BSc Environmental Sciences and International Development

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The School of Environmental Sciences is one of the longest established, largest and most fully developed Schools of Environmental Sciences in Europe. Our holistic approach to teaching and research, integrating physical, chemical, biological, social and geotechnical sciences into the study of natural and human environments, is truly a modern philosophy for the new millennium.

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We have been awarded a Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education for 50 years of ground-breaking environmental science at UEA. The royal accolade from the Queen is the UK’s most prestigious higher education award.

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Key facts

(2014 Research Excellence Framework)

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Carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere have reached a milestone at the British Antarctic Survey’s (BAS) Halley Research Station in Antarctica – according to UEA and BAS scientists.

Image: Tom Welsh, British Antarctic Survey

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View our video about Field Courses.

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This unique degree takes advantage of UEA's globally recognised expertise in both Environmental Science and International Development to give you world-class training in the interplay between our physical environment and human society.

The courses focuses on the science and management of natural resources, the effects of environmental change, and the importance of conservation and sustainable development in maintaining a habitable planet.

You'll be introduced to the discipline's major themes in your first year, while learning the analytical tools you need to understand them more deeply. Your second year is hugely flexible, with over 50 modules to choose from as you explore your own interests, and in your final year you'll have the chance to study or work in a developing country before bringing everything you've learnt together into a research project.

Overview

There is a pressing need for people with knowledge of environmental implications who can use their expertise to help countries and communities to develop. Human societies depend on their physical and natural environment for their livelihoods and wellbeing, and development is essential to alleviate poverty and improve living conditions. This degree programme will give you the skills to not only carry out this development, but also ensure that it is sustainable.

This innovative three year degree programme, offered jointly by the School of Environmental Sciences and School of International Development, is renowned for its quality and teaching acumen.

The course allows you to explore the varied links between the environment and international development. It focuses on the science and management of natural resources, the effects of environmental change, and the importance of conservation and sustainable development, many of these in both local and global contexts. You will also be able to tailor your learning programme according to your own interests as you select modules from an extensive and diverse range of subjects, including year-long overseas or industrial placement modules to enhance your learning experience.

Alternatively you can gain first-hand work experience in the developing world by opting for our overseas work experience module in the final year. You will be able to benefit from existing links within the School of International Development to arrange placements in teaching, conservation or community care in places such as Peru, Togo, Mongolia, Thailand, Nepal and Kenya. If overseas experience isn’t for you, the independent research project can be completed at UEA during the final year.

By studying Environmental Sciences and International Development at UEA you find out the answers to these questions and many more:

  • What is the geological evidence for climate change?
  • How has the Earth changed over the last 2.5 million years?
  • How does pollution affect human health and well-being?
  • How are international environmental treaties formed?
  • How can the environment be accounted for within an economic system?

Field Course Options

Field courses and practical classes are an integral part of training our environmental science students. You will be introduced to many different geological environments, ecological habitats and learn a variety of practical techniques using specialist equipment through the wide range of field courses available.

Course Structure

The degree is run across the School of Environmental Sciences and the School of International Development in order to offer students a wide range of diverse modules. This flexibility allows students to tailor their degree around their specific interests, possibly focusing on a particular developing region or applying niche principles across a wider cross-section of the developing world.

First Year
A series of compulsory modules introduce you to the major global environmental challenges of international development. These will be taken alongside multi-disciplinary modules from the wider Faculty of Science to develop the essential analytical skills you will need during further years – including Maths for Scientists and Dynamic Earth.

Second Year
In your second year you will be given greater freedom to tailor your course around your own interests, choosing from over 50 specialist modules from Aquatic Ecology to Atmospheric Chemistry. You will also have the option to study abroad in Europe, North America or Australasia for the year, or alternatively spend a year working on an industrial placement accumulating vital experience.

Final Year
During your final year you will study advanced level subjects chosen from a wide range of optional modules, from ‘The Carbon Cycle and Climate Change’ to ‘Contemporary Issues in Resource Development and Conservation’. You may also arrange to spend the autumn semester of your final year working on a development project within the ‘Development Work Experience’ module using the opportunity to gather information towards a substantial piece of independent research in a topic that matches your interests. 

Assessment

A variety of assessment methods are employed within this course, dependant on the module you are studying. They range from 67% examination and 33% coursework, to 100% coursework. Coursework assessment methods include essays, written discussions, class tests, problem sheets, laboratory reports, field exercises, field notebooks and seminar presentations.

Course Modules 2018/9

Students must study the following modules for 100 credits:

Name Code Credits

INTRODUCTION TO DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

This module provides an introduction to International Development Studies. Themes of poverty, inequality, economic growth and sustainability are explored from the perspectives of development economics, social development, and environment and natural resource management. A number of contemporary development issues are examined including globalisation, environmental degradation, gender, the state, aid, property rights, knowledge and progress.

DEV-4006A

20

INTRODUCTION TO NATURAL RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT: PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS

This module explores the biological and physical basis for primary production within the main natural resource systems providing food, fuel and fibre to human populations. The module has an integrated biophysical core and deals with resource demand, supply and exploitation issues. There will be a particular emphasis on the important processes in production and a number of key issues in natural resource systems will be introduced here e.g. global resource cycles, diversity, productivity and stability of natural resource systems. There is an important field-based, practical element throughout this course.

DEV-4004B

20

RESEARCH AND FIELD SKILLS

You will develop a range of transferable skills, tools and resources that are widely used in research across the Environmental Sciences and Geography. It aims to provide a broad understanding of the research process through activities that involve formulating research questions, collecting data using appropriate sources and techniques, collating and evaluating information and presenting results. A week-long residential field course, held at Easter and based at Slapton Ley, Devon, applies field, lab and other skills to a variety of environmental science and geography topics. Depending on the size of the cohort, students on selected degree programmes may be offered the option of an alternative field course arrangement.

ENV-4004Y

20

SUSTAINABILITY, SOCIETY AND BIODIVERSITY

Striking a balance between societal development, economic growth and environmental conservation has proven challenging and contentious at many scales. The concept of `sustainability' was coined to denote processes aiming to achieve this balance. This module introduces sustainable development, and examines why sustainability is so difficult to achieve, bringing together social and ecological dimensions. It also explores sustainability from an ecological perspective, introducing a range of concepts relevant to the structure and functioning of the biosphere and topics ranging from landscape and population ecology, to behavioural ecology, molecular ecology, and biodiversity conservation from single ornisms to the entire biomes. This module is assessed by coursework and an examination.

ENV-4006B

20

UNDERSTANDING THE DYNAMIC PLANET

Understanding of natural systems is underpinned by physical laws and processes. You will explore the energy, mechanics, and physical properties of Earth materials and their relevance to environmental science using examples from across the Earth's differing systems. The formation, subsequent evolution and current state of our planet are considered through its structure and behaviour - from the planetary interior to the dynamic surface and into the atmosphere. You will study Plate Tectonics to explain Earth's physiographic features - such as mountain belts and volcanoes - and how the processes of erosion and deposition modify them. The distribution of land masses is tied to global patterns of rock, ice and soil distribution and to atmospheric and ocean circulation. You will also explore geological time - the 4.6 billion year record of changing conditions on the planet - and how geological maps can be used to understand Earth history. This course provides you with an introduction to geological materials - rocks, minerals and sediments - and to geological resources and natural hazards.

ENV-4005A

20

Students will select 20 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

ADVANCED QUANTITATIVE SKILLS

Mathematical and statistical skills are key to all brands of environmental sciences and geography. This module will strengthen your mathematical and statistical skills. It will consolidate your mathematics knowledge from GCSE level and will introduce you to differentiation and integration. You'll learn to recognise the purpose of simple statistical methods, to choose the appropriate methods to test hypotheses and to summarise data using tables and graphs. You'll use a computer package for statistical operations. You'll apply these quantitative skills to contemporary environmental and geographical problems, inspired by research in the School of Environmental Sciences. You'll be assessed through an online course test and an exam. This module will widen the range of science modules that you can take during your studies in geography and environmental sciences. Upon successful completion of the module, you'll have acquired skill in applying a range of mathematical and statistical methods to problems in environmental sciences and geography. Recommended if you have: A2 maths (D or E), AS Maths, A2 Physics (C or better), IB SL Maths (2, 3), IB SL Maths Studies, GCSE Maths (A, A*), CHE-0006.

ENV-4014Y

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS A

You will cover differentiation, integration, vectors, partial differentiation, ordinary differential equations, further integrals, power series expansions, complex numbers and statistical methods as part of this module. In addition to the theoretical background there is an emphasis on applied examples. Previous knowledge of calculus is assumed. This module is the first in a series of three maths modules for those across the Faculty of Science that provide a solid undergraduate mathematical training. The follow-on modules are Mathematics for Scientists B and C.

ENV-4015Y

20

QUANTITATIVE METHODS

You will explore how quantitative skills can be applied to solve a range of environmental problems. Designed primarily for students who have a GCSE in maths at grade B or C, but no AS/ A2 qualification (or equivalent), the module will include a review of some fundamental GCSE-level maths but will focus on the practical use of maths through physical equations and mathematical models. You will also learn about summarising data using both numerical summaries and graphs, testing hypotheses and carrying out these analyses on computers.

ENV-4013Y

20

Students must study the following modules for 20 credits:

Name Code Credits

INDEPENDENT PROJECT - PROPOSAL

With guidance from a supervisor, you will choose a topic, design the research and collect, analyse and interpret data. You will report on progress at various stages: in the selection of a topic, the detailed plan, an interim report and an oral presentation. A final report in the form of a dissertation not exceeding 10,000 words is required. When planning the project and again after completing the report, you will reflect on the range of subject-specific and generic skills acquired through your degree and how these are reinforced and complemented by skills acquired through your project. A final item of summative work assesses the clarity by which you communicate and evidence your range of skills in the form of a covering letter and cv for a potential job application. To further support the transition to employment, you can present a formative research poster that summarises the main aspects of the work to prospective employers. This module is compulsory for all degree courses in the School of Environmental Sciences and is an independent piece of research.

ENV-6021B

0

NATURAL RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT 2

This module builds on the key issues and themes introduced in Introduction To Natural Resources And Development, i.e. diversity, productivity, sustainability, variability and stability, change and degradation etc. It broadly addresses the major challenges encountered when trying to achieve sustainable management of natural resources. It aims to give students a working understanding of scientific principles behind natural processes, as well as how these relate to broader contexts in development. The module also develops students' understanding of and experience in using a range of quantitative tools and approaches for measuring and describing natural resources.

DEV-5012A

20

Students will select 80 - 100 credits from the following modules:

Under Options Range A at least 20 credits must be modules beginning ENV. Note: Students must check that the modules chosen from this range do not have a timetable clash, noting that no more than one module using the same timetable slot e.g. 'C' can be taken in one semester. Please note that if you would like to study an ENV or DEV module not listed below, please speak to the Course Director.

Name Code Credits

AQUATIC BIOGEOCHEMISTRY

The Earth's terrestrial and marine water bodies support life and play a major role in regulating the planet's climate. This module will train you to make accurate measurements of the chemical composition of the aquatic environment. In lectures and in the lab you will explore important chemical interactions between life, fresh and marine waters and climate, looking at nutrient cycles, dissolved oxygen, trace metals, carbonate chemistry and chemical exchange with the atmosphere. Students taking this module are expected to be familiar with basic chemical concepts and molar concentration units. This module makes a good combination with Aquatic Ecology.

ENV-5039B

20

AQUATIC ECOLOGY

Explore how chemical, physical and biological influences shape the biological communities of rivers, lakes and estuaries in temperate and tropical regions. Three field visits and laboratory work, usually using microscopes and sometimes analysing water quality, provide an important practical component to this module. A good complement to other ecology modules, final-year Catchment Water Resources and modules in development studies or geography, it can also be taken alongside Aquatic Biogeochemistry or other geochemical and hydrology modules. Students selecting this module must have a background in basic statistical analysis of data.

ENV-5001A

20

CLIMATE CHANGE: SCIENCE AND POLICY

You will develop your skills and understanding in the integrated analysis of global climate change, using perspectives from both the natural sciences and the social sciences. You will gain a grounding in the basics of climate change science, impacts, adaptation, mitigation and their influence on and by policy decisions. This module also offers you a historical perspective on how climate policy has developed, culminating in the December 2015 Paris Agreement. Finally, it considers what will be required to meet the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to well below 2 #C above pre-industrial levels.

ENV-5003A

20

COMMUNICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT

What role can media and communications play within development? How can media - both 'old' and 'new' - help mobilise citizens, change policy, modify behaviours and promote democracy, good governance and economic growth? You will address these and other questions by providing a critical introduction to the field of 'Communication for Development' (C4D). Key topics will include behaviour change communication, participatory communication, press freedom, media literacy, media and conflict and access to new communication technologies. This module is accessible to International Development students who have not studied media before and to students on degrees relevant to media, with no previous experience of studying International Development.

DEV-5015A

20

COMMUNITY, ECOSYSTEM AND MACRO-ECOLOGY

This module introduces you to major concepts and definitions in community ecology, macro-ecology and biogeography. You will use these to explore how communities are structured in relation to local-scale to regional-scale processes, how they function and respond to perturbations at different scales, and result in emergent macro- to global-scale patterns of biodiversity distribution. Throughout the module, there is an emphasis on the relevance of theory and fundamental science to understanding the current environmental and biodiversity crisis. Anthropogenic impacts on natural communities through land-use, species exploitation, non-native species, and climate change, are a recurrent theme underpinning the examples you will draw upon.

BIO-5014B

20

CONSTRUCTING HUMAN GEOGRAPHIES

How can human geographers help us understand and address pressing environmental and social problems? This is the central question of the module which affirms the distinctive value and relevance of work in contemporary human geography. Throughout you will explore a wide range of approaches to environmental and social problems in contemporary human geography. You'll gain a firm grounding in social constructivism which is underlying philosophy of these approaches. You'll also learn how to communicate insights from human geography to policy-makers and practitioners, and how to critically evaluate examples of human geographers' engagements with policy. You'll begin with the basics of social constructivism, learn why this approach is used by human geographers, and consider the value of this perspective. You'll then delve deeper, exploring the social construction of a different object or problem each week. Topics covered will include: nature, hazards, alternative economies, and social difference. By looking at what these human geography perspectives mean for real-world environmental and social problems you'll practice applying what you've learnt to current policy problems, and learn about how human geographers are making a difference to these issues. You'll learn through a mixture of lectures, workshops and self-directed study and you'll be assessed through a written policy brief and reflective report (100%).

ENV-5038A

20

EDUCATION AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

This module provides you with an understanding of key theories and current debates linking education to development and relating these to international and national education strategies, policies and educational practices. The module will begin by introducing you to some key policy themes in education and international development, and some established theories such as human capital, human development and capabilities, and theory on education as social reproduction. The module then goes into more depth with thematic content on themes such as early childhood development, conflict, gender and difference.

DEV-5003A

20

ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS AND POLICY MAKING

The most significant obstacles to problem solving are often political, not scientific or technological. This module examines the emergence and processes of environmental politics. It analyses these from different theoretical perspectives, particularly theories of power and public policy making. The module is focused on contemporary examples of politics and policy making at UK, EU and international levels. The module supports student-led learning by enabling you to select (and develop your own theoretical interpretations of) 'real world' examples of politics. Assessment will be via seminar presentations and a case study essay. The module assumes no prior knowledge of politics.

ENV-5002B

20

FIELD ECOLOGY

This module aims to introduce you to a wide range of habitats and methods for studying the organisms and natural processes occurring in these habitats. The focus is on identification of species and on formulating and testing hypotheses to investigate interactions between species and their habitats or on examining environmental gradients. The module includes a two week residential field trip to Ireland before the start of the first semester in the autumn term. This module would suit you if you are interested in natural history, geography, ecology and designing and testing scientific hypotheses.

BIO-5013A

20

GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT

This module builds on the introduction to gender issues and disciplinary approaches to gender. You will begin by exploring the various approaches to understanding gender and development. You will then be introduced and explore a range of key concepts as the foundations of gender analyses. The module then applies these concepts in examining a selection of important relevant debates: gender analysis of economic growth, divisions of labour and incomes, land and property rights, environmental change, education and health policies, voice and empowerment, violence and religion.

DEV-5001A

20

GEOMORPHOLOGY

Geomorphology is the scientific study of landforms and the processes that shape them, it underpins numerous subjects including: sedimentology, palaeoclimatology, biodiversity, ecosystem services, natural hazards and natural resources. In this module you will be introduced to different landforms and gain an understanding of the earth surface processes that create these landforms. Our approach will be both descriptive and quantitative, based on understanding erosional and depositional concepts, weathering and sediment transport and the evolution of landscapes. Drawing from our own research, the emphasis will be on local East Anglian field sites as case studies (with half and full day field trips) with key international examples, to illustrate and improve your understanding of glacial geomorphology, coastal geomorphology, ecogeomorphology and mountain/river/slope geomorphology with some arid geomorphology. You will learn about and apply the methods and different types of data and evidence used by geomorphologists (e.g., maps, imagery and field observations/measurements) to understand landform creation and evolution, gaining numerous transferrable skills.

ENV-5034A

20

GIS SKILLS FOR PROJECT WORK

This module builds upon the introduction to GIS provided in the first year Research and Field Skills module, focusing on how you obtain your own data, integrate it together and then undertake analysis and presentation tasks. ESRI ArcGIS will be the main software used, but there will also be an introduction to scripting tools (Python), and open source software (QGIS) and online GIS (ArcGIS Online).

ENV-5028B

20

GLOBAL TECTONICS

Processes in the Earth's interior exert a profound influence on all aspects of the Earth's system, and have done so throughout geological time. This module is designed for you to explore all aspects of those processes from the creation and destruction of tectonic plates to the structure of the Earth's interior and the distribution and dissipation of energy within it. This will include: the theory and mechanisms of plate tectonics, the generation of magma and volcanism; the mechanisms behind earthquakes. You will also cover the geological record of this activity, its evolution and impacts on the Earth.

ENV-5018A

20

HYDROLOGY AND HYDROGEOLOGY

Hydrology and hydrogeology are Earth Science subjects concerned with the assessment of the natural distribution of water in time and space and the evaluation of human impacts on the water. This module provides an introduction to geological controls on groundwater occurrence, aquifer characteristics, basic principles of groundwater flow, basic hydrochemistry, an introduction to catchment hydrology, hydrological data collection and analysis, runoff generation processes and the principles of rainfall-runoff modelling. Practical classes develop analytical skills in solving problems as well as field skills in pumping test analysis and stream gauging. A field excursion in Norfolk is also offered in this module.

ENV-5021A

20

LATIN AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT

This is a regional studies module which covers economic, social and political aspects of development in Latin America. It situates the region in its historical and international context, and gives an overview of major development debates in the region. The module also includes country case studies of contrasting development strategies.

DEV-5005B

20

LOW CARBON ENERGY: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

This module examines the principles of energy science and technologies including energy generation and conversion, such as renewables, bioenergy and batteries. It provides a systematic and integrated account of the issues in energy resources and conversion. This knowledge is used to make a rational analysis of energy availability, applications and selections from physical, technical and environmental considerations. It also provides students with the opportunity to explore the future of energy provision in greater depth.

ENV-5022B

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS B

This module is the second in a series of three mathematical modules for students across the Faculty of Science. You will cover vector calculus (used in the study of vector fields in subjects such as fluid dynamics and electromagnetism), time series and spectral analysis (a highly adaptable and useful mathematical technique in many science fields, including data analysis), and fluid dynamics (which has applications to the circulation of the atmosphere, ocean, interior of the Earth, chemical engineering, and biology). There is a continuing emphasis on applied examples.

MTHB5006A

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS C

This module is the third in a series of three mathematical units for students across the Faculty of Science. It covers matrix algebra and numerical methods, partial differential equations and solid mechanics. There is a continuing emphasis on applied examples, and the use of numerical computing software (Matlab) is extended with a dedicated programming component. The module is taught by mathematicians with considerable expertise in the use of mathematics in the natural/environmental sciences and is largely designed to equip students with the tools necessary for advanced second and third level modules, particularly those in the physical sciences.

MTHB5007B

20

METEOROLOGY I

The weather affects everyone and influences decisions that are made on a daily basis around the world. From whether to hang your washing out on a sunny afternoon, to which route a commercial aircraft takes as it travels across the ocean, weather plays a vital role. With that in mind, what actually causes the weather we experience? In this module you'll learn the fundamentals of the science of meteorology. You'll concentrate on the physical process that allow moisture and radiation to transfer through the atmosphere and how they ultimately influence our weather. The module contains both descriptive and mathematical treatments of radiation balance, thermodynamics, dynamics, boundary layers, weather systems and the water cycle. The module is assessed through a combination of one piece of coursework and an exam, and is designed in a way that allows those with either mathematical or descriptive abilities to do well, although a reasonable mathematical competence is essential, including basic understanding of differentiation and integration.

ENV-5008A

20

METHODS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

This module will introduce students to the theory and practice of research methods in human geography. It will provide a preparation for undertaking research within and beyond the university context i.e. both for the Dissertation and Field course modules and equipping students with key employability attributes for professional careers. In doing so, the module will introduce you to a range of qualitative, quantitative and spatial methods that human geographers use in research including research design, data collection and data analysis skills that are transferable to the workplace. The module will be taught using lecture-based classes and computer labs. The majority of the module is organised into three projects that use different approaches to data collection, analysis and presentation. There is a qualitative research project based on primary data collection using interviews and forms of narrative analysis. There is a quantitative research project that uses secondary survey data for statistical analysis. And finally there is a Geographic Information System project that uses primary georeferenced data collected during class.

DEV-5014A

20

NATURAL RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT 3

In this module, you will focus on the governance of natural resources in the global South. In particular you will investigate some important and contested environment and development issues involving biodiversity conservation, agricultural technology and energy. These contests will include problems of human-wildlife conflict arising from protected areas, conflicts over genetically modified crops and debates about how to achieve food security. By focusing on these contested areas of policy and practice, you will gain insight into the challenges facing governance in the real world. Understanding of these challenges is supported by using different frameworks for analysing the underlying contexts, including an ecosystem services approach, political ecology and environmental justice.

DEV-5013B

20

PEOPLE AND PLACE

This module will develop your theoretical and empirical understanding of how social environments in different places affect people's health or ill-health. It is about the geographies of health. You will develop knowledge about how ill-health and health inequalities are linked to socio-economic inequalities, poverty and marginalisation. You will be able to apply this knowledge to questions of health policy and interventions designed to improve health. A key conceptual framework for this module is the social determinants of health (SDH). This includes analysis of the risk environment for ill-health, influenced by social structures (such as gender or class) in a particular setting, how people make a living (their livelihoods), environmental change and the nature of health policy and the health services available to people. We are therefore also interested in the interventions which can help deal with risk environments, to make people less susceptible to disease and less vulnerable when they become ill. You will learn how some places have achieved good health. The module is inter-disciplinary, drawing on theories and evidence from disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, public health and development studies, and to a lesser extent economics, demography and epidemiology. It also provides an understanding of the ways different cultures and societies define and understand health and ill-health and why some diseases are highly stigmatised. Case studies from different places and of different diseases are used to illustrate the social determinants of health, including infectious diseases (such as HIV, malaria, Ebola) and non-communicable diseases.

DEV-5011A

20

POLITICS, DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIETY

This module critically analyses the role of key development actors, and the contexts that they work within. It emphasises how actual interventions play out in society - where they become concrete and have real effects. What changes because of these interventions, and what stays the same, and why? What are the actors' intentions, who shaped them, and why are outcomes often unintended and contradictory? The module considers a range of actors from social movements to international organisations. It exposes students to the complexities of policy implementation and social change, and provides a strong grounding in understanding the politics of development policy. Although open to all students it is useful if you have taken Introduction to the Politics of Development (DEV-4009B). If you have not you may have to do some additional work in the opening weeks of the semester in order to familiarise yourselves with key concepts. Lecturers will assist you in doing so.

DEV-5019B

20

POPULATION ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

We live in a human dominated era recently designated "the Anthropocene". Humans harvest more than half of the primary productivity of the planet, many resources are over-exploited or depleted (e.g. fisheries) never before it was so important to correctly manage natural resources for an exponentially growing human population. It is, thus, fundamental to predict where other species occur and the sizes of their populations (abundance). Population Ecology is an area dedicated to the dynamics of population development. In this module we will look closely at how populations are regulated, from within through density dependent factors and from external density independent factors. We start the module with a global environmental change perspective to the management of populations and the factors that affect the population size. We then extend these ideas to help us understand population properties and processes both intra-specifically and inter-specifically. Finally we examine several management applications where we show that a good understanding of the population modelling is essential to correctly manage natural resources on the planet. Practicals include learning to survey butterflies and birds using citizen science monitoring projects and will be focused on delivering statistical analyses of "Big data" using the programme R. The projects will provide a strong training in both subject specific and transferrable skills.

ENV-5014A

20

QUANTITATIVE EVIDENCE IN DEVELOPMENT

Throughout the study of international development, it is important to weigh our theoretical ideas and policy recommendations against the available evidence. This module deals with the use of quantitative evidence. The aim is to enable students: i) to understand quantitative analysis encountered in other modules; ii) to become critical readers of published quantitative data analysis; and iii) to gather, analyse and Interpret quantitative evidence themselves in support of their own study of development questions. The module deals with research design, a review of descriptive statistics and a number of inferential methods. Techniques taught include simple tests for group differences such as the t-test, analysis of variance and multiple regression.

DEV-5002A

20

RESEARCH METHODS FOR SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY

In this module we examine how social anthropological methods have developed and how they have changed in response to global factors. We specifically focus on contemporary anthropological methods and how they might be applied to better understand critical development issues such as poverty, inequality and social disintegration. A key aim is to question our most basic assumptions about what anthropologists do and how they do it. By the end of the module, you will have a basic awareness of key anthropological methods and practical experience in how to apply them. Topics we address include: Anthropologies and Anthropological Methods, Methodologies and Methods, Sampling and Selection, Fieldwork and Ethics, Collecting Data, Visual Anthropology, Genealogies and life histories, Ethnographic Film-making, Interpreting Speech/Findings, Situating your analysis within the literature and Ethnographic Writing. The module is taught primarily through practical and workshop exercises in small groups to develop practical skills in gathering and analysing data. Assessment is in the form of a portfolio based on practical fieldwork situated within the ethnographic literature.

DEV-5009B

20

SEDIMENTOLOGY

Sediments and sedimentary rocks cover much of the Earth's surface, but how do they get there and what can they tell us? If you are a geologist or environmental scientist with particular interest in physical geography then this is a key issue that you need to think about. Sediments record the Earth's history of environmental change, a record that started 3.8 billion years ago. Sediments contain the fossil record and host many of the world's natural resources including water, hydrocarbons, and minerals. In this module you will discover how sedimentologists decode the wealth of information sediments contain, taught by two practicing sedimentologists who have international research reputations in their respective fields. This module includes the study of modern sediments in a range of environments including rivers, the continental shelf and deep ocean basins. We put particular emphasis on the physical and chemical processes that result in the deposition of different sediment types. We then use this basis to interpret the origin and processes that formed ancient sedimentary rocks. The module emphasises development of practical skills in the laboratory, and also in the field.

ENV-5035B

20

SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

On this module you'll learn the concepts and debates that are fundamental to social anthropology, and their relationships with development and change. The teaching methods on this module include formal lectures, guided discussions of key readings, small-group seminars, and ethnographic films. Topics you'll cover include economic anthropology, ecological anthropology, personhood, embodiment, the anthropology of talk, identity and gender, cultural rights, technical change and the anthropology of development.

DEV-5004A

20

SOCIAL RESEARCH SKILLS FOR GEOGRAPHERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS

How do we respond to social and environmental change? Why are some of our beliefs and behaviours so persistent, even when we agree that they should change? How do people inhabit the places where they live and work? This module will provide you with tools to investigate the social, cultural, psychological and political processes that shape us and our world. Human geography and the environmental social sciences employ a range of approaches and methods with which to explore their diverse research questions. This module will introduce you to the practice of social science research, including methods that use quantitative (numerical) and qualitative (non-numerical) data. Through a combination of lectures, workshops, and practical activities, you will learn how to design and carry out your own research. By the end of the module you will know how to formulate an interesting research question; how to choose an appropriate method to investigate it; how to ensure that you collect good quality data; how to analyse and interpret your data; and how to present the results of your research. The module is recommended if you intend to use social research methods in your independent dissertation project. In addition to gaining practical research skills, you will develop your ability to critically evaluate research studies that use social science methods. As well as benefiting your academic studies, these analytical and practical research skills are highly valued in many occupational sectors.

ENV-5031B

20

SOCIAL RESEARCH SKILLS FOR GEOGRAPHERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS WITH FIELDCOURSE

How do we respond to social and environmental change? Why are some of our beliefs and behaviours so persistent, even when we agree that they should change? How do people inhabit the places where they live and work? This module will provide you with tools to investigate the social, cultural, psychological and political processes that shape us and our world. Human geography and the environmental social sciences employ a range of approaches and methods with which to explore their diverse research questions. This module will introduce you to the practice of social science research, including methods that use quantitative (numerical) and qualitative (non-numerical) data. Through a combination of lectures, workshops, and practical activities, you will learn how to design and carry out your own research. By the end of the module you will know how to formulate an interesting research question; how to choose an appropriate method to investigate it; how to ensure that you collect good quality data; how to analyse and interpret your data; and how to present the results of your research. In the Easter vacation you'll go to Cumbria for a field-course that will provide you with excellent opportunities for studying a range of geographical and environmental issues such as flooding, low-carbon energy developments, spatial contrasts in economic development, and landscape management. During the field-course you will work in a small group to design a research project, including some practical data collection and analysis. The module is recommended if you intend to use social research methods in your independent dissertation project. In addition to gaining practical research skills, you will develop your ability to critically evaluate research studies that use social science methods. As well as benefiting your academic studies, these analytical and practical research skills are highly valued in many occupational sectors.

ENV-5036K

20

SOIL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Through lectures, practical work, seminars and fieldwork, you'll explore the soil environment and the processes that occur within it. You'll gain an understanding of: basic soil components/properties; soil identification and classification; soil as a habitat; soil organisms; soil functions; the agricultural environment; soil-organism-agrochemical interaction; soil contamination; soil and climate change; soil ecosystem services and soil quality.

ENV-5012A

20

SOUTH ASIAN DEVELOPMENT

This module begins with an overview of the region's history before analysing recent and contemporary social, political and economic development processes. Topics include economic growth, social difference, democracy, land and food security, the environment, health and education. The module draws heavily on India, but also considers Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka in relation to the various topics.

DEV-5007B

20

SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEVELOPMENT

On this module you'll analyse key historical, political, social and economic issues relating to development in Sub-Saharan Africa. You'll develop a historically-grounded understanding of political, social and economic change in Sub-Saharan Africa through a critical engagement with a range of scholarship from political science, sociology, anthropology, education and economics. Through an exploration of issues such as colonialism and the post-colonial experience, the state in Africa, reasons for Africa's poor economic performance and aid effectiveness, conflict and ethnicity, migration and urban development, you'll explore and examine the dynamics and agendas of change.

DEV-5006B

20

WEATHER APPLICATIONS WITH FIELDCOURSE

Weather is one of the most popular topics of conversation. But how, specifically, does it present risks and opportunities, to people, organisations and to the wider environment? In this module you will develop a clear understanding of these linkages and an evidence base to draw on in future roles in which weather is a factor. You'll learn how to confidently source a diverse range of real-time weather information and you'll practice analysing such data, leading subsequently to successful interpretation and effective communication, both written and in front of the camera. You'll see, first hand, how meteorology depends upon computer systems for the efficient sharing, processing and visualisation of weather information. Being taught by weather practitioners with long experience of providing weather services to users, you will get the inside track on what it's like to work in weather. Weather Forecasting is one central theme and application which will provide a focus for learning. How are forecasts made and delivered, who uses forecasts and what are their distinctive needs? Success in forecasting depends in part on a good physical understanding of atmospheric processes - through practical work, we'll study those processes and use real examples of weather systems and events to reinforce the learning. At the end of the module, through an embedded week-long Easter residential fieldcourse, you'll apply your enhanced process understanding and forecasting knowledge in a hands-on way to design and implement meteorological field experiments, testing hypotheses through the collection and interpretation of field data collected using weather sensors. You'll write up your choice of fieldcourse experiment for assessment, after first receiving informal feedback on a related poster presentation.

ENV-5010K

20

Students will select 0 - 20 credits from the following modules:

Students with the required pre-requisites may select a maximum of 20 credits from modules below: In Year 2, at least 20 credits taken must be modules beginning DEV and at least 20 credits must be modules beginning ENV. Note: Students must check that the modules chosen from this range do not have a timetable clash, noting that no more than one module using the same timetable slot e.g. 'C' can be taken in one semester.

Name Code Credits

BEHAVIOURAL ECOLOGY

We will explore how evolution and ecology shape animal behaviour, examining how important traits have evolved to maximise survival and reproduction in the natural environment. Darwinian principles provide the theoretical framework, and we will explore key concepts of selfishness, altruism, conflict, survival, optimality, reproduction, parental care and death. Relevant research will be used to lead our understanding of the ultimate function of key traits. In parallel with the lectures, students design, conduct, analyse and present their own research project, working in a group to collect original data in order to answer a question about the adaptive significance of behaviour.

BIO-5010B

20

ENVIRONMENTAL PHILOSOPHY FOR SECOND YEARS

How can we avoid environmental catastrophe? How can philosophy help? The relationship between human beings and the natural world is the basis of everything we are and yet we do not seem to have found a way to avoid destruction, degradation and potential catastrophe. In this module we will examine various ways in which philosophy can examine our relationship with the natural world and contribute to the fight to protect the planet. Topics may include the ethics of climate change; value theory and nature; human-animal relationships; the ways science, art and politics affect our relationships with the natural world. This module will cover a selection of these topics, and students may wish to continue the course by taking the complementary Level 6 module in their third year.

PPLP5177B

20

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORY

What does the world look like to a Marxist, or a liberal, or a feminist, or a realist? We all hold particular ideas about how the world works: about why certain events happen, who the key actors in the international system are, and whether it is even possible to change things for future generations. Theories of International Relations (IR) attempt to capture these assumptions, explaining the world in different ways to others. You will explore how the discipline of IR emerged in the early 20th century, before investigating the very different theories which have shaped, and sometimes dominated, academic and policy makers' ideas about how the world actually works.

PPLI5059A

20

INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

Why are wars fought? What is peace? What is security? International Security introduces you to these key issues in global politics. In the first part of the module, you will explore the continuing salience of violent conflict and the use of force in world politics. While some have argued that the advent of globalisation and spread of liberal democracy would make violent conflict less relevant in today's world, war and the use of force remain an integral part of the international system. In exploring these issues, you will study a variety of perspectives on the causes of war and peace to examine the roots of violent conflict and security problems in the present day. In the second half of the module, we will turn to contemporary 'critical' debates around international security. These include constructivist and feminist perspectives on what security is, how it is achieved, and whether it is desirable. We will also investigate the host of seemingly new security challenges that have increasingly captured the attention of policymakers and academics. How useful is it to think of issues such as environmental degradation, gendered violences, and poverty as security issues? What do we gain and lose in broadening security studies beyond a narrow focus on warfare and military power?

PPLI5056B

20

PLANT BIOLOGY

The module studies the biochemical, physiological and developmental processes of plants.

BIO-5006A

20

POWER, WEALTH AND NATIONS: GLOBAL POLITICAL ECONOMY

What if I told you that the West was no longer the power centre of the world's economy? Could Pax Sinica provincialize the UK as political economic power settles over Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta? What would Adam Smith, Karl Marx and Friedrich List have to say about global transformations underway in the global political economy? And, as Susan Strange famously put it: cui bono: Who benefits from all these transformations? Multinational corporations, nation states, financial sector, exporting economies, citizens? You'll investigate the accumulation of wealth, movement of capital, centres of power, flows of globalisation, patterns of trade, and the ubiquity of finance in a world being transformed by innovation where emerging powers challenge the status quo of North Atlantic powerhouses.

PPLI5161B

20

Students will select 0 - 20 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

BEGINNERS' FRENCH I - A1 CEFR

Bonjour, comment ca va? Do you want to understand what this means and how to say it? This module will help you to master basics of French language and communication. This module is perfect for you if you have never studied French before (or have very little experience of it). Throughout the semester, you'll develop reading, listening, speaking and writing skills at the A1 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). This means that you will learn to communicate about yourself and your immediate environment in a set of concrete, everyday situations. You'll be taught in a very interactive and friendly environment, and will often work in pairs or small groups. Your two-hour seminar will focus on listening, reading and writing skills, while the oral hour will help you to develop your confidence in speaking. We'll tackle some grammatical notions in class, but always as a means for you to improve your communication skills. You'll also have opportunities to explore aspects of the cultures where French is spoken thanks to the various documents we will use to develop your linguistic skills (songs, podcasts, leaflets#). You'll be assessed by two course tests: the first will cover listening, reading, and writing skills and the second will cover your speaking skills. On successful completion of this module, you'll be able to understand and use familiar everyday expressions aimed at both the satisfaction of concrete needs, or those used to describe areas of most immediate relevance. You'll be able to introduce yourself and others, ask and answer questions about personal details, and interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly. Please note that students should not have a level of French which exceeds the level of this course. This module is probably not appropriate for you if you have a recent French GCSE at grade C or above, or an equivalent qualification. Please contact the Module Organiser to check this.

PPLB4013A

20

BEGINNERS' FRENCH I - A1 CEFR (SPRING START)

Bonjour, comment ca va? Do you want to understand what this means and how to say it? This module will help you to master basics of French language and communication. This module is perfect for you if you have never studied French before (or have very little experience of it). Throughout the semester, you'll develop reading, listening, speaking and writing skills at the A1 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). This means that you will learn to communicate about yourself and your immediate environment in a set of concrete, everyday situations. You'll be taught in a very interactive and friendly environment, and will often work in pairs or small groups. Your two-hour seminar will focus on listening, reading and writing skills, while the oral hour will help you to develop your confidence in speaking. We'll tackle some grammatical notions in class, but always as a means for you to improve your communication skills. You'll also have opportunities to explore aspects of the cultures where French is spoken, thanks to the various documents we will use to develop your linguistic skills (songs, podcasts, leaflets#). You'll be assessed by two course tests: the first will cover listening, reading, and writing skills and the second will cover your speaking skills. On successful completion of this module, you'll be able to understand and use familiar everyday expressions aimed at both the satisfaction of concrete needs, or those used to describe areas of most immediate relevance. You'll be able to introduce yourself and others, ask and answer questions about personal details, and interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly. Please note that you should not have a level of French that exceeds the level of this course. This module may not be appropriate for you if you have a recent French GCSE at grade C or above, or an equivalent qualification. Please contact the Module Organiser to check this.

PPLB4015B

20

BEGINNERS' FRENCH II - A2 CEFR

Parlons francais ! This module will help you to further your basics of French language and communication in order to enable you to cope with concrete situations. This module is perfect for you if you have taken Beginners' French I - A1 CEFR, or if you have some experience of French language. Throughout the semester, you'll develop reading, listening, speaking and writing skills at the A2 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). This means that you'll be able to cope in a number of situations, including some you may encounter when travelling. You'll be able to talk and write about yourself and your immediate surrounding environment in some detail, and you'll work on handling short social exchanges. You'll be taught in an interactive and friendly environment, and will often work in pairs or small groups. Your two-hour seminar will focus on listening, reading and writing skills, while the oral hour will help you to develop your confidence in speaking. We'll tackle some grammatical notions in class, but always as a means for you to improve your communication skills. You'll also have opportunities to explore aspects of the cultures where French is spoken, thanks to the various documents we will use to develop your linguistic skills (songs, podcasts, short articles and videos#). You'll be assessed by two course tests: the first will cover listening, reading, and writing skills and the second will cover your speaking skills. On successful completion of the module, you'll be able to understand and use expressions related to areas of immediate relevance, or that you may encounter when travelling. You'll be able to communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a direct exchange of information. You'll be able to describe in simple terms aspects of your background, immediate environment and needs. Please note that you should not have a level of French that exceeds the level of this course. This module may not be appropriate for you if you have a recent French GCSE at grade B or above, or an equivalent qualification. Please contact the Module Organiser to check this.

PPLB4014B

20

BEGINNERS' SPANISH I - A1 CEFR

Do you want to learn a new language? Do you want to access the Spanish-speaking world? Are you about to travel through Spain or any Spanish-speaking country in Latin America? Then, it#s the right time to enrol to Beginners# Spanish I. This module will improve your academic education and will provide you with the confidence to advance towards intermediate and advanced levels. It sounds good, doesn't it? You will develop your reading, writing, listening and speaking skills and you will have the opportunity to receive personal feedback on all your efforts. You will take part in classroom-based activities, working in pairs and small groups exchanging ideas and supporting each other in the process of learning the language. You will also be able to focus on real life situations as well as the ability to communicate effectively in those situations. There will also be opportunities to explore aspects of the cultures where Spanish is currently the main language. By the end of this module, you will have the linguistic competence necessary to understand and use common, everyday expressions and simple sentences, to address immediate needs. If you have a recent Spanish GCSE grade C or below, or an international equivalent, then this module is appropriate for you.

PPLB4022A

20

BEGINNERS' SPANISH I - A1 CEFR (SPRING START)

Do you want to learn a new language? Do you want to access the Spanish-speaking world? Are you about to travel through Spain or any Spanish-speaking country in Latin America? Then, it#s the right time to enrol to Beginners# Spanish I. This module will improve your academic education and will provide you with the confidence to advance towards intermediate and advanced levels. It sounds good, doesn't it? You will develop your reading, writing, listening and speaking skills and you will have the opportunity to receive personal feedback on all your efforts. You will take part in classroom-based activities, working in pairs and small groups exchanging ideas and supporting each other in the process of learning the language. You will also be able to focus on real life situations as well as the ability to communicate effectively in those situations. There will also be opportunities to explore aspects of the cultures where Spanish is currently the main language. By the end of this module, you will have the linguistic competence necessary to understand and use common, everyday expressions and simple sentences, to address immediate needs. If you have a recent Spanish GCSE grade C or below, or an international equivalent, then this module is appropriate for you.

PPLB4024B

20

BEGINNERS' SPANISH II - A2 CEFR

Have you ever taken a basic Spanish course? Do you want to carry on studying this widely spoken language after taking Beginners# Spanish I? Do you feel that learning a language might be a relevant skill for your career? Then, Beginners' Spanish II is what you really need. This module will improve your academic education and will provide you with the confidence to advance towards upper intermediate and advanced levels. But, how will you make it? You will work on your reading, writing, listening and speaking skills and you will get personal feedback on every single one of your efforts. You will take part in classroom-based activities, working in pairs and small groups exchanging ideas and supporting each other in the process of improving this language. You will also be able to focus on real life situations as well as the ability to communicate effectively in those situations. There will also be opportunities to explore aspects more carefully of the cultures where Spanish is the mother tongue. By the end of this module, you will be able to understand commonly used, everyday phrases and expressions related to areas of experience especially relevant to them (basic information about themselves, and their families, shopping, places of interest, work, etc.). If you have a recent Spanish GCSE grade B or below, or an international equivalent, then this module is appropriate for you. Please contact the module organiser if you wish to discuss your eligibility.

PPLB4023B

20

INTERMEDIATE FRENCH I - A2 CEFR

The four elements you will study in this intermediate French module are: Listening Comprehension, Writing, Translation and Grammar. While the emphasis is on comprehension, the speaking and writing of French are also included. You should have pre A level experience (or equivalent) of French and wish to develop this to a standard comparable to A level/Baccalaureate /B1 in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). You should not have a level of French that already exceeds the level of this module and should not have already studied AS or A level French/Baccalaureate/Level B1 in the CEFR.

PPLB5150A

20

INTERMEDIATE FRENCH II - A2/B1 CEFR

In this intermediate French module you will develop your knowledge to a standard comparable to A level/ Baccalaureate/B1 in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). This is a continuation of Intermediate French I. There are four elements: Listening Comprehension, Translation, Writing, and Grammar. This module can be taken in any year but is not available if you already have French AS or A level/Baccalaureate/Level B1 in the CEFR. You should not have a level of French that already exceeds the level of this module.

PPLB5032B

20

INTERMEDIATE SPANISH I - A2 CEFR

When studying this module, you'll already have taken beginners' Spanish modules or be at GCSE level, but not exceeding this. You'll be introduced to aspects of the Spanish language, in a variety of cultural contexts. It will enable you to converse with native Spanish speakers, read and understand specific information in short texts starting at intermediate level. Through Spanish, you'll learn to present information and engage in discussions. Using popular cultural forms such as film and media, you'll develop your reading, writing, listening and speaking skills. Upon successfully completion of this module, you will have achieved a higher-intermediate level of Spanish.

PPLB5152A

20

INTERMEDIATE SPANISH II - A2/B1 CEFR

When studying this module, you'll already have taken beginners' Spanish modules or be at GCSE level, but not exceeding this. You'll be introduced to aspects of the Spanish language in a variety of cultural contexts. It will enable you to converse with native Spanish speakers, read and understand specific information in short texts starting at intermediate level. Through Spanish, you'll learn to present information and engage in discussions. Using popular cultural forms such as film and media, you'll develop your reading, writing, listening and speaking skills. Upon successfully completion of this module, you will have achieved an advanced level of Spanish.

PPLB5034B

20

Students must study the following modules for 40 credits:

Name Code Credits

DISSERTATION

The dissertation will provide you with an opportunity to undertake a research project on a topic within development studies in consultation with your supervisor. It is intended to complement the more conventional methods of coursework and examination assessment, allowing you to investigate and consider themes and issues of importance to you in more depth. The dissertation is not an extended essay; rather it is a (social) scientific piece of research that sets out a clear question and methods, and develops a coherent argument based on a review of existing and/or interpretation of fresh evidence, and application to theory. Please note, this module is restricted to International Development and Environmental Geography and International Development students.

DEV-6007Y

40

INDEPENDENT PROJECT

With guidance from a supervisor, you will choose a topic, design the research and collect, analyse and interpret data. You will report on progress at various stages: in the selection of a topic, the detailed plan, an interim report and an oral presentation. A final report in the form of a dissertation not exceeding 10,000 words is required. When planning the project and again after completing the report, you will reflect on the range of subject-specific and generic skills acquired through your degree and how these are reinforced and complemented by skills acquired through your project. A final item of summative work assesses the clarity by which you communicate and evidences your range of skills in the form of a covering letter and cv for a potential job application. To further support the transition to employment you can present a formative research poster that summarises the main aspects of the work to prospective employers. This module is compulsory for all degree courses in the School of Environmental Sciences and is an independent piece of research.

ENV-6021A

40

Students will select 60 - 80 credits from the following modules:

At least 20 credits selected under Options Range A must be modules beginning DEV-6* and at least 20 credits must be modules beginning ENV-6*. Note: Students must check that the modules chosen from this range do not have a timetable clash, noting that no more than one module using the same timetable slot e.g. 'C' can be taken in one semester. Please note that if you would like to study an ENV or DEV module not listed below, please speak to the Course Director.

Name Code Credits

BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND HUMAN SOCIETY

l focus on the interactions between biodiversity and human societies. The module adopts a rigorous evidence-based approach. You will first critically examine the human drivers of biodiversity loss and the importance of biodiversity to human society, to understand how underlying perspectives and motivations influence approaches to conservation. You will then examine conflicts between human society and conservation and how these potentially can be resolved, reviewing institutions and potential instruments for biodiversity conservation in both Europe and developing countries. Coursework is inter-disciplinary and will require you to evaluate and communicate the quality of evidence showing effectiveness of conservation interventions and approaches.

ENV-6006A

20

BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND MARINE ECOLOGY

This module explores the evolution, biodiversity and ecology of bacteria, diatoms, coccolithophores and nitrogen fixers, and the physiology and distribution of zooplankton. Example ecosystems such as the Antarctic, mid ocean gyres and Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems will be studied in detail and predictions of the impact of environmental change (increasing temperature, decreasing pH, decreasing oxygen, and changes in nutrient supply) on marine ecosystem dynamics will be examined. Biological oceanographic methods will be critically evaluated. The module will include a reading week in week 7 and a voluntary employability visit to the Centre for the Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS). You are expected to have some background in biology, e.g. have taken a biology, ecology or biogeochemistry based second year module.

ENV-6005A

20

CATCHMENT WATER RESOURCES

In this module, you will adopt an integrated approach to studying surface water and groundwater resources in river basins. You will address the fundamental requirement for an interdisciplinary catchment-based approach to managing and protecting water resources that includes an understanding of land use and its management. The module content includes the design of catchment monitoring programmes, nutrient mass balance calculations, river restoration techniques, an overview of UK and European agri-environmental policy and approaches to assessing and mitigating catchment flooding.

ENV-6018B

20

CLIMATE SYSTEMS

What sets the mean global temperature of the world? Why are some parts of the world arid whilst others at the same latitudes are humid? This module aims to provide you with an understanding of the processes that determine why the Earth's climate (defined, for example, by temperature and moisture distribution) looks like it does, what the major circulation patterns and climate zones are and how they arise. You will study why the climate changes in time over different timescales, and how we use this knowledge to understand the climate systems of other planets. This module is aimed at you if you wish to further your knowledge of climate, or want a base for any future study of climate change, such as the Meteorology/Oceanography or Climate Change degrees.

ENV-6025B

20

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT and CONSERVATION

This module uses recent research and practical experience to analyse the challenges for development and conservation policies in the developing world. You will be examining themes such as the relationship between science and policy, and the implications of increased participation and local control in the use of natural resources through an environmental justice lens, bringing together theory and the use of case studies, in order to learn how people across the world are trying to put in to practice different types of just transformations for sustainability. Each year these themes will be explored within two selected contexts such as - African pastoralism, savannah-forest mosaics, water resources and irrigated agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, indigenous territories, fisheries and aquatic resources, environment and conservation, etc.

DEV-6005B

20

DEVELOPMENT IN PRACTICE

This module offers you the opportunity to explore how development ideas and aims are reflected in contemporary and emerging development practice. The module content is geared towards giving you tools with which to approach working in development, exploring the process of defining and developing development projects. We explore the history of different approaches to aid enterprises, and how they have been shaped by different geo-political and ideological forces. You will learn the difference between a log frame and a theory of change, how to create both, and how they may be useful to defining your endeavours. You will work in a team to develop your own project, with a justification of the need, an evidence-based approach and a strong analysis of the social and political context in which it is going to operate. This will also need a communications strategy and a fully costed budget, all of which you will be supported to learn how to do. However we will also encourage you to think critically about these processes, looking at how these tools have been developed and why, and being aware of their limitations and benefits.

DEV-6009B

20

DEVELOPMENT WORK EXPERIENCE

This module will provide you with the opportunity to work overseas or in the UK, for example working in education, conservation, agriculture, working with vulnerable groups, administration or journalism. You are expected to fund your own project, which must be approved by the module convenor. The School has a database of projects to assist you with your project selection. The work placement can be between 2 - 5 months duration, over a period stretching from the summer (July) at the end of year two through to the end of the autumn semester of year three (November/December). You are expected to work for a minimum of two months and complete 150 hours of work as a minimum requirement. There are two pieces of assessment: an initial reflective piece of writing about the placement, and an essay related to the placement or project work.

DEV-6004A

20

ENERGY AND PEOPLE

Modern everyday life rests fundamentally on the availability of energy. Since the 1970s, however, serious concerns have been raised about the sustainability of current energy systems. Traditionally, these problems have been analysed (and solutions proposed) from within the engineering and physical sciences. Understanding, managing and attempting to solve energy problems, however, demands a thorough appreciation of how people, at a range of scales, engage with energy in the course of their daily lives. This is a critical challenge for the social sciences, and will be a core focus of this module. Through this module, you will discover and explore a range of social science perspectives on the inter-relationships between energy and people. You will learn how to apply these ideas to contemporary energy problems and use them to generate your own visions for a sustainable energy future. You'll also be given the chance to work as part of a team and to communicate your ideas through both written and oral presentation. You'll begin by tracing the history and development of energy intensive societies and everyday lives as a means of understanding how energy has emerged as a key sustainability problem. You'll then go into more depth around different theories of social and technical change before exploring how these can be used to critically analyse a range of people-based solutions to energy problems that are currently being tried and tested around the world. You'll learn through a combination of lectures and seminars involving interactive group projects, class debates, practical exercises and student-led learning. At the end of the module, you will have developed the knowledge, skills and experience necessary to allow you to apply theories of social and technical change to a range of real-world energy problems. You'll be able to develop and critically analyse your own (and already existing) visions of a sustainable energy future, and you'll be able to creatively communicate these ideas to a range of different audiences. Please note, this is a strongly social science based module and is not recommended for students without a strong grounding in social science thinking and principle.

ENV-6026B

20

ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANCY

You will learn how a business functions (part on-line learning, part seminars) and gain experience of working on an environmental project by acting as an environmental consultant for a project presented by a business. Through the project you will gain experience of working on a 'real-world' environment-related challenge, acting as an environmental consultant in a team, you will have the opportunity for discussion and feedback with the host organisation before submitting an individual business style report as your contribution to the consultancy exercise. Overall, the aim is for you to gain a taster of the post-graduate transition to working with an organisation and confidence of how your skills and attributes are transferable to graduate employment.

ENV-6031B

20

FOSSIL FUELS

You will be introduced to geological, economic and political aspects of fossil fuels (oil, natural gas and coal). These are used to discuss environmental concerns arising from the use of fossil fuels, and the potentially profound implications of future fuel scarcity on society. Some knowledge of Earth science and basic Chemistry will be expected.

ENV-6009A

20

GEOSCIENCES FIELD COURSE TO SPAIN

During this field course you will develop a deeper understanding and integration of geoscience subjects through the development of field observation, recording and interpretation skills in areas of classic field geology. This fieldcourse is in the Almeria province of southern Spain where you will study a range of rock types sedimentary rocks to folded and metamorphic solid geology which form alpine belts. Your interpretive skills will include reading the rock record to unravel evidence for deep to shallow to marginal basin environments, with climatic and tectonic controls on the sedimentary fill of a basin. Also the evidence for strike-slip systems and associated sub-marine Miocene volcanism.

ENV-6029K

20

GLOBALISATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The causes and consequences of globalisation are controversial and this module will present alternative theoretical perspectives that lie behind these debates. It extends the analysis of trade and international finance in Economics of Development 3 (DEV-5017B). Specific areas that are examined include global production and transnational corporations, global trade and liberalisation, global finance and debt crises, aid and migration, as well as several cross-cutting issues such as the impacts of globalisation on the environment and on poverty and inequality.

DEV-6006B

20

NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS

Environmental economics provides a set of tools and principles which can be useful in understanding natural resource management issues. This module introduces you to key principles and tools of environmental economics for students who have not studied the subject previously. It then explores how these principles can be applied to address a number of complex economy-environment problems including climate change, over-fishing and water resources management. In this module you will have the opportunity to practically apply cost-benefit analysis as a framework for decision-making and will gain knowledge on the key non-market valuation techniques that are used to monetarily value environmental goods and services. At the end of the module you will have gained insights into how environmental economics is used in developing natural resource management policy as well as some of the challenges in using environmental economics in policy-making.

ENV-6012B

20

NATURAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY FIELD COURSE

The main aim of the field course is to give you an opportunity to engage in guided field research, normally related but not restricted to natural resources. The course is an opportunity to employ different methods of inquiry and research that will serve you well with your dissertation, Development Work Experience, and later life. More specifically, the course has the following learning objectives: (1)Develop skills in the use of quantitative or qualitative field research methods, including natural resource surveys, geographical and social science methods such as questionnaires, `stakeholder' analysis and `participatory' research. To apply these skills to a small research project that investigates an issue relevant to Natural Resource management and/or social development. (2)Develop competence in the design and planning of a field research project in terms of identifying logical and realistic research questions, choosing and applying methods appropriate to the questions and undertaking the work within a given time frame. (3)Develop and practice skills in designing procedures for maintaining high ethical standards in field research and for risk assessment. (4)Develop the capacity to reflect critically on the research methods you have used and make recommendations for improvements and for further research. (5)Make short presentations of your preliminary research questions and rationale near the beginning of the course and present your initial results and interpretation at the end of the course. (6)Produce a written report in the form and style of a short journal article. Your contribution is GBP100 which will help cover the costs of travel to and around Galway, accommodation, breakfasts, lunches, and dinners. You will be invoiced by UEA after the event just in case there are people who drop out in the end. Therefore you can be expected to receive an invoice late June/early July.

DEV-6001A

20

PUBLIC POLICY AND WELFARE

This inter-disciplinary module is organized around the following themes: i) the politics of public and social policy; ii) poverty, livelihoods and international organisations; iii) migration and the International Labour Organisation; iv) fair trade, consumer movements and corporate social responsibility; v) Trade Unions and Non-Governmental Organisations; vi) the media and public policy; and vii) health. Using a relational approach to development, it analyses the changing and uneven conditions of the working poor in the developing world, combining examination of their conditions in different countries and regions with critical analysis of the activities of international organisations, the media, consumer movements and organisations of the working poor.

DEV-6008B

20

THE CARBON CYCLE AND CLIMATE CHANGE

What do you know about the drivers of climate change? Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the greenhouse gas that has, by far, the greatest impact on climate change, but how carbon cycles through the Earth is complex and not fully understood. Predicting future climate or defining 'dangerous' climate change is therefore challenging. In this module you will learn about the atmosphere, ocean and land components of the carbon cycle. We cover urgent global issues such as ocean acidification and how to get off our fossil fuel 'addiction', as well as how to deal with climate denialists.

ENV-6008A

20

URBAN GEOGRAPHIES

This module will examine the historical and contemporary development and governance of urban centres around the globe. In order to understand these processes, we will explore both the structure of human settlements and the multiple relationships and processes that shape and reshape urban spaces. We will examine the changing environmental, political, social, and economic dynamics of cities and smaller urban centres, drawing on case studies from the global north and the global south. The module will cover a range of concepts and topics which have preoccupied urban geographers, including but not limited to: urbanisation and urban growth patterns; urban economic restructuring and neoliberalism; urban infrastructure; poverty and inequality; informality; migration; citizenship; urban nature; and race and sexuality in the city. A one-day field trip focusing on urban planning and regeneration is an integral part of the module.

DEV-6010B

20

WARS AND HUMANITARIAN CRISES

Since the late 1950s, far more wars have been fought within the boundaries of single states than between different countries. The occurrence of these violent intrastate conflicts poses significant challenges to the development agenda, as they have often devastating social, political and economic consequences that can lead to severe humanitarian crises. Grounded in the acknowledgment that it is extremely difficult to meet international development targets in states experiencing violent civil conflict, the aim of Wars and Humanitarian Crisis is to critically assess the (contested) causes and possible solutions of protracted civil wars. Key themes in the module include competing explanations for the incidence of civil war; the humanitarian implications of civil wars; the role of the media in reporting wars and humanitarian action; terrorism as another form of political violence that is distinct from but in many cases related to violent intrastate conflicts; strategies and challenges of peace-building; and the strengths and weaknesses of institutional design as a conflict management tool.

DEV-6003A

20

Students will select 0 - 20 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

EVOLUTION IN HEALTH AND DISEASE

The module provides up-to-date learning in evolutionary medicine and the evolution of disease. The module examines how evolutionary principles illuminate and provide fresh insight into a broad range of contemporary health problems including infectious, chronic and nutritional diseases and disorders. Topics are introduced in a multidisciplinary approach that takes into account the relationship between biology and society. The module covers 4 areas: (i) principles of evolutionary medicine - humans in their evolutionary context; (ii) evolution and non-infectious diseases (cancer, lifestyles, ageing); (iii) evolution and infection (vaccines, antibiotics, pathogens, emerging diseases); (iv) personalised medicine and social context of evolutionary medicine.

BIO-6017A

20

INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW AND REFUGEE LAW

International Humanitarian Law (IHL) is the body of international norms developed by states for the purpose of regulating wars. Rather than outlawing war (the domain of Public International Law and the raison d'etre for the United Nations), the basic tenet of IHL is to compel those involved in armed conflicts to fight clean wars. On the other hand, Refugee Law is concerned with the measures agreed to and provided by states to protect those forced to flee their countries. The connection between armed conflicts and the influx of refugees is demonstrated by the Syrian conflict, which led to one of Europe's major refugee crises. The module is designed to cover these topics in tandem. The focus of the IHL part of the module will be on evaluating the existing protection for victims of armed conflict and will review the status of the law in respect to issues such as targeting of civilians and illegal weapons. The changing face of wars and the evolution of means of warfare will be considered. Issues such as the treatment of prisoners in Guantanamo Bay, the use of drone strikes and nuclear proliferation will be looked at. The central question with respect to the refugee part of the Module would be whether the existing regime offers the necessary protection for victims of armed conflict.

LAW-6007A

20

SCIENCE COMMUNICATION

You will gain an understanding of how science is disseminated to the public and explore the theories surrounding learning and communication. You will investigate science as a culture and how this culture interfaces with the public. Examining case studies in a variety of different scientific areas, looking at how information is released in scientific literature and how this is subsequently picked up by the public press will provide you with an understanding of the importance of science communication. You will gain an appreciation of how science information can be used to change public perception and how it can sometimes be misinterpreted. You will also learn practical skills by designing, running and evaluating a public outreach event at a school or in a public area. If you wish to take this module, you will be required to write a statement of selection. These statements will be assessed and students will be allocated to the module accordingly.

BIO-6018Y

20

Students will select 0 - 20 credits from the following modules:

Students may take 0-20 credits of Level 5 modules in Year 3.

Name Code Credits

AQUATIC BIOGEOCHEMISTRY

The Earth's terrestrial and marine water bodies support life and play a major role in regulating the planet's climate. This module will train you to make accurate measurements of the chemical composition of the aquatic environment. In lectures and in the lab you will explore important chemical interactions between life, fresh and marine waters and climate, looking at nutrient cycles, dissolved oxygen, trace metals, carbonate chemistry and chemical exchange with the atmosphere. Students taking this module are expected to be familiar with basic chemical concepts and molar concentration units. This module makes a good combination with Aquatic Ecology.

ENV-5039B

20

AQUATIC ECOLOGY

Explore how chemical, physical and biological influences shape the biological communities of rivers, lakes and estuaries in temperate and tropical regions. Three field visits and laboratory work, usually using microscopes and sometimes analysing water quality, provide an important practical component to this module. A good complement to other ecology modules, final-year Catchment Water Resources and modules in development studies or geography, it can also be taken alongside Aquatic Biogeochemistry or other geochemical and hydrology modules. Students selecting this module must have a background in basic statistical analysis of data.

ENV-5001A

20

BEHAVIOURAL ECOLOGY

We will explore how evolution and ecology shape animal behaviour, examining how important traits have evolved to maximise survival and reproduction in the natural environment. Darwinian principles provide the theoretical framework, and we will explore key concepts of selfishness, altruism, conflict, survival, optimality, reproduction, parental care and death. Relevant research will be used to lead our understanding of the ultimate function of key traits. In parallel with the lectures, students design, conduct, analyse and present their own research project, working in a group to collect original data in order to answer a question about the adaptive significance of behaviour.

BIO-5010B

20

CLIMATE CHANGE: SCIENCE AND POLICY

You will develop your skills and understanding in the integrated analysis of global climate change, using perspectives from both the natural sciences and the social sciences. You will gain a grounding in the basics of climate change science, impacts, adaptation, mitigation and their influence on and by policy decisions. This module also offers you a historical perspective on how climate policy has developed, culminating in the December 2015 Paris Agreement. Finally, it considers what will be required to meet the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to well below 2 #C above pre-industrial levels.

ENV-5003A

20

COMMUNICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT

What role can media and communications play within development? How can media - both 'old' and 'new' - help mobilise citizens, change policy, modify behaviours and promote democracy, good governance and economic growth? You will address these and other questions by providing a critical introduction to the field of 'Communication for Development' (C4D). Key topics will include behaviour change communication, participatory communication, press freedom, media literacy, media and conflict and access to new communication technologies. This module is accessible to International Development students who have not studied media before and to students on degrees relevant to media, with no previous experience of studying International Development.

DEV-5015A

20

COMMUNITY, ECOSYSTEM AND MACRO-ECOLOGY

This module introduces you to major concepts and definitions in community ecology, macro-ecology and biogeography. You will use these to explore how communities are structured in relation to local-scale to regional-scale processes, how they function and respond to perturbations at different scales, and result in emergent macro- to global-scale patterns of biodiversity distribution. Throughout the module, there is an emphasis on the relevance of theory and fundamental science to understanding the current environmental and biodiversity crisis. Anthropogenic impacts on natural communities through land-use, species exploitation, non-native species, and climate change, are a recurrent theme underpinning the examples you will draw upon.

BIO-5014B

20

CONSTRUCTING HUMAN GEOGRAPHIES

How can human geographers help us understand and address pressing environmental and social problems? This is the central question of the module which affirms the distinctive value and relevance of work in contemporary human geography. Throughout you will explore a wide range of approaches to environmental and social problems in contemporary human geography. You'll gain a firm grounding in social constructivism which is underlying philosophy of these approaches. You'll also learn how to communicate insights from human geography to policy-makers and practitioners, and how to critically evaluate examples of human geographers' engagements with policy. You'll begin with the basics of social constructivism, learn why this approach is used by human geographers, and consider the value of this perspective. You'll then delve deeper, exploring the social construction of a different object or problem each week. Topics covered will include: nature, hazards, alternative economies, and social difference. By looking at what these human geography perspectives mean for real-world environmental and social problems you'll practice applying what you've learnt to current policy problems, and learn about how human geographers are making a difference to these issues. You'll learn through a mixture of lectures, workshops and self-directed study and you'll be assessed through a written policy brief and reflective report (100%).

ENV-5038A

20

EDUCATION AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

This module provides you with an understanding of key theories and current debates linking education to development and relating these to international and national education strategies, policies and educational practices. The module will begin by introducing you to some key policy themes in education and international development, and some established theories such as human capital, human development and capabilities, and theory on education as social reproduction. The module then goes into more depth with thematic content on themes such as early childhood development, conflict, gender and difference.

DEV-5003A

20

ENVIRONMENTAL PHILOSOPHY FOR SECOND YEARS

How can we avoid environmental catastrophe? How can philosophy help? The relationship between human beings and the natural world is the basis of everything we are and yet we do not seem to have found a way to avoid destruction, degradation and potential catastrophe. In this module we will examine various ways in which philosophy can examine our relationship with the natural world and contribute to the fight to protect the planet. Topics may include the ethics of climate change; value theory and nature; human-animal relationships; the ways science, art and politics affect our relationships with the natural world. This module will cover a selection of these topics, and students may wish to continue the course by taking the complementary Level 6 module in their third year.

PPLP5177B

20

ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS AND POLICY MAKING

The most significant obstacles to problem solving are often political, not scientific or technological. This module examines the emergence and processes of environmental politics. It analyses these from different theoretical perspectives, particularly theories of power and public policy making. The module is focused on contemporary examples of politics and policy making at UK, EU and international levels. The module supports student-led learning by enabling you to select (and develop your own theoretical interpretations of) 'real world' examples of politics. Assessment will be via seminar presentations and a case study essay. The module assumes no prior knowledge of politics.

ENV-5002B

20

FIELD ECOLOGY

This module aims to introduce you to a wide range of habitats and methods for studying the organisms and natural processes occurring in these habitats. The focus is on identification of species and on formulating and testing hypotheses to investigate interactions between species and their habitats or on examining environmental gradients. The module includes a two week residential field trip to Ireland before the start of the first semester in the autumn term. This module would suit you if you are interested in natural history, geography, ecology and designing and testing scientific hypotheses.

BIO-5013A

20

GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT

This module builds on the introduction to gender issues and disciplinary approaches to gender. You will begin by exploring the various approaches to understanding gender and development. You will then be introduced and explore a range of key concepts as the foundations of gender analyses. The module then applies these concepts in examining a selection of important relevant debates: gender analysis of economic growth, divisions of labour and incomes, land and property rights, environmental change, education and health policies, voice and empowerment, violence and religion.

DEV-5001A

20

GEOMORPHOLOGY

Geomorphology is the scientific study of landforms and the processes that shape them, it underpins numerous subjects including: sedimentology, palaeoclimatology, biodiversity, ecosystem services, natural hazards and natural resources. In this module you will be introduced to different landforms and gain an understanding of the earth surface processes that create these landforms. Our approach will be both descriptive and quantitative, based on understanding erosional and depositional concepts, weathering and sediment transport and the evolution of landscapes. Drawing from our own research, the emphasis will be on local East Anglian field sites as case studies (with half and full day field trips) with key international examples, to illustrate and improve your understanding of glacial geomorphology, coastal geomorphology, ecogeomorphology and mountain/river/slope geomorphology with some arid geomorphology. You will learn about and apply the methods and different types of data and evidence used by geomorphologists (e.g., maps, imagery and field observations/measurements) to understand landform creation and evolution, gaining numerous transferrable skills.

ENV-5034A

20

GIS SKILLS FOR PROJECT WORK

This module builds upon the introduction to GIS provided in the first year Research and Field Skills module, focusing on how you obtain your own data, integrate it together and then undertake analysis and presentation tasks. ESRI ArcGIS will be the main software used, but there will also be an introduction to scripting tools (Python), and open source software (QGIS) and online GIS (ArcGIS Online).

ENV-5028B

20

GLOBAL TECTONICS

Processes in the Earth's interior exert a profound influence on all aspects of the Earth's system, and have done so throughout geological time. This module is designed for you to explore all aspects of those processes from the creation and destruction of tectonic plates to the structure of the Earth's interior and the distribution and dissipation of energy within it. This will include: the theory and mechanisms of plate tectonics, the generation of magma and volcanism; the mechanisms behind earthquakes. You will also cover the geological record of this activity, its evolution and impacts on the Earth.

ENV-5018A

20

HYDROLOGY AND HYDROGEOLOGY

Hydrology and hydrogeology are Earth Science subjects concerned with the assessment of the natural distribution of water in time and space and the evaluation of human impacts on the water. This module provides an introduction to geological controls on groundwater occurrence, aquifer characteristics, basic principles of groundwater flow, basic hydrochemistry, an introduction to catchment hydrology, hydrological data collection and analysis, runoff generation processes and the principles of rainfall-runoff modelling. Practical classes develop analytical skills in solving problems as well as field skills in pumping test analysis and stream gauging. A field excursion in Norfolk is also offered in this module.

ENV-5021A

20

INTERMEDIATE FRENCH I - A2 CEFR

The four elements you will study in this intermediate French module are: Listening Comprehension, Writing, Translation and Grammar. While the emphasis is on comprehension, the speaking and writing of French are also included. You should have pre A level experience (or equivalent) of French and wish to develop this to a standard comparable to A level/Baccalaureate /B1 in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). You should not have a level of French that already exceeds the level of this module and should not have already studied AS or A level French/Baccalaureate/Level B1 in the CEFR.

PPLB5150A

20

INTERMEDIATE FRENCH II - A2/B1 CEFR

In this intermediate French module you will develop your knowledge to a standard comparable to A level/ Baccalaureate/B1 in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). This is a continuation of Intermediate French I. There are four elements: Listening Comprehension, Translation, Writing, and Grammar. This module can be taken in any year but is not available if you already have French AS or A level/Baccalaureate/Level B1 in the CEFR. You should not have a level of French that already exceeds the level of this module.

PPLB5032B

20

INTERMEDIATE SPANISH I - A2 CEFR

When studying this module, you'll already have taken beginners' Spanish modules or be at GCSE level, but not exceeding this. You'll be introduced to aspects of the Spanish language, in a variety of cultural contexts. It will enable you to converse with native Spanish speakers, read and understand specific information in short texts starting at intermediate level. Through Spanish, you'll learn to present information and engage in discussions. Using popular cultural forms such as film and media, you'll develop your reading, writing, listening and speaking skills. Upon successfully completion of this module, you will have achieved a higher-intermediate level of Spanish.

PPLB5152A

20

INTERMEDIATE SPANISH II - A2/B1 CEFR

When studying this module, you'll already have taken beginners' Spanish modules or be at GCSE level, but not exceeding this. You'll be introduced to aspects of the Spanish language in a variety of cultural contexts. It will enable you to converse with native Spanish speakers, read and understand specific information in short texts starting at intermediate level. Through Spanish, you'll learn to present information and engage in discussions. Using popular cultural forms such as film and media, you'll develop your reading, writing, listening and speaking skills. Upon successfully completion of this module, you will have achieved an advanced level of Spanish.

PPLB5034B

20

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORY

What does the world look like to a Marxist, or a liberal, or a feminist, or a realist? We all hold particular ideas about how the world works: about why certain events happen, who the key actors in the international system are, and whether it is even possible to change things for future generations. Theories of International Relations (IR) attempt to capture these assumptions, explaining the world in different ways to others. You will explore how the discipline of IR emerged in the early 20th century, before investigating the very different theories which have shaped, and sometimes dominated, academic and policy makers' ideas about how the world actually works.

PPLI5059A

20

INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

Why are wars fought? What is peace? What is security? International Security introduces you to these key issues in global politics. In the first part of the module, you will explore the continuing salience of violent conflict and the use of force in world politics. While some have argued that the advent of globalisation and spread of liberal democracy would make violent conflict less relevant in today's world, war and the use of force remain an integral part of the international system. In exploring these issues, you will study a variety of perspectives on the causes of war and peace to examine the roots of violent conflict and security problems in the present day. In the second half of the module, we will turn to contemporary 'critical' debates around international security. These include constructivist and feminist perspectives on what security is, how it is achieved, and whether it is desirable. We will also investigate the host of seemingly new security challenges that have increasingly captured the attention of policymakers and academics. How useful is it to think of issues such as environmental degradation, gendered violences, and poverty as security issues? What do we gain and lose in broadening security studies beyond a narrow focus on warfare and military power?

PPLI5056B

20

LATIN AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT

This is a regional studies module which covers economic, social and political aspects of development in Latin America. It situates the region in its historical and international context, and gives an overview of major development debates in the region. The module also includes country case studies of contrasting development strategies.

DEV-5005B

20

LOW CARBON ENERGY: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

This module examines the principles of energy science and technologies including energy generation and conversion, such as renewables, bioenergy and batteries. It provides a systematic and integrated account of the issues in energy resources and conversion. This knowledge is used to make a rational analysis of energy availability, applications and selections from physical, technical and environmental considerations. It also provides students with the opportunity to explore the future of energy provision in greater depth.

ENV-5022B

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS B

This module is the second in a series of three mathematical modules for students across the Faculty of Science. You will cover vector calculus (used in the study of vector fields in subjects such as fluid dynamics and electromagnetism), time series and spectral analysis (a highly adaptable and useful mathematical technique in many science fields, including data analysis), and fluid dynamics (which has applications to the circulation of the atmosphere, ocean, interior of the Earth, chemical engineering, and biology). There is a continuing emphasis on applied examples.

MTHB5006A

20

MATHEMATICS FOR SCIENTISTS C

This module is the third in a series of three mathematical units for students across the Faculty of Science. It covers matrix algebra and numerical methods, partial differential equations and solid mechanics. There is a continuing emphasis on applied examples, and the use of numerical computing software (Matlab) is extended with a dedicated programming component. The module is taught by mathematicians with considerable expertise in the use of mathematics in the natural/environmental sciences and is largely designed to equip students with the tools necessary for advanced second and third level modules, particularly those in the physical sciences.

MTHB5007B

20

METEOROLOGY I

The weather affects everyone and influences decisions that are made on a daily basis around the world. From whether to hang your washing out on a sunny afternoon, to which route a commercial aircraft takes as it travels across the ocean, weather plays a vital role. With that in mind, what actually causes the weather we experience? In this module you'll learn the fundamentals of the science of meteorology. You'll concentrate on the physical process that allow moisture and radiation to transfer through the atmosphere and how they ultimately influence our weather. The module contains both descriptive and mathematical treatments of radiation balance, thermodynamics, dynamics, boundary layers, weather systems and the water cycle. The module is assessed through a combination of one piece of coursework and an exam, and is designed in a way that allows those with either mathematical or descriptive abilities to do well, although a reasonable mathematical competence is essential, including basic understanding of differentiation and integration.

ENV-5008A

20

METHODS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

This module will introduce students to the theory and practice of research methods in human geography. It will provide a preparation for undertaking research within and beyond the university context i.e. both for the Dissertation and Field course modules and equipping students with key employability attributes for professional careers. In doing so, the module will introduce you to a range of qualitative, quantitative and spatial methods that human geographers use in research including research design, data collection and data analysis skills that are transferable to the workplace. The module will be taught using lecture-based classes and computer labs. The majority of the module is organised into three projects that use different approaches to data collection, analysis and presentation. There is a qualitative research project based on primary data collection using interviews and forms of narrative analysis. There is a quantitative research project that uses secondary survey data for statistical analysis. And finally there is a Geographic Information System project that uses primary georeferenced data collected during class.

DEV-5014A

20

NATURAL RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT 3

In this module, you will focus on the governance of natural resources in the global South. In particular you will investigate some important and contested environment and development issues involving biodiversity conservation, agricultural technology and energy. These contests will include problems of human-wildlife conflict arising from protected areas, conflicts over genetically modified crops and debates about how to achieve food security. By focusing on these contested areas of policy and practice, you will gain insight into the challenges facing governance in the real world. Understanding of these challenges is supported by using different frameworks for analysing the underlying contexts, including an ecosystem services approach, political ecology and environmental justice.

DEV-5013B

20

PEOPLE AND PLACE

This module will develop your theoretical and empirical understanding of how social environments in different places affect people's health or ill-health. It is about the geographies of health. You will develop knowledge about how ill-health and health inequalities are linked to socio-economic inequalities, poverty and marginalisation. You will be able to apply this knowledge to questions of health policy and interventions designed to improve health. A key conceptual framework for this module is the social determinants of health (SDH). This includes analysis of the risk environment for ill-health, influenced by social structures (such as gender or class) in a particular setting, how people make a living (their livelihoods), environmental change and the nature of health policy and the health services available to people. We are therefore also interested in the interventions which can help deal with risk environments, to make people less susceptible to disease and less vulnerable when they become ill. You will learn how some places have achieved good health. The module is inter-disciplinary, drawing on theories and evidence from disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, public health and development studies, and to a lesser extent economics, demography and epidemiology. It also provides an understanding of the ways different cultures and societies define and understand health and ill-health and why some diseases are highly stigmatised. Case studies from different places and of different diseases are used to illustrate the social determinants of health, including infectious diseases (such as HIV, malaria, Ebola) and non-communicable diseases.

DEV-5011A

20

PLANT BIOLOGY

The module studies the biochemical, physiological and developmental processes of plants.

BIO-5006A

20

POLITICS, DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIETY

This module critically analyses the role of key development actors, and the contexts that they work within. It emphasises how actual interventions play out in society - where they become concrete and have real effects. What changes because of these interventions, and what stays the same, and why? What are the actors' intentions, who shaped them, and why are outcomes often unintended and contradictory? The module considers a range of actors from social movements to international organisations. It exposes students to the complexities of policy implementation and social change, and provides a strong grounding in understanding the politics of development policy. Although open to all students it is useful if you have taken Introduction to the Politics of Development (DEV-4009B). If you have not you may have to do some additional work in the opening weeks of the semester in order to familiarise yourselves with key concepts. Lecturers will assist you in doing so.

DEV-5019B

20

POPULATION ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

We live in a human dominated era recently designated "the Anthropocene". Humans harvest more than half of the primary productivity of the planet, many resources are over-exploited or depleted (e.g. fisheries) never before it was so important to correctly manage natural resources for an exponentially growing human population. It is, thus, fundamental to predict where other species occur and the sizes of their populations (abundance). Population Ecology is an area dedicated to the dynamics of population development. In this module we will look closely at how populations are regulated, from within through density dependent factors and from external density independent factors. We start the module with a global environmental change perspective to the management of populations and the factors that affect the population size. We then extend these ideas to help us understand population properties and processes both intra-specifically and inter-specifically. Finally we examine several management applications where we show that a good understanding of the population modelling is essential to correctly manage natural resources on the planet. Practicals include learning to survey butterflies and birds using citizen science monitoring projects and will be focused on delivering statistical analyses of "Big data" using the programme R. The projects will provide a strong training in both subject specific and transferrable skills.

ENV-5014A

20

POWER, WEALTH AND NATIONS: GLOBAL POLITICAL ECONOMY

What if I told you that the West was no longer the power centre of the world's economy? Could Pax Sinica provincialize the UK as political economic power settles over Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta? What would Adam Smith, Karl Marx and Friedrich List have to say about global transformations underway in the global political economy? And, as Susan Strange famously put it: cui bono: Who benefits from all these transformations? Multinational corporations, nation states, financial sector, exporting economies, citizens? You'll investigate the accumulation of wealth, movement of capital, centres of power, flows of globalisation, patterns of trade, and the ubiquity of finance in a world being transformed by innovation where emerging powers challenge the status quo of North Atlantic powerhouses.

PPLI5161B

20

QUANTITATIVE EVIDENCE IN DEVELOPMENT

Throughout the study of international development, it is important to weigh our theoretical ideas and policy recommendations against the available evidence. This module deals with the use of quantitative evidence. The aim is to enable students: i) to understand quantitative analysis encountered in other modules; ii) to become critical readers of published quantitative data analysis; and iii) to gather, analyse and Interpret quantitative evidence themselves in support of their own study of development questions. The module deals with research design, a review of descriptive statistics and a number of inferential methods. Techniques taught include simple tests for group differences such as the t-test, analysis of variance and multiple regression.

DEV-5002A

20

RESEARCH METHODS FOR SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY

In this module we examine how social anthropological methods have developed and how they have changed in response to global factors. We specifically focus on contemporary anthropological methods and how they might be applied to better understand critical development issues such as poverty, inequality and social disintegration. A key aim is to question our most basic assumptions about what anthropologists do and how they do it. By the end of the module, you will have a basic awareness of key anthropological methods and practical experience in how to apply them. Topics we address include: Anthropologies and Anthropological Methods, Methodologies and Methods, Sampling and Selection, Fieldwork and Ethics, Collecting Data, Visual Anthropology, Genealogies and life histories, Ethnographic Film-making, Interpreting Speech/Findings, Situating your analysis within the literature and Ethnographic Writing. The module is taught primarily through practical and workshop exercises in small groups to develop practical skills in gathering and analysing data. Assessment is in the form of a portfolio based on practical fieldwork situated within the ethnographic literature.

DEV-5009B

20

SEDIMENTOLOGY

Sediments and sedimentary rocks cover much of the Earth's surface, but how do they get there and what can they tell us? If you are a geologist or environmental scientist with particular interest in physical geography then this is a key issue that you need to think about. Sediments record the Earth's history of environmental change, a record that started 3.8 billion years ago. Sediments contain the fossil record and host many of the world's natural resources including water, hydrocarbons, and minerals. In this module you will discover how sedimentologists decode the wealth of information sediments contain, taught by two practicing sedimentologists who have international research reputations in their respective fields. This module includes the study of modern sediments in a range of environments including rivers, the continental shelf and deep ocean basins. We put particular emphasis on the physical and chemical processes that result in the deposition of different sediment types. We then use this basis to interpret the origin and processes that formed ancient sedimentary rocks. The module emphasises development of practical skills in the laboratory, and also in the field.

ENV-5035B

20

SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

On this module you'll learn the concepts and debates that are fundamental to social anthropology, and their relationships with development and change. The teaching methods on this module include formal lectures, guided discussions of key readings, small-group seminars, and ethnographic films. Topics you'll cover include economic anthropology, ecological anthropology, personhood, embodiment, the anthropology of talk, identity and gender, cultural rights, technical change and the anthropology of development.

DEV-5004A

20

SOCIAL RESEARCH SKILLS FOR GEOGRAPHERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS

How do we respond to social and environmental change? Why are some of our beliefs and behaviours so persistent, even when we agree that they should change? How do people inhabit the places where they live and work? This module will provide you with tools to investigate the social, cultural, psychological and political processes that shape us and our world. Human geography and the environmental social sciences employ a range of approaches and methods with which to explore their diverse research questions. This module will introduce you to the practice of social science research, including methods that use quantitative (numerical) and qualitative (non-numerical) data. Through a combination of lectures, workshops, and practical activities, you will learn how to design and carry out your own research. By the end of the module you will know how to formulate an interesting research question; how to choose an appropriate method to investigate it; how to ensure that you collect good quality data; how to analyse and interpret your data; and how to present the results of your research. The module is recommended if you intend to use social research methods in your independent dissertation project. In addition to gaining practical research skills, you will develop your ability to critically evaluate research studies that use social science methods. As well as benefiting your academic studies, these analytical and practical research skills are highly valued in many occupational sectors.

ENV-5031B

20

SOCIAL RESEARCH SKILLS FOR GEOGRAPHERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTISTS WITH FIELDCOURSE

How do we respond to social and environmental change? Why are some of our beliefs and behaviours so persistent, even when we agree that they should change? How do people inhabit the places where they live and work? This module will provide you with tools to investigate the social, cultural, psychological and political processes that shape us and our world. Human geography and the environmental social sciences employ a range of approaches and methods with which to explore their diverse research questions. This module will introduce you to the practice of social science research, including methods that use quantitative (numerical) and qualitative (non-numerical) data. Through a combination of lectures, workshops, and practical activities, you will learn how to design and carry out your own research. By the end of the module you will know how to formulate an interesting research question; how to choose an appropriate method to investigate it; how to ensure that you collect good quality data; how to analyse and interpret your data; and how to present the results of your research. In the Easter vacation you'll go to Cumbria for a field-course that will provide you with excellent opportunities for studying a range of geographical and environmental issues such as flooding, low-carbon energy developments, spatial contrasts in economic development, and landscape management. During the field-course you will work in a small group to design a research project, including some practical data collection and analysis. The module is recommended if you intend to use social research methods in your independent dissertation project. In addition to gaining practical research skills, you will develop your ability to critically evaluate research studies that use social science methods. As well as benefiting your academic studies, these analytical and practical research skills are highly valued in many occupational sectors.

ENV-5036K

20

SOIL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Through lectures, practical work, seminars and fieldwork, you'll explore the soil environment and the processes that occur within it. You'll gain an understanding of: basic soil components/properties; soil identification and classification; soil as a habitat; soil organisms; soil functions; the agricultural environment; soil-organism-agrochemical interaction; soil contamination; soil and climate change; soil ecosystem services and soil quality.

ENV-5012A

20

SOUTH ASIAN DEVELOPMENT

This module begins with an overview of the region's history before analysing recent and contemporary social, political and economic development processes. Topics include economic growth, social difference, democracy, land and food security, the environment, health and education. The module draws heavily on India, but also considers Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka in relation to the various topics.

DEV-5007B

20

SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA DEVELOPMENT

On this module you'll analyse key historical, political, social and economic issues relating to development in Sub-Saharan Africa. You'll develop a historically-grounded understanding of political, social and economic change in Sub-Saharan Africa through a critical engagement with a range of scholarship from political science, sociology, anthropology, education and economics. Through an exploration of issues such as colonialism and the post-colonial experience, the state in Africa, reasons for Africa's poor economic performance and aid effectiveness, conflict and ethnicity, migration and urban development, you'll explore and examine the dynamics and agendas of change.

DEV-5006B

20

WEATHER APPLICATIONS WITH FIELDCOURSE

Weather is one of the most popular topics of conversation. But how, specifically, does it present risks and opportunities, to people, organisations and to the wider environment? In this module you will develop a clear understanding of these linkages and an evidence base to draw on in future roles in which weather is a factor. You'll learn how to confidently source a diverse range of real-time weather information and you'll practice analysing such data, leading subsequently to successful interpretation and effective communication, both written and in front of the camera. You'll see, first hand, how meteorology depends upon computer systems for the efficient sharing, processing and visualisation of weather information. Being taught by weather practitioners with long experience of providing weather services to users, you will get the inside track on what it's like to work in weather. Weather Forecasting is one central theme and application which will provide a focus for learning. How are forecasts made and delivered, who uses forecasts and what are their distinctive needs? Success in forecasting depends in part on a good physical understanding of atmospheric processes - through practical work, we'll study those processes and use real examples of weather systems and events to reinforce the learning. At the end of the module, through an embedded week-long Easter residential fieldcourse, you'll apply your enhanced process understanding and forecasting knowledge in a hands-on way to design and implement meteorological field experiments, testing hypotheses through the collection and interpretation of field data collected using weather sensors. You'll write up your choice of fieldcourse experiment for assessment, after first receiving informal feedback on a related poster presentation.

ENV-5010K

20

Disclaimer

Whilst the University will make every effort to offer the modules listed, changes may sometimes be made arising from the annual monitoring, review and update of modules and regular (five-yearly) review of course programmes. Where this activity leads to significant (but not minor) changes to programmes and their constituent modules, there will normally be prior consultation of students and others. It is also possible that the University may not be able to offer a module for reasons outside of its control, such as the illness of a member of staff or sabbatical leave. In some cases optional modules can have limited places available and so you may be asked to make additional module choices in the event you do not gain a place on your first choice. Where this is the case, the University will endeavour to inform students.

Further Reading

Entry Requirements

  • A Level ABB including one from Geography, Geology, Maths, Economics, Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science or Physics. Science A-Levels must include a pass in the practical element.
  • International Baccalaureate 32 points including HL 5 in either Geography, Maths, Economics, Biology, Chemistry or Physics and HL5 in one other subject. If no GCSE equivalent is held, offer will include Mathematics and English requirements.
  • Scottish Highers Only accepted in combination with Scottish Advanced Highers.
  • Scottish Advanced Highers BCC including one from Geography, Geology, Maths, Economics, Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science or Physics. A combination of Advanced Highers and Highers may be acceptable.
  • Irish Leaving Certificate AABBBB or 2 subjects at H1 and 4 at H2 including one from Geography, Geology, Maths, Economics, Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science or Physics.
  • Access Course Pass the Access to HE Diploma with Distinction in 30 credits at Level 3 and Merit in 15 credits at Level 3, including 12 Level 3 credits in either Geography, Maths, Economics, Biology, Chemistry or Physics
  • BTEC DDM including 6 units of Geography. Excluding Public Services on its own. BTEC and A-level combinations are considered - please contact us.
  • European Baccalaureate Overall 75% with 70% in one from Geography, Geology, Maths, Economics, Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science or Physics

Entry Requirement

GCSE Requirements:  GCSE English Language grade 4 and GCSE Mathematics grade 4 or GCSE English Language grade C and GCSE Mathematics grade C.  

General Studies and Critical Thinking are not accepted.  

UEA recognises that some students take a mixture of International Baccalaureate IB or International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme IBCP study rather than the full diploma, taking Higher levels in addition to A levels and/or BTEC qualifications. At UEA we do consider a combination of qualifications for entry, provided a minimum of three qualifications are taken at a higher Level. In addition some degree programmes require specific subjects at a higher level.

 

Students for whom English is a Foreign language

We welcome applications from students from all academic backgrounds. We require evidence of proficiency in English (including speaking, listening, reading and writing) at the following level:

  • IELTS: 6.5 overall (minimum 6.0 in any component)

We will also accept a number of other English language qualifications. Review our English Language Equivalences here.

INTO University of East Anglia 

If you do not yet meet the English language requirements for this course, INTO UEA offer a variety of English language programmes which are designed to help you develop the English skills necessary for successful undergraduate study:

 

Interviews

The majority of candidates will not be called for an interview. However, for some students an interview will be requested. These are normally quite informal and generally cover topics such as your current studies, reasons for choosing the course and your personal interests and extra-curricular activities.

Gap Year

We welcome applications from students who have already taken or intend to take a gap year, believing that a year between school and university can be of substantial benefit. You are advised to indicate your reason for wishing to defer entry and may wish to contact the appropriate Admissions Office directly to discuss this further.

Intakes

The School's annual intake is in September of each year.

Alternative Qualifications

We encourage you to apply if you have alternative qualifications equivalent to our stated entry requirement. Please contact us for further information.

Fees and Funding

Undergraduate University Fees and Financial Support

Tuition Fees

Information on tuition fees can be found here:

UK students

EU Students

Overseas Students

Scholarships and Bursaries

We are committed to ensuring that costs do not act as a barrier to those aspiring to come to a world leading university and have developed a funding package to reward those with excellent qualifications and assist those from lower income backgrounds. 

The University of East Anglia offers a range of Scholarships; please click the link for eligibility, details of how to apply and closing dates.

How to Apply

Applications need to be made via the Universities Colleges and Admissions Services (UCAS), using the UCAS Apply option.

UCAS Apply is a secure online application system that allows you to apply for full-time Undergraduate courses at universities and colleges in the United Kingdom. It is made up of different sections that you need to complete. Your application does not have to be completed all at once. The system allows you to leave a section partially completed so you can return to it later and add to or edit any information you have entered. Once your application is complete, it must be sent to UCAS so that they can process it and send it to your chosen universities and colleges.

The UCAS code name and number for the University of East Anglia is EANGL E14.

Further Information

If you would like to discuss your individual circumstances with the Admissions Service prior to applying please do contact us:

Undergraduate Admissions Service
Tel: +44 (0)1603 591515
Email: admissions@uea.ac.uk

Please click here to register your details via our Online Enquiry Form.

International candidates are also actively encouraged to access the University's International section of our website.

    Next Steps

    We can’t wait to hear from you. Just pop any questions about this course into the form below and our enquiries team will answer as soon as they can.

    Admissions enquiries:
    admissions@uea.ac.uk or
    telephone +44 (0)1603 591515