BSc Economics

Key facts

(Guardian University Guide 2019)

“I always felt the course was kept relevant and in keeping with global economic headlines. I also found the lecturers were very approachable and easy to talk to.”

In their words

Simon Beeson, BSc Economics Alumnus, HSBC

Video

An internship during your degree studies is becoming a strong route into graduate employment.

Watch It
How do the choices of individuals and firms combine to drive the modern global economy? And how can this economy be best aligned with human goals? By asking these questions you will get under the skin of business and politics. You'll develop an understanding of what makes the world tick. You'll discover how economic policy can affect social change. And you'll start to form your own ideas about how to make our world a better place.

An economics degree is ideal for you if you have a curious and questioning nature. You will enjoy working with numbers, but at the same time, you’re fascinated by human behaviour. You might know exactly what career you want to go into – or you may know that an economics degree keeps your options open, possibly more than any other.

Overview

Learn how the economy works and how to improve it with our flagship degree programme. This course is your chance to question everything and challenge yourself to not just analyse the ideas of others, but to come up with and defend your own theories too.  

You will explore all areas of the economy, from microeconomic and macroeconomic perspectives. You will also learn quantitative methods, economic modeling techniques, and how to collect and analyse data.

Most importantly, you will discover what really excites you about economics, and you’ll be able to take your studies in the direction you choose.

Economics touches many other subjects, so alongside your core subjects you’ll also be able to enhance your studies with classes from UEA’s School of Politics, Philosophy, Language and Communication Studies.

In this way you can build your degree to suit your developing interests and ambitions and ensure you leave UEA with a degree that matches your goals.

Course Structure

In this three-year course you’ll explore the diversity of economics and direct your own learning through a varied choice of modules.

Year 1

In your first year, you’ll get to grips with the key concepts of macroeconomics and microeconomics in the year-long modules ‘Introductory Macroeconomics’ and ‘Introductory Microeconomics’. You will also take the modules ‘Introductory Mathematics for Economists’ and ‘Introductory Statistics for Economists’, which introduce you to basic economic modelling and statistical techniques.

You will also have the opportunity to select modules from the School of Economics, as well as selected modules from within the School of Politics, Philosophy, Language and Communication Studies.

Year 2

Your second year gives you the opportunity to tailor your degree programme according to your own interests, studying areas that you find particularly relevant for your future career or further studies.

Whether you’re fascinated by corporate finance, international trade, the European economy, strategy, behavioural economics, economic thought or mathematical economics – you’ll find modules to suit you.

You’ll also continue to develop your understanding of macro and microeconomics, whilst gaining skills in the collection and analysis of data. In ‘Introductory Econometrics’ you will build your statistical skills. In the module ‘Econometrics Research Project’ you’ll then apply those skills with a practical project addressing a research question. This module is also designed to boost your employability even further.

Year 3

Your final year brings with it an even wider range of optional modules – and we will encourage you to follow your own interests.

You will also have the opportunity to continue your study of macroeconomics, microeconomics and econometrics.

And you’ll choose further optional modules in economics and finance – covering areas such as industrial organisation, labour, public policy, financial markets, derivatives, risk management, history of economic thought, economics and business of sport, alternative investments, and environmental economics.

You will also have the option to take a dissertation during your final year.

Teaching and Learning

Teaching

You will be taught by a lively, friendly research-oriented team who are committed to teaching excellence.

We have an international reputation in many key areas, including economic theory and applied subjects. Our research interests include behavioural economics, competition economics, environmental policy, conflict, contests and corporate behaviour, finance and financial markets, labour market studies in education, family and welfare, and cultural and creative industries.

Independent study

You can deepen your understanding and experience by taking part in various student-led initiatives. The Economics Society is the perfect place to network and socialise with fellow students with shared interests.

There’s also the Norwich Economic Papers – a scholarly journal run by a Student Editorial Board. This is your chance to publish academic work, write discussion pieces and enter essay competitions.

Academic support

To make sure you get the most from your studies and help you reach your full potential, our Learning Enhancement team, based in Student Support Services, are on hand to help in the following areas:

  • Study skills (including reading, note-taking and presentation skills) 
  • Writing skills (including punctuation and grammatical accuracy)
  • Academic writing (including how to reference)
  • Research skills (including how to use the library) 
  • Critical thinking and understanding arguments 
  • Revision, assessment and examination skills (including time management)

If you have additional needs due to disabilities such as sensory impairment, or learning difficulties such as dyslexia, please talk to our Student Support Services about how we can help.

Assessment

You will be assessed through exams and different types of coursework, includingessays, presentations, research exercises and group work.

Each type of assessment plays its part – for example:

  • Essays will test your general levels of understanding and ability to apply concepts
  • Course tests will check you have mastered the technical material
  • Exams will provide the opportunity for open-ended treatment of material
  • Econometric projects will test your ability to apply, interpret and assess statistical techniques
  • Critical reviews of academic articles will check your understanding and ability to critically assess.

In some modules we use audience response system technologies, which help to establish a dialogue with your teachers and give you feedback in real time.

Optional Study abroad or Placement Year

Our BSc Economics with a Year Abroad programme enables you to spend your third year studying abroad before returning to UEA for your final year. This is a fantastic chance to show future employers you have what it takes to succeed in an international setting, and get an insight into the economic issues of another country. You can choose from more than 25 partner universities across Asia, Australia, Europe and North America.

After the course

Economics careers are among the most wide-ranging. Highly numerate graduates with skills in problem solving, communication and decision-making are highly sought after in every sector and you could go on to work in business, consulting, banking, politics, insurance, the Civil Service, business economics, personnel, accountancy, actuarial work, marketing, investment and financial risk analysis, and international organisations.

Career destinations

Career destinations related to your degree include:

  • Actuarial analyst
  • Data analyst
  • Economist
  • Financial risk analyst
  • Investment analyst
  • Statistician

Course related costs

Please see Additional Course Fees for details of additional course-related costs.

Course Modules 2019/0

Students must study the following modules for 80 credits:

Name Code Credits

INTRODUCTORY MACROECONOMICS

The aim of this module is to introduce students to the economic way of reasoning, and to apply these to a variety of real world macroeconomic issues. Students will begin their journey by learning how to measure macroeconomic aggregates, such as GDP, GDP growth, unemployment and inflation. The module will establish the foundations to conduct rigorous Macroeconomics analysis, as students will learn how to identify and characterise equilibrium on the goods market and on the money market. The module will also introduce students to policy-making, exploring and evaluating features and applications of fiscal and monetary policy. Students will grow an appreciation of the methods of economic analysis, such as mathematical modelling, diagrammatic representation, and narrative. The discussion of theoretical frameworks will be enriched by real world applications, and it will be supported by an interactive teaching approach.

ECO-4006Y

20

INTRODUCTORY MATHEMATICS FOR ECONOMISTS

Are you surprised to find that studying economics requires some maths skills? Does this worry you? If so, this module will help you overcome these fears and show you that the maths techniques used in economics are actually not as hard as you might think. This module will provide you with a good grounding in basic mathematical techniques and prepare you for any second and third year modules which require maths skills. You'll learn how to apply your maths in an economic context during the lectures, seminars and in two computer lab sessions in which you'll use Excel. In this module, you'll cover some of the material normally covered in a typical A-level course. At first, you'll develop a basic understanding of linear and non-linear functions, gradually advancing to using differential calculus and constrained optimisation. Throughout the module, you'll focus on the mathematical techniques and their economic applications. In computer lab sessions, you'll learn how to use Excel to draw graphs of functions, solve simultaneous equations and optimisation problems. By the end of the module, you'll be able to correctly identify appropriate mathematical techniques and apply them to economics. You'll also know how to use Excel to solve some mathematical problems and draw graphs of functions. In addition, you'll be well prepared for any second and third year modules which require maths skills.

ECO-4001A

20

INTRODUCTORY MICROECONOMICS

Forming a foundation for subsequent economic modules, this module will introduce you to the fundamental principles, concepts and tools of microeconomics and show you how to apply these to a variety of real world economic issues. There is some mathematical content - you will be required to interpret linear equations, solve simple linear simultaneous equations and use differentiation. The module is primarily concerned with: 1) the ways individuals and households behave in the economy 2) the analysis of firms producing goods and services 3) how goods and services are traded or otherwise distributed - often but not exclusively through markets 4) the role of government as provider and/or regulator.

ECO-4005Y

20

INTRODUCTORY STATISTICS FOR ECONOMISTS

Who's most likely to win the next election? How old or wealthy is the typical shopper at UK's largest department stores? How much are you likely to earn from an economics degree? Describing the world in figures is what this module is about, and with so much data out there, there's never been a better time to study statistics. This module introduces key probability and statistical concepts and tools, exploring their application to real-world data. You'll learn statistical inference techniques to draw general conclusions based on sample data, and gain experience in the use and visualisation of real statistic data. This module is a foundation for the second year module Introductory Econometrics. You'll begin with an overview of descriptive statistics and how to characterise the data using measures of central tendency and dispersion, before delving into events, probabilities and data distributions. Though lectures and applied computer seminars, you'll then make use of these concepts to understand and perform estimation and hypothesis testing. This module will enable you to analyse and present basic features of any numerical data. You'll perform statistical techniques using specialised statistical software. This will prepare you for data analysis in business, economics and related disciplines, and for linked second and third year modules.

ECO-4001B

20

Students will select 20 - 40 credits from the following modules:

Students will select either ECO-4002A or 40 credits of Language (PPLB) from the modules identifies below. (Students choosing a language option are expected to study the same language in semester one and semester two). If you wish to study a modern foreign language which is not listed, please discuss this with your Course Director as we are unable to list every potential language module here.

Name Code Credits

BEGINNERS' CHINESE I

Did you know you could speak Mandarin in some way already? Try these: coffee as cah-fay, sofa as sharfah, pizza as pee-sah. Yes! Chinese people say these words pretty much as you do! Do you want to get an insight into Chinese culture? Are you planning an adventurous trip in China to explore the diversity of life and communicate with the local people? Your ears will be exposed to pinyin and you will begin to master the deceptively simple Chinese alphabet. You will open your eyes and mind to acquire meanings by drawing the characters. You will build up your vocabulary incredibly quickly, and soon learn to initiate conversations and read simple texts. You will work with your peers during grammar classes and classroom-based oral seminars which cover introduction to pinyin (pronunciation) and the common tricky sounds, word order, sentences at a basic communicative level, the spelling rules of hanzi (Chinese characters), building up your vocabulary, and topic relevant cultural norms. At the end of the module, there is a brief introduction to the Chinese daily meals and sentences you need to order food from a restaurant. By the end of the module, you will be able to recognize and pronounce pinyin confidently. You will develop knowledge of basic sentences. You will be able to understand simple linguistic rules so that you can carry on learning in the future. You will be able to greet people fluently. NOTE: Please note that students speaking other varieties of Chinese (e.g. Cantonese) are not eligible for this module.

PPLB4034A

20

BEGINNERS' CHINESE II

Thinking about brushing up on your Mandarin? Planning an exciting trip to China? Still struggling with pinyin and reading Chinese? Then this module is designed for you! You will explore more sentence patterns in daily life communicative situations. You will build up your character blocks rapidly. You will acquire discourse skills in these scenarios. You will stretch your linguistic ability by becoming aware of cultural norms so that you can communicate with local people freely, but without a scary amount of vocabulary. The module comprises two sessions per week: a two-hour grammar class and a one-hour oral seminar. You will participate in these to learn different ways to ask questions, tenses, reading characters, cultural norms in contexts and topics ranging from friends and family and housing to leisure and health. You will write short essays throughout the process. By the end of the module you will have established a solid foundation in Mandarin, and will have achieved a communicative level. You will be able to recognise about 200 Chinese characters. You will be able to compose messages to your friends or future colleagues. You will be able to express your needs while traveling, and to enjoy the cultural diversity of megacities like Shanghai and Beijing. NOTE: Please note that students speaking other varieties of Chinese (e.g. Cantonese) are not eligible for this module.

PPLB4035B

20

BEGINNERS' FRENCH I - A1 CEFR

Bonjour, comment ca va? Do you want to understand what this means and how to say it? This module will help you to master basics of French language and communication. This module is perfect for you if you have never studied French before (or have very little experience of it). Throughout the semester, you'll develop reading, listening, speaking and writing skills at the A1 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). This means that you will learn to communicate about yourself and your immediate environment in a set of concrete, everyday situations. You'll be taught in a very interactive and friendly environment, and will often work in pairs or small groups. Your two-hour seminar will focus on listening, reading and writing skills, while the oral hour will help you to develop your confidence in speaking. We'll tackle some grammatical notions in class, but always as a means for you to improve your communication skills. You'll also have opportunities to explore aspects of the cultures where French is spoken thanks to the various documents we will use to develop your linguistic skills (songs, podcasts, leaflets#). You'll be assessed by two course tests: the first will cover listening, reading, and writing skills and the second will cover your speaking skills. On successful completion of this module, you'll be able to understand and use familiar everyday expressions aimed at both the satisfaction of concrete needs, or those used to describe areas of most immediate relevance. You'll be able to introduce yourself and others, ask and answer questions about personal details, and interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly. Please note that students should not have a level of French that exceeds the level of this course. This module is probably not appropriate for you if you have a recent French GCSE at grade C or above, if you have studied French abroad, or if you have learnt French in an informal setting (such as in your family). If you have such experience, please contact the Module Organiser as soon as possible to complete a level test.

PPLB4013A

20

BEGINNERS' FRENCH II - A2 CEFR

Parlons francais ! This module will help you to further your basics of French language and communication in order to enable you to cope with concrete situations. This module is perfect for you if you have taken Beginners' French I - A1 CEFR, or if you have some experience of French language. Throughout the semester, you'll develop reading, listening, speaking and writing skills at the A2 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). This means that you'll be able to cope in a number of situations, including some you may encounter when travelling. You'll be able to talk and write about yourself and your immediate surrounding environment in some detail, and you'll work on handling short social exchanges. You'll be taught in an interactive and friendly environment, and will often work in pairs or small groups. Your two-hour seminar will focus on listening, reading and writing skills, while the oral hour will help you to develop your confidence in speaking. We'll tackle some grammatical notions in class, but always as a means for you to improve your communication skills. You'll also have opportunities to explore aspects of the cultures where French is spoken, thanks to the various documents we will use to develop your linguistic skills (songs, podcasts, short articles and videos#). You'll be assessed by two course tests: the first will cover listening, reading, and writing skills and the second will cover your speaking skills. On successful completion of the module, you'll be able to understand and use expressions related to areas of immediate relevance, or that you may encounter when travelling. You'll be able to communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a direct exchange of information. You'll be able to describe in simple terms aspects of your background, immediate environment and needs. Please note that you should not have a level of French that exceeds the level of this course. This module may not be appropriate for you if you have a recent French GCSE at grade B or above, if you have studied French abroad for a long time, or if you have learnt French in an informal setting (such as in your family). If you have such experience, please contact the Module Organiser as soon as possible to complete a level test..

PPLB4014B

20

BEGINNERS' GERMAN I - A1 CEFR

Have you ever wished you could order your mulled wine at the Christmas market in German? How would it feel be to be able to introduce yourself in German or survive a basic conversation in the language? Or do you simply want to understand what makes the Germans, the Austrians, or the Swiss tick? These questions highlight the central learning achieved within this module. Our beginners' course in German is perfect if you have very little or no prior knowledge of the language. You will gain the confidence to use German in basic conversations as you develop a first understanding of German sounds and essential grammar. You will build up a bank of key vocabulary to survive in real-life situations. You will also gain a greater awareness of German traditions and ways of thinking to help you make sense of a country that is deeply rooted in the heart of Europe. In a relaxed environment you will participate in classroom-based activities, working in pairs and groups to try out and be creative with new sounds, words and phrases. The fun of language learning will never be far away and promises to give you the confidence to make the first steps in German. As well as speaking and listening to each other you will discover the joy of understanding an authentic German text and to write an amazing first paragraph in German. A first course in German will enable you to add a vital skill to your CV. At this crucial political and cultural moment in time the study of the German language and culture will without doubt make you a more attractive graduate and informed global citizen, whatever your specialism or area of interest. Please note that you should not have a level of German that exceeds the level of this course.

PPLB4018A

20

BEGINNERS' GERMAN II - A2 CEFR

Do you want to refresh and further develop your basic German skills? Would you like to converse with a native speaker beyond the first introductions? Or do you simply want to understand a little more about what makes the Germans, the Swiss or Austrians tick? This follow-on course is perfect if you have completed the Beginners 1 module or have very basic knowledge of the language. You will gain more confidence in using German in conversation as you become ever more familiar with essential German grammar. You will learn how to express opinions, wishes and requests, and how to master the skill of congratulating and complimenting other people. During this module you will also gain further awareness of German traditions and ways of thinking to help you make sense of a country that is deeply rooted in the heart of Europe. In a relaxed environment you will participate in classroom-based activities, working in pairs and groups to try out and be creative with new words and phrases. The fun of language learning will never be far away and promises to give you the confidence to maintain a conversation and express yourself to a target audience in writing. As well as speaking and listening to each other you will apply a range of strategies to help you make sense of authentic German texts. A solid beginners' course in German will enable you to add a vital skill to your CV. At this crucial political and cultural moment in time the study of the German language and culture will without doubt make you a more attractive graduate and informed global citizen, whatever your specialism or area of interest. Please note that your current level of German language should not exceed the level of this course.

PPLB4019B

20

THE ECONOMICS OF SOCIETY

This module emphasises the application of economics to real-world dilemmas. It focuses on how applied economics can be used to study 'wicked problems'. Such problems, sometimes referred to as 'social messes', are often highly confrontational: How can we control problems of crime? Why do societies suffer significant complications arising from drug addiction? How can we reduce deaths from terrorism and war? Exploring the value of the economic approach in transforming policy recommendations, you'll consider how economics can play a crucial part in such debates.

ECO-4002A

20

Students will select 0 - 20 credits from the following modules:

Students who select ECO-4002A will select 20 credits from the following modules.

Name Code Credits

INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL COMMUNICATION

Trump's Tweets, Corbyn's "fans", and personalised campaign messages sent by algorithms#political communication has changed drastically in the last five years. Pundits and some scholars warn of serious dangers to democracy. What are the tricks of the trade in modern political communication and how different are they from those of the past? How does one now succeed to get across a message and gain support? Should we be worried about the implications for political discourse and decision-making? This module will enable you to critically assess the role of communication in national and international politics and help you understand the dynamics among political actors, media and citizens in opinion formation and decision-making. This is a professional practice module in which you will gain skills relevant to the conduct of political communications and to many other work environments, as well as experience working in a team on a task that requires critical thinking and collaborative strategizing. This module is ideal for anyone interested in working in politics, diplomacy, journalism, marketing, or for advocacy or activist civil society groups. Ideas about the power of communications and the ways that various political actors use that power are at the heart of this module. You'll examine how these actors use the media in political communications. Lectures and readings will cover media effects, how political communication has changed with changes in media technology, branding and celebrity in politics, and soft power with political communication at the international level, as well as the tools used by various political actors, such as political parties or civic movements. Lectures are interactive, using an audience response system and open discussion. Seminar activities include practical tasks as well as ones to enhance understanding of the readings. The first assessed work is a group project in which you will play the role of junior analysts in a communications consultancy and you will work together to assess the political communications of a real political actor, your "client", producing a report and presentation that includes recommendations for improvement. The second is an essay that gives you the chance to develop your ability to analyse and synthesise. By the end of this module you will be able to identify and describe the actors and their interests in a given political communications contexts, as well as formulate and articulate clear arguments about the relationships between political actors and the media in relation to power and agency. You will have gained experience in a simulated work scenario that will give you skills transferable across a number of professions as you will have delivered analysis and recommendations in a professional-style presentation and report. You will also be able evaluate political communications' role in an international context, something increasingly necessary in the ever more globalized world both for political and corporate actors.

PPLM4001B

20

MODERN READINGS IN PHILOSOPHY

What am I? What kind of world am I in? How should I live my life? How can I know? Can I know? In this module, you'll grapple with fundamental philosophical questions that have great personal significance for each of us. You'll focus on perspectives from the history of modern philosophy (1650 to 1950). You'll get to debate the ideas of key thinkers, which might include Descartes, Locke, Hume, Kant, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Sartre, de Beauvoir, as well as other less well-known figures. This module will be suitable for you with or without prior experience of philosophy, and whether or not you are studying philosophy as part of your degree. It is a useful accompaniment to work in early modern history and English literature.

PPLP4063B

20

THE ECONOMICS OF BUSINESS DECISION-MAKING

This module introduces key concepts and findings from behavioural economics and investigates how economics can be used to understand the behaviour of consumers, workers and managers. Providing you with a means to introduce key developments in economic analysis, from neuroeconomics to the economics of emotion, the focus is on how such economic insights can ultimately improve business and managerial decision-making.

ECO-4002B

20

Students must study the following modules for 80 credits:

Name Code Credits

ECONOMETRICS RESEARCH PROJECT

The ability to understand and analyse data is an important skill in the toolkit of an economist. In this module you will learn how to apply econometric techniques to real-world data. The module will guide you step-by-step through the process of carrying out a research project. You'll develop a firm understanding of how to research and evaluate literature from a variety of sources, prepare data and undertake econometric analysis in the form of preliminary data analysis and culminating in a series of regression models using appropriate techniques that build on your knowledge from Introductory Econometrics. You'll also learn how to summarise and communicate your ideas, drawing out possible policy implications. The module builds on the econometric techniques introduced in Introductory Econometrics. Building on these skills and knowledge, you will further develop your data analysis and understanding of econometrics by applying them to a research project that uses nationally-representative UK survey data. The survey provides information on household composition, employment and skills, income and wealth, education, health and lifestyle, social and political attitudes, well-being, environment and transport, children and families, allowing you to consider a broad range of potential topic areas. On successful completion of this module you will have enhanced your knowledge and awareness of estimation techniques and enhanced your skills in analysing real-world data using specialist statistical software. Through the production of the research project you will have developed your investigative and analytical skills, preparing you for a career requiring a high level of competency in data and statistical analysis.

ECO-5008B

20

INTERMEDIATE MACROECONOMICS

Inflation, unemployment, economic growth, interest rates, exchange rates and financial markets all feature prominently in the daily news. This module uses a range of economic models to build understanding of these key macroeconomic concepts, and the relationships between them. The module will further your awareness of key macroeconomic concepts and controversies. You'll be introduced to a range of economic models, accompanied by economic data, growing your understanding and ability to discuss recent macroeconomic events and critique macroeconomic theory. The early part of the module formalises macroeconomic issues including: how much is consumed and how much is saved; how much firms choose to invest; and why we have unemployment. The later part of the module builds these concepts into a macroeconomic model that you will learn to use to analyse the effectiveness of policy in different macroeconomic situations. Key questions throughout are: what can policymakers do and what should policymakers do? On successful completion of the module you'll have the knowledge and skills for further macroeconomic study. You'll better understand recent economic events, be better placed to discuss these within a formal economic framework, and be able to comment on macroeconomic policy decisions. You will have the ability to discuss and answer the sorts of questions prospective employers, friends and family might reasonably ask an economics undergraduate.

ECO-5007B

20

INTERMEDIATE MICROECONOMICS

What do a politician, a social media company and a supermarket shopper have in common? They all make choices. But what will they choose? What is a good choice? Should we try to change their choice? Understanding choices and how they are made is critically important. This module will see you explore the ways economists think about making choices. Whether those choices are in the context of uncertainty or interaction with others, you'll develop models for predicting and analysing them. You'll also develop skills of reasoning, argumentation and applying mathematical analysis to solve real world problems. You'll begin by looking at individual decision making, then uncertainty, and finally strategic interaction. Building on your knowledge of basic concepts in microeconomics, you'll become adept at applying mathematical analysis to answer a variety of real world problems, from providing public goods to understanding oligopolistic competition, learning through a mix of lectures, workshops and seminars. You'll also have the opportunity to practice for your future career as an economic consultant via a written assignment, where you'll write a consultant's report on a real-world problem. All areas of economics use microeconomics, so whatever you'd like to study or work with in the future, you'll be well served by this module. You'll complete this module with well-developed logic and analysis skills, as well as a solid grasp of fundamental concepts in microeconomics.

ECO-5007A

20

INTRODUCTORY ECONOMETRICS

Are you interested in working with data? Would you like to be able to make economics forecasts or predictions, or test an economic theory? If so, this module will introduce you the empirical techniques you need to satisfy these interests. This module will introduce you to econometrics, which is a combination of economic theory, mathematical economics, economic statistics and mathematical statistics. You'll acquire the empirical techniques that will enable you obtain numerical estimates of, for example, the relationship between the quantity demanded and price of a good, or the relationship between years of education and pay. You'll also learn how to test the strength of these relationships. For example, is there a strong and positive relationship between education and pay? Is there evidence of negative relationship between the price of a good and the quantity demanded? In addition, as your seminars will take place in the computer labs, you'll gain skills in analysing data using a specialist software package. In the first part of the module, you'll be shown how to estimate a simple regression model, interpret your findings and test the relationships between variables. As you progress, you'll learn how to identify problems with your model and how to address these problems. In the later part of the module you'll focus on models which allow you to calculate probabilities. For example, the probability of smoking, owning your own home rather than renting, or going to university instead of entering the labour market. In lectures you'll learn about the techniques; in seminars you'll apply these techniques to a variety of economic problems and estimate models with the help of the specialist software package. By the end of the module you'll be able to estimate appropriate regression models, identify problems that may arise and know how to address them. You'll also be able to test economic theory using empirical techniques and use a statistical software package. In addition, you'll be well prepared for any final-year modules which require econometric skills.

ECO-5006A

20

Students will select 20 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTEGRATION

Developing your understanding of the international economy, this module examines global flows of goods through international trade using a number of classical "core models" of international trade theory, as well as more recently developed models of "New" trade theory. It also deals with trade policy and its effects on overall economic welfare, and with controversial issues like strategic trade policy.

ECO-5005A

20

MATHEMATICAL ECONOMICS

Students can only enrol on this module if they obtained a mark of 60% on ECO-4003A or 70% on ECO-4001A - Please seek further advice if you have any concerns about your suitability for this module. The module provides an introduction to mathematical techniques for economists, covering linear algebra, comparative static analysis, optimisation, calculus, applications (e.g. growth models, market equilibria, constrained utility maximisation and cost minimisation). It is particularly useful if you intend to undertake postgraduate study in Economics.

ECO-5003A

20

STRATEGIC THINKING

Game theory provides a framework to understand how people behave in the strategic situation that arises when a person's welfare depends not just on their own choices, but also on the decisions made by other people. In this module you'll learn about different formal concepts of game theory through the exploration of examples in economics and in other social sciences. These might include bargaining situations (e.g. between workers and employers), interactions between firms in an industry, arms rivalry and military conflicts or the war against terrorism.

ECO-5004A

20

Students will select 20 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

BEHAVIOURAL ECONOMICS

In this module you'll explore findings from behavioural economics, a research area that has found people are often motivated by other factors than self-interest, and that their decisions are influenced by psychological biases and heuristics.

ECO-5005B

20

HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT

In the aftermath of the recent financial crisis and the Great Recession, the Economics discipline is under scrutiny. How can we criticise, re-invent, and develop economic thinking for the future? This module will explore this important question discussing lessons learnt from the past. In this module you will build knowledge of different economic theories established in the past. Moreover, you will learn how to compare and contrast alternative theories, developing an appreciation for the assumptions, the methods, and the solutions offered by different schools of thought to economic problems that are still affecting society nowadays. You will embark on a journey of discovery, studying the evolution of economic thought over the past four centuries, from Adam Smith's concept of natural order to the current days' debate on the Re-thinking Economics Movement. We will discuss how Economics has become the discipline that we know today, and what we can do to shape economic thinking for the future. Assessment tasks will address this debate, and they will focus on interaction and collaboration amongst students in partnership with your lecturer. By the end of the module you will have developed your critical thinking skills and your ability to identify strengths and flaws in different economic arguments and methodologies. Your ability to construct informed economic judgements will support you in further studies. It will represent an essential skill to establish as an experienced professional in the job market.

ECO-5009B

20

THE ECONOMICS OF CORPORATE FINANCE

*NEW - this module will be coming online in 2019/20* In this module you'll explore capital structure - how firms decide to finance themselves. You'll look at the trade-offs between issuing equity (shares) and issuing debt, and analyse financial statements and dividend pay-out policy. You'll also learn how bonds and stocks are valued.

ECO-5010B

20

THE EUROPEAN ECONOMY

Have you been wondering about how the European Union is dealing with the euro crisis, Brexit or refugee flows? This module will provide you with the analytical tools to explore these challenges within the framework of European economic integration. You'll learn why economic integration has been pursued around the world and how it could be reversed through the introduction of barriers to trade or factor mobility. The challenges of integration will be explored through individual and group research and presentations. You'll develop your debating and argumentation skills in QandA sessions, and encouraged to extend communication on the topic through online tools and networking. A reflection on your team work and interaction in the module will complement your understanding of underlying theories of economic integration. You'll ultimately gain a critical appreciation of the challenges lying ahead in European economies and be able to communicate these to both economists and a wider audience.

ECO-5006B

20

Students will select 40 - 60 credits from the following modules:

Students will select 120 credits in total across Option Ranges A and B

Name Code Credits

ADVANCED TOPICS IN MACROECONOMICS

What determines aggregate economic performance in a globalised world? How can policymakers influence employment, production and inflation? These are the central questions of modern macroeconomics addressed in this module. Global events continuously reshape macroeconomic analysis and pose new challenges to policymakers. Throughout this module you will deepen your understanding of what drives aggregate phenomena and the response of governments and central banks to pressing real world issues by using formal analysis. You'll learn to use sound economic reasoning to connect theories to macroeconomic events, and to communicate economic ideas and concepts effectively. You'll begin with a refresher of the analytical tools learned in intermediate macroeconomics modules, before expanding your knowledge to explore the interactions between financial and real economy. You'll learn through a mix of lectures, take-home assignments, and workshops that encourage active participation. You will appreciate the reading of a different, non-textbook type of economic literature: original research articles, reports by international organisations, working papers circulated by central banks. This material will allow you to study the causes and consequences of events such as the recent global financial crisis, the prolonged stagnation affecting advanced economies, and the process of economic integration in Europe. You'll learn to exploit your knowledge for different purposes by providing written work in two formats, namely, essay-type exercises testing your ability to communicate economic ideas to the public, and analytical exercises emphasising your problem-solving skills.

ECO-6005B

20

ADVANCED TOPICS IN MICROECONOMICS

How have economists improved the designs of auction mechanisms, school admissions systems and even kidney exchanges? What light does their work shed on the remarkable successes of specific, creative new market places, such as e-Bay, Uber, Airbnb and Tinder? And why does microeconomic theory force us to re-think fundamental ideas of democracy and social-wellbeing? In this advanced theory module you'll explore a range of topics from modern academic microeconomics that are currently influential within the science or in public policy and debate. You'll learn to work with economic models that accommodate uncertainty, asymmetric information, and strategic interaction, and also entail bargaining, cooperation, and collective action. A recurring theme and motivation for such models will be the broader topic of "market design"; the theory and practice of creating and improving processes of collective choice and allocation. Initially, you'll learn through informal analysis - conducted in small groups - of practical microeconomic problems that illustrate wider, deeper questions. You'll then be guided to discover the classical, foundational papers that have addressed these questions, to form your own ideas about these seminal contributions and use the formal theory to tackle further problems. By this process you will gain confidence, experience and a deep, clear comprehension of frontier topics more than befitting a graduating microeconomist.

ECO-6005A

20

FURTHER ECONOMETRICS AND DATA ANALYSIS

This module provides you with further econometric tools, helping enhance your understanding of empirical work in macro and micro-economics and enabling you to use modern econometric strategies to tackle a wide range of research questions. It covers two prominent econometric themes - time-series analysis and microeconometrics - and makes use of econometrics software 'Stata' throughout. This module will prove valuable if you wish to undertake postgraduate study or pursue a career in a field that requires statistical analysis.

ECO-6003A

20

Students will select 60 - 80 credits from the following modules:

Students will select 120 credits in total across Option Ranges A and B. Students may only select 20 credits for ECO-5* modules in their final year. Students will study no more than 70 credits in any semester.

Name Code Credits

BEHAVIOURAL ECONOMICS

In this module you'll explore findings from behavioural economics, a research area that has found people are often motivated by other factors than self-interest, and that their decisions are influenced by psychological biases and heuristics.

ECO-5005B

20

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS OF SPORT

The professional sports industry exhibits peculiar characteristics and an abundance of performance data, so provides (an almost) unique opportunity to test the theoretical principles that are presented in business and economics. This module applies principles of business and economic such as demand and supply, production, industrial organisation and labour markets to the analysis of the sport industry. You'll discuss business and financial decision-making in relation to the behaviour of individual clubs, organisations and major sporting events. You'll see how the underpinnings of sport can be used to develop a deeper understanding of how economic analysis contributes to and improves business, financial and commercial decision-making. Encompassing diverse approaches used to analyse product and labour markets and assess the contribution of major sporting events, the focus is on policy evaluation and the development and evaluation of organisational rules and regulations. Through the development of a case study and a report, you'll be able to critically evaluate the financial and commercial structure of sporting entities and develop a deeper understanding of sports leagues and policy proposals with respect to demand and labour markets, and contribute to discussions relating to the impact of major sporting events. On successful completion of this module, you will have developed your writing, presentation and analytical skills and be able to communicate the ideas developed in this module to a wider audience.

ECO-6004A

20

COMPETITION IN THE DIGITAL AGE

With the digitalization of the economy new sales strategies and new forms of industry organization are emerging rapidly. Traditional industrial organization analysis has sometimes struggled to give good explanations for the business practices that are emerging and regulators all over the world are concerned that they are also creating new ways of exploiting consumers and restricting competition. Some new giants like Google, Amazon, Facebook seem to have enormous power in the digital world and affecting our lives from simple shopping, to personal relationships, to self-driving cars. Online platforms, aggregators, algorithms and big data are factors that play key roles in the functioning of competition in the digital economy. The objective of this module is to understand the incentives and market behaviour of firms in the digital economy as well as discuss how competition and regulatory policy is trying to respond to rapid market changes in the digital age. The course is designed to understand the efficiencies that are generated from the new platforms that have a powerful intermediation role in the digital economy as well as the potential for the abuse of market power and consumer exploitation. To enhance the learning and interest of the module, staff from external organizations (potential employers) or from other Schools, will provide case studies from the real world. The lectures will begin with an overview of the economic theory needed to understand some of the drastic changes in competition in the market. This will normally include issues like network effects, platform competition, differences in vertical integration, vertical restraints in the context of the interplay of digital and "brick-and-mortar" retailing, as well as problems of the exploitation of behavioural consumers. You will develop the tools to be able to think critically about regular intervention in the digital economy: the EC antitrust order for Google Shopping, Amazon's Whole Foods Market Inc. acquisition, and market investigation on price comparison websites, to mention few. The module also benefits of a set of five seminars where you will be given training in using machine-learning tools. The seminars will show you how to execute a text analysis and how to scrape data from the web and save it in a friendly format. You will be assessed on your ability to generate a relevant data set from the web and save the data in a user-friendly format (20%). As the main piece of coursework you will be asked to solve one word-problem and use the data you downloaded from the web to write an individual essay (30%). The final exam will account for 50% of the grade. Students who are interested in industrial organisation and business strategies may have a particular interest in this module.

ECO-6006B

20

DERIVATIVES AND FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT

Providing an introduction to the theory of financial risk and how this risk can be managed by the use of derivative instruments, this module will help you develop critical reasoning skills in the context of risk management and derivatives, and practical skills that are needed to use derivatives in financial risk hedging. After an introduction to the concepts of exposure and financial risk, you'll analyse forwards, futures, swaps and options - examining their role in risk management. Finally, the module explores the basics of VaR (Value at Risk) and credit risk.

ECO-6002B

20

DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS

In this module you'll explore central issues in the economics of development, along the following themes: 1) Perspectives on development: Examine trends in development thinking, development initiatives and critiques. Also discuss various notions of development. 2) Explaining underdevelopment and development policies: Focus on key models of development. You'll also study some specific aspects in detail, such as inequality, poverty, labour, and agriculture, stressing the various inter-linkages and relationships between these topics. 3) Applied development economics: Consider implementation issues in contemporary development economics and examine the role of development agencies in aiding development.

ECO-6002A

20

ECONOMICS DISSERTATION

This module gives you the chance to hone your skills as an economist and undertake an independent research project of your choosing. This can be viewed as a 'capstone' module that brings together the skills you have learnt throughout your degree programme, applied to one particular topic that demonstrates how real world economics can be used to benefit society. This may be through an academic-style piece of research or through a work-based project on behalf of a company, charity, or other external organisation. We will help you to develop the skills required to be a good researcher, before allowing you to conduct your own independent study with appropriate supervision. This will require you to reflect on the skills you have developed throughout the course of your degree programme, and identify your strengths and areas for improvement. By undertaking a significant and original piece of independent research, you will be able to demonstrate a number of skills that are valuable for both academia and business. You will demonstrate a proficiency in the use of data, methods and/or case studies; be able to apply economic reasoning to economic and social issues in a critical manner; be able to effectively communicate knowledge in a scientific manner; critically evaluate your own work and that of others, and respond to criticism and use this feedback to further improve the quality of your work. This module is for any student with an interest in furthering their knowledge of a specific topic that they are passionate about. The experience of conducting a dissertation project will be useful for careers in academia and business alike, in particular where students wish to pursue a career that involves research, e.g. consultancy, think-tanks, or those interested in further study.

ECO-6009Y

20

ECONOMICS OF THE ENVIRONMENT

Environmental concerns are increasingly prominent in public debates and policy. Climate change and sustainable development are two of the greatest challenges facing mankind in the twenty-first century. This module addresses similar real world problems, building on economic theory and quantitative methods explored in your first and second years. In `Economics of the Environment' you'll be introduced to the concepts and methods of environmental and natural resource economics. You'll discuss topics such as pollution control, the sustainable use of natural resources, and the economics of climate change. Throughout, the emphasis will be on the empirical and policy relevance of the material.

ECO-6003B

20

GOVERNMENT, WELFARE AND POLICY

Are you interested in the 'hows' and 'whys' of the design of government economic and social policy? These are the central themes of this module. Governments across the world are involved in the production and distribution of goods and services, but differ in the extent of their involvement. When and how should government intervene, and what is best left to the free market? This module looks in detail at policy design and analysis, and examines the challenges faced by governments when intervening in the market. You'll begin by looking at the motivations for state intervention and whether this can be achieved without sacrificing efficiency, and gain an understanding of the framework within which the UK government assesses policy initiatives. You'll go on to examine the role of the government in a number of key areas of economic, social and political action. You'll learn about different approaches to similar problems across different countries, and assess the success of policy in achieving its desired outcomes. For example, recent topics have included: education; the environment; social policy; health; and immigration. By the end of the module you will appreciate the intricacies of the challenges faced by governments when designing policy, and the interaction of social, political and economic spheres. You'll be able to critically assess policy interventions against their objectives and judge between alternative ways of achieving policy goals. The module offers you the chance to investigate a policy area or topical issue that you are interested in, and design an academic poster to convey your findings. You will also face the challenge of explaining what are sometimes complex economic concepts and ideas to non-experts, a key skill to take forwards into employment. This module is ideal for anyone interested in a career in the public sector, economics consultancies or policy evaluation.

ECO-6008A

20

HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT

In the aftermath of the recent financial crisis and the Great Recession, the Economics discipline is under scrutiny. How can we criticise, re-invent, and develop economic thinking for the future? This module will explore this important question discussing lessons learnt from the past. In this module you will build knowledge of different economic theories established in the past. Moreover, you will learn how to compare and contrast alternative theories, developing an appreciation for the assumptions, the methods, and the solutions offered by different schools of thought to economic problems that are still affecting society nowadays. You will embark on a journey of discovery, studying the evolution of economic thought over the past four centuries, from Adam Smith's concept of natural order to the current days' debate on the Re-thinking Economics Movement. We will discuss how Economics has become the discipline that we know today, and what we can do to shape economic thinking for the future. Assessment tasks will address this debate, and they will focus on interaction and collaboration amongst students in partnership with your lecturer. By the end of the module you will have developed your critical thinking skills and your ability to identify strengths and flaws in different economic arguments and methodologies. Your ability to construct informed economic judgements will support you in further studies. It will represent an essential skill to establish as an experienced professional in the job market.

ECO-5009B

20

INDUSTRIAL ORGANISATION AND BUSINESS STRATEGIES

Most economic activity is organized by firms, and most firms must compete with rivals to attract consumers. This competition is the essence of a market economy. Microeconomic textbooks tend to focus on price competition in markets with a single price, but a far wider range of strategies is available to modern businesses. Prices can depend on anything from product quality to an individual buyer's browsing history. Firms must make investment decisions in capacity, new production technology, marketing and RandD. The economics of business strategies examines how firms make such price and investment decisions when they must also consider what strategies are likely to be adopted by rivals. Recent public debate has questioned who benefits from a market economy, for example highlighting apparently high prices paid by some consumers. This module provides the foundation for understanding who benefits from competition and we begin to consider the appropriate role of government regulation of competition. A sister module ("Competition in the Digital Age") examines these in more depth and with the added complexity and real world context of the digital economy. This module investigates the nature of competition from a theoretical point of view and an applied policy perspective. The focus is on the strategic behaviour of firms in real markets that are not perfectly competitive. We ask questions like: What competitive weapons do firms use? Which strategies can firms use to soften competition? When are strategies to soften competition good for consumers, when are they bad? What determines whether firms compete or collude within an industry/market? To what extent are mergers driven by efficiency or by market power considerations? Of course, firms differ across a range of characteristics; for example, some supply just one product, while others are active in a multitude of markets; some firms spend heavily on advertising or RandD, while others spend very little on these activities. Throughout the course we will ask the question when, and how, government should intervene to facilitate the competitive process? The module covers theories that are key to the understanding of firms' strategies and the basis for regulatory intervention. The module is rich in examples of real-world applications of the theories. To enhance the learning and interest of the module, staff from two external organisations (potential employers) will teach you case studies from the real world. You will be assessed on your ability to answer a technical assignment (25%) and an oral presentation of a recent discussion paper (25%). The final exam will account for 50% of the grade. To accommodate for students coming from different mathematical backgrounds the module uses a series of seminars to cover many relevant examples and teach tools and methodologies to answer relevant mathematical problems.

ECO-6006A

20

INTERNATIONAL MACROECONOMICS

When we open a newspaper or Economics and Business-related magazine, many of the topics that arise recurrently relate to the monetary and financial relations between countries. A good deal of political debate is also focused on the various aspects that constitute International Finance. However, these discussions do not allow us to understand the theoretical underpinnings of these issues. This is what you will explore in this module. Dealing with some basic concepts of International Macro such as the balance of payments, exchange rates, and arbitrage conditions, you'll analyse the impact of opening up an economy, and explore the main factors that determine exchange rates between currencies. And tackling many of the "hot topics" in international finance, you'll consider the benefits and drawbacks of fixed and floating exchange rates; the concept of a speculative attack; current account imbalances from an inter-temporal perspective; how world macroeconomic imbalances drove the 2008/09 international financial crisis and the recent sovereign debt crisis in Europe.

ECO-6001B

20

LABOUR ECONOMICS

The workings of the labour market impact upon your careers, life choices and outcomes. Do you want to understand how the choices you make - for example your education, migration decisions, job type - and even inherent characteristics, such as race and gender - impact upon your success in the labour market? This is a central theme of this module. You will begin by developing an understanding of labour supply (why we choose to work, and how much) and labour demand (how many workers employers hire, and how much they pay for that labour) before examining how individual characteristics, either inherent or through choice, and institutions, such as minimum wage legislation, welfare payments, and the economy, e.g. globalisation and migration, affect both individuals and firms. You will examine education, discrimination, migration, unemployment and trade unions and the way government policy in each of these areas has shaped our economy. By the end of the module, you'll have a better understanding of issues such as the economic value of your degree and factors that might make you more attractive to an employer, why women are on average paid less than men, the costs and benefits of migration to an economy and how the likelihood of unemployment changes through the life course. Through the coursework project, you will have an opportunity to examine and analyse an issue in depth by using data employed by the government to assess trends in the labour market.

ECO-6001A

20

MATHEMATICAL ECONOMICS

Students can only enrol on this module if they obtained a mark of 60% on ECO-4003A or 70% on ECO-4001A - Please seek further advice if you have any concerns about your suitability for this module. The module provides an introduction to mathematical techniques for economists, covering linear algebra, comparative static analysis, optimisation, calculus, applications (e.g. growth models, market equilibria, constrained utility maximisation and cost minimisation). It is particularly useful if you intend to undertake postgraduate study in Economics.

ECO-5003A

20

POLITICAL ECONOMY

Political economy In this module, we will use classic texts, and the tools of modern economics, to make sense of contemporary politics. Objective This module is an introduction to thinking rigorously about politics. Politics today is chaotic, unpredictable and changing fast. Our political systems need to understand and deal with that change. The goal of this module is to introduce you to the most important contemporary political issues, to shed light on them with the tools of economics, to develop your judgment as a discriminating user of those tools, and to teach you to think and argue for yourself. The module aims to prepare you for a career where political forces are relevant - for example in a political party, as a civil servant, or working to influence public policy - or just to equip you to be an active, politically aware citizen. Process Some parts of economics are like engineering or maths, with right and wrong answers and a clear body of timeless truths. Political economy isn't like that. Political events regularly make experts look stupid. The past is not always a good guide to the future. To understand what is going on, you need judgment and insight as well as technical skills. Reading and topics are updated every year to keep fresh and relevant. Set reading includes both modern economic material, and some classics of economics and political science, to give us historical perspective. As far as possible, I will teach the module interactively, with lectures that are closer to a teacher-led seminar than the standard Powerpoint presentation. There will be chances to present. Assessment is 40% coursework, 50% exam, plus 10% for presentations during seminars. Coursework and exams are essay-based, because (1) being forced to make an argument is the best known way to learn about these complex issues; and (2) real politics is driven by arguments, so if you want to get involved, you need some practice. I will demand a lot from you as a student in terms of reading and participation. In return, if you put the effort in, I will try to make the course a truly mind-expanding and -stretching experience. Outcomes At the end of this course you will know about some of the key issues of contemporary politics. You will understand some relevant economic arguments and theories. Most importantly, you'll have learned how to think and argue about complex political issues. The aim is to prepare you for working in a political environment.

ECO-6008B

20

PROGRAMMING AND DATA ANALYTICS

This module aims to develop and reinforce in students appropriate skills that are required to tackle data science projects using an open source statistical programming language. This module aims to teach students the basics of programming, data gathering and management, data analysis and data visualization, that students will find useful and relevant for economic research. The ability to solve problems using data and help students to "think with data" is the driving philosophy behind this module.

ECO-6009A

20

THE ECONOMICS OF ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENTS

In 'Alternative Investments' you'll construct an investment portfolio that includes a wide range of alternative assets, including real estate, energy, agriculture, precious metals, and currencies. The module is research-driven, using techniques from the cutting edge of investment management research. Seminars take place in a computer lab and are based around real-world Excel applications.

ECO-6004B

20

THE ECONOMICS OF CORPORATE FINANCE

In this module you'll explore capital structure - how firms decide to finance themselves. You'll look at the trade-offs between issuing equity (shares) and issuing debt, and analyse financial statements and dividend pay-out policy. You'll also examine the highly topical area of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) risk factors, and how these influence firms and their stakeholders.

ECO-6007B

20

THE ECONOMICS OF FINANCIAL MARKETS

Why do certain stocks earn higher returns than others? How many stocks should an investor have in their portfolio? What behavioural biases do financial market participants exhibit, and how does this affect asset prices? Why do we observe frequent bubbles and crashes in stock prices? How can an investor price a financial option, which derives its value from the value of another asset? These are the types of questions you will explore on this module. Covering the central topics in the economics of financial markets - asset pricing, behavioural finance and derivatives - you'll learn how to estimate expected returns for a stock and price a financial option. You'll be exposed to a mixture of theory and empirical evidence, discovering how to evaluate theories in light of this evidence. You'll learn through a mixture of lectures, which have regular intervals for team or individual work, as well as seminars and self-study. Assessment comprises of technical and essay questions. By the end of the module, you'll be equipped for further study in financial economics or a career in the finance industry.

ECO-6007A

20

Disclaimer

Whilst the University will make every effort to offer the modules listed, changes may sometimes be made arising from the annual monitoring, review and update of modules and regular (five-yearly) review of course programmes. Where this activity leads to significant (but not minor) changes to programmes and their constituent modules, there will normally be prior consultation of students and others. It is also possible that the University may not be able to offer a module for reasons outside of its control, such as the illness of a member of staff or sabbatical leave. In some cases optional modules can have limited places available and so you may be asked to make additional module choices in the event you do not gain a place on your first choice. Where this is the case, the University will endeavour to inform students.

Further Reading

  • Carbon Labelling

    New research suggests that an initiative to show consumers which products are more environmentally friendly needs to be easy to understand to be effective.

    Read it Carbon Labelling
  • Norwich Economic Papers

    The Norwich Economic Papers provides an opportunity for ECO students to engage in and publish scholarly work in economics.

    Read it Norwich Economic Papers

Entry Requirements

  • A Level ABB excluding General Studies or BBB excluding General Studies with an A in the Extended Project
  • International Baccalaureate 32 points
  • Scottish Highers AAABB
  • Scottish Advanced Highers BCC
  • Irish Leaving Certificate 3 subjects at H2, 3 subjects at H3
  • Access Course Pass with Distinction in 30 credits at Level 3 and Merit in 15 credits at Level 3
  • BTEC DDM excluding Public Services and Business Administration
  • European Baccalaureate 75%

Entry Requirement

You are required to have English Language at a minimum of Grade C or Grade 4 or above and Mathematics at Grade B or Grade 5 or above at GCSE.

UEA recognises that some students take a mixture of International Baccalaureate IB or International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme IBCP study rather than the full diploma, taking Higher levels in addition to A levels and/or BTEC qualifications. At UEA we do consider a combination of qualifications for entry, provided a minimum of three qualifications are taken at a higher Level. In addition some degree programmes require specific subjects at a higher level.

Students for whom English is a Foreign language

We welcome applications from students from all academic backgrounds. We require evidence of proficiency in English (including writing, speaking, listening and reading):

•    IELTS: 6.0 overall (minimum 5.5 in any component)

We also accept a number of other English language tests. Please click here to see our full list.

INTO University of East Anglia

If you do not meet the academic and or English requirements for direct entry our partner, INTO University of East Anglia, offers guaranteed progression on to this undergraduate degree upon successful completion of a preparation programme. Depending on your interests and your qualifications you can take a variety of routes to this degree:

International Foundation in Business, Economics, Society and Culture (Year 1 entry)

International Foundation in Mathematics and Actuarial Sciences (Year 1 entry)

International Year One in Business Managment and Economics (Year 2 entry)

Interviews

The majority of candidates will not be called for an interview and a decision will be made via UCAS Track. However, for some students an interview will be requested. You may be called for an interview to help the School of Study, and you, understand if the course is the right choice for you.  The interview will cover topics such as your current studies, reasons for choosing the course and your personal interests and extra-curricular activities.  Where an interview is required the Admissions Service will contact you directly to arrange a convenient time.

Intakes

The School's annual intake is in September of each year

Fees and Funding

Undergraduate University Fees and Financial Support

Tuition Fees

Information on tuition fees can be found here:

UK students

EU Students

Overseas Students

Scholarships and Bursaries

We are committed to ensuring that costs do not act as a barrier to those aspiring to come to a world leading university and have developed a funding package to reward those with excellent qualifications and assist those from lower income backgrounds. 

The University of East Anglia offers a range of Scholarships; please click the link for eligibility, details of how to apply and closing dates.

How to Apply

Applications need to be made via the Universities Colleges and Admissions Services (UCAS), using the UCAS Apply option.

UCAS Apply is a secure online application system that allows you to apply for full-time Undergraduate courses at universities and colleges in the United Kingdom. It is made up of different sections that you need to complete. Your application does not have to be completed all at once. The system allows you to leave a section partially completed so you can return to it later and add to or edit any information you have entered. Once your application is complete, it must be sent to UCAS so that they can process it and send it to your chosen universities and colleges.

The UCAS code name and number for the University of East Anglia is EANGL E14.

Further Information

Please complete our Online Enquiry Form to request a prospectus and to be kept up to date with news and events at the University. 

Tel: +44 (0)1603 591515

Email: admissions@uea.ac.uk

    Next Steps

    We can’t wait to hear from you. Just pop any questions about this course into the form below and our enquiries team will answer as soon as they can.

    Admissions enquiries:
    admissions@uea.ac.uk or
    telephone +44 (0)1603 591515