groups, the shapes of molecules and stereochemical issues including the concepts of enantiomers, diastereoisomers and racemates.

CHE-4101Y

20

ELECTROMAGNETISM, OPTICS, RELATIVITY AND QUANTUM MECHANICS

This module gives an introduction to important topics in physics, with particular, but not exclusive, relevance to chemical and molecular physics. Areas covered include optics, electrostatics and magnetism, aspect of chemical physics, basic quantum mechanics and special relativity. The module will involve both lectures and workshops, where you will develop analytical thinking and problem solving skills. The module may be taken by any science students who wish to study physics beyond A Level.

PHY-4001Y

20

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS AND MECHANICS

This module utilises the mathematical concepts from the Mathematics for Scientists module in an engineering context, before complementing the material with practical mechanics to solve real-world problems. Over the first semester students are introduced to the vocational necessity of estimation in the absence of accurate data through a team-based competition, as well as the practical geometry and numerical methods which can be used when analytical techniques fail. This is supplemented by practical exercises in graphical presentation and data analysis which will contribute to the coursework element of the module. Teaching then concentrates on mechanics in the second semester, encompassing Newton's laws of motion, particle dynamics and conservation laws before a final exam.

ENG-4004Y

20

ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES AND LAWS

This module introduces three distinct topics which are essential for a wide range of engineering disciplines. During the first semester, you will investigate how to harness the properties of modern materials within an engineering context. Exposure to materials section software enhances your learning and the material is assessed by a formative course test. Fluid mechanics and hydraulics are introduced and applications to pipe networks are used to develop your confidence in commercial software. An introduction to thermodynamics and heat transfer completes the module. You will complete a number of laboratory exercises which are assessed by two formal summative reports.

ENG-4002Y

20

EVOLUTION, BEHAVIOUR AND ECOLOGY

Why do trees grow tall? Why do male birds have long bright feathers? Why do people cooperate? Why does sex exist? Why do we grow old and die? These and other questions in biology can be understood if we learn how to think in terms of natural selection and adaptation. This module introduces the main concepts in evolutionary theory, from the original ideas introduced by Darwin to the modern developments, and uses these concepts to understand a wide range of topics in behaviour and ecology. We start from evolution and discuss how Darwin arrived at the idea of natural selection, its critiques and how to address them; we then study the basics of Mendelian genetics and population genetics and learn how to check if a population is evolving' we discuss adaptation and optimization in biology; then we move to specific issues like the evolution of reproductive systems and life cycles, the evolution of stable sex-ratios and coevolution between species; we discuss the concept of selfish genes and how it helps us think in terms of adaptation; we study the methods used to understand long-term evolution and speciation; and we conclude the first part with ideas from evolutionary medicine to understand why we get sick, and human evolution and social behaviour. In the second part of the module we focus to ecology: we discuss the general concepts of abiotic limits, resources and models of intraspecific competition and logistic growth; we learn the basic concepts of demography and population growth, interspecific competition, predation, predator-prey dynamics, and we discuss at length mutualism and cooperation in nature; finally we talk about the nature of the English countryside and issues in conservation biology and ecosystem services. In the third part we focus on behaviour: after a general introduction on the key concepts in the study of animal behaviour we discuss cooperation among non-kin and the concept of kin selection and kin conflict; we review animal communication and models of sexual selection and sexual conflict.

BIO-4002B

20

GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVES

This module provides an introduction and orientation regarding geographical thought, methods and concepts. It begins with an overview of the history and development of the discipline. This leads on to discussion of core concepts such as space, place, scale, systems, nature, landscape and risk. In addition, the methods and different types of evidence used by geographers are introduced. You will be able to demonstrate an appreciation of the diversity of approaches to the generation of geographical knowledge and understanding and the capacity to communicate geographical ideas, principles, and theories effectively and fluently by written, oral and visual means.

ENV-4010Y

20

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES

What are the most pressing environmental challenges facing the world today? How do we understand these problems through cutting-edge environmental science research? What are the possibilities for building sustainable solutions to address them in policy and society? In this module you will tackle these questions by taking an interdisciplinary approach to consider challenges relating to climate change, biodiversity, water resources, natural hazards, and technological risks. In doing so you will gain an insight into environmental science research 'in action' and develop essential academic study skills needed to explore these issues.

ENV-4001A

20

LIGHT, ATOMS AND MOLECULES

This module will introduce you to the major areas of classical physical chemistry: chemical kinetics, chemical thermodynamics, electrolyte solutions and electrochemistry as well as spectroscopy. Chemical kinetics will consider the kinetic theory of gasses and then rate processes, and in particular with the rates of chemical reactions taking place either in the gas phase or in solution. The appropriate theoretical basis for understanding rate measurements will be developed during the course, which will include considerations of the order of reaction, the Arrhenius equation and determination of rate constants. Thermodynamics deals with energy relationships in large assemblies, that is those systems which contain sufficient numbers of molecules for 'bulk' properties to be exhibited and which, are in a state of equilibrium. Properties that you'll discuss will include the heat content or enthalpy (H), heat capacity (Cp, Cv), internal energy (U), heat and work. The First Law of Thermodynamics will be introduced and its significance explained in the context of chemical reactions. It is very important that chemists have an understanding of the behaviour of ions in solution, which includes conductivity and ionic mobility. The interaction of radiation with matter is termed spectroscopy. You will discuss three main topics: (i) ultraviolet/visible (UV / Vis) spectroscopy, in which electrons are moved from one orbital to another orbital; (ii) infrared (vibrational) spectroscopy, a technique which provides chemists with important information on the variety of bond types that a molecule can possess; (iii) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), which allow chemists to identify 'molecular skeletons'.

CHE-4202Y

20

LINEAR ALGEBRA

In the first semester we develop the algebra of matrices: Matrix operations, linear equations, determinants, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, diagonalisation and geometric aspects. This is followed in the second semester by vectors space theory: Subspaces, basis and dimension, linear maps, rank-nullity theorem, change of basis and the characteristic polynomial.

MTHA4002Y

20

MATHEMATICAL PROBLEM SOLVING, MECHANICS AND MODELLING

This module comprises two parts: "Mathematical Problem Solving" and "Mechanics and Modelling". Being able to tackle unfamiliar problems using existing knowledge is an essential part of mathematics and a key transferable skill. Equally important is being able to express mathematical ideas in written and verbal form. In the first part of this module you will acquire these skills through collaborative group work on a number of example problems covering different areas of mathematics. The module will promote accurate reading, writing, and thinking about mathematics, and will also improve your confidence and ability to tackle unfamiliar problems. Newtonian mechanics provides a basic description of how particles and rigid bodies move in response to applied forces. In the second part of the module you will study Newton's laws of motion and how they can be applied to particle dynamics, vibrations, motion in polar coordinates, and conservation laws.

MTHA4004Y

20

MATHEMATICS FOR COMPUTING A

The module is designed to provide you with sufficient understanding of basic algebra, if you have not studied A Level Mathematics. it will give you confidence to embark on the study of computing fundamentals. Various topics in discrete and continuous mathematics which are fundamental to Computer Science will be introduced to you.

CMP-4004Y

20

MATHEMATICS FOR COMPUTING B

This module is designed for you if you have an A level (or equivalent) in Mathematics. It will provide you with an introduction to the mathematics of counting and arrangements, a further development of the theory and practice of calculus, an introduction to linear algebra and its computing applications and a further development of the principles and computing applications of probability theory. In addition, 3D Vectors are introduced and complex numbers are studied.

CMP-4005Y

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS A

You will cover differentiation, integration, vectors, partial differentiation, ordinary differential equations, further integrals, power series expansions, complex numbers and statistical methods as part of this module. In addition to the theoretical background there is an emphasis on applied examples. Previous knowledge of calculus is assumed. This module is the first in a series of three maths modules for those across the Faculty of Science that provide a solid undergraduate mathematical training. The follow-on modules are Mathematics for Scientists B and C.

ENV-4015Y

20

PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL METHODS IN BIOCHEMISTRY

To understand Life we have to study and understand the molecular properties of life's components. For any biochemist these are cells, energy, macromolecules, biochemical reactions and transport (of energy or chemical components). The tools we use as scientists in our quest for understanding life are various physical and analytical methods. You will be introduced to the basic principles of thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, electrochemistry, and reaction kinetics. You will conclude the module by having a look at various physical and analytical techniques that are being used in current Biochemistry. This lectures will introduce you and provide you with essential information about some of the physical principles that underpin our understanding of molecular and cellular systems. The complementary seminar series will help to consolidate your understanding through applying this knowledge to selected topics in biochemistry and provide you with the opportunity to develop skills in problem solving, data analysis, scientific writing, and presentation. The module is also enriched with six math workshops. In these workshops you are going to consolidate but also further develop basic and more advanced mathematical skills that directly relate with this module but that will also assist you for the duration of your degree.

BIO-4007Y

20

PHYSIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY FOR LIFE SCIENCES

You will gain an understanding of the key aspects of physical and biological chemistry that underpin the physiology of living systems. You will also gain a basic understanding of a number of physiological processes and functioning of major organ systems of the human body.

BIO-4009Y

20

PROBABILITY AND MECHANICS

This module comprises two parts: "Probability" and "Mechanics" Probability is the study of the chance of events occurring. It has important applications to understanding the likelihood of multiple events happening together and therefore to rational decision-making. In the first part of this module, you will start by studying probability as a measurement of uncertainty, and looking at statistical experiments and Bayes' theorem. You will then consider both discrete and continuous probability distributions and the concept of expectation. Finally you will consider applications of probability, including Markov chains and reliability theory. Newtonian mechanics provides a basic description of how particles and rigid bodies move in response to applied forces. In the second part of the module you will study Newton's laws of motion and how they can be applied to particle dynamics, vibrations, motion in polar coordinates, and conservation laws.

MTHB4007B

20

PROGRAMMING 1

Gain a solid grounding in the essential features of object-oriented programming, using a modern programming language such as Java. This module is designed in such a way that you are not expected to have previously studied programming, although it's recognised that many students taking the module will have done so to some extent.

CMP-4008Y

20

PROGRAMMING FOR APPLICATIONS

The purpose of this module is to give the student a solid grounding in the essential features of programming using Java programming language. The module is designed to meet the needs of the student who has not previously studied programming.

CMP-4009B

20

QUANTITATIVE METHODS

You will explore how quantitative skills can be applied to solve a range of environmental problems. Designed primarily for students who have a GCSE in maths at grade B or C, but no AS/ A2 qualification (or equivalent), the module will include a review of some fundamental GCSE-level maths but will focus on the practical use of maths through physical equations and mathematical models. You will also learn about summarising data using both numerical summaries and graphs, testing hypotheses and carrying out these analyses on computers.

ENV-4013Y

20

REAL ANALYSIS

You will explore the mathematical notion of a limit and see the precise definition of the limit of a sequence of real numbers and learn how to prove that a sequence converges to a limit. After studying limits of infinite sequences, we move on to series, which capture the notion of an infinite sum. We then learn about limits of functions and continuity. Finally, we will learn precise definitions of differentiation and integration and see the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.

MTHA4003Y

20

RESEARCH AND FIELD SKILLS

You will develop a range of transferable skills, tools and resources that are widely used in research across the Environmental Sciences and Geography. It aims to provide a broad understanding of the research process through activities that involve formulating research questions, collecting data using appropriate sources and techniques, collating and evaluating information and presenting results. A week-long residential field course, held at Easter and based at Slapton Ley, Devon, applies field, lab and other skills to a variety of environmental science and geography topics. Depending on the size of the cohort, students on selected degree programmes may be offered the option of an alternative field course arrangement.

ENV-4004Y

20

SETS, NUMBERS AND PROBABILITY

You will explore basic set-theoretic notation, functions, proof by induction, arithmetic, rationals and irrationals, the Euclidean algorithm and the styles of proof. Elementary set theory, modular arithmetic, equivalence relations and countability are also covered during this module. You will study probability as a measurement of uncertainty, statistical experiments and Bayes' theorem as well as discrete and continuous distributions. Expectation. Applications of probability: Markov chains, reliability theory.

MTHA4001Y

20

SKILLS FOR CHEMISTS

In this module, you will study mathematical skills relevant to the understanding of chemical concepts; statistics as applied to experimental chemistry; error propagation in physical chemistry and physical principles through applied mathematics. The module also contains a broadly-based series of lectures on science, coupled with activities based upon them. The twin objectives for this part of the module are to provide you with a contextual backdrop for the more focused studies in other concurrent and subsequent courses, and to engage you as a participant in researching and presenting related information.

CHE-4050Y

20

SUSTAINABILITY, SOCIETY AND BIODIVERSITY

Striking a balance between societal development, economic growth and environmental conservation has proven challenging and contentious at many scales. The concept of `sustainability' was coined to denote processes aiming to achieve this balance. This module introduces sustainable development, and examines why sustainability is so difficult to achieve, bringing together social and ecological dimensions. It also explores sustainability from an ecological perspective, introducing a range of concepts relevant to the structure and functioning of the biosphere and topics ranging from landscape and population ecology, to behavioural ecology, molecular ecology, and biodiversity conservation from single ornisms to the entire biomes. This module is assessed by coursework and an examination.

ENV-4006B

20

UNDERSTANDING THE DYNAMIC PLANET

Understanding of natural systems is underpinned by physical laws and processes. You will explore the energy, mechanics, and physical properties of Earth materials and their relevance to environmental science using examples from across the Earth's differing systems. The formation, subsequent evolution and current state of our planet are considered through its structure and behaviour - from the planetary interior to the dynamic surface and into the atmosphere. You will study Plate Tectonics to explain Earth's physiographic features - such as mountain belts and volcanoes - and how the processes of erosion and deposition modify them. The distribution of land masses is tied to global patterns of rock, ice and soil distribution and to atmospheric and ocean circulation. You will also explore geological time - the 4.6 billion year record of changing conditions on the planet - and how geological maps can be used to understand Earth history. This course provides you with an introduction to geological materials - rocks, minerals and sediments - and to geological resources and natural hazards.

ENV-4005A

20

Students must study the following modules for 120 credits:

Name Code Credits

NATURAL SCIENCES YEAR IN INDUSTRY

You will spend a year working at a placement provider. This module is reserved for students studying Natural Sciences.

NAT-5005Y

120

Students must study the following modules for 40 credits:

Name Code Credits

NATURAL SCIENCES BSC PROJECT

Compulsory for all Natural Sciences students, this individual research module comprises supervised research in at least one area of science. It may involve research partners across the Norwich Research Park. The project can involve collection of data in the laboratory or in the field, and/or development of a piece of equipment, and/or development of software or a theoretical/numerical model, and/or analysis of pre-existing data from a variety of sources. It must include independent scientific analysis and will be assessed by a written report, a presentation and a web log maintained throughout the project.

NAT-6001Y

40

Students will select 60 - 80 credits from the following modules:

In this option range 20 of the 60-80 credits may be selected from a School outside the Science Faculty, not listed in this profile, with the approval of the Course Director.

Name Code Credits

ADVANCED STATISTICS

This module covers two topics in statistical theory: Linear and Generalised Linear models and also includes Stochastic processes. The first two topics consider both the theory and practice of statistical model fitting and students will be expected to analyse real data using R. Stochastic processes including the random walk, Markov chains, Poisson processes, and birth and death processes.

CMP-6004A

20

ALGORITHMS FOR BIOINFORMATICS

A brief introduction to the basics of molecular biology will be given, and so no background in biology is required. Topics will include sequence analysis, RNA and protein structure, genome assembly and phylogenetics. Lecturers will highlight the relevance of the material to cutting-edge research and in applications such as understanding human diseases, developing new drugs, improving crop plants, and uncovering the origins of species. Emphasis will be focused on the fundamental algorithms that are used in each of these areas.

CMP-6034B

20

AUDIOVISUAL PROCESSING

This module explores how computers process audio and video signals. In the audio component, the focus is on understanding how humans produce speech and how this can be processed by computer for speech recognition and enhancement. Similarly, the visual component considers the human eye and camera, and how video is processed by computer. The theoretical material covered in lectures is reinforced with practical laboratory sessions. The module is coursework only and requires you to build a speech recogniser capable of recognising the names of students studying the module using both audio and visual speech information.

CMP-6026A

20

BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND HUMAN SOCIETY

l focus on the interactions between biodiversity and human societies. The module adopts a rigorous evidence-based approach. You will first critically examine the human drivers of biodiversity loss and the importance of biodiversity to human society, to understand how underlying perspectives and motivations influence approaches to conservation. You will then examine conflicts between human society and conservation and how these potentially can be resolved, reviewing institutions and potential instruments for biodiversity conservation in both Europe and developing countries. Coursework is inter-disciplinary and will require you to evaluate and communicate the quality of evidence showing effectiveness of conservation interventions and approaches.

ENV-6006A

20

BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND MARINE ECOLOGY

This module explores the evolution, biodiversity and ecology of bacteria, diatoms, coccolithophores and nitrogen fixers, and the physiology and distribution of zooplankton. Example ecosystems such as the Antarctic, mid ocean gyres and Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems will be studied in detail and predictions of the impact of environmental change (increasing temperature, decreasing pH, decreasing oxygen, and changes in nutrient supply) on marine ecosystem dynamics will be examined. Biological oceanographic methods will be critically evaluated. The module will include a reading week in week 7 and a voluntary employability visit to the Centre for the Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS). You are expected to have some background in biology, e.g. have taken a biology, ecology or biogeochemistry based second year module.

ENV-6005A

20

CANCER BIOLOGY

Do you want to learn about the concepts and principles of genetic analysis of cancer? On this module you will learn about the various roles of genes in development, apoptosis, the cell cycle, metastasis and angiogenesis, for example, and discuss the potential for novel therapies. We work closely with experts at the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital wherever possible, enabling you to gain an in-depth appreciation of cancer as a disease process from both the scientific and clinical viewpoints.

BIO-6009A

20

CATCHMENT WATER RESOURCES

In this module, you will adopt an integrated approach to studying surface water and groundwater resources in river basins. You will address the fundamental requirement for an interdisciplinary catchment-based approach to managing and protecting water resources that includes an understanding of land use and its management. The module content includes the design of catchment monitoring programmes, nutrient mass balance calculations, river restoration techniques, an overview of UK and European agri-environmental policy and approaches to assessing and mitigating catchment flooding.

ENV-6018B

20

CELL BIOLOGY AND MECHANISMS OF DISEASE

Do you want to learn about the key topics within cell biology and understand how these relate to human diseases? You will learn about the structure and function of cells in health and disease through a combination of practical demonstrations, where you will experience some of the imaging techniques used in the study of Cell Biology. You will also participate in a workshop, where you will learn how to design experiments. This module will provide you with a solid understanding of aspects of cell structure, function and related diseases concerning: ubiquitination; the cytoskeleton; cell division; cell signalling in motility and wound healing; the extracellular matrix; growth factors and proliferation; cell differentiation and adult stem cells and apoptosis.

BIO-6006B

20

CELLULAR SIGNALLING

How do cells receive and react to information from their external environment? What is the molecular basis for how cells respond to external signalling cues and how does this relate to physiological processes? Topics included in this module include cellular signalling by ion channels, G protein-coupled receptors, enzyme-linked receptors; the associated signal transduction mechanisms and relevance to human physiology and disease. The module includes aspects of the molecular basis of cellular signalling, structure-function relationships and pharmacology. You will study the molecular basis of cellular signalling by three principle receptor families, namely ion channels, G protein-coupled receptors and enzyme-linked receptors. You will build on your knowledge of cell biology and human physiology to deepen your understanding of cellular signalling. You will learn through lectures and independent study.

BIO-6003A

20

CHEMICAL PHYSICS - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

You will study topics covering important areas of modern physical chemistry and chemical physics. The material will blend together experimental and theoretical aspects of photonics, condensed phase dynamics in molecular and macromolecular fluids and quantum and classical simulations.

CHE-6250Y

20

CLIMATE SYSTEMS

What sets the mean global temperature of the world? Why are some parts of the world arid whilst others at the same latitudes are humid? This module aims to provide you with an understanding of the processes that determine why the Earth's climate (defined, for example, by temperature and moisture distribution) looks like it does, what the major circulation patterns and climate zones are and how they arise. You will study why the climate changes in time over different timescales, and how we use this knowledge to understand the climate systems of other planets. This module is aimed at you if you wish to further your knowledge of climate, or want a base for any future study of climate change, such as the Meteorology/Oceanography or Climate Change degrees.

ENV-6025B

20

COMPUTER VISION

Computer Vision is about "teaching machines how to see". You will study methods for acquiring, analysing and understanding images in both lectures and laboratories. The practical exercises and projects that you undertake in the laboratory will support the underpinning theory and enable you to implement contemporary computer vision algorithms.

CMP-6035B

20

CONTROL SYSTEMS

Control systems are everywhere; automatic control of wind turbines, building management controls, aerospace controls. Understanding control systems is important for all engineers. The module begins with a review of the underlying theory of control utilising Laplace transforms and other techniques. Open and closed loop systems, feedback and stability will be considered. Matlab and other software tools will support your learning. Industrial applications will be introduced using case studies from local companies.

ENG-6007A

20

DYNAMICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

The ocean is an important component of the Earth's climate system. You will cover mathematical modelling of the large-scale ocean circulation and oceanic wave motion. You will build upon the techniques in fluid dynamics and differential equations that you developed in year two. You will then use these techniques to explain some interesting phenomena in the ocean that are relevant to the real world. We begin by examining the effects of rotation on fluid flows. This naturally leads to the important concept of geostrophy, which enables ocean currents to be inferred from measurements of the sea surface height or from vertical profiles of seawater density. Geostrophy also plays a key role in the development of a model for the global scale circulation of abyssal ocean. The role of the wind in driving the ocean will be examined. This enables us to model the large-scale circulation of the ocean including the development of oceanic gyres and strong western boundary currents, such as the Gulf Stream. You will conclude by examining the role of waves, both at the sea surface and internal to the ocean. The differences between wave motion at mid-latitudes and the Equator are examined, as is the roll of the Equator as a wave-guide. The equatorial waves that you will study are intimately linked with the El Nino phenomenon that affects the climate throughout the globe.

MTHE6007B

20

ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

The behaviour of electric and magnetic fields is fundamental to many features of life we take for granted yet the underlying equations are surprisingly compact and elegant. We will begin with a historical overview of electrodynamics to see where the governing equations (Maxwell's) come from. We will then use these equations as axioms and apply them to a variety of situations including electro- and magneto-statics problems and then time-dependent problems (eg electromagnetic waves). We shall also consider how the equations change in an electromagnetic media and look at some simple examples.

MTHE6010A

20

ELECTRICITY GENERATION AND DISTRIBUTION

This module is highly practical and will allow you to study how electricity is generated and how it is distributed to users. The first part studies DC and AC electricity and looks at how RLC circuits behave through complex phasor analysis. The second part will give you the chance to study electricity generators, beginning with magnetism and Faraday's Law. Synchronous and asynchronous generators are studied along with application to conventional power stations and to renewable generation (e.g. wind). You'll also look at transformers and transmission lines with a view to distribution of electricity. Voltage conversion methods such as the rectifier, buck and boost converters are examined and finally electricity generation through solar is covered. Your lab classes will build on material from lectures which in turn forms the basis for coursework.

ENG-6001B

20

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

Embedded processors are at the core of a huge range of products e.g. mobile telephones, cameras, passenger cars, washing machines, DVD players, medical equipment, etc. The embedded market is currently estimated to be worth around 100x the 'desktop' market and is projected to grow exponentially over the next decade. This module will help you to build on the material delivered in the Architectures and Operating Systems module to consider the design and development of real-time embedded system applications for commercial off the shelf (COTS) processors running real-time operating systems (RTOS), such as eLinux.

CMP-6024B

20

EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELL BIOLOGY

You will study the mechanisms that drive embryonic development, including the signals and signalling pathways that lead to the establishment of the body plan, pattern formation, differentiation and organogenesis. Your lectures will cover different model organisms used in the study of development with a focus on vertebrate systems. The relevance of embryonic development to our understanding of human development and disease is a recurring theme throughout the module, which also covers stem cells and organoids and their role in enhancing our understanding of development and disease, healthy tissue maintenance and drug discovery.

BIO-6012A

20

ENERGY AND PEOPLE

Modern everyday life rests fundamentally on the availability of energy. Since the 1970s, however, serious concerns have been raised about the sustainability of current energy systems. Traditionally, these problems have been analysed (and solutions proposed) from within the engineering and physical sciences. Understanding, managing and attempting to solve energy problems, however, demands a thorough appreciation of how people, at a range of scales, engage with energy in the course of their daily lives. This is a critical challenge for the social sciences, and will be a core focus of this module. Through this module, you will discover and explore a range of social science perspectives on the inter-relationships between energy and people. You will learn how to apply these ideas to contemporary energy problems and use them to generate your own visions for a sustainable energy future. You'll also be given the chance to work as part of a team and to communicate your ideas through both written and oral presentation. You'll begin by tracing the history and development of energy intensive societies and everyday lives as a means of understanding how energy has emerged as a key sustainability problem. You'll then go into more depth around different theories of social and technical change before exploring how these can be used to critically analyse a range of people-based solutions to energy problems that are currently being tried and tested around the world. You'll learn through a combination of lectures and seminars involving interactive group projects, class debates, practical exercises and student-led learning. At the end of the module, you will have developed the knowledge, skills and experience necessary to allow you to apply theories of social and technical change to a range of real-world energy problems. You'll be able to develop and critically analyse your own (and already existing) visions of a sustainable energy future, and you'll be able to creatively communicate these ideas to a range of different audiences. Please note, this is a strongly social science based module and is not recommended for students without a strong grounding in social science thinking and principle.

ENV-6026B

20

ENERGY MATERIALS

This module is designed to provide you with an understanding of the developing landscape and challenges in the broad area of energy generation and transduction. It has a particular emphasis on the science that underpins emerging technologies related to the hydrogen economy, photovoltaics and biological or solar fuels. Necessarily it encompasses cross-discipline aspects of chemistry, physics materials and biological science with the students gaining knowledge of how these disciplines interplay in the design and construction of new devices for energy harvesting and utilisation.

CHE-6350Y

20

EVOLUTION IN HEALTH AND DISEASE

The module provides up-to-date learning in evolutionary medicine and the evolution of disease. The module examines how evolutionary principles illuminate and provide fresh insight into a broad range of contemporary health problems including infectious, chronic and nutritional diseases and disorders. Topics are introduced in a multidisciplinary approach that takes into account the relationship between biology and society. The module covers 4 areas: (i) principles of evolutionary medicine - humans in their evolutionary context; (ii) evolution and non-infectious diseases (cancer, lifestyles, ageing); (iii) evolution and infection (vaccines, antibiotics, pathogens, emerging diseases); (iv) personalised medicine and social context of evolutionary medicine.

BIO-6017A

20

EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY AND CONSERVATION GENETICS

You will gain a deep understanding about conservation genetics / genomics based on an evolutionary / population-genetic framework, thereby covering contemporary issues in conservation biology, evolution, population biology, genetics, organismal phylogeny, Next Generation Sequencing, and molecular ecology. This is an advanced course in evolutionary biology / conservation genetics that will benefit you if you plan to continue with a postgraduate degree in ecology, genetics, conservation, or evolution. It is also ideal if you are wishing to deepen your knowledge in 1st and 2nd year conservation / evolution / genetics modules. A background in evolution, genetics, and/or molecular biology is highly recommended.

BIO-6008B

20

FINANCIAL MATHEMATICS

The Mathematical Modelling of Finance is a relatively new area of application of mathematics yet it is expanding rapidly and has great importance for world financial markets. The module is concerned with the valuation of financial instruments known as derivatives. You will be introduced to options, futures and the no-arbitrage principle. Mathematical models for various types of options are also discussed. We consider Brownian motion, stochastic processes, stochastic calculus and Ito's lemma. The Black-Scholes partial differential equation is derived and its connection with diffusion brought out. It is applied and solved in various circumstances.

MTHE6026B

20

FLUID STRUCTURE INTERACTION

Think of a fish swimming in river or a long container ship vibrating in sea waves. This may give you a clue about fluid-structure interaction (FSI), where a "structure" (fish or ship) moves interacting with a "fluid" (water and/or air). The flow of the fluid is changed by the moving structure which in turn is affected by the fluid loads. The fluid loads depend on the structure motions, and the structure motions depend on the fluid loads. A fluid and a structure cannot be considered separately in the problems you will study in this module. Their motions are coupled. The problems of fluid-structure interaction become even more complex if the structure is deformable. You will study interesting and practical FSI problems from ship hydrodynamics and offshore/coastal engineering, including wave interaction with coastal structures, underwater motions of rigid bodies, water impact onto elastic surfaces and others. The problems will be formulated and methods of their analysis will be presented. The module covers mathematical models of liquid motion and motions of rigid and elastic bodies, coupled problems of FSI and methods to find solutions to such problems. The mathematical techniques include method of separating variables, methods of analytic function theory, and methods of asymptotic analysis.

MTHE6013B

20

FORENSIC CHEMISTRY - INTERPRETATION AND PROFESSIONAL SKILLS

WHILST TAKING THIS MODULE STUDENTS ON FF41 MUST TAKE CHE-6003Y Explore, via introductory lectures, the diverse aspects of mass spectrometry in inorganic and organic chemistry before applying this knowledge in two areas: an introduction to Forensic Toxicology, including drugs of abuse; and Environmental issues, including provenancing of foodstuffs. Issues of collection and preservation of evidence will be reinforced through two simulated case exercises dealing with scene examination and particulate collection.

CHE-6701Y

20

FOSSIL FUELS

You will be introduced to geological, economic and political aspects of fossil fuels (oil, natural gas and coal). These are used to discuss environmental concerns arising from the use of fossil fuels, and the potentially profound implications of future fuel scarcity on society. Some knowledge of Earth science and basic Chemistry will be expected.

ENV-6009A

20

GENOMES, GENES AND GENOMICS

This module will provide you with knowledge of the biological analysis of genomes. This will focus on our understanding of genome composition, organisation and evolution, and the global regulation of gene expression. When you have completed this module you will understand contemporary methods that inform us about the biology of genomes.

BIO-6013A

20

GEOPHYSICAL HAZARDS

Geophysical hazards such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis and landslides have significant environmental and societal impacts. This module focuses on the physical basis and analysis of each hazard, their global range of occurrence, probability of occurrence and their local and global impact. You will address matters such as hazard monitoring, modelling and assessment, and consider approaches towards risk mitigation and the reduction of vulnerability (individual and societal), with an emphasis on their practical implementation. Scenarios and probabilities of mega-disasters are also investigated. All the teaching faculty involved have practical experience of supplying professional advice on these hazards (and related risks) in addition to their own research involvement. A basic knowledge of physical science and of mathematics is assumed e.g. use of logs, exponentials, powers, cosines, rearrangement of equations.

ENV-6001B

20

GRAPHICS 2

Explore the fundamentals of 3D geometric transformations and viewing using OpenGL and learn the theory and implementation of fundamental visibility determination algorithms and techniques for lighting, shading and anti-aliasing. You'll study 3D curves and fundamental geometric data structures, as well as considering the issues involved with modern high performance graphics processors.

CMP-6006A

20

HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS

You will trace the development of mathematics from prehistory to the high cultures of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley civilisation, through Islamic mathematics, and on to mathematical modernity, through a selection of topics. You will explore the rise of calculus and algebra from the time of Greek and Indian mathematicians, up to the era of Newton and Leibniz. We also discuss other topics, such as mathematical logic: ideas of propositions, axiomatisation and quantifiers. Our style is to explore mathematical practice and conceptual developments, in different historical and geographical settings.

MTHA6002A

20

HOST-PARASITE INTERACTIONS

This module examines the complex interactions between parasites/diseases and their hosts and explores how the selection pressures that each side of these interactions impose lead to coevolutionary processes. We will take an overview of the role that such parasitic interactions may have played in the development of key biological traits. The module will include traditional parasitology (to set the scene and understand the complexity of the interactions), introducing the major groups of parasites and their hosts. We examine the role of parasites and host-parasite interactions in evolution, drawing examples from conservation, behaviour, current medical research, theoretical predictions and models.

BIO-6016A

20

INFECTION AND IMMUNITY

This module provides a detailed coverage of the biology of selected infectious microorganisms, in the context of host and responses to pathogens. The properties of organs, cells and molecules of the immune system are described, along with the mechanism of antibody diversity generation, and the exploitation of the immune response for vaccine development. Examples of pathogens are used to illustrate major virulence strategies.

BIO-6010B

20

INORGANIC COMPOUNDS: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

You will focus on two important themes in contemporary inorganic chemistry: (i) the role of transition metals in homogeneous catalysis (ii) the correlation between the structures of transition metal complexes and their electronic and magnetic properties. Via a series of problem-solving workshops, interspersed with lectures, you'll explore the structure and bonding in these compounds, as well as their applications in synthesis.

CHE-6301Y

20

MACHINE LEARNING

This module covers the core topics that dominate machine learning research: classification, clustering and reinforcement learning. We describe a variety of classification algorithms (e.g. Neural Networks, Decision Trees and Learning Classifier Systems) and clustering algorithms (e.g. k-NN and PAM) and discuss the practical implications of their application to real world problems. We then introduce reinforcement learning and the Q-learning problem and describe its application to control problems such as maze solving.

CMP-6002B

20

MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

This module provides an overview of the uses of microorganisms in biotechnological principles. It provides training in the basic principles that control microbiological culture growth, the microbial physiology and genetics that underpin the production of bioproducts such as biofuels, bioplastics, antibiotics and food products, as well as the use of micro-organisms in wastewater treatment and bioremediation.

BIO-6004A

20

MICROBIAL CELL BIOLOGY

This module will provide you with a detailed understanding of cutting-edge developments in microbial cell biology. You will cover essential techniques used to carry out modern day molecular microbiology. These techniques will be further explained to you in the context of work done on model microbial systems in research conducted on the Norwich Research Park (NRP). The module is taught to you by world-leading research scientists from the NRP and focuses on the structure and analysis of bacterial genomes, the bacterial cytoskeleton, sub-cellular localisation, cell shape and cell division and intercellular communication between bacteria and higher organisms. You will also have research-led seminars delivered by NRP PhD students.

BIO-6005B

20

MODELLING ENVIRONMENTAL PROCESSES

The aim of the module is to show how environmental problems may be solved from the initial problem, to mathematical formulation and numerical solution. Problems will be described conceptually, then defined mathematically, then solved numerically via computer programming. The module consists of lectures on numerical methods and computing practicals; the practicals being designed to illustrate the solution of problems using the methods covered in lectures. The module will guide students through the solution of a model of an environmental process of their own choosing. The skills developed in this module are highly valued by prospective employers.

ENV-6004A

20

MOLECULAR ENZYMOLOGY IN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE

The module sets out to explain the molecular basis of the often complex catalytic mechanisms of enzymes concentrating particularly on their relevance to and applications in biotechnology and medicine. An extended practical based on the kinetics of a model enzyme, chymotrypsin, helps underpin concepts learnt in the module.

BIO-6001A

20

MOLECULAR PLANT-MICROBE INTERACTIONS

Plants interact with a range of microbes with consequences that are both beneficial (e.g. nitrogen-fixing symbioses between legumes and Rhizobium, and the wide ranging mycorrhizal interactions between plants and fungi) and harmful (with many diseases being caused by viruses, fungi and oomycetes). You will explore the ways in which the microbes recognise and invade host plants and the responses of plants to symbiotic and pathogenic microbes. The module is taught by scientists from the John Innes Centre, Sainsbury Laboratory, and UEA.

BIO-6007B

20

NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS

Environmental economics provides a set of tools and principles which can be useful in understanding natural resource management issues. This module introduces you to key principles and tools of environmental economics for students who have not studied the subject previously. It then explores how these principles can be applied to address a number of complex economy-environment problems including climate change, over-fishing and water resources management. In this module you will have the opportunity to practically apply cost-benefit analysis as a framework for decision-making and will gain knowledge on the key non-market valuation techniques that are used to monetarily value environmental goods and services. At the end of the module you will have gained insights into how environmental economics is used in developing natural resource management policy as well as some of the challenges in using environmental economics in policy-making.

ENV-6012B

20

NUCLEAR AND SOLAR ENERGY

This module addresses the technical aspects of nuclear power and solar energy, whilst letting students apply their knowledge from the Engineering Practice module to make ethical decisions incorporating health and safety risk assessments. Successful design of nuclear installations requires a detailed quantitative risk analysis within a regulatory framework that imposes high tolerances. In contrast, the rapid installation of solar panels at domestic scale requires education to ensure smaller companies remain in line with legislation. Although these energies are considered cleaner, it is essential to consider the environmental impact and planning law, as well as changing the societal perception of both.

ENG-6002Y

20

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS: SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES

You will cover several key topics required to plan the synthesis of organic compounds, and to understand the properties displayed by organic compounds. The first topic is on synthesis planning, strategy and analysis, supported by a study of further important oxidation and reduction reactions. The second topic is on the various types of pericyclic reactions and understanding the stereochemistry displayed by an analysis of frontier orbitals. The third topic is on the use of organometallic compounds in synthesis with a particular emphasis on the use of transition metal based catalysts. The fourth topic is on physical organic chemistry and includes aspects of radical chemistry. The final topic is the synthesis of chiral non-racemic compounds, and describes the use of chiral pool compounds and methods for the amplification of chiral information, including asymmettric reductions and oxidations.

CHE-6101Y

20

PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY

This module examines the geological evidence for climatic change through the Quaternary Period (the last 2.6 million years) and the longer-term evolution of climate through the Cenozoic Era (the last 65 million years). You will explore the interpretation and causal mechanisms behind these major global environmental changes using a diverse range of approaches - isotope geochemistry, sedimentology, palaeoecology and organic geochemistry. We will focus on the geochemical, biological and sedimentological information that can be obtained from marine sediments, ice cores, and terrestrial environments and use these records to reconstruct the timing extent and magnitude of selected climatic events in the geological record.

ENV-6017B

20

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II

The module covers a selection of advanced topics in Physical Chemistry including statistical thermodynamics, reaction mechanisms and theories of reaction rates, photochemistry, electrochemistry and diffraction techniques.

CHE-6201Y

20

PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABLE FOOD PRODUCTION

Plant biotechnology can play an important role in providing crop varieties with increased disease resistance, better P and N (Phosphorous and Nitrogen) use efficiency, and higher nutritional value. Plant biotechnology includes not just genetic modification, but any technology to obtain desirable traits in plants, such as mutagenesis and marker-assisted selection. The identification of important traits from wild germplasm and existing cultivars, and their introduction into elite cultivars has been achieved primarily using conventional plant breeding methods. This module will help you identify the major challenges for sustainable crop production, and highlight the role of plant biotechnology and current plant breeding strategies.

BIO-6025B

20

PROTEIN STRUCTURE, CHEMISTRY AND ENGINEERING

The structural basis of the function of many proteins has been elucidated and this, together with the ready availability of chemical and biochemical techniques for altering proteins in a controlled way, has led to the application of proteins in a wide variety of biological and chemical systems and processes. These include their use as industrial catalysts and medicines, in organic syntheses and in the development of new materials. This module provides an introduction to the principles underlying this rapidly expanding and commercially-relevant area of the molecular biosciences and gives insights into their applications.

CHE-6601Y

20

REPRESENTATION THEORY

This module gives an introduction the area of representation theory. It introduces you to algebras, representations, modules and related concepts. Important theorems of the module are the Jordan-Hoelder and Artin-Wedderburn Theorems.

MTHD6016B

20

SCIENCE COMMUNICATION

You will gain an understanding of how science is disseminated to the public and explore the theories surrounding learning and communication. You will investigate science as a culture and how this culture interfaces with the public. Examining case studies in a variety of different scientific areas, looking at how information is released in scientific literature and how this is subsequently picked up by the public press will provide you with an understanding of the importance of science communication. You will gain an appreciation of how science information can be used to change public perception and how it can sometimes be misinterpreted. You will also learn practical skills by designing, running and evaluating a public outreach event at a school or in a public area. If you wish to take this module, you will be required to write a statement of selection. These statements will be assessed and students will be allocated to the module accordingly.

BIO-6018Y

20

SEMIGROUP THEORY

This module introduces you to Semigroup Theory. Semigroups are algebraic objects which generalize groups. They are of interests because they arise naturally in many parts of mathematics, for example, whenever we are composing functions, multiplying matrices, or considering homomorphisms between objects, there are semigroups underlying our mathematics. You will study a class of algebraic objects called semigroups. A semigroup is an algebraic structure consisting of a set together with an associative binary operation. For example, every group is a semigroup, but the converse is far from being true. Semigroups are ubiquitous in pure mathematics: whenever we are composing functions, multiplying matrices, or considering homomorphisms between objects, there are semigroups underlying our mathematics. Finite semigroups are also of importance in the theory of finite automata (an area of theoretical computer science). You will cover the fundamentals of semigroup theory, with the focus on using Green's relations to study their underlying structure. Topics covered will include: definition of semigroups and monoids with examples, idempotents, maximal subgroups, ideals and Rees quotients, Green's relations and regular semigroups, 0-simple semigroups, principal factors, Rees matrix semigroups and the Rees theorem.

MTHE6011A

20

SET THEORY

Understand the foundational issues in mathematics and learn the appropriate mathematical framework for discussing 'sizes of infinity'. You will study concepts such as ordinals, cardinals, and the Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms with the Axiom of Choice. You will also explore how these ideas come up in other areas of mathematics, such as graph theory and topology. Familiarity with and a taste for mathematical proofs will be assumed, and second year Analysis is a desired prerequisite. Set theory plays a dual role in mathematics. It provides a manageable foundation to mathematics and it is itself a sophisticated area of mathematics. The foundational role of set theory consists in providing a reasonable set of assumptions (axioms) which enable us to construct most mathematical objects, and from which most mathematics can be derived by proving theorems based on these axioms. You will explore this system of axioms, known as ZFC (Zermelo-Fraenkel Axioms with the Axiom of Choice), and demonstrate how it can be used to build the foundations of mathematics. You will participate in discussions around some background foundational issues, including Godel's Incompleteness Theorems and the notion of consistency (these issues will be discussed without proofs), alongside some alternatives to ZFC. You will understand the complete development of the general theory of ordinals and, along with it, be introduced to the methods of transfinite induction and recursion. Armed with these tools, you will be able to see how set theory provides the right framework for studying infinite sets. Examples of such sets are the set of all natural numbers, the set of all rationals, and the set of all real numbers. It turns out that there is a very natural way to assign a notion of size to such sets, providing us with more information than just 'infinite'. According to this notion (cardinality), the first two of the above sets have the same size, which is strictly smaller than that of the third. You will learn how to construct concrete examples of infinite objects in mathematics, such as infinite graphs, almost disjoint families, topological spaces, and groups, and study some of their properties. Finally, if we have time, the limitations of ZFC will be briefly discussed as well as criteria for extending ZFC in a sensible way.

MTHE6003B

20

SOCIAL EVOLUTION

Life is organised hierarchically. Genes aggregate in cells, cells aggregate in organisms, and organisms aggregate in societies. Each step in the formation of this hierarchy is termed a major evolutionary transition. Because common principles of social evolution underlie each transition, the study of altruism and cooperation in nature has broadened out to embrace the fundamental hierarchical structure common to all life. This module investigates this new vision of social evolution. It explores how principles of social evolution underlying each transition illuminate our understanding of life's diversity and organisation, using examples ranging from selfish genetic elements to social insects and mammals.

BIO-6011B

20

SYSTEMS ENGINEERING

This module draws together a wide range of material and considers it in the context of developing modern large-scale computer systems. Topics such as Systems Thinking, Casual Loop Diagrams, Systems Failure, Outsourcing, Quality, Risk Management, Measurement, Project Management, Software Process Improvement, Configuration Management, Maintainability, Testing, and Peopleware are covered in this module. The module is supported by well documented case studies and includes guest speakers from industry.

CMP-6003B

20

THE CARBON CYCLE AND CLIMATE CHANGE

What do you know about the drivers of climate change? Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the greenhouse gas that has, by far, the greatest impact on climate change, but how carbon cycles through the Earth is complex and not fully understood. Predicting future climate or defining 'dangerous' climate change is therefore challenging. In this module you will learn about the atmosphere, ocean and land components of the carbon cycle. We cover urgent global issues such as ocean acidification and how to get off our fossil fuel 'addiction', as well as how to deal with climate denialists.

ENV-6008A

20

TOPICS IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

This module will provide you with an awareness of new bond construction in advanced organic chemistry. It has aspects of natural product chemistry and the associated bioactivity of natural compounds. The module will illustrate how advanced synthetic chemistry can be used to construct compounds that might find applications in the pharmaceutical industry.

CHE-6151Y

20

WAVES

You will gain an introduction to the theory of waves. You will study aspects of linear and nonlinear waves using analytical techniques and Hyperbolic Waves and Water Waves will also be covered. It requires some knowledge of hydrodynamics and multi-variable calculus. The unit is suitable for those with an interest in Applied Mathematics.

MTHE6031A

20

Students will select 0 - 20 credits from the following modules:

A further 20 credits may be chosen from Options Range A above, or by taking a level 5 module from the following list.

Name Code Credits

ALGEBRA

This module will introduce groups and rings. Together with vector spaces these are the most important structures in modern algebra. At the heart of group theory in Semester I is the study of symmetry and the axiomatic development of the theory. Groups appear in many parts of mathematics. The basic concepts are subgroups, Lagrange's theorem, factor groups, group actions and the First Isomorphism Theorem. In Semester II we introduce rings, using the Integers as a model and we will develop the theory with many examples related to familiar concepts such as substitution and factorisation. Important examples of commutative rings are fields, domains, polynomial rings and their quotients.

MTHA5003Y

20

ANALOGUE AND DIGITAL ELECTRONICS

A practical introduction to electronics, this module is structured to consider analogue electronics and digital electronics in turn. Topics you'll cover include passive and active components, including op-amps, transistors, logic gates, flip-flops and registers. Circuits you'll study include amplifiers, oscillators, modulators, combinational and sequential logic and state machines. You'll spend much of your time doing practical work - underpinned by lectures - where you will build prototypes circuits, as well as designing and building Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs).

CMP-5027A

20

ANALYSIS

You will study the standard basic theory of the complex plane. In the first semester, you will study within the areas of continuity, power series and how they represent functions for both real and complex variables, differentiation, holomorphic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Moebius transformations. In the second semester, you will study within the areas of topology of the complex plane, complex integration, Cauchy and Laurent theorems, residue calculus.

MTHA5001Y

20

APPLIED GEOPHYSICS

What lies beneath our feet? This module addresses this question by exploring how wavefields and potential fields are used in geophysics to image the subsurface on scales of metres to kilometres. You'll study the basic theory, data acquisition and interpretation methods of seismic, electrical, gravity and magnetic surveys. A wide range of applications are covered, including archaeological geophysics, energy resources and geohazards. Highly valued by employers, this module features guest lecturers from industry who explain the latest 'state-of-the-art' applications and give you unique insight into real world situations. Students doing this module are normally expected to have a good mathematical ability, notably in calculus and algebra.

ENV-5004B

20

APPLIED GEOPHYSICS WITH FIELDCOURSE

What lies beneath our feet? This module addresses this question by exploring how wavefields and potential fields are used in geophysics to image the subsurface on scales of metres to kilometres. You'll study the basic theory, data acquisition and interpretation methods of seismic, electrical, gravity and magnetic surveys. A wide range of applications are covered, including archaeological geophysics, energy resources and geohazards. Highly valued by employers, this module features guest lecturers from industry who explain the latest 'state-of-the-art' applications and give you unique insight into real world situations. Students doing this module are normally expected to have a good mathematical ability, notably in calculus and algebra. This module also includes a one-week field course, currently held in the Lake District during Easter break. The cost of attending the field course is heavily subsidised by the School but students enrolling must commit to paying a sum to cover their attendance.

ENV-5005K

20

APPLIED STATISTICS A

This is a module designed to give students the opportunity to apply statistical methods in realistic situations. While no advanced knowledge of probability and statistics is required, we expect students to have some background in probability and statistics before taking this module. The aim is to teach the R statistical language and to cover 3 topics: Linear regression, and Survival Analysis.

CMP-5017B

20

AQUATIC BIOGEOCHEMISTRY

The Earth's terrestrial and marine water bodies support life and play a major role in regulating the planet's climate. This module will train you to make accurate measurements of the chemical composition of the aquatic environment. In lectures and in the lab you will explore important chemical interactions between life, fresh and marine waters and climate, looking at nutrient cycles, dissolved oxygen, trace metals, carbonate chemistry and chemical exchange with the atmosphere. Students taking this module are expected to be familiar with basic chemical concepts and molar concentration units. This module makes a good combination with Aquatic Ecology.

ENV-5039B

20

AQUATIC ECOLOGY

Explore how chemical, physical and biological influences shape the biological communities of rivers, lakes and estuaries in temperate and tropical regions. Three field visits and laboratory work, usually using microscopes and sometimes analysing water quality, provide an important practical component to this module. A good complement to other ecology modules, final-year Catchment Water Resources and modules in development studies or geography, it can also be taken alongside Aquatic Biogeochemistry or other geochemical and hydrology modules. Students selecting this module must have a background in basic statistical analysis of data.

ENV-5001A

20

ARCHITECTURES AND OPERATING SYSTEMS

Study the organisation of system software and the underlying hardware architecture in modern computer systems. The role of concurrent operation of hardware and software components is emphasised throughout this module. Central concepts are reinforced by practical work in the laboratory. The architectures portion of the module focuses on the components of a processor, including the registers and data path, and you will explore concepts such as instruction fetch cycles, instruction decoding and memory addressing modes. The operating systems component focuses on how the system software manages the competing demands for the system hardware, including memory management and disc and processing scheduling.

CMP-5013A

20

ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND GLOBAL CHANGE

Atmospheric chemistry and global change are in the news. Stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, greenhouse gases, and global scale air pollution are among the most significant environmental problems of our age. Chemical composition and transformations underlie these issues, and drive many important atmospheric processes. This module covers the fundamental chemical principles and processes in the atmosphere, from the Earth's surface to the stratosphere, and considers current issues of atmospheric chemical change through a series of lectures, problem-solving classes, seminars, experimental and computing labs, as well as a field trip to UEA's own atmospheric observatory in Weybourne/North Norfolk.

ENV-5015A

20

BEHAVIOURAL ECOLOGY

We will explore how evolution and ecology shape animal behaviour, examining how important traits have evolved to maximise survival and reproduction in the natural environment. Darwinian principles provide the theoretical framework, and we will explore key concepts of selfishness, altruism, conflict, survival, optimality, reproduction, parental care and death. Relevant research will be used to lead our understanding of the ultimate function of key traits. In parallel with the lectures, students design, conduct, analyse and present their own research project, working in a group to collect original data in order to answer a question about the adaptive significance of behaviour.

BIO-5010B

20

BIOCHEMISTRY

You will develop further understanding of contemporary biochemistry, especially in relation to mammalian physiology and metabolism. With a particular focus on proteins and their biochemical activities, you will examine their involvement in cellular reactions, bioenergetics and signalling processes.

BIO-5002A

20

BIOLOGY IN SOCIETY

Discuss a variety of aspects of Biology in society - ranging from ethical considerations of GM crops and designer babies to the portrayal of biological science in the media and science fiction. This module will provide you with an opportunity to explore various aspects of biology in society. Specific topics covered will involve aspects of contemporary biological science that have important ethical considerations for society, such as GM crops, DNA databases, designer babies and stem cell research. You will critically analyse the way biological sciences issues are represented in popular literature and the media. What was once viewed as science fiction has sometimes become scientific reality. Conversely, science fiction can often portray science inaccurately. You will also research relevant scientific literature and discover the degree of scientific accuracy represented within examples of science fiction.

BIO-5012Y

20

BIOPHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

This module will equip you with an understanding of the principles and techniques used in contemporary biophysical chemistry. You will learn experimental techniques for measuring thermodynamic and kinetic properties of biological molecules. You will gain firm grounding in the physical principles describing those properties and their use to provide quantitative descriptions of those properties. Using predominantly examples from protein biochemistry you will explore three major themes; i) spectroscopic properties of biomolecules, ii) thermodynamic and kinetic properties of proteins and enzymes, and, iii) methods defining biomolecule size and mass. Through weekly seminars you will benefit from putting your knowledge into practice, communicating your ideas and growing your confidence in quantitative data analysis and problem solving. During laboratory based practical work, you will develop your skills in sample preparation together with the collection and interpretation of spectroscopic data. Your participation in this module will give you the knowledge to appreciate how, and why, biophysical chemistry contributes to advances in medicine, sustainable energy solutions and healthy ageing.

CHE-5601Y

20

CELL BIOLOGY

This module explores the molecular organisation of cells and the regulation of cellular changes, with some emphasis on medical cell biology. Dynamic properties of cell signalling, growth factor function and aspects of cancer biology and immunology. Regulation of the internal cell environment (information flow, cell growth, division and motility), the relationship of the cell to its extracellular matrix and the determination of cell phenotype. Aspects of cell death, developmental biology, mechanisms of tissue renewal and repair. It is suggested that students taking this module should also take Molecular Biology (BIO-5003B) and/or Genetics (BIO-5009A).

BIO-5005B

20

CLIMATE CHANGE: SCIENCE AND POLICY

You will develop your skills and understanding in the integrated analysis of global climate change, using perspectives from both the natural sciences and the social sciences. You will gain a grounding in the basics of climate change science, impacts, adaptation, mitigation and their influence on and by policy decisions. This module also offers you a historical perspective on how climate policy has developed, culminating in the December 2015 Paris Agreement. Finally, it considers what will be required to meet the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to well below 2 #C above pre-industrial levels.

ENV-5003A

20

COMBINATORICS AND FURTHER LINEAR ALGEBRA

Combinatorics is one of the most applicable and accessible part of mathematics, yet it is also full of challenging problems. We shall cover many basic combinatorial concepts including counting arguments (enumerative combinatorics) and Ramsey theory. Linear Algebra underpins much of modern mathematics and is the key to many applications. We will introduce bilinear forms and symmetric operators on vector spaces leading to the diagonalization of linear maps and the spectral theorem. This theorem is key to many applications in statistics and physics. Other topics covered will include polynomials of linear maps, the Cayley-Hamilton theorem and the Jordan normal form of a matrix.

MTHF5031Y

20

COMMUNITY, ECOSYSTEM AND MACRO-ECOLOGY

This module introduces you to major concepts and definitions in community ecology, macro-ecology and biogeography. You will use these to explore how communities are structured in relation to local-scale to regional-scale processes, how they function and respond to perturbations at different scales, and result in emergent macro- to global-scale patterns of biodiversity distribution. Throughout the module, there is an emphasis on the relevance of theory and fundamental science to understanding the current environmental and biodiversity crisis. Anthropogenic impacts on natural communities through land-use, species exploitation, non-native species, and climate change, are a recurrent theme underpinning the examples you will draw upon.

BIO-5014B

20

CONSERVATION, ECOLOGY AND BIODIVERSITY IN THE TROPICS (FIELDCOURSE)

NOTE: There will be a significant additional cost to this module to cover the costs of transportation and accommodation in the field. Costs will be detailed at an initial meeting for interested students. 2017/18 costs were GBP1300 per student. Students will need to provide any visas required for entry into the host country, sturdy walking boots and appropriate field clothing. all attendees must ensure that all travel vaccinations etc are in order prior to departure. Conservation ecology and biodiversity are central areas of research in the biological sciences and they share many theories, concepts and scientific methods. This module intends to take a practical approach to the commonalities in these areas using a combination of seminar work and fieldwork. The seminars will develop ideas in tropical biology and students will research issues affecting conservation of biodiversity in the tropics, considering the species ecology and the habitats, threats and challenges. There will be a significant component of small group work and directed, independent learning. The field component of this module will be a two week residential field trip to the tropics, one of two field sites (depending on numbers of students and availability).The field sites are run by expert field ecologists and during the two weeks we will explore the local environment, learn about the ecology of the landscape and about the species that inhabit the area. We will develop and run practical sessions on survey and census techniques, use of technology in modern field biology and the role of protected areas in species conservation. Students will conduct original research on the field trip, informed by prior research at UEA, to gain a deeper understanding of an aspect of tropical biology. There will be an assessed presentation on the field trip and many opportunities to develop the students own interests. All student participants will take an active role in the organisation and running of the module in order to gain project management and field logistics experience. Students will be responsible for the sourcing, storage and transport of field equipment on the way to the field site and of samples on the return to the UK. Students will gain experience of travelling to a remote area and of working through licensing and customs processes. At the end of the module a report is written on the field project in the style of a journal article addressing specific questions in ecology conservation or biodiversity. Throughout the module students will be expected to maintain a modern-media record of their project from the initial desk based work at UEA, through the field component to outcomes and reporting.

BIO-5020K

20

CONSTRUCTING HUMAN GEOGRAPHIES

How can human geographers help us understand and address pressing environmental and social problems? This is the central question of the module which affirms the distinctive value and relevance of work in contemporary human geography. Throughout you will explore a wide range of approaches to environmental and social problems in contemporary human geography. You'll gain a firm grounding in social constructivism which is underlying philosophy of these approaches. You'll also learn how to communicate insights from human geography to policy-makers and practitioners, and how to critically evaluate examples of human geographers' engagements with policy. You'll begin with the basics of social constructivism, learn why this approach is used by human geographers, and consider the value of this perspective. You'll then delve deeper, exploring the social construction of a different object or problem each week. Topics covered will include: nature, hazards, alternative economies, and social difference. By looking at what these human geography perspectives mean for real-world environmental and social problems you'll practice applying what you've learnt to current policy problems, and learn about how human geographers are making a difference to these issues. You'll learn through a mixture of lectures, workshops and self-directed study and you'll be assessed through a written policy brief and reflective report (100%).

ENV-5038A

20

DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHMS

The purpose of this module is to give you a solid grounding in the design, analysis and implementation of algorithms, and in the efficient implementation of a wide range of important data structures.

CMP-5014Y

20

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS AND APPLIED METHODS

You'll gain a solid understanding in the following areas: Ordinary Differential Equations: solution by reduction of order; variation of parameters for inhomogeneous problems; series solution and the method of Frobenius. Legendre's and Bessel's equations: Legendre polynomials, Bessel functions and their recurrence relations; Fourier series; Partial differential equations (PDEs): heat equation, wave equation, Laplace's equation; solution by separation of variables. Method of characteristics for hyperbolic equations; the characteristic equations; Fourier transform and its use in solving linear PDEs; Dynamical Systems: equilibrium points and their stability; the phase plane; theory and applications.

MTHA5004Y

20

GEOLOGY LAB SKILLS

Good observational and descriptive skills lie at the heart of many areas of Environmental Science. This module is designed to develop those and is particularly suitable for students with interests in Earth and Geophysical Sciences. It will cover generic Earth science skills of use for projects in this area. The module will include: observing, describing and recording the characteristics of geological materials (hand specimen and under microscope); measuring and representing 3d data, and reading geological maps. You'll need to have taken co-requisite or pre-requisite modules of 40 or more credits from the list: ENV-5004B Applied Geophysics, ENV-5034A Geomorphology, ENV-5035B Sedimentology, ENV-5012A Soil Processes and Environmental issues, ENV-5018A Global Tectonics, ENV-5021A Hydrology and Hydrogeology, ENV-5005K Applied Geophysics with field course.

ENV-5029B

20

GEOLOGY SKILLS

This module is designed to develop good observational and descriptive skills and is particularly suitable for students with interests in Geology, Earth and Geophysical Sciences. It will cover generic Geological skills of use for projects. The module will include: observing, describing and recording the characteristics of geological materials (in the field, in hand specimen and under microscope); measuring and representing 3d data, reading geological maps and basic geological mapping. The module includes a week-long residential field work in the Easter vacation which has an added cost implication in the region of GBP300. You'll need to take co-requisite or pre-requisite modules of 40 or more credits from the list: ENV-5004B Applied Geophysics, ENV-5034A Geomorphology, ENV-5035B Sedimentology, ENV-5012A Soil Processes and Environmental issues, ENV-5018A Global Tectonics, ENV-5021A Hydrology and Hydrogeology, ENV-5005K Applied Geophysics with field course.

ENV-5030B

20

ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS AND POLICY MAKING

The most significant obstacles to problem solving are often political, not scientific or technological. This module examines the emergence and processes of environmental politics. It analyses these from different theoretical perspectives, particularly theories of power and public policy making. The module is focused on contemporary examples of politics and policy making at UK, EU and international levels. The module supports student-led learning by enabling you to select (and develop your own theoretical interpretations of) 'real world' examples of politics. Assessment will be via seminar presentations and a case study essay. The module assumes no prior knowledge of politics.

ENV-5002B

20

EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY

This module investigates the principles of evolutionary biology, covering various sub-disciplines, i.e. adaptive evolution, population ecology, molecular and population genetics, speciation, biogeography, systematics, and finishing with an overview of Biodiversity. This module will enable you to understand, analyse and evaluate the fundamentals of evolutionary biology and be able to synthesise the various components into an overall appreciation of how evolution works. Key topics and recent research will be used to highlight advances in the field and inspire thought. Weekly interactive workshops will explore a number of the conceptual issues in depth through discussions, modelling and problem solving. Although there are no pre-requisites in terms of specific modules, students without a basic understanding of Evolution and Genetics will have difficulties undertaking this module.

BIO-5008B

20

FIELD ECOLOGY

This module aims to introduce you to a wide range of habitats and methods for studying the organisms and natural processes occurring in these habitats. The focus is on identification of species and on formulating and testing hypotheses to investigate interactions between species and their habitats or on examining environmental gradients. The module includes a two week residential field trip to Ireland before the start of the first semester in the autumn term. This module would suit you if you are interested in natural history, geography, ecology and designing and testing scientific hypotheses.

BIO-5013A

20

FLUID DYNAMICS - THEORY AND COMPUTATION

This module introduces some of the fundamental physical concepts and mathematical theory needed to analyse the motion of a fluid, with the focus predominantly on inviscid, incompressible motions. You will examine methods for visualising flow fields, including the use of particle paths and streamlines. You will study the dynamical theory of fluid flow taking Newton's laws of motion as its point of departure, and the fundamental set of equations comprising conservation of mass and Euler's equations will be discussed. The reduction to Laplace's equation for irrotational flow will be demonstrated, and Bernoulli's equation is derived as a first integral of the equation of motion. Having established the basic theory, the way is set for a broader discussion of flow dynamics including everyday practical examples.

MTHA5002Y

20

FORENSIC CHEMISTRY - ANALYSIS

Following on from Forensic Chemistry- Collection and Comparison, where the emphasis was on collection of evidence, this module introduces more in-depth forensic chemistry, looking at the way evidence gathered at a crime scene may be analysed in the laboratory. The module will deepen your knowledge of forensic statistics and will cover: basic detection and recovery techniques for body fluids; DNA analysis; fingerprint development and recovery; advanced microscopy and spectroscopy and their application to fibres including the theory and practical application of infra-red and raman spectroscopy, paint and other particulates; the use of elemental analysis in forensic science including atomic absorption spectroscopy; and questioned document examination including counterfeiting.

CHE-5701Y

20

FURTHER MATHEMATICS

Further Mathematics will provide you with an introduction to the mathematics of counting and arrangements, a further development of the theory and practice of calculus, an introduction to linear algebra and its computing applications, and a further development of the principles and computing applications of probability theory. 3D Vectors and complex numbers are also studied. If you have taken Mathematics for Computing A or equivalent, this module is for you.

CMP-5006A

20

GENETICS

The aim is to provide you with an appreciation of genetics at a fundamental and molecular level and to demonstrate the importance and utility of genetic studies. Genetics and molecular biology lie at the heart of biological processes, ranging from cancer biology to evolution.

BIO-5009A

20

GEOMORPHOLOGY

Geomorphology is the scientific study of landforms and the processes that shape them, it underpins numerous subjects including: sedimentology, palaeoclimatology, biodiversity, ecosystem services, natural hazards and natural resources. In this module you will be introduced to different landforms and gain an understanding of the earth surface processes that create these landforms. Our approach will be both descriptive and quantitative, based on understanding erosional and depositional concepts, weathering and sediment transport and the evolution of landscapes. Drawing from our own research, the emphasis will be on local East Anglian field sites as case studies (with half and full day field trips) with key international examples, to illustrate and improve your understanding of glacial geomorphology, coastal geomorphology, ecogeomorphology and mountain/river/slope geomorphology with some arid geomorphology. You will learn about and apply the methods and different types of data and evidence used by geomorphologists (e.g., maps, imagery and field observations/measurements) to understand landform creation and evolution, gaining numerous transferrable skills.

ENV-5034A

20

GIS SKILLS FOR PROJECT WORK

This module builds upon the introduction to GIS provided in the first year Research and Field Skills module, focusing on how you obtain your own data, integrate it together and then undertake analysis and presentation tasks. ESRI ArcGIS will be the main software used, but there will also be an introduction to scripting tools (Python), and open source software (QGIS) and online GIS (ArcGIS Online).

ENV-5028B

20

GLOBAL TECTONICS

Processes in the Earth's interior exert a profound influence on all aspects of the Earth's system, and have done so throughout geological time. This module is designed for you to explore all aspects of those processes from the creation and destruction of tectonic plates to the structure of the Earth's interior and the distribution and dissipation of energy within it. This will include: the theory and mechanisms of plate tectonics, the generation of magma and volcanism; the mechanisms behind earthquakes. You will also cover the geological record of this activity, its evolution and impacts on the Earth.

ENV-5018A

20

GRAPHICS 1

This module will provide you with an introduction to the fundamentals of computer graphics. You will gain a strong foundation in computer graphics, focusing on 2D graphics, algorithms and interaction. You need to have a good background in programming to take this module. OpenGL is used as the graphics API with examples provided in the lectures and supported in the laboratory classes.

CMP-5010B

20

HEAT, ATOMS AND MOLECULES

Exploring fundamental aspects of thermodynamics and condensed matter physics, you'll be introduced to ideas about the electronic structure based on the free-electron Sommerfeld and band theories, along with the concept of phonons and their contribution to the heat capacity of a solid. You'll consider the structure, bonding and properties of solids, in particular electronic conductivity and magnetism, as well as atomic structure and atomic spectroscopy, and Entropy in terms of a macroscopic Carnot cycle and the statistical approach. Two important distributions of particles will be treated; Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac. Changes of state, 1st and 2nd order phase transitions and the Clausius-Clapeyron equation will be described.

PHY-5001Y

20

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

This module will provide you with an understanding of the themes and principles of physiology and a detailed knowledge of the major human organ systems. An understanding of how disease affects the ability of organ systems to maintain the status quo will be an important part of this course.

BIO-5004A

20

HYDROLOGY AND HYDROGEOLOGY

Hydrology and hydrogeology are Earth Science subjects concerned with the assessment of the natural distribution of water in time and space and the evaluation of human impacts on the water. This module provides an introduction to geological controls on groundwater occurrence, aquifer characteristics, basic principles of groundwater flow, basic hydrochemistry, an introduction to catchment hydrology, hydrological data collection and analysis, runoff generation processes and the principles of rainfall-runoff modelling. Practical classes develop analytical skills in solving problems as well as field skills in pumping test analysis and stream gauging. A field excursion in Norfolk is also offered in this module.

ENV-5021A

20

INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

In this module you will learn about the development of the technologies which are the basis of search on the Web. Search engine development has been driven by large increases in online documents and the need to provide better results. You will learn about a range of techniques for improving search results and how to evaluate their impact.

CMP-5036A

20

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

In this module, you'll study the structure, bonding and reactivity patterns of inorganic compounds. This module is a prerequisite for the 3rd level inorganic course Inorganic Compounds: Structure and Functions. You'll cover the electronic structure, spectroscopic and magnetic properties of transition metal complexes (ligand field theory), the chemistry of main group clusters, polymers and oligomers, the structures and reactivities of main group and transition metal organometallics, and the application of spectroscopic methods (primarily NMR, MS and IR) to inorganic compounds. You'll have laboratory classes linked to the lecture topics and so you will need to have completed either of the level 4 practical modules, Chemistry Laboratory (A) or Research Skills in Biochemistry.

CHE-5301B

20

INSTRUMENTAL ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

The module covers the theory and practical application of some key instrumental techniques for chemical analysis. Molecular spectroscopy, chromatography and electroanalytical techniques are the important instrumental methods included. Laboratory practicals using these techniques will reinforce material covered in the lecture programme.

CHE-5501Y

20

LOW CARBON ENERGY: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

This module examines the principles of energy science and technologies including energy generation and conversion, such as renewables, bioenergy and batteries. It provides a systematic and integrated account of the issues in energy resources and conversion. This knowledge is used to make a rational analysis of energy availability, applications and selections from physical, technical and environmental considerations. It also provides students with the opportunity to explore the future of energy provision in greater depth.

ENV-5022B

20

MATERIALS AND POLYMER CHEMISTRY

Specialist materials dominate the modern world, and it is our ability as chemists to control their properties. Understanding and controlling these material properties is the central theme of this module. You will learn about two key classes of material: polymers and inorganic solids. You'll gain a firm grounding in the specialist methods used to characterise these materials. This will enable you to appreciate the unique properties of these materials, and how they can be controlled. In the practical element of the module, you'll gain skills in synthesising and characterising polymers and inorganic solids. In the polymers thread, you'll begin by gaining an appreciation of the role they play in society and why they are unique. You'll then encounter methods we can use to understand the properties of polymers, and how we can control them. You'll also explore the wide range of mechanisms that can be used to make organic polymers. In the thread focussed on inorganic materials, you'll explore the ionic model for inorganic solids, before gaining an appreciation of the synthesis and characterisation methods that allow access to these materials. You'll then explore the variety of properties that solids can exhibit, including semiconduction and magnetism. This lecture-based content is complemented by the practical component of the course, where you'll gain hands-on experience in both synthesis and characterisation.

CHE-5350Y

20

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING

Mathematical modelling is concerned with how to convert real problems, such as those arising in industry or other sciences, into mathematical equations, and then solving them, using the results to better understand, or make predictions about, the original problem. You will look at techniques of mathematical modelling, examining how mathematics can be applied to a variety of real problems and give insight in various areas, including approximation and non-dimensionalising, and discussion of how a mathematical model is created. You will then apply this theory to a variety of models, such as traffic flow, as well as examples of problems arising in industry.

MTHF5032Y

MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS

Learn the essential concepts of mathematical statistics, deriving the necessary distribution theory as required. Additionally, you'll explore ideas of sampling and central limit theorem, covering estimation methods and hypothesis-testing, with the introduction of some Bayesian ideas.

CMP-5034A

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS B

This module is the second in a series of three mathematical modules for students across the Faculty of Science. You will cover vector calculus (used in the study of vector fields in subjects such as fluid dynamics and electromagnetism), time series and spectral analysis (a highly adaptable and useful mathematical technique in many science fields, including data analysis), and fluid dynamics (which has applications to the circulation of the atmosphere, ocean, interior of the Earth, chemical engineering, and biology). There is a continuing emphasis on applied examples.

MTHB5006A

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS C

This module is the third in a series of three mathematical units for students across the Faculty of Science. It covers matrix algebra and numerical methods, partial differential equations and solid mechanics. There is a continuing emphasis on applied examples, and the use of numerical computing software (Matlab) is extended with a dedicated programming component. The module is taught by mathematicians with considerable expertise in the use of mathematics in the natural/environmental sciences and is largely designed to equip students with the tools necessary for advanced second and third level modules, particularly those in the physical sciences.

MTHB5007B

20

MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY

Medicinal chemistry is a highly interdisciplinary area and this module is designed to introduce a variety of topics in the field of medicinal chemistry. Some of the topics that will be discussed in a series of lectures include: - Molecular and biomolecular interactions - Biomolecules: Proteins and nucleic acids - Basic cell biology from a medicinal chemistry perspective - Basic processes in biology: Replication, - Transcription and Translation - Phases of drug action - Pharmacokinetics - Proteins and receptors as drug targets - DNA as a drug target and development of antitumor agents.

CHE-5150Y

20

METEOROLOGY I

The weather affects everyone and influences decisions that are made on a daily basis around the world. From whether to hang your washing out on a sunny afternoon, to which route a commercial aircraft takes as it travels across the ocean, weather plays a vital role. With that in mind, what actually causes the weather we experience? In this module you'll learn the fundamentals of the science of meteorology. You'll concentrate on the physical process that allow moisture and radiation to transfer through the atmosphere and how they ultimately influence our weather. The module contains both descriptive and mathematical treatments of radiation balance, thermodynamics, dynamics, boundary layers, weather systems and the water cycle. The module is assessed through a combination of one piece of coursework and an exam, and is designed in a way that allows those with either mathematical or descriptive abilities to do well, although a reasonable mathematical competence is essential, including basic understanding of differentiation and integration.

ENV-5008A

20

MICROBIOLOGY

A broad module covering all aspects of the biology of microorganisms, providing key knowledge for specialist modules. Detailed description is given about the cell biology of bacteria, fungi and protists together with microbial physiology, genetics and environmental and applied microbiology. The biology of disease-causing microorganisms (bacteria, viruses) and prions is also covered. Practical work provides hands-on experience of important microbiological techniques, and expands on concepts introduced in lectures. The module should appeal to biology students across a wide range of disciplines and interests.

BIO-5015B

20

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

You will be given a background to the fundamental principles of molecular biology, in particular the nature of the relationship between genetic information and the synthesis, and three dimensional structures, of macromolecules. You will also gain practical experience of some of the techniques used for the experimental manipulation of genetic material, and the necessary theoretical framework. The module also includes an introduction to bioinformatics, the computer-assisted analysis of DNA and protein sequence information.

BIO-5003B

20

NETWORKS

Explore how networks are designed and implemented to provide reliable data transmission. You'll take a layered approach to the study of networks, with emphasis on the functionality of the OSI 7 layer reference model and the TCP/IP model. You'll examine the functionality provided by each layer and how this contributes to overall reliable data transmission that the network provides, with a focus on the practical issues associated with networking such as real-time delivery of multimedia information (e.g. VoIP) and network security. Labs and coursework are highly practical and underpin the theory learnt in lectures.

CMP-5037B

20

OCEAN CIRCULATION

This module gives you an understanding of the physical processes occurring in the basin-scale ocean environment. We will introduce and discuss large scale global ocean circulation, including gyres, boundary currents and the overturning circulation. Major themes include the interaction between ocean and atmosphere, and the forces which drive ocean circulation. You should be familiar with partial differentiation, integration, handling equations and using calculators. Shelf Sea Dynamics is a natural follow-on module and builds on some of the concepts introduced here. We strongly recommend that you also gain oceanographic fieldwork experience by taking the 20-credit biennial Marine Sciences field course.

ENV-5016A

20

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

This course builds on Chemistry of Carbon-based Compounds (the first year organic chemistry course). You will cover four main topics. The first 'aromaticity' includes benzenoid and hetero-aromatic systems. The second major topic is the organic chemistry of carbonyl compounds. Spectroscopic characterisation of organic compounds is reviewed and the final major topic is 'stereochemistry and mechanisms'. This covers conformational aspects of acyclic and cyclic compounds. Stereoelectronic effects, Neighbouring Group Participation (NGP), Baldwin's rules, Cram's rule and cycloaddition reactions are then discussed.

CHE-5101A

20

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I

The module covers a number of areas of modern physical chemistry which are essential to a proper understanding of the behaviour of chemical systems. These include the second law of thermodynamics and entropy, quantum mechanics, the thermodynamics of solutions and chemical kinetics of complex reactions. The module includes laboratory work. Due to the laboratory-based content on this module, you must have completed at least one Level 4 module containing laboratory work.

CHE-5201Y

20

PLANT BIOLOGY

The module studies the biochemical, physiological and developmental processes of plants.

BIO-5006A

20

POPULATION ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

We live in a human dominated era recently designated "the Anthropocene". Humans harvest more than half of the primary productivity of the planet, many resources are over-exploited or depleted (e.g. fisheries) never before it was so important to correctly manage natural resources for an exponentially growing human population. It is, thus, fundamental to predict where other species occur and the sizes of their populations (abundance). Population Ecology is an area dedicated to the dynamics of population development. In this module we will look closely at how populations are regulated, from within through density dependent factors and from external density independent factors. We start the module with a global environmental change perspective to the management of populations and the factors that affect the population size. We then extend these ideas to help us understand population properties and processes both intra-specifically and inter-specifically. Finally we examine several management applications where we show that a good understanding of the population modelling is essential to correctly manage natural resources on the planet. Practicals include learning to survey butterflies and birds using citizen science monitoring projects and will be focused on delivering statistical analyses of "Big data" using the programme R. The projects will provide a strong training in both subject specific and transferrable skills.

ENV-5014A

20

PROGRAMMING 2

This is a compulsory module for all computing students and is a continuation of the Programming 1 module. It contains greater breadth and depth and provides students with the range of skills needed for many of their subsequent modules. We introduce C in order to improve your low level understanding of how programming works. We recap Java and deepen your understanding of the language by teaching topics such as nested classes, enumeration, generics, reflection, collections and threaded programming. We cover C++ and conclude by introducing C# to highlight the similarities and differences between languages.

CMP-5015Y

20

PROGRAMMING FOR NON-SPECIALISTS

The purpose of this module is to give you a solid grounding in the essential features of programming using the Java programming language. The module is designed to meet the needs of the student who has not previously studied programming.

CMP-5020B

20

QUANTUM THEORY AND SYMMETRY

You'll cover the foundation and basics of quantum theory and symmetry, starting with features of the quantum world and including elements of quantum chemistry, group theory, computer-based methods for calculating molecular wavefunctions, quantum information, and the quantum nature of light. The subject matter paves the way for applications to a variety of chemical and physical systems - in particular, processes and properties involving the electronic structure of atoms and molecules.

CHE-5250Y

20

RENEWABLE ENERGY

This module builds on understanding in wind, tidal and hydroelectric power and introduces theories and principles relating to a variety of renewable energy technologies including solar energy, heat pumps and geothermal sources, fuel cells and the hydrogen economy, biomass energy and anaerobic digestion. You will consider how these various technologies can realistically contribute to the energy mix. You will study the various targets and legislative instruments that are used to control and encourage developments. Another key aspect of the module is the study and application of project management and financial project appraisal techniques in a renewable energy context.

ENG-5002B

20

SEDIMENTOLOGY

Sediments and sedimentary rocks cover much of the Earth's surface, but how do they get there and what can they tell us? If you are a geologist or environmental scientist with particular interest in physical geography then this is a key issue that you need to think about. Sediments record the Earth's history of environmental change, a record that started 3.8 billion years ago. Sediments contain the fossil record and host many of the world's natural resources including water, hydrocarbons, and minerals. In this module you will discover how sedimentologists decode the wealth of information sediments contain, taught by two practicing sedimentologists who have international research reputations in their respective fields. This module includes the study of modern sediments in a range of environments including rivers, the continental shelf and deep ocean basins. We put particular emphasis on the physical and chemical processes that result in the deposition of different sediment types. We then use this basis to interpret the origin and processes that formed ancient sedimentary rocks. The module emphasises development of practical skills in the laboratory, and also in the field.

ENV-5035B

20

SHELF SEA DYNAMICS AND COASTAL PROCESSES

The shallow shelf seas that surround the continents are the oceans that we most interact with. They contribute a disproportionate amount to global marine primary production and CO2 drawdown into the ocean, and are important economically through commercial fisheries, offshore oil and gas exploration, and renewable energy developments (e.g. offshore wind farms). You will explore the physical processes that occur in shelf seas and coastal waters, their effect on biological, chemical and sedimentary processes, and how they can be harnessed to generate renewable energy. You will develop new skills during this module that will support careers in the offshore oil and gas industry, renewable energy industry, environmental consultancy, government laboratories (e.g. Cefas) and academia. The level of mathematical ability required to take this module is similar to Ocean Circulation and Meteorology I. You should be familiar with radians, rearranging equations and plotting functions.

ENV-5017B

20

SOCIAL RESEARCH SKILLS FOR GEOGRAPHERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS

How do we respond to social and environmental change? Why are some of our beliefs and behaviours so persistent, even when we agree that they should change? How do people inhabit the places where they live and work? This module will provide you with tools to investigate the social, cultural, psychological and political processes that shape us and our world. Human geography and the environmental social sciences employ a range of approaches and methods with which to explore their diverse research questions. This module will introduce you to the practice of social science research, including methods that use quantitative (numerical) and qualitative (non-numerical) data. Through a combination of lectures, workshops, and practical activities, you will learn how to design and carry out your own research. By the end of the module you will know how to formulate an interesting research question; how to choose an appropriate method to investigate it; how to ensure that you collect good quality data; how to analyse and interpret your data; and how to present the results of your research. The module is recommended if you intend to use social research methods in your independent dissertation project. In addition to gaining practical research skills, you will develop your ability to critically evaluate research studies that use social science methods. As well as benefiting your academic studies, these analytical and practical research skills are highly valued in many occupational sectors.

ENV-5031B

20

SOCIAL RESEARCH SKILLS FOR GEOGRAPHERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS WITH FIELDCOURSE

How do we respond to social and environmental change? Why are some of our beliefs and behaviours so persistent, even when we agree that they should change? How do people inhabit the places where they live and work? This module will provide you with tools to investigate the social, cultural, psychological and political processes that shape us and our world. Human geography and the environmental social sciences employ a range of approaches and methods with which to explore their diverse research questions. This module will introduce you to the practice of social science research, including methods that use quantitative (numerical) and qualitative (non-numerical) data. Through a combination of lectures, workshops, and practical activities, you will learn how to design and carry out your own research. By the end of the module you will know how to formulate an interesting research question; how to choose an appropriate method to investigate it; how to ensure that you collect good quality data; how to analyse and interpret your data; and how to present the results of your research. In the Easter vacation you'll go to Cumbria for a field-course that will provide you with excellent opportunities for studying a range of geographical and environmental issues such as flooding, low-carbon energy developments, spatial contrasts in economic development, and landscape management. During the field-course you will work in a small group to design a research project, including some practical data collection and analysis. The module is recommended if you intend to use social research methods in your independent dissertation project. In addition to gaining practical research skills, you will develop your ability to critically evaluate research studies that use social science methods. As well as benefiting your academic studies, these analytical and practical research skills are highly valued in many occupational sectors.

ENV-5036K

20

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING 1

Software Engineering is one of the most essential skills for work in the software development industry. You will gain an understanding of the issues involved in designing and creating software systems from an industry perspective. You will be taught state of the art phased software development methodologies focusing on the activities of initial class model design to actual operational software systems. These activities are complemented with an introduction into software project management and development facilitation.

CMP-5012B

20

SOIL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Through lectures, practical work, seminars and fieldwork, you'll explore the soil environment and the processes that occur within it. You'll gain an understanding of: basic soil components/properties; soil identification and classification; soil as a habitat; soil organisms; soil functions; the agricultural environment; soil-organism-agrochemical interaction; soil contamination; soil and climate change; soil ecosystem services and soil quality.

ENV-5012A

20

SYSTEMS ANALYSIS

This module considers various activities associated with the development of computer based systems including business strategy, project management, feasibility, investigation methods, stakeholder management, analysis, the links to design and implementation, and managing change. Its main focus, however, is on the early stages, in particular requirements investigation and specification including the use of UML. It makes use of a number of analysis and design techniques in order to produce readable system specifications. Students are introduced to a number of development methods including object orientated, soft systems, structured, participative, and agile approaches.

CMP-5003A

20

TOPICS AND LABORATORY IN PHYSICS

On this module you'll explore physics as an empirical science through a series of laboratory experiments that probe key concepts and physical laws. The laboratory sessions will be underpinned by associated teaching surrounding the studied phenomena, and will complement topics addressed in other modules in the physics course. Experiments have been chosen to cover a whole range of topics within your lecture courses. Examples include the analysis of circuit behaviour with DC and AC current, diffraction and interference, some aspects of radioactivity and some aspects of magnetic fields. This module also introduces you to the skill of writing for the general public; a skill recommended by professional bodies such as the Institute of Physics.

PHY-5003Y

20

WEATHER APPLICATIONS

This module will build upon material covered in Meteorology I, by covering topics such as synoptic meteorology, weather hazards, micro-meteorology, further thermodynamics and weather forecasting. The module includes a major summative coursework assignment based on data collected on a UEA meteorology fieldcourse in a previous year.

ENV-5009B

20

WEATHER APPLICATIONS WITH FIELDCOURSE

Weather is one of the most popular topics of conversation. But how, specifically, does it present risks and opportunities, to people, organisations and to the wider environment? In this module you will develop a clear understanding of these linkages and an evidence base to draw on in future roles in which weather is a factor. You'll learn how to confidently source a diverse range of real-time weather information and you'll practice analysing such data, leading subsequently to successful interpretation and effective communication, both written and in front of the camera. You'll see, first hand, how meteorology depends upon computer systems for the efficient sharing, processing and visualisation of weather information. Being taught by weather practitioners with long experience of providing weather services to users, you will get the inside track on what it's like to work in weather. Weather Forecasting is one central theme and application which will provide a focus for learning. How are forecasts made and delivered, who uses forecasts and what are their distinctive needs? Success in forecasting depends in part on a good physical understanding of atmospheric processes - through practical work, we'll study those processes and use real examples of weather systems and events to reinforce the learning. At the end of the module, through an embedded week-long Easter residential fieldcourse, you'll apply your enhanced process understanding and forecasting knowledge in a hands-on way to design and implement meteorological field experiments, testing hypotheses through the collection and interpretation of field data collected using weather sensors. You'll write up your choice of fieldcourse experiment for assessment, after first receiving informal feedback on a related poster presentation.

ENV-5010K

20

Disclaimer

Whilst the University will make every effort to offer the modules listed, changes may sometimes be made arising from the annual monitoring, review and update of modules and regular (five-yearly) review of course programmes. Where this activity leads to significant (but not minor) changes to programmes and their constituent modules, there will normally be prior consultation of students and others. It is also possible that the University may not be able to offer a module for reasons outside of its control, such as the illness of a member of staff or sabbatical leave. In some cases optional modules can have limited places available and so you may be asked to make additional module choices in the event you do not gain a place on your first choice. Where this is the case, the University will endeavour to inform students.

Further Reading

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Entry Requirements

  • A Level A*AA including two science subjects from list below. Science A-levels must include a pass in the practical element.
  • International Baccalaureate 35 points including two HL 6 science subjects from list below. If no GCSE equivalent is held, offer will include Mathematics and English requirements.
  • Scottish Highers Only accepted in combination with Scottish Advanced Highers.
  • Scottish Advanced Highers ABB including two science subjects from list below
  • Irish Leaving Certificate AAAAAA or 6 subjects at H1 including two science subjects from list below
  • Access Course Pass the Access to HE Diploma with Distinction in 45 credits at Level 3, including 12 Level 3 credits in two science subjects from list below. Science pathway required.
  • BTEC D*DD in a scienc related subject. Applied Science or Applied Science (Medical Science) preferred. Excluding Public Services. BTEC and A-level combinations are considered - please contact us
  • European Baccalaureate Overall 85% including 85% in two science subjects from list below

Entry Requirement

GCSE Requirements:  GCSE English Language grade 4 and GCSE Mathematics grade 4 or GCSE English Language grade C and GCSE Mathematics grade C.

General Studies and Critical Thinking not accepted.

UEA recognises that some students take a mixture of International Baccalaureate IB or International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme IBCP study rather than the full diploma, taking Higher levels in addition to A levels and/or BTEC qualifications. At UEA we do consider a combination of qualifications for entry, provided a minimum of three qualifications are taken at a higher Level. In addition some degree programmes require specific subjects at a higher level.

Students for whom English is a Foreign language

We welcome applications from students from all academic backgrounds. We require evidence of proficiency in English (including speaking, listening, reading and writing) at the following level:

  • IELTS: 6.5 overall (minimum 6.0 in any component)

We will also accept a number of other English language qualifications. Please click here for further information.

INTO University of East Anglia 

If you do not meet the academic and/or English language requirements for this course, our partner INTO UEA offers progression on to this undergraduate degree upon successful completion of a foundation programme and an interview. Depending on your interests and your qualifications you can take a variety of routes to this degree:

INTO UEA also offer a variety of English language programmes which are designed to help you develop the English skills necessary for successful undergraduate study:

Interviews

Interviews are required as part of the selection process.

Gap Year

We welcome applications from students who have already taken or intend to take a gap year, believing that a year between school and university can be of substantial benefit. You are advised to indicate your reason for wishing to defer entry and may wish to contact the appropriate Admissions Office directly to discuss this further.

Special Entry Requirements

Two A-Level (or equivalent) subjects from Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics or Further Mathematics, Environmental Science or Geography or Geology, and Information and Communication Technology.

 

Intakes

The School's annual intake is in September of each year.

Alternative Qualifications

We encourage you to apply if you have alternative qualifications equivalent to our stated entry requirement. Please contact us for further information.

Fees and Funding

Undergraduate University Fees and Financial Support

Tuition Fees

Information on tuition fees can be found here:

UK students

EU Students

Overseas Students

Scholarships and Bursaries

We are committed to ensuring that costs do not act as a barrier to those aspiring to come to a world leading university and have developed a funding package to reward those with excellent qualifications and assist those from lower income backgrounds. 

The University of East Anglia offers a range of Scholarships; please click the link for eligibility, details of how to apply and closing dates.

How to Apply

Applications need to be made via the Universities Colleges and Admissions Services (UCAS), using the UCAS Apply option.

UCAS Apply is a secure online application system that allows you to apply for full-time Undergraduate courses at universities and colleges in the United Kingdom. It is made up of different sections that you need to complete. Your application does not have to be completed all at once. The system allows you to leave a section partially completed so you can return to it later and add to or edit any information you have entered. Once your application is complete, it must be sent to UCAS so that they can process it and send it to your chosen universities and colleges.

The UCAS code name and number for the University of East Anglia is EANGL E14.

Further Information

If you would like to discuss your individual circumstances with the Admissions Service prior to applying please do contact us:

Undergraduate Admissions Service
Tel: +44 (0)1603 591515
Email: admissions@uea.ac.uk

Please click here to register your details via our Online Enquiry Form.

International candidates are also actively encouraged to access the University's International section of our website.

    Next Steps

    We can’t wait to hear from you. Just pop any questions about this course into the form below and our enquiries team will answer as soon as they can.

    Admissions enquiries:
    admissions@uea.ac.uk or
    telephone +44 (0)1603 591515