BA Literature and History


Come and join UEA's English Literature students as they discuss 'what makes literature live?', with a little help from T.S. Eliot and others...

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"English literature at UEA is incredible. Every day I learn something new, whether it's through teaching or researching; UEA pushes you to find that hunger for knowledge"

In their words

Natalie Clegg, BA English Literature

Key facts

For English and Creative Writing (Guardian University Guide 2017)


Recognised as a leading department within the UK, History at UEA has a chronological range from the collapse of the Roman empire to the present day, a geographical scope covering Europe, Africa, the Middle East, North America and the Caribbean, and experts in political, economic, social, cultural, environmental, diplomatic and intellectual history.

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"UEA’s approach appealed to me because it was so modern.”

In their words

Anna Walker, BA English Literature

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Literature and history are closely intertwined subjects for the leading historians, literary critics and prize-winning novelists that make up the faculty at UEA. This course offers students a diverse and exciting range of optional modules from both disciplines, while also providing a grounding in the core knowledge and methodologies that are essential to each subject.

In learning the skills of close textual analysis and engaging with narrative form, you will become a historian with a marked sensitivity to sources and a lively and engaging writing style. As you encounter arguments about historical causality and assess conflicting accounts of historical events, you will become literary critics with a complex grasp of the social, political and cultural contexts in which literature is produced. The two disciplines enrich each other, and the diverse range of experts in each school combine to teach a programme that is both flexible and distinctive.


This programme provides opportunities to study cultures and societies through both literary and historical materials and approaches.

The teaching is shared between two groups of specialists within the School of Literature, Drama and Creative Writing (from which the programme is organised), and History. It enables students to combine the study of literary texts with that of the social and political worlds in which they were made and circulated. Historians and literary critics sometimes read the same documents, but they have different approaches and employ different methods of analysis:  this programme presents the opportunity to explore both approaches. The combination leads towards an understanding not simply of literature and history, but of culture and cultural studies.

Course Structure

After the first year which is made up of introductory modules in literature and history and a bridge module in cultural studies, you are encouraged to construct a programme that suits your own intellectual interests and enthusiasms. The available modules enable you to make choices of nationality as well as of period, topic and genre. In the second year, for instance, students can choose from a vast array of historical modules. Within Literature the choice ranges across modules from the medieval to the contemporary, and from lyric poetry to science fiction. The presence of ‘free choice’ modules enables more study of Literature and History, or study in other disciplines; and in the final year you can undertake three quarters of your study in just Literature or History if you wish.

Year 1

The first year entails study in both disciplines as well as an introductory course in cultural studies that is based on their inter-relationship.

Year 2

You will take an interdisciplinary core module called ‘The Writing of History’ in the Autumn of year 2, which focuses on history writing as a genre and is taught by a changing cast of historians, literary critics and creative writers. Optional modules in literature encourage you to pursue your own interests in a particular literary period (e.g. ‘Seventeenth-Century Writing: Renaissance and Revolution’, ‘Victorian Writing’, ‘Modernism’) or develop writing techniques and vocational skills (e.g. ‘Writing the Wild’, ‘Publishing’, ‘Journalism’). In history, you begin to specialise by region and period (‘Modern Germany, 1914-1990’, ‘France from the Enlightenment to the Belle Époque’, ‘The British Empire, 1857-1956’) or take modules dedicated to investigating important ideas in their historical contexts (‘Propaganda’, ‘Human Rights: The History of an Idea’). You may also, if you wish, take one module from another school in the Humanities faculty.

Year 3

In year three, you have the chance to take highly specialised and unique modules that reflect the diverse and exciting research interests of our faculty. A full list of modules can be seen under the ‘Course Profile’ tab. You may, if you wish, write a dissertation in either subject, or take a ‘special subject’ in the School of History, which allows you to work closely with an academic and a group of students over the whole year, developing a dissertation-length piece of work in a specialised area of study. The third year adds further flexibility by allowing you to adjust the balance between history and literature as your interests develop.

Teaching and Assessment

Modules of study are taught in a number of different forms – often lectures and smaller seminar groups – designed to encourage student participation. In every module your work is assessed; forms of assessment also vary, including essays, project work, presentation, examination or a combination of any of these methods. A third-year dissertation in either literature or history enables you to undertake in-depth study in either subject or to consider their inter-relationship further.

The opportunity to lean towards History or Literature continues in year 3 when students are able to take three modules in one discipline and only one module in the other if they wish. The requirement that they undertake dissertation work in this third year enhances their academic progression and skills.

Want to know more?

Come along to an Open Day and experience our unique campus for yourself.

Study Abroad

Students who are enrolled on 3-year programmes in the Faculty of Arts and Humanities have the option of applying to study abroad at one of UEA’s Partner Universities, for one semester of the second year.  Please see our  Study Abroad website pages for further information and criteria.

Course Modules

Students must study the following modules for 60 credits:

Name Code Credits


This module seeks to foster an interdisciplinary awareness by examining literature as cultural response. It will introduce students to some landmark texts and theories of cultural studies, using Victorian and early modernist writing to explore these ideas, and examine cultural and historicist readings of both literary and popular prose. While it is a core module for those in Literature and History, it is suited to all those interested in interdisciplinary study. It is taught through seminars.'




Literature in History II shifts our attention to writing from the 19th century to the present. Although we are still interested in historical context, our focus turns to the history of an idea about literature. Literary realism, or the idea that the novel can, and should, reflect real life, will be our central concern: after establishing what literary realism is and why it was such an important idea in the 19th century, we will examine how writers might agree with, or react against literary realism at different times, and finish by exploring the possibility of literary realism now. The module will allow you a full semester to grapple with a key aesthetic debate about the novel, engage with it through literary and critical texts, and help you to think about the implications of the question of what a novel can - or ought - to do. The module will be taught by weekly lecture and seminar, both of which are compulsory.




This module seeks to build on and develop the work of the Autumn semester, in particular that of Reading Texts and Reading Translations. The focus will fall again on small-group discussion and on the reading of a small number of texts - one creative, and one critical - chosen by the tutor from a set list. With this close attention to reading at its core, the module will also look at a number of the terms and ideas central to the study of literature and to the practice of interpretation. Not available to Visiting Students.



Students will select 60 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits


History is controversial, and always has been. This is your chance to explore some of the roles it has played, and continues to play, throughout recorded human experience. This module will explore the place that history occupies in our society, the ways it has been used, and the vastly differing methods used to study it. It will be taught by specialists of different periods. Through the exploration of a series of debates and controversies, in which you will be encouraged to participate, the module will explore topics as diverse as the role of the individual in history, the development of myths and invented traditions, the place of religion, conflict and division and history in media and culture.




This module introduces key themes in early modern history: witchcraft, gender, rebellion, religious conflict, the reformation, warfare, state formation and other key aspects of the period 1500-1750.




This module is designed to provide an introduction to medieval history both for first year historians and students from other schools. It surveys the history of medieval Europe, including England, from c.1000 to c1300, and also examines some archaeology, literature, art, and architecture from the period. The module also aims to introduce students to a range of primary sources, including some of the physical remains to be found in East Anglia.




This module provides a wide-ranging introduction to the political, social and economic transformation of Britain and Europe from the late eighteenth century to the First World War. Among the themes it considers are industrialisation and its impact; revolution and reform; nationalism and imperialism; gender and society; great power relations; the impact of war and the collapse of the old Europe in 1917-18.




This module examines the dramatic history of Europe during the twentieth century in its global context. It will consider the century's turbulent swings between war and peace before discussing the economic revolutions that engulfed the globe. The complex interactions between humans and the natural environment will form a central part of the module, before discussion of the ideological fissures that divided Europe for much of the twentieth century. The concluding section will consider the development of popular social movements and how they have shaped Europe.




This module examines the history of early modern Europe through the history of witchcraft, witch-beliefs, and especially witchcraft prosecutions after 1500. Through learned demonology and folk traditions, we explore the development of the idea of the witch, and see how during the turbulent era of the Reformation this thinking translated into legal trials and, occasionally some savage witch-panics. We look in detail at subjects such as gender, fear and anxiety, state building, and scepticism, ranging across early modern Britain, continental Europe and colonial America.



Students must study the following modules for 20 credits:

Name Code Credits


What makes a good history essay? What makes a good literary critical essay? How are they different? How do the disciplines of History and English Literature approach argument and evidence, narration and description? What are the generic, formal and stylistic expectations that govern academic writing in each of these disciplines? Some version of these questions will have occurred to any student attempting to meet the assessment criteria in a university degree. They are perhaps particularly pressing for students in a joint degree, where somewhat different approaches are required by each subject. This module brings historians, literary critics and creative writers into a multi-disciplinary conversation designed to explore the tensions as well as the continuities between history and literary studies. After an introductory week, the module divides into three week blocks, exploring three topic areas where the research and writing of UEA faculty members in both schools overlap. By asking faculty members from the two schools to investigate similar territory from contrasting perspectives, we will explore how very similar subjects and sources can be treated differently by different disciplines (and by different methodological orientations within those disciplines). Historians, literary critics and creative writers will give guest lectures that describe and analyse their research process and writing practice. There will also be some more theoretically driven weeks where the work of key philosophers and theorists of history - for instance Levi-Strauss, Lukacs, Sartre, Hartog and Kosseleck - will be read and discussed. Students are encouraged to reflect on their own approaches to the writing of history, literary criticism and creative writing. In their summative coursework, students will answer focussed questions about history writing as a genre, analyse different approaches to the writing of history, and/or consider areas where the approaches of history, historical fiction and literary criticism might be thought to overlap or, conversely, be in conflict.



Students will select 40 - 60 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits


Through a combination of lectures and seminars, this module will explore the theory and practice of literary criticism from the origins of the study of English literature as an academic discipline to the present. In order to do this, we examine not only the work of literary critics and theorists, but also engage with developments in linguistics, economics, psychoanalysis and philosophy, tracing the ways in which these overlap with, and inform, literary study.




This module reads fiction, poetry, nonfictional prose, and drama of the eighteenth century, as a means with which to identify the dominant concerns of the epoch (class; gender; the politics of party; increasing secularisation), and to explore some of its debates (aristocracy versus middle class; prose versus poetry; classical or ancient versus modern or contemporary; religious versus secular). We read popular novelists, such as Eliza Haywood, Daniel Defoe, Jonathan Swift, Samuel Richardson, Laurence Sterne, and Henry Fielding; popular dramatists (Fielding especially); verse both well-known and more obscure (Pope, Gay, Smart); and excerpts from other contemporary sources (didactic, philosophical, political, religious). By the end of the module you will have acquired a knowledge of and sensitivity to the literary genres of the eighteenth century (novel, poetry, prose, drama); a knowledge of the political and cultural landscape; and a knowledge of the conditions of writing (print culture, the beginnings of literary criticism, the professionalization of literature).




This module examines examples of twentieth-century European writing (all read in translation). Rather than (merely) place writers in their national contexts, we will deal with topics, issues and formal experiments that complicate, sometimes transcend, national boundaries. In fact we will interrogate what 'European' might mean in relation to literature - where are the borders? Are continental Europeans fundamentally 'other'? And if so, how does this otherness manifest itself aesthetically, thematically, tonally and formally? We'll look at how writers from different countries frequently challenge the conventions of genre and the conventions of reading and interpreting. Among a range of important innovations (or continuities), we may explore varieties of 'European' modernism, New Objectivity, the absurd, the nouveau roman, noir, or magical realism. We will also ask how European writers have responded to the challenges, upheavals and catastrophes of the twentieth century and how they deal with the ethnic, religious and cultural diversity within Europe. The module includes a weekly lecture. Assessment is by means of an individually chosen project (3500 words) which is supported by individual and group tutorials, a dedicated guidance session and a formative proposal.




This module aims to provide an introduction to the study of medieval literature. We shall explore together a range of medieval texts (the lyric, allegorical narrative, romance, fabliau, dream vision, 'mystical writing', 'life writing', moral fable, political verse), working slowly both to familiarise ourselves with the difficulties and differences of Middle English and to introduce the distinctive richnesses and complexities of medieval literature. The module falls into three basic parts. The first, which turns to works by Chaucer, Julian of Norwich, and Margery Kempe, is organised generically and topically: close reading of Chaucer's 'Clerk's Tale', 'Merchant's Tale', and 'The Book of the Duchess' and of excerpts from Julian's 'Revelations of Divine Love' and from 'The Book of Marery Kempe' will allow us to introduce medieval allegory, the play of the sacred and the secular in medieval culture, medieval dream vision, and the terms of affective piety and medieval visionary writing. The second and third parts then turn, in more sustained fashion, first to the 'Morall Fabillis' of Roberty Henryson, perhaps the finest poet of the fifteenth century, and to medieval Romance, concentrating on the remarkable poem, 'Sir Gawain and the Green Knight'.




The purpose of this module is to study the literature of the early decades of the twentieth century - roughly 1900-1930 - in particular the work of those authors who attempted to break with received norms of literary style and content. The module is organised as a series of thematic and formal explorations that include attention to at least some of the following: the dissolution of character and gravitation towards psychological states such as fantasy and desire, with the emergence of the unconscious; narrative and temporal disruption, obtrusion of language and other sources of modernist difficulty, the afterlife of religion, as in interest in the unseen and supernatural; the significance of the city, the mass media, and other modern cultural forms; gender and the politics of modernism. The sequence of guiding lectures focuses discussion on a set of specific texts and themes, with their contexts, and these are taken up for consideration in the accompanying seminars. 'Modernism' is thus constructed gradually over the semester as a mosaic of closely related issues, each one reflecting on the others. As well as providing an overview of defining textual features, in prose and poetry, the module is concerned also with the critical reading of modernism in the light of contemporaneous criticism and theory as well as current analyses.




Romantic Literature is often thought of as poetry, primarily work by Blake, Wordsworth, Shelley, Keats and Bryon. But the signs and forms of Romantic sensibility can also be found in a much broader constituency of writing practice: the novel, letter writing, the essay, political and aesthetic theory, and writing of all kinds taken as social critique. This module is taught through a combination of lectures and seminars.




This module introduces you to the poetry, drama and prose of one of Britain's most exciting and turbulent periods of cultural, political and intellectual transformation: the seventeenth century. The module works through lectures, which establish larger questions we might ask of the week's material, and seminars, in which we close read passages of texts together intensively. We begin in the early-seventeenth century by exploring the ways English writing was transformed by its encounters with classical texts and by religious experience, before turning to explore women writers' complicated relationship to early-modern literary culture. In the module's second half, we ask how literary forms were transformed by the extraordinary upheavals of the English civil war and the execution of the monarch. Throughout, we learn how knowledge of the circumstances of texts' publication and readership can help us to interpret literature. Authors we study include famous figures such as Ben Jonson, Andrew Marvell, and John Milton (including a look at his masterpiece, Paradise Lost), as well as many lesser-known writers, including women like Lucy Hutchinson and Amelia Lanyer, and Norwich's greatest writer, Thomas Browne. You will have the chance to read translations of several of the classical authors (including Horace and Martial) who influenced them. The module includes a visit to the Norfolk Heritage Centre (in the centre of Norwich) to see their remarkable collection of seventeenth-century books.




The aim of this lecture-seminar module is to help you become a better reader of Shakespearean drama. He was writing between about 1590 and about 1610; obviously his plays speak to us over a great cultural distance, and we can find fresh ways of reading them by exploring the theatrical, generic and historical frameworks in which they were written and staged. The lectures, then, will introduce a range of contexts, and the seminars will seek to turn them to account in the reading of the dramatic texts themselves.




This module aims to equip you with a knowledge of writing from across the nineteenth century, in a variety of modes (fiction, poetry, science, journalism, cultural criticism, nonsense). We will examine authors such as George Eliot, Tennyson, Dickens, Darwin, Arnold, Charlotte Bronte, and the Brownings. You will thus develop an awareness of how different kinds of writing in the period draw on, influence, and contest with each other. Likewise, you will acquire a sense for the cultural, political and socio-economic contexts of nineteenth-century writing, and some of the material contexts in which that writing took place (serial publication, popular readership, periodical writing, public controversy).



Students will select 40 - 60 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits


This module offers a critical introduction to understanding America's role in the world. It provides historical and political analyses of U.S. foreign relations, looking at the themes and traditions that have shaped America's increasing influence in global affairs during the twentieth century up to the present day. From the war of 1898 to the conflicts of the early twenty-first century, it examines how and why the U.S. relationship to the world has changed. Has the United States helped or harmed the rest of the world during its rise to world power? In discussing foreign relations, the course analyses political and diplomatic elites, but also, the role of foreign actors and private organisations, from religious groups to citizen organisations to NGOs, in defining America in the world. It also engages with important contemporary trends in the historiography of U.S. foreign policy - regarding race, gender, modernization, and the 'cultural turn' - and connects these to emerging trends in the fields of American Studies and international relations.




This module surveys the history of the English from their arrival in Britain in the fifth century until the end of the eleventh century and the conquest of England by the Normans. We shall cover topics such as the conversion of the English in the seventh century; the domination of England by Mercia in the eighth century; the Viking invasions and the reign of Alfred the Great; the emergence of Wessex as the dominant force in Britain in the tenth century; the conquest of England by the Danes in the eleventh century; and the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.



Conspiracy and Crisis in the Early Modern World

Assassination. Foreign invasion. Revolt and rebellion. Political and religious plots loomed large and posed a constant threat in Early Modern England. Conspiracy was not simply an imagined threat nor did it exist in theory; it was a social and political reality that elicited fear, shaped policies and gave rise to self-fulfilling prophecies. Did the greatest threat of subversion come from popular uprisings, foreign invasion or from the heart of the British government? From Mary, Queen of Scots and the Gunpowder Plot to the hidden agenda of Charles I, this module will survey a series of popular, elite and royalist conspiracies. Moving behind official narratives, it will draw on a host of resources to investigate alternative explanations for crisis over power, authority and legitimacy during this period. Each conspiracy will provide and point of entry into broader changes in early modern society as the crown and commons reimagined and realigned political, religious and social boundaries.




This module will introduce you to an eventful period of history during which France exercised a preponderant role over European affairs and culture. The module will provide you with the essential background knowledge of political events, revolutions and wars but it will also encourage you to explore deeper social and cultural trends. In the first weeks we will reconsider 'Old regime' France, drawing attention to its dynamism and cultural richness before turning to the crises that discredited Bourbon absolutism. In subsequent weeks we will focus on the Revolutionary-Napoleonic epoch: our endeavour here will be to explain why the Revolution was revolutionary in theory, violent in practice and dictatorial in consequence. We will then reflect on the Restoration. Using extracts from Hugo's Les Miserables as our starting point, we will look at how rapid industrialization generated social tensions that successive ministries tried to diffuse through repression and reform. Next, we will look at the France of the Second Republic and Second Empire; our focus here will be Napoleon III's modernization initiatives and dramatic remodelling of Paris. Finally, we will approach the history of the Third Republic between 1870 and 1914 from three angles: its success in making the populace feel French; science, art and culture; and its nationalistic foreign-policy, which contributed toward undermining the general European peace. The seminars for this module will provide us with an opportunity to analyse and discuss in depth an eclectic range of primary sources, including textual documents (in English translation) ranging from constitutions to period fictional writings, maps, advertisements, artwork, extant material and architectural evidence, and music.




Through a close examination of the lives and reigns of four very different monarchs this unit investigates the workings of kingship and high politics in one of the most turbulent periods of English History (1415-1485). New interpretations of the Wars of the Roses, as well as original source material, will be studied.




This module examines a critical period in English History. It begins with the Conquest of England by the Normans and looks at the ways in which as a consequence England was drawn into European affairs. Its mid point is the loss of those continental lands in 1204 and the Magna Carta crisis of 1215. The unit then explores the domination of Britain by the English kingdom and ends with the start of England's next great European adventure, The Hundred Years' War.




Public history is history in the public sphere, whether in museums and galleries, heritage sites and historic houses, radio and television broadcasting, film, popular history books, or public policy within government. The central challenge and task of public history is making history relevant and accessible to its audience of people outside academia, whilst adhering to an academically credible historical method. This module explores the theory and practice of public history in the heritage sector. The module considers questions such as, how is the past used? What is authenticity? Who 'owns' historic sites? The module also offers the opportunity for undergraduates to work on a heritage project with a local heritage partner - the nature of this project varies each year depending on the availability of such partnership opportunities. PLEASE NOTE: The availability of places with partners this year means that the module will be limited to twelve undergraduate places. All students on the module will be required to engage in preparatory reading and writing over the course of the summer break.




Since the unification of the states of the Italian peninsula, the history of modern Italy has been the subject of intense historical debate. Modern Italy has often been cast as a 'weak' state and 'fragile' nation, riven by particularism and by competing secular and religious ideologies, 'economically backward', less successful than its national neighbours, and 'the least of the Great Powers'. More recent historiography has sought to challenge or modify these perceptions in a number of ways, and this course examines modern Italian history from unification to present day, in the light of these ongoing historiographical debates. a) Italian nationalism, the process of Italian unification and the attempts to create national unity after 1870; b) the relationship between socio-economic change and political development in Liberal Italy; c)the impact of the First World War on Italian society and politics; e)the nature of the Fascist regime and its impact on Italian society; f)the radicalisation of the regime, its racial policies and the quest for Empire; g)Italy's role in World War II, the reasons for the collapse of the Fascist regime, and the emergence of civil war. h) Italian history since 1945



Human Rights: The history of an Idea

Reading key historical, philosophical, political, legal and literary texts, this module track will track the emergence of human rights as a cultural idea from their conception in the eighteenth century, through the development of political rights and humanitarianism in the nineteenth century, through to the Nuremberg trials and the United Nations of Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), into the post World War Two period and up to the present day.We will trace how the idea of human rights developed at key junctures, and untangle their relationship to political and historical change.




This module examines the political, cultural and social history of later medieval Europe (circa 1100-1400). It has a particular focus on the Empire and Italy, but we will also look at France and Constantinople. We will encounter some of the chief characters of the period, such as Emperors Frederick Barbarossa and Frederick II, 'the Wonder of the World', and Pope Innocent III. Students will be introduced to some of the most important events and concepts to shake medieval Europe, such as the intellectual Renaissance of the twelfth century, the Crusades, the rise of Heresy and the Inquisition, the Empire's long struggle in Italy, and the Papal Schism.




This module provides an introduction to the linguistic skills in medieval Latin which enable students to read administrative documents such as charters, accounts, court rolls, etc. It is particularly suited for those who intend proceeding to postgraduate study in aspects of the past, such as medieval history, which require a reading knowledge of Latin. This course is not intended for students who have already studied Latin to A level or equivalent.




This module introduces students to German history in the twentieth century which was characterised by various radical regime changes and territorial alterations. Topics include German world policy and nationalism in the late imperial period; imperialism and expansionism during the First World War; the challenges of modernity in the Weimar Republic; the rise of Hitler and the formation of the Nazi empire in Europe; the post-war division of Germany and the legacy of the Third Reich; the nature of the GDR dictatorship and the problem of West German terrorism; as well as the fall of the Berlin Wall and reunification. Special attention will be given to questions of nationalism and national identity, issues of history and memory, and Germany's role in Europe and the world. On completion of this unit, students will have developed a solid understanding of one of the most dramatic periods of German history when the country oscillated between the two extremes of war and repression, on the one hand, and the return to peace and democracy, on the other.




This module deals with the rivalries of the Great Powers from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the onset of the Cold War. We shall be examining topics such as the Vienna system; the Crimean War; Italian and German unification, the origins of the First and Second World Wars and the start of the Cold War.




This module introduces students to the history and theory of propaganda, and its role in society. We consider what constitutes and defines propaganda. Focusing on the 20th century, we examine propaganda in a range of political settings, both totalitarian and democratic, in the local context of the relationships of power and communications. We consider how theories of propaganda emerged after the First World War, and how propaganda is shaped by governance structures, journalists and media institutions, and by technology. We look at extreme propaganda in Bosnia and Rwanda, and at legal recourses against incitement. And we examine current techniques, including internet platforms, used by Russia and Islamic extremists.




This module examines three centuries of European history connecting two unprecedented revolutionary epochs: the Reformation of the sixteenth century and the American and French revolutions at the end of the early modern era. We will look at key themes and movements in these centuries, including the politics of the Reformation; the Mediterranean work of the Ottomans and Habsburg Spain; the Dutch Golden Age; the great political and religious struggles of the seventeenth century, including wars in the British Isles, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Baltic; the Russia of the Romanov czars and Peter the Great; the growth of centralised states and absolutism in France, Prussia and Austria; the Enlightenment; the rise of the Atlantic economies; and the challenge to the Old Regime from revolutionary politics.




X05 This module offers HIS students on the V100 programme the opportunity to spend the Autumn semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.




This module offers HIS students the opportunity to spend the Spring semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.




This module analyses the emergence, development and end of the Cold War. In doing so it explores the historical circumstances behind the conflict, relations between the United States of America, the Soviet Union, and other states, as well as the impact of nuclear weapons. The Cold War has been revisited by historians from various angles, and in a variety of ways, in recent years and this module is structured to enable engagement with these new histories. In this way, it takes account of developments that have traditionally been viewed as central to the history of the post-war era, while also drawing upon the expertise within the School of History to explore lesser known case studies and alternative spheres where the conflict was played out. This will include coverage of a range of states in Europe (Hungary, France, Spain) and beyond (Cuba, Grenada, Vietnam), as well as paying attention to broader themes such as the role of propaganda, sport and youth. At the same time it will consider overarching bodies in the form of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement and the emerging European project. The module concludes by asking why the Cold War ended so abruptly, what role civil resistance played in this, and why the process was peaceful in some cases and violent in others. Here, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia will be the focus of attention.




This module looks at the causes, course and significance at what, in terms of relative population loss was probably the single most devastating conflict in English history; the civil wars of 1642-6, 1648 and 1651. In those years, families, villages and towns were divided by political allegiances and military mobilisation. Hundreds of thousands died, not just from warfare, but also from the spread of infectious disease, siege and the disruption of food supplies. In the rest of the British Isles, suffering was even more profound. The execution of the King in 1649, intended to bring an end to the wars, divided the country ever more deeply. By the late 1640s, radical social groups had emerged who questioned the very basis of authority in Early Modern Society, and made arguments for democracy and for the redistribution of land and power. Karl Marx thought that English revolution marked the beginnings of capitalism. Was he right? Focussing on ordinary men and women as well as upon important generals, politicians and monarchs, this module examines the following issues: the causes of the civil war; the reign of Charles I; the start of the warfare in Ireland and Scotland; the outbreak of the English Civil war; the course of the war; popular allegiances - why did ordinary people fight?; the Levellers, Diggers and Ranters; the crisis of 1647-9; the trial and execution of Charles I; gender, women and revolution; the experience of warfare; print and popular political gossip; the failure of the English Republic and the Restoration of Charles II. Particular use will be made of the primary source extracts and web resources.




This module will examine the development of the English countryside from late Saxon times into the seventeenth century. Topics covered will include the archaeology and landscape setting of castles, monasteries, parish churches, vernacular buildings and deserted settlements, alongside an examination of 'semi-natural' landscapes including ancient woodland, wood-pastures, heathland and moorland. The module will allow you develop practical skills in the analysis of earthwork plans, building surveys and historic maps both in seminars and on field trips.




Between the sixteenth and the early nineteenth centuries, the English crossed the oceans and claimed territory on every continent other than Antarctica. This module surveys the creation and growth of British Empire, examining its origins and its impact on an array of peoples. In the context of studying how the empire spread and functioned, we will consider the varied experiences of Africans, Native Americans, Aboriginal Australians, Protestant refugees from the continent of Europe, the peoples of India, the Irish, and British settlers across the globe. The complex, intimate, and often violent interactions of these groups led to ideological battles pitting loyalism against republicanism, for example, and imperial "civilization" against an array of indigenous cultural revivals. At first glance these struggles may seem to place the British against the subject peoples of their empire, but on closer examination it becomes apparent that they fractured nearly every population within the imperial domains. The creative energy of the British Empire stemmed in large part from collaborations between British groups and individuals and segments of their purported imperial subjects in building, reforming, or in some cases seeking to destroy the structures of imperialism




This module will focus on the development of towns and cities in England from the Norman Conquest until the present day. We will use Norwich as our main case study, but will also draw on other comparative examples around England, such as London, York, Exeter or Leeds, to place Norwich within its wider context. This module will combine social, political and economic history with a detailed consideration of the built environment of the city; key buildings, open spaces and street patterns. There will be regular field trips into Norwich to explore historic buildings, collections and landscapes.




This module provides a historical background to the Middle East and its politics. It is concerned with politics within the region as well as relations between Middle Eastern countries and Western powers. The module encourages students to think critically about the links between some key concepts in the comparative politics of non-Western countries, including historical processes of state formation, the legacy of colonialism/neo-colonialism, the role of culture and identity and the significance of natural resources and economic factors.




This module seeks to identify patterns of continuity and change in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, with a view to defining the early modern period in practice. Through an examination of both political and constitutional history from the top down, and social and cultural history from the bottom up, it seeks to understand the period dynamically, in terms of new and often troubled relationships which were formed between governors and governed. Topics include: Tudor monarchy, the Protestant Reformation, the social order, popular religion and literacy, riot and rebellion, the Stuart state, the civil wars, crime and the law, women and gender.




This module examines the themes of conflict and consensus in Britain from the Great War to the present day, both through the study of political life and also by assessing the impact of economic, social and cultural change. There are opportunities to re-evaluate issues such as the impact of war on society, "landmark" General Elections such as those of 1945 and 1979, the nature and durability of consensus politics in the 1950s, or Britain's role in the contemporary world.




This module will examine the leading themes in British history during Victoria's reign (1837-1901). It will include political, social, economic, religious, urban, gender and intellectual topics.




This module explores female involvement in politics, from the Duchess of Devonshire's infamous activities in the 1784 Westminster election until 1919, when Nancy Astor became the first woman to take her seat in the House of Commons. It will examine topics including the early feminists, aristocratic female politicians, radical politics and the suffragettes. It will investigate the changes and continuities with female engagement with the political process from the eighteenth century through to the twentieth century.




This module examines the issue of gender in European history, between 1500 and 1750. Using a variety of written and visual sources, and including a comparative element, it focuses on the following themes: definitions of femininity and masculinity; life-cycles; family, kinship, and marriage; social exclusion, charity and the welfare state; law, crime, and order; witchcraft and magic; honour, sex, and sexual identities; work; learning and the arts; material culture; the impact of European expansions.



Students will select 0 - 20 credits from the following modules:

This option range includes more specialist LDC modules and those from the Writing in Practice range. It also allows students to take a module from another School in Humanities should they wish to do so.

Name Code Credits


This module provides a broadly chronological view of American poetry from the start of the twentieth century to the present day. It wonders about what the consequences might be if we consider seriously Emerson's claim (made in 1844), that America might be seen as a poem.




In important respects drawing is archaic: we do it before we can speak or write, and it involves the most rudimentary of means. But what happened to drawing when it was swept up into the accelerated and technologized rhythms of modernity? How were its conventional pillars of manual skill, aesthetic beauty and expressive directness affected? How was drawing able to combine with other forms of practice and extend itself into new domains? Exploring an expanded conception of drawing via the work of some of the most celebrated modern artists, this module offers a critical introduction to the art of the 20th Century by way of a fascinating route not often travelled.




This module will introduce students to the key theories of screen adaptation and transmedia storytelling, from the earliest ideas of 'fidelity' to the source, to later approaches emphasising intertextuality, and the movement of narratives across different media. It will enable students to examine a series of different examples of narrative adaptation across media and transmedia contexts. Through the module's engagement with screenwriting practice, it will also enable students to explore the processes of adaptation from within, through working on their own screenplay exercise adapting an existing work.




This module examines the relations between art and photography in the United States in the first half of the 20th century. The central debate in American modernism has concerned the role of the medium and considering photography in relation to the other visual arts permits a reassessment of this debate. Artists and photographers examined include Alfred Stieglitz, Georgia O'Keeffe, Marcel Duchamp, Diego Rivera and Walker Evans.




This module explores both America's fascination with crime fiction, and crime fiction itself as an American genre. From its emergence in the mid-nineteenth century writings of Edgar Allen Poe, this module will investigate the ways in which American crime fiction has traced and exposed a wide range of social and cultural anxieties in America. Moving through the early twentieth century hard-boiled detective narratives of Raymond Chandler, Dashiell Hammett and Chester Himes, and into the postmodern concerns of late twentieth and early twenty-first century writers such as James Ellroy, Patricia Highsmith, Sara Paretsky, Carl Hiaasen and Patricia Cornwell, we will examine the ways in which American crime fiction asks a series of searching and troubling questions about contemporary American society. Central to our analysis will be the ways in which crime fiction represents a range of American concerns including individualism, the 'hero', race, gender, class, regionalism, the city, and the environment.




This module explores the ever expanding concept of 'American Frontiers'. Since Frederick Jackson Turner's influential 'Frontier thesis' of 1893, American identity has been increasingly linked to the concept of the 'frontier' which has, in more recent years, become subject to an ever-widening geography. Often referred to as the 'transnational turn,' this critical and theoretical trajectory has constantly reinvented - and multiplied - what constitutes the 'American Frontier'. From violent clashes between colonisers and Native peoples to the Space Race, from literary cosmopolitanisms to Hollywood in the South Seas, from America's own national borders to its internal racial and ethnic boundaries, to name just a few of the possible ways of thinking about the Frontier, this module considers American geographies in tandem with the critical movements that have shaped American Studies.




The first book published in the New World was a hymn book. Music, sacred and profane, has been at the centre of American lives ever since. Accordingly, this module will explore the history of American music - but it will also examine the way that its development tells a larger story. Focusing largely on the vernacular musical traditions we will encounter a wide range of musical styles and musicians, each of which has something vital to tell us about the shaping of America. After all, as Plato knew, "When the mode of the music changes, the walls of the city shake."




Directly addressing both America as a nation and the experience of being American, Walt Whitman stated: "Do I contradict myself? Very well then I contradict myself, I am large and contain multitudes" ('Song of Myself'). This module further explores Whitman's comments in the context of the practice of many American writers, and will consider the literary and historical contexts of creative literary practice in America. Drawing upon the technical, stylistic, and contextual concerns of a range of American literary voices, students will produce a portfolio of creative work. NB Reserved for American Literature with Creative Writing Students only.




The purpose of this unit is to expose students to a range of works by American women writers in the 20th century. We will looks at some of the best known women writers in the American tradition, as well as works or writers you are not likely to encounter in other units, because either the author or the work is sidelined.




Animation is one of the most popular and least scrutinised areas of popular media culture. This module seeks to introduce students to animation as a mode of production through examinations of different aesthetics and types of animation from stop motion through to cel and CGI-based examples. It then goes on to discuss some of the debates around animation in relation to case study texts. Example debates include: who animation is for (children?), the limits of the term "animation" in relation to CGI, the industrial frameworks for animation production (art vs commerce) and character vs star debates around animation icons. A range of approaches and methods will therefore be adopted within the module, including political economics, cultural industries, star studies and animation studies itself. The module is taught by seminar and screening.




Using case studies from around the Mediterranean world, this module provides a grounding in the archaeology of the Mediterranean World. Case studies range from Palaeolithic Europe, to the Neolithic of the Aegean, Cyprus, The Near East, or North Africa, depending on the expertise of the module convener. Themes include early artistic endeavour (Palaeolithic Europe), the transition from hunting to farming (Crete, the Aegean, Cyprus the Near East), the emergence of urban societies (Egypt, the Near East), climate and society (the Mediterranean).




This examines the development of the art and architecture of Venice over a period from the city's foundation until the 18th century. This is a preparation for a fieldtrip to the city. Students on this module will be able to apply to the Emma Jonathan Fund for support in meeting the costs of the trip.




This module addresses contemporary issues in the production and display of art. It explores the status of contemporary art in relation to globalisation but also examines the problems confronting critics, curators and scholars today when they engage with the art of different regions and of all periods, from prehistory to the present.




This module considers texts by Austen and the Brontes in relation to a wide variety of literary and historical contexts: feminisms, colonialism, impact of war, the social status of the woman writer, representations of governesses, madness, mad women and mad men, rakes, foreigners and strangers. We investigate the forms of communication which seem to be offered by and in the romance novel and the ways in which the lives of these authors have been told and read as romances. Opportunities will be available to work on film versions and students will also have, as part of the assessment, the opportunity to produce their own piece of creative writing in response to the primary texts.




This is the second of two modules examining the black freedom struggle in the United States. This module examines the struggle from 1865 to Black Lives Matter. Students will study the political activism of African American figures such as Sojourner Truth, Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey, Mary McLeod Bethune and Angela Davis. Students will gain a detailed understanding of the race, gender and class dimensions of the 'long' civil rights movement, paying specific attention to the activism of black women organisers. Finally, the module will encourage students to think through the diverse and changing nature of the civil rights movement as black activists responded to specific political situations both within the United States and abroad.




The UK's relationship with its continental European neighbours has historically been fraught with tension and difficulty. This module investigates and attempts to explain Britain's ambivalent attitude towards European integration and considers competing visions of Britain's post-war destiny. It tracks, through examination of internal debates in the two main political parties, the UK's changing European policy from aloofness in the 1950s through the two half-hearted applications for membership in the 1960s to accession in 1973 and the development of its reputation as an 'awkward partner'. It also examines the impact of EU membership on British politics and the British political system, assesses the success of Britain's efforts to shape the EU agenda, and critically evaluates the arguments for and against British membership, including those concerning British exceptionalism. This module is recommended for those students who intend to progress to the European Studies with Brussels Internship' module in Year 3




The module will explore the key issues in the analysis of British film and television. It will cover the conditions of their production, mediation and consumption, while also providing opportunities for close analysis of key texts, figures and periods. For example, it will examine the British film studios and the developing relations between film and television production; it will discuss the claims about the realist tradition within British film and television production, while simultaneously examining the centrality of spectacle within British film and television; it will analyse a range of British genres; it will explore debates over the situation of British stars and directors; it will study the preoccupation with historical materials in British film and television production; and, finally, it will scrutinize the concept of national cinema and observe the importance of international markets to both film and television production, an importance that dates back to the earliest days of both media. THIS MODULE IS AVAILABLE FOR INTERNATIONAL SUMMER SCHOOL STUDENTS ONLY




The aim of this module is to introduce students to the key theoretical issues and debates that underpin the discipline of political science so that students understand the main methodological and ideological approaches to political science. It will also be of relevance to international relations students. The module will provide important foundations for the remainder of the politics major degree. It will be one of two compulsory modules for single honours Politics students. The first part of the module will focus on understanding basic political concepts ('building blocks') such as a rational choice, culture, and institutions, and critically examine these concepts and their application, linking to key empirical debates in political science about power, representation, accountability and policy making in western democracies. The second part focuses on meta-theoretical concerns such as how to compare political phenomena and systems, ideas and material explanation, structure and agency, epistemology and ontology.




How and why does comedy work as idea and theatrical practice? This module explores comedy across time and place, going back to both classical comedy (Aristophanes) and the roots of commedia dell'arte, and continuing through Moliere and Wycherley in the seventeenth-century, Goldoni in the eighteenth, Oscar Wilde and Alfred Jarry in the 1890s, and into the twentieth century with Beckett, Ionesco, Stoppard, Orton and Fo. The module ends with Richard Bean's 2011 adaptation of Goldoni in One Man, Two Guvnors. We'll study the theory, practice and politics of comedy in drama, encompassing comedy as social critique, comedy of ideas, theatre of the absurd, farce as confrontation, carnival and the grotesque, comic bodies, clowning, metatheatre and theatricality. There may be opportunities to view some of the plays on film and to participate in some practical workshops. The main mode is seminar discussion. Assessment is by means of a group seminar participation, a scene analysis and a longer written project. Drama students may include a performance element as part of the assessment but this module is open to all.




The aim of this module is to enable students to develop understanding of political systems in advanced Western states. Students graduating from the module will be able to demonstrate: - critical understanding of the main theories, models and concepts applied in the analysis of political systems and their comparison - knowledge of national political systems and their institutional dynamics, political processes and debates concerning the emergence of new political regimes, the politics of territory, parties and party systems, political leadership, legislatures, interest groups, the state and public policy, and identity and citizenship; - critical awareness of current debates in comparative politics - key skills, including critical evaluation, analytical investigation, written presentation, and oral communication.




The purpose of this module is to expose students to a range of prose works by important contemporary American writers. We will identify a number of key concepts associated with contemporary American fiction, such as (but not limited to) postmodernism, metafiction, historiography, identity, globalisation, place, and memory. At the same time, though, we will explore why it is challenging to describe, and make fictions about, contemporary American culture.




This module examines how contemporary artists have explored the way in which contemporary galleries and museums function. Since the 1960s artists have adopted the museum as both subject and medium in their artworks. These seminars will examine how such projects impact on our idea of what galleries and museums are, how they operate, and what role they have in public life today. Throughout, key ideas regarding aesthetics, politics, memory, and audience participation will be approached by way of specific artworks and exhibitions. These sessions will be supplemented by workshops exploring art criticism, as well as a study trip to London.




This module aims to equip students with a good knowledge and understanding of contemporary Japanese culture and society through various aspects. All lectures are conducted in English.




This module is designed to provide students with an understanding of the spatial dimensions of media access, production, participation and use/consumption. Module content is organised around the notions of space and place, thereby enabling an engagement with issues including: globalisation/the global; national media and media systems; regional and local media; community and 'grassroots' media, domestic and 'personal' media. Over the course of the module then, students will develop an understanding of the range and reach of media and the multiplicity of factors determining how, when and where populations are enabled to access and participate in media activities. Parallel to the above will be an exploration, through selected case study examples, of media and cultural policy issues, spaces/places of media production as well as a critical engagement with questions of power in relation to these. The module will also be adopting a contemporary focus by incorporating debates about the role and potential of digital media and communications technologies in enabling new forms of media production, distribution and participation.




An introductory module open only to second year students. It is not available to students on the Creative Writing Minor and is offered as an alternative to other Level 5 Creative Writing modules. The aim of the module is to get students writing prose fiction and/or poetry, using structured exercises based on objects, handouts, discussion and visualisation to stimulate the production of work. At the outset students will be encouraged to write about 'what they know', drawing on notebooks, memories and family stories. Throughout attention will be given to the work of established authors, using exemplary texts both as a basis for discussion and as a stimulus to students' own writing. Along the way students will begin to develop an understanding of the craft of writing - the technical nuts and bolts. They will also acquire some of the disciplines necessary to being a writer - observation, writing in drafts, reading as a writer, submitting to deadlines, etc.




An introductory module open only to second year students. It is not available to students on the Creative Writing Minor and is offered as an alternative to other Level 5 Creative Writing modules. The aim of the module is to get students writing prose fiction and/or poetry, using structured exercises based on objects, handouts, discussion and visualisation to stimulate the production of work. At the outset students will be encouraged to write about 'what they know', drawing on notebooks, memories and family stories. Throughout attention will be given to the work of established authors, using exemplary texts both as a basis for discussion and as a stimulus to students' own writing. Along the way students will begin to develop an understanding of the craft of writing - the technical nuts and bolts. They will also acquire some of the disciplines necessary to being a writer - observation, writing in drafts, reading as a writer, submitting to deadlines, etc.




This module considers how the concept of democracy has changed since it originated in ancient Greece and looks at the critiques of democracy advanced by its opponents. The ideas and values underpinning democracy will be examined. The first part of the module focuses on texts by the major democratic thinkers including Locke, Rousseau and Mill. The second part concentrates on contemporary theories of democracy and examines the problems which democracy currently faces and evaluates the solutions proposed, including "electronic democracy" and "cosmopolitan democracy".




This module will introduce students to the key issues in documentary history, theory and criticism. It will address definitional and generic debates; ethical issues; historical forms and founders; different categories, models and expository and poetic modes of documentary filmmaking; and social and political uses and debates. It will draw upon case studies from a range of different national and media contexts and give students grounding in key historical, methodological and ethical debates that they can draw upon in their future written and practical work.




Epistemology is about knowledge, and metaphysics is about what's real and what kind of reality it has. The two issues are somewhat related because knowledge has to do with knowing what is real and what the truth is about it. The first part of the module provides a problem-focused investigation of classical problems and current debates in epistemology and its relation to metaphysics. Classic problems which are still a matter of ongoing concern include: What is knowledge and why do we need it? Can we know the world through the veil of colours and sounds? Are colours as real as shapes, or do they exist only in the eye of the beholder? Some current debates revolve around the question of how empirical findings and methods can be brought to bear on these characteristically philosophical problems. Others address philosophical questions that are raised by recent scientific findings. E.g., recent findings from psychology have epistemologists ask: When can we trust our intuitions? Is there an 'intelligence of the unconscious'? What can we do to avoid cognitive illusions? In the second part of the module selected issues in metaphysics will be explored, asking questions like "is time real?", "Do fictional objects exist and are there truths about them?", "Are there abstract objects?" "What makes this the same object as it was yesterday?" and so on.




LDC students going abroad under the ERASMUS exchange scheme for the Autumn semester must enrol for this module. Students going abroad under the ERASMUS exchange scheme to Dublin will need in addition to enrol for module LDCL5025B. Further details of the ERASMUS scheme are available from the Study Abroad Office.




LDC students going abroad under the ERASMUS exchange scheme for the Spring semester must enrol for this module. Students going abroad under the ERASMUS exchange scheme to Dublin will need in addition to enrol for module LDCL5024A. Further details on the ERASMUS scheme are available from the Study Abroad Office.




The module focuses on European political and economic co-operation and projections for the future. Issues include: the EU's attempts at foreign policy in international conflicts such as Iraq, former Yugoslavia, Georgia, co-operation with other International organisations, as an economic superpower vis-a-vis the United States, China and Japan, as aid-donor to the Developing World and a pioneering force behind environmental policy and energy policy - as a hesitant superpower in security and defence (Islamic State, Africa, Asia, etc.). It is advisable - but not compulsory - to know a few basics as to the make-up and workings of the EU before embarking on this module.




This is a compulsory module for all students on an American Studies related degree programme. The module offers foundational understanding in US intellectual thought and culture from the roots of democracy coming out of the Enlightenment through to the contemporary moment of globalisation and biopolitics. In short the module maps-out the US from its origins in the European imagination to its current position in a globalised world. It address such important questions as: Does the US have a distinctive culture? What of the melting-pot? How has the diversity of ethnic, racial, gender, class, and religious identities shaped US intellectual and cultural history? How have the concepts and practices of related disciplines such as history, sociology, economics and literary criticism influenced US intellectual and cultural life? Should we speak of cultural imperialism? How has capitalism and its various political-economic and cultural critiques shaped the US? And how can the study of intellectual and cultural history help us understand the dynamics of power?




Exceptional States is designed to allow you to grapple with some of the distinctive, some have said exceptional, ways in which Americans have viewed the world, interpreted their own society, their own past, their own literary and artistic traditions#that is, their own culture. It will give you a key to understanding 'the American mind', or to put it another way, American ways of thinking. It is in a sense intended to enable you to approach your subject#whether that be your own particular topic, your own discipline, or the field as a whole#with an ability to interpret it, understand its Americanness, and so understand the subtle nuances often lost on outsiders. It will, in short, give you a deeper insight into America, and also into the study of America. To that extent, it takes your intellectual journey onward another stage. You will begin to see new meanings in past events, literary texts, images, films, and so on. You will be able to reach a deeper understanding of the complexities of the United States of America.




Film Genres introduces students to the range of theories and methods used to account for the prevalence of genres within filmmaking. The module investigates historical changes in how film genres have been approached in order to consider how genres have been made use of by industry, critics and film audiences. Genre theories are explored through a range of case studies drawn from one or more of a range of popular American film genres that may include the Western, melodrama, romantic comedy, the road movie, the buddy movie, film noir, the gangster film, the war film and action/adventure film. In exploring concepts and case studies relating to film genres the module aims to demonstrate the impact of genres within contemporary culture.




The module will examine America in the1980s. It will look at youth culture, post-Vietnam revisionism and the 'remasculinization of America', yuppie culture, and the impact of both AIDS and drug addiction. Core factors of study in this module are the effects of both New Right morality upon the American socio-cultural landscape, and Ronald Reagan as postmodern president administrating to a 'celluloid America' of his own fantastic imagining. Overall, the module will offer the chance to analyse the tensions and contradictions of the decade as they were played out in both the content and structure of contemporary American film.




This module offers students the opportunity to study some of the great works of nineteenth-century Russian fiction by authors such as Gogol, Turgenev, Tolstoy and Dostoevsky. Russian writers were convinced that their country's literature had been too dependent on European models and they set out consciously to create a distinctly 'Russian' tradition. What did this involve and why subsequently were the works of the authors like Dostoevsky and Chekhov received so rapturously when they became available in English translations at the beginning of the twentieth century? We will also examine this writing in its social, historical and political context, which raises questions regarding the significance of gender, censorship and empire.




Providing a conceptual overview of feminist research approaches, this module examines contemporary gender and power relations. It examines both the formal and informal power structures that shape the experience of gender. Bringing together the fields of media, sociology, politics and international relations, the module explores a variety of themes and case studies including: gender, representation and the media, feminist methodologies and international relations, gender and IPE.




Providing a conceptual overview of feminist research methods, this module examines the role of media in constructing - and challenging - contemporary gender relations and understandings of a range of femininities and masculinities. The module explores both theoretical and methodological issues and covers theoretical approaches from feminist media studies, cultural studies, gender studies and queer theory. It explores a range of media and visual cultures including television, magazines, sports media, music, digital media culture, etc.




Wealth, power, globalisation, trade, finance, innovation in a changing world of emerging powers are the subjects of this module. As Susan Strange - an IPE scholar famously put it: cui bono? (who benefits?) This module offers an introduction to understanding the political economic world of 'International Relations'. As a field of study, GPE encompasses the processes of trade, production, finance, the division of labour, development, the environment, gender, and ideas as they operate at and across all levels, from global to local. As an approach, GPE is rooted in classical political economy, in that it recognises the mutually constitutive nature of politics, society and economics. The course starts with a historical perspective of global political economy, then goes on to provide an overview of various classical and modern theoretical perspectives within GPE. The following weeks look at topics: production, trade, finance, innovation and the (re)emergence of the global south. Weekly discussion groups build on the lectures, offer a space to ask questions, and allow students to engage with important contemporary debates in the field.




In this module, we will examine the interaction between the visual and the verbal in British culture during the nineteenth century, looking at images and/or texts produced by William Blake, the Pre-Raphaelite circle, Algernon Swinburne, Edward Burne-Jones, the English social realists, James McNeill Whistler, Aubrey Beardsley and Oscar Wilde, Walter Sickert, the Bloomsbury group and artists/poets of the First World War. In turn, we will consider the ways in which art historians, poets, novelists, literary critics and theorists have considered the often-vexed relationship between image and word. Thus, while largely chronological in form the course requires students to engage with the theoretical and critical literature on image/word relations, and considers issues such as the title, the calligram, ekphrasis, visual humour and the aesthetics of texts.




This module will address the politics of migration and citizenship. It will provide students with a background to political thought on citizenship, membership and belonging. It will then examine migration at the international, state and individual levels. The international level will focus on historical movements of people (such as from Europe and Asia towards the Americas) and contemporary flows of refugees and guest workers. The state level will look comparatively at immigration and emigration policies and critically assess the logic behind them. Attention will be given to different countries in various regions for comprehensive comparative evaluation. Different types of migration will be considered, including economic (such as non-immigrant and immigrant work visas), family (such as spousal and family reunification visas) and humanitarian (refugees, asylum seekers, and special humanitarian protections). The politics of these migration categories will be foregrounded, including governmental tactics of management, how they comply or fail to comply with international human rights norms, and the foreign policy implications of humanitarian visas. Finally the individual level will consider narrative accounts of migration in order to understand policy and practice from a bottom-up and experiential perspective. Students will be encouraged to critically evaluate and analyse the politics of migration as manifest in the various policies and practices.




This module begins by analysing what is meant by Indigenous arts and peoples. In particular, we shall consider the link between the anthropology of art and Indigenous identity. The module continues by examining issues related to the interpretation of indigenous arts in wide-ranging geographic and cultural contexts from North America, to India and Australia. It then questions Indigenous peoples' engagement with notions of ethnicity and heritage, as well as the formation of an 'Indigenous media' through film-making. The module aims to foster an inter-disciplinary approach.




Few areas of international politics which remain unregulated by international organisations or international norms. This module examines the historical development of international organizations and regimes, including the UN, NATO, European Union, and international financial institutions. It also assesses their design and evolution, and the extent to which their operation reflects underlying power and interest. It critically evaluates the main theories to explain cooperation between states, the role played in security, trade, finance, gender and environmental policy, and asks whether the structure of international organisation amounts to global governance.




This module provides a brief historical and theoretical review of the cold war. It then goes on to look at some of the key issues of the post-cold war world. How far have international relations changed since the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989? What are the prospects for peace, stability and prosperity now that the ideological and military struggle between the USSR and the USA is over? Has international terrorism replaced communism as the main threat to the West?




This module will give students an essential grounding in International Relations theory, encompassing both the foundational theories of realism and liberalism, and contemporary debates about hegemony, neo-imperialism and post-positivism. The module is structured around the positivist/post-positivist divide and starts with classical realism and neo-realism, and liberalism and neo-liberalism. It then explores the English School and constructivism before turning to more critical theories like post-colonialism, feminism and gender studies, and postmodernism.




This module explores issues within, and perspectives on, international security. In the first part of the module, we explore the continuing salience of violent conflict and the use of force in world politics. While some have theorised that the advent of globalisation and spread of liberal democracy would make the use of force and violent conflict less relevant to the world, war and conflict have remained an integral part of the international system. The module examines the ways in which violent conflict and the use of force are managed in world politics. It surveys a variety of perspectives on the causes of war and peace in order to examine the roots of violent conflicts and security problems in the present day. Additionally, the responses of the international community to violent conflict including terrorism will be explored, looking broadly at the contested notion of the "Just War". Drawing upon historical and contemporary examples of war and violent conflict, it assesses the contributions of different actors and processes to the achievement of regional and world peace and security. The module's second part turns to contemporary 'critical' debates around international security. These will include constructivist, feminist, and sociological perspectives on what security is, how it is achieved, and whether it is desirable. We will also investigate the host of seemingly new security challenges that have increasingly captured the attention of policymakers and academics. How useful is it to think of issues such as pandemics, environmental degradation, poverty, and undocumented migration as security issues? What is gained and what is lost by so doing?




The aim of this module is to discuss Japanese popular culture in terms of theories of social and historical analysis. The module will examine various cultural forms and practices, including manga/anime, media, and music. In doing this, students are expected to develop critical thinking about the relations between Japanese popular culture and national identity, and the role of Japanese popular culture in the contemporary world. The seminar consists of three main parts: lecture, original audio and/or video materials, and group discussion. Students contribute to group discussion every week. Seminars, reading materials, and assessments are all in English.




An introductory practical journalism module for students of politics or related topics who intend a career in journalism. The course will cover the basic skills and knowledge of the reporter, news production skills, news values and news sources, professional and ethical standards, online presentation and writing, radio, video and TV reporting. The course will include interview techniques, and package creation for radio and TV news. There will be workshops on scripting for radio and TV, including writing to picture. There will be practical instruction in camera work and editing (including mobile journalism) and timeline video and audio editing. The teaching approach will be one three-hour workshop each week - allowing sufficient class time for workshop and production activities. A feature of the course will be regular and detailed review of mainstream media, including online news sites, local and national radio and TV broadcasts.




The module looks at the linkage between language and politics, at propaganda and the (mis)representation of the world. It places particular emphasis on the acquisition of linguistic tools that will enhance your ability to analyse varieties of political discourse in action, including the numerous forms of media involvement in political processes. Presentations of the main concepts and examples are linked with practice sessions in which students have the opportunity to design and produce political texts. In addition we use analytical exercises to test and challenge the theories of language use and the practices of politics focusing on both historical and contemporary situations and data. The module encourages students to develop, practice and test a range of skills, including: being able to consider, analyse and challenge critically the ideas and practices of themselves and others; taking part in teamwork; presenting ideas and analytical outcomes. By the end of the module, you should be able to understand and engage with politics (and language itself) in a significantly different way to before.




Twentieth century philosophy is characterised by a preoccupation with language. This attention involved a great deal of reflection on language itself and also on the possibility that traditional philosophical problems might be resolved or dissolved by thinking about the language in which the problems are posed. The period also witnessed great upheavals, with the rise and fall of logical positivism and ordinary language philosophy, the development of formal theories of meaning, and the eventual resurgence of pragmaticism and metaphysics. The module will explore these major themes through consideration of the work of major thinkers from the last fifty years, including Quine, Davidson, Putnam, and Kripke.




Different social groups and different speech situations give rise to a remarkable range of linguistic variety. In this module we will explore the kind of factors that govern such variety, the social meanings and ideologies with which it is associated, and some approaches to research. Issues covered include: language and social class, language and gender, language and education, code-switching, multilingualism and politeness. Examples given are drawn from socio-linguistic practices in Britain and a variety of other cultural contexts. You are introduced to the main concepts and studies and given opportunities for class discussion. You are expected to make your own contribution by researching a particular area of interest for a class presentation and the project. The module does not assume knowledge of a second language and is relevant to students majoring in political, socio-cultural and media studies as well as to language students.




This module deals with the ways in which people use language to communicate in real life and it addresses some of the questions you may have wondered about if you are curious about the way language works in practice. It is concerned, for example, with the way in which simply speaking certain words ('I do') actually changes the state of social play. Questions addressed include: what are people doing when they engage in 'conversation'? Why is communication still problematic even when I am fluent in a foreign language? How does a word like 'this' refer to different things? How do we create implied meanings without actually saying what we mean? The main theoretical concepts are introduced and illustrated and ample opportunity is then given to the students to contribute and discuss their own examples to show how the concepts apply in different situations and in different cultural/linguistic environments. This module is relevant not only to language students but also to those students who are generally interested in communication.




This module will offer a series of different approaches to the question of how Literature and Philosophy can speak to each other as academic disciplines, demonstrating the breadth and diversity of the two fields, as well as acquainting students with the research in literary criticism and philosophy currently being pursued at UEA. As well as examining the ways in which literature can illuminate and trouble philosophical argument, it will explore literature and 'the literary' as a topic for philosophical analysis, and the kinds of thinking such a topic would demand. Setting literature and philosophy into dialogue in this way will engender a more capacious understanding of the particular philosophical issues, and literary techniques, under discussion. The course will allow students to develop an awareness of the limits and advantages of various modes of literary and philosophical expression, and to foster more sophisticated skills in both literary and philosophical criticism. The module will be made up of a lecture circus, with two weeks given to each lecturer on a particular topic related to their current research (there will be five in all, David Nowell Smith (module convenor) plus two from PHI and two from LDC). The seminars will discuss issues arising from these lectures, working with texts set by the lecturer. The module is compulsory for VQ53 English Literature with Philosophy students, but is also open for other students in the English Literature and Philosophy degree courses.




A semester spent at a university abroad with the approval of the School. Students interested in European universities should see the Erasmus exchange modules, LDCL5024A and LDCL5025B. In all instances you must consult with Study Abroad Office.



LIVING ON THE HYPHEN: Multi-ethnic American Literatures

America has long been interpreted as the location of social possibility founded upon a desire to assimilate and negate ethnic 'others'. This module traces the literary responses of distinct 'American' cultures: including Native American; African American; Asian American; and Latin American. Each group of texts engage with the specific historical, cultural and political relationships between the US and each author's country of origin or national/cultural history, across the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Topics will include race and racism, exile, return, family, belonging, identity, language and memory, colonisation, imperialism, slavery, segregation, immigration, and illegality/invisibility, with an emphasis upon contemporary experiences.




This module aims to introduce students to strategies and techniques for analysing photographs and, more specifically, uses the visual record to study and illuminate the history of the USA. Viewed here as sites of historical evidence, photographic portraits, family albums, anthropological illustrations, lynching postcards, advertisements, food packaging, fashion photos are just some of the pictures that will be "read" and evaluated. Students will explore how visual texts can contribute to an understanding of nationhood, class, race, sexuality and identity in the USA, with an emphasis on the nineteenth century. Opening sessions will focus on ways of "reading" visual texts. [No previous experience of working with images is necessary]. Most of the semester will be devoted to analysing how photographic images both reflect and contribute to constructions of American identities and culture.




Recent research in archaeology and anthropology has begun to reframe questions posed by the study of material culture and art. This module introduces some contemporary archaeological and anthropological perspectives on the study of material culture. Case studies are drawn from around the world.




The module introduces students to the role of media and communications in processes of globalisation with a particular focus on questions of cultural change. It discusses the cultural implications of global media images and cultural products by exploring audience practices and media representations in different contexts. The first weeks of the module introduce the main theoretical approaches to mediated globalisation. The rest of the module discusses and assesses these approaches by critically exploring the connections between global media products and cultural transformation; changes and continuities in audience practices around the world; and the potential of media representations to transform social interaction across geographical borders.




Students acquire knowledge of the theory and practice of a range of quantitative and qualitative research methods. A variety of skills can be acquired - interviewing, observation, focus groups, taking fieldwork notes, computerised data analysis, report writing, etc. Assessment is via two individual research reports, one quantitative and one qualitative, the data being either provided to students or collected by them as part of a collaborative piece of primary research. This module is compulsory for students taking degrees in Politics and Society, Culture and Media. These two group of students will be taught in separate streams, and the material in each will be tailored to their subject-specific needs.




What is morality? What is it to be a moral agent and to engage in moral deliberation? What is it to justify moral judgments and is there such a thing as a justification of moral practices themselves? What does it mean to be or try to become a good person? In this module we take a look at various theories about the nature of morality as well as critically examining the idea that what one needs, to understand the phenomenon of morality, or to engage successfully in moral thinking, is a moral theory.




The aim of this module is to look at some of the philosophical and ethical issues underlying environmental concerns. In particular, we will ask in what sense it is possible to speak of a moral relationship of humans with their non-human environment. We will focus on understanding whether environmental value is intrinsic or relative to human interests, and look at how this distinction relates to arguments about the nature of our obligations towards other species and the natural environment. Finally we will examine some of the difficulties that debates about environmental policy face.




'I am not a man, I am dynamite!' So proclaimed Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900). Since Nietzsche made that proclamation in 1888 his work has indeed had an explosive impact, radically challenging traditional ideas of what philosophy involves in a way that has had an enormous influence on many subsequent thinkers, artists, religious ideas, and culture at large. This module will explore some of Nietzsche's key writings, situating them in context and focussing on his diagnosis of nihilism in Western culture and his proposed responses to that nihilism . Some or all of the following themes will be explored: appearance and reality, genealogy, truth, naturalism, nihilism, aesthetics and the critique of morality and religion.




Since at least Xenophanes, philosophers have sought to raise religion from its lower, superstitious manifestations to a fully articulate, rational expression. This effort has been pursued along distinct lines, which have led to a variety of original outcomes, e.g. a synthesis between religion and morality, the humanistic mediation of religion and atheism or the elaboration of a metaphysical picture of transcendence and existence. In this module, we shall discuss these theoretical projects, as well as their differences and lines of continuity, as they have emerged between the XVIII-th and XX-th century.




Within contemporary culture, science is taken to be the benchmark both in terms of methods of inquiry and in terms of what kinds of things there are, ultimately, in the world. That is, science serves as our best model for how to investigate and thereby to reveal what there is and how it works. The success of scientific inquiry is not to be doubted, but many philosophical questions arise with such success. Does the success of science entail that it is getting the world right, or can the success be explained in other terms? How objective are scientific methods? Do different sciences work according to fundamentally different methods? Is the reach of scientific methods limited? How much progress have we really made in understanding consciousness, rationality, free will or the standing of moral values, as a result of applying scientific methods to those investigations? How can philosophical work draw on and/or complement scientific research? These questions and more will animate the module. No understanding of particular branches of science will be presupposed, and a variety of different disciplines from the natural and social sciences will be discussed, including physics, biology, psychology, and linguistics.




Political violence, individual or collective is easily contemned as an irrational and barbaric phenomenon, with little relevance for understanding political developments and social change. A lot is down to LeBon's famous nineteenth century accounts of the crowd as 'a primitive being' so destructive 'that the interests of the individual, even the interest of self preservation, will not dominate them' (LeBon, 1995). The taboo of violence persists despite attempts of social and political theorists to engage with the issue and understand different forms and contexts, from riots, to religious violence and terrorism. The aim of the module is to break this generalized taboo by tracing the role (explicit or implicit) of political violence in political theory and its function in processes of socio-political transformations and change. Critical engagement with contemporary theoretical and empirical debates around the issue and the examination of mass and new media representations of political violence will enable students to develop a sophisticated understanding of the origins, logics, perceptions and outcomes of political violence and conflict.




Media is an inescapable part of contemporary political life. This module examines the many dimensions of media's political involvement. We start with arguments about media power, and then go on to look at questions of media bias, before turning to the ways in which political communication has changed (and is changing). We look at the role of the state in using and controlling media and the new techniques of media management. This leads to a discussion about media effects. We end by asking what is meant by a democratic media and how new media are changing the relationship between politics and media. This module links closely to Level 6 modules such as International Communication and Politics and Popular Culture.




This module encourages students to explore the ways in which popular music has been understood by scholars in the field of media and cultural studies. The module will examine the debates over popular music industries, texts and audiences, and incorporate an exploration of a range of popular musical forms, including folk music, rock, pop, rap and/or hip-hop, and dance music cultures. It will also examine the relations of popular music to other media, such as television and the internet.




This module introduces students to key perspectives in 19th and 20th century social and political theory. Central to this module is an interest in the relationship between economic, social and cultural structures and individual agency and identity. Areas explored include the following: social conflict and consensus; conceptions of power and domination; Marxism and neo-Marxism; critical theory; structuralism; poststructuralism; ideology and discourse; postmodernity; the self and consumer society.




The advertising and PR industries are central to public life: in business, politics and culture. Branding strategies reach into our intimate lives, whether this is through the ways that we promote ourselves in social media or how corporations collect, analyse and sell our data for marketing purposes. The purpose of this module is to introduce students to these developments, their histories, and the key ethical and political debates that surround them. It may include how PR has informed politics and ideology since the 1920s, through the rise of the advertising in 1960s Manhattan, to today's flow of brands across digital platforms. It may look at the promotional cultures surrounding the film and television industries, including product placement, corporate sponsorship, celebrity. It could examine the ways in which we are encouraged to become micro-celebrities, using promotional techniques online and offline in order to market ourselves in an increasingly visual and commercialized culture. It may ask to what extent brands are integral to our social lives and subjectivities, how far they forge intimate relationships with and between users. It will use case studies that may touch on vlogging, selfies, viral marketing, and issues or controversies affecting the promotional cultures such as sexualisation, corporate social responsibility, greenwashing, sustainability, and surveillance.




The module will be conceptual as well as practical including discussions and exercises around the design, editing and publishing of a text and what constitutes an editorial policy. In the seminars students will be taught how to set up, run and market their own publications (a magazine/book/fanzine) as well as to justify their editorial, marketing and business strategies. This course will be assessed by a portfolio. Three sessions of training on Indesign publishing software will be provided as part of the course. This module will suit students who wish to engage with publishing on a creative and intellectual level as well as learning useful employability skills.




The module will be conceptual as well as practical including discussions and exercises around the design, editing and publishing of a text and what constitutes an editorial policy. In the seminars students will be taught how to set up, run and market their own publications (a magazine/book/fanzine) as well as to justify their editorial, marketing and business strategies. This course will be assessed by a portfolio and a piece of coursework. Three sessions of training on Indesign publishing software will be provided as part of the course. This module will suit students who wish to engage with publishing on a creative and intellectual level as well as learning useful employability skills.




This module will focus on poetry written from the post-war context up to the present day. The poets studied will be drawn principally from an Anglo-American tradition and may include such writers as Frank O'Hara, John Berryman, Sylvia Plath, Elizabeth Bishop, Sharon Olds, James Tate, Yusef Komunyakaa, Carol Ann Duffy, Carolyn Forche among others. Using the reading and study of post-war poetry, students will be able to write creatively and/or critically for assessment. The module would build upon Creative Writing modules and also complement level two modules such as Modernism, and Poetry and Painting, as well as level three modules such as Lyric, Words and Music, Poetry After Modernism, and poetry dissertations. This module is open to Literature and English Literature with Creative Writing Students.




In this module we will study some of the most important poetry and prose of the English Renaissance, including masterpieces by Christopher Marlowe, Sir Philip Sidney, and Edmund Spenser, as well as Shakespeare's early narrative poetry (not covered on the Shakespeare module). We will be studying these writers in a unique way. Behind this great outpouring of Elizabethan writing lay a vibrant literary culture which valued rhetoric, argument, elaborate and often playful self-presentation, and which insisted that good reading helped you to develop an individual style as a writer. In response to your reading of Renaissance literature, you will put the tenets of this culture into practice, building up over the course of the module an assessment portfolio of short pieces of writing in prose (or sometimes, if you wish, poetry). When reading Sidney's groundbreaking 'Defence of Poetry', for instance, you will draw on his rhetorical and argumentative techniques to write your own defence of any modern genre of your choice. Or when looking at the way Thomas Nashe plays with the form of his printed books you will have the opportunity to experiment with innovative ways of presenting your own portfolio to readers. This module allows you to think critically in genres other than conventional academic essays, and in doing so aims to foster connections between critical and creative writing. You will have the chance to develop more confidence and self-awareness as a writer and critic through studying some of the greatest English literature. THIS MODULE FULFILLS THE PRE-1789 REQUIREMENT.




This module will introduce students to the key theoretical frameworks and approaches within the tradition of reception studies. It will offer a critical exploration of the main debates and studies that have shaped the field, exploring both historical and contemporary contexts of media reception. In particular, in will consider the transcultural circulation of media, and the issues that arise when film, television and other media transfer between cultures with significantly different values and modes of reception. The module will encourage students to critically evaluate existing reception studies and equip them with the tools necessary to undertake their own small-scale reception study.




Fourteenth and fifteenth-century Italy was shaped by the growth of urban centres and the development of new political, social, and sacred institutions. New patrons and uses for artworks prompted a wealth of artistic activity that responded to and also forged contemporary values, beliefs and identities. Bankers, merchants, mercenaries, and religious institutions exploited the power of art and architecture to promote their professional interests, ambitions, and families. This module explores evolving forms and functions of painting, sculpture and architecture made by a range of artists including Giotto, Donatello, and Michelangelo.




The aim of this module is to consider the relationship between domestic and foreign policy in post-Soviet Russia. The module will start by studying Russian domestic politics and assess the extent to which President Putin has taken Russia back to Soviet-style dictatorship. We will then look at foreign policy, and concentrate on a number of case studies, including the wars in Georgia, Ukraine and Syria, and discuss whether Russia has become an expansionist and militaristic power which is a threat to stability in the world.




This module introduces the history and archaeology of Africa in the past 1500 years. It focuses on its art and artefacts, and explores case studies such as the medieval empires of the Sahel, the Indian Ocean trade in cowrie shells and beads, trans-Saharan caravans and the sumptuous graves of Egypt and Congo. Through the discussion of Africa's past and its global links, we can reach a better understanding of the continent past and present, and challenge the false but popular notion that African societies have remained static over centuries and that the continent's role in world history was negligible, an idea underpinned by negative media coverage of Africa today. Archaeology, anthropology, history, and oral tradition all inform this module. And though our subject-matter in this course is African, the questions raised apply much more widely.




On this module we will explore Beat literature, tracing its origins in American rebellion and avant-garde experimentation, and the subsequent impact of the Beats on American literature and culture. We will examine how the Beats developed a counterculture which both engaged with and struggled against the limits of writing, identity, and society in mid-century America. Through close readings of texts and a sustained examination of key critical concepts, we will not only develop an understanding of the Beats in context, but also interrogate the limits of Beat literature itself through critical reflection on the tensions of race, gender, and "consensus culture" which surround and inform Beat writing.




What was the Cold War? How did it start, where and how was it fought, and why did it last so long? This module analyses these issues by exploring the contest waged by the U.S. and Soviet Union in every corner of the globe during the twentieth century. It considers nations and peoples who aligned with the superpowers or, as was increasingly the case, with neither. It looks at the multiple ways in which this unique 'war short of total war' influenced all aspects of life, from diplomacy and politics, to economics, to culture and values, to bombs and warfare, to societal norms, to questions of race and sexuality. With attention to a range of state, private, and transnational actors, it analyses the global and international nature of the Cold War. It explores the place of the conflict amid other transformative historical narratives during the century and, finally, considers the changing ways that historians have written about the Cold War.




The 18th century saw a radical change take place in European culture. A new value was placed upon knowledge, new views of the ways in which society should be run were formed, new attitudes towards religion occurred, new theories of art and culture arose. This module looks at these changes and the effects they had upon epistemology, political philosophy and aesthetics. Enlightenment figures studied may include Diderot, d'Alembert, Voltaire, David and Condorcet in France, Kant in Germany and Hume in Scotland. As a counterpoint to this we study some of the works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, both an Enlightenment figure and yet perhaps its greatest critic.




This module will develop students understating of how silent-era, classical and post-classical Hollywood has developed as an industry, balancing the twin demands of creativity and commerce. The module will encourage students to analyse how Hollywood works as an industry, the kind of films it produces, and the ways in which they are consumed by domestic and global audiences. Students will engage with a variety of Hollywood films and be introduced to a range of theories and approaches for analysing how they are produced and consumed.




Drawing on a range of theoretical approaches in the field of media and cultural studies, this module explores the relationship between media culture and social identities. Discussing the representation of identity in media content, as well as issues of media production, regulation and consumption, it critically reflects upon the relationship between media culture and social power and considers how social and technological changes impact on the ways in which identity is experienced in everyday life. On successful completion of this module, students should be able, at threshold level, to critically reflect upon the ways in which media texts construct social identity and should be able to discuss the relationship between media and identity with awareness for social, institutional and technological factors that shape both media production and consumption.




Literary adaptations, historical epics, war films, period dramas, documentaries, bio-pics and sitcoms: British cinema and television feature a range of styles and genres that deal with and represent 'the past'. This module examines the prominent position that historical narratives have occupied within British media culture of the last century. Their enduring popularity of 'the past' as a topic and mode of address among both filmmakers and audiences raises a range of aesthetic, ideological and practical issues. What techniques and conventions do they use to depict the past? What visions of the British past do they offer? What pleasures do they provide for their audiences? How important are foreign audiences and investment? Do narratives about the past provide escapist entertainment, or do they enable media practitioners (and audiences) to address contemporary concerns? Drawing upon a range of media, the module examines the depiction of the past in British film and television from the 1930s to the present. The module is taught by seminar and screening.




What is a short story? What do short story writers have to say? What about short story critics and theorists? Is the short story a narrative in miniature? Or is there more to a short story than simply being 'short'? And why are critics so concerned with whether the short story is alive or dead? These are the kind of questions this module will investigate by asking you to think as a short story reader, theorist, critic and writer. Reading will be drawn from short story writers - and writing about the short story - roughly spanning the 19th century to the present, and from a range of cultural contexts. Our interest will not be to establish a history of the short story, but instead to explore the range of thematic preoccupations, changing definitions, and critical debates surrounding the form. Students will have the opportunity to respond to these questions in critical and/or creative forms of assessment. Writers studied might include Edgar Allan Poe, Katherine Mansfield, Julio Cortazar, Anton Chekov, Ali Smith and Ryunosuke Aqutagawa.




What is a short story? What do short story writers have to say? What about short story critics and theorists? Is the short story a narrative in miniature? Or is there more to a short story than simply being 'short'? And why are critics so concerned with whether the short story is alive or dead? These are the kind of questions this module will investigate by asking you to think as a short story reader, theorist, critic and writer. Reading will be drawn from short story writers - and writing about the short story - roughly spanning the 19th century to the present, and from a range of cultural contexts. Our interest will not be to establish a history of the short story, but instead to explore the range of thematic preoccupations, changing definitions, and critical debates surrounding the form. Students will have the opportunity to respond to these questions in critical and/or creative forms of assessment. Writers studied might include Edgar Allan Poe, Katherine Mansfield, Julio Cortazar, Anton Chekov, Ali Smith and Ryunosuke Aqutagawa.




The Writing of Journalism is concerned with journalism as a practice, and a genre. By examining different types of writing involved in a range of journalism, including short news stories, running stories, online journalism, reviews, and feature writing (including interviewing), we will identify and develop the skills needed to produce these. In addition to writing journalism themselves, students will examine journalistic writing and critical work about issues in the writing of journalism to probe and challenge their own ideas and assumptions about the practice and production of journalism. Rather than see the practice of journalism and the critical study of journalism as distinct activities, this course aims to engage students as critical readers and writers whose work is informed by both contexts. In so doing, students will gain a greater understanding of the demands and conventions of journalistic writing, develop and sharpen their own work, and gain the discursive flexibility to navigate the writing of journalism today. The module demands a high level of participation, as it is based on discussion, peer-workshops, and practical experience of reading and writing news and feature articles. Regular writing and participation in workshops count towards assessment. Due to the nature of this module, students who work in English as a second or foreign language should meet LDC's EFL score of 6.5. All prospective students are advised that the module involves weekly work to develop effective - and professional - journalism practices.




The Writing of Journalism is concerned with journalism as a practice, and a genre. By examining different types of writing involved in a range of journalism, including short news stories, running stories, online journalism, reviews, and feature writing (including interviewing), we will identify and develop the skills needed to produce these. In addition to writing journalism themselves, students will examine journalistic writing and critical work about issues in the writing of journalism to probe and challenge their own ideas and assumptions about the practice and production of journalism. Rather than see the practice of journalism and the critical study of journalism as distinct activities, this course aims to engage students as critical readers and writers whose work is informed by both contexts. In so doing, students will gain a greater understanding of the demands and conventions of journalistic writing, develop and sharpen their own work, and gain the discursive flexibility to navigate the writing of journalism today. The module demands a high level of participation, as it is based on discussion, peer-workshops, and practical experience of reading and writing news and feature articles. Regular writing and participation in workshops count towards assessment. Due to the nature of this module, students who work in English as a second or foreign language should meet LDC's EFL score of 6.5. All prospective students are advised that the module involves weekly work to develop effective - and professional - journalism practices.




Beginning with Ibsen and Strindberg, this module examines the development of modern forms of drama during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, addressing modern concerns - self and society, gender, sexuality, social and class conflicts, creation and destruction, the unconscious - and deploying experimental types of theatre by a range of writers including Chekhov, Maeterlinck, Wilde, Hauptmann, Buchner and Wedekind, as well as the two seminal Scandinavians. We will be looking at versions of Naturalism, Symbolism and Expressionism as modernist modes in drama and suggesting ways in which these shape and anticipate later developments. The main mode is seminar discussion with opportunities to experience the play texts as performances. You may choose to include a performance element as part of your assessment.




This module explores some of the key ways in which television has been theorised, conceptualised and debated. It will offer students insight into how the discipline of Television Studies has developed, as well as how television itself has developed - in terms of social roles, political functions and aesthetic form. A key interest will in be what television is for, for nations, societies, individuals and/or communities.




With its main focus on the 20th century, this module will explore key moments of change or crisis in the century and consider the ways the panic caused by such changes is distinctly gendered and/or sexualised. It will concurrently examine gender and sexual resistance to dominant ideas of American identity and the subsequent creation and/or promotion of liberationist discourses and alternative communities. Film and literature will provide the focus for this cultural study, and the module will range widely over a number of different genres including the western, sci-fi, detective and LGBT themed works.




The writings of Edith Wharton, Katherine Mansfield and Virginia Woolf intersect with discourses of 'new women' and gender as well as feminism, and social and cultural history. This second level seminar develops historicist and generic understanding as well as exploring women's identity through these authors' writings, which move between realism and modernism. Special attention to just one writer is possible in the final essay. Particular attention will be given to some of Virginia Woolf's lesser known writing.




Some people are arguing that British politics is in crisis - tumbling electoral turnouts, decline of political parties, cynicism about the political class, high levels of apathy etc. We examine and make sense of this problem (if it is a problem), by examining in depth three or four topics. Recently these have included: changing patterns of electoral behaviour and campaigning; the issue of electoral reform; the evolving role of political parties in the face of social and technological change.




This level 5 module examines in depth the works of selected thinkers who are seminal to the Western tradition of political thought, including Plato, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Mill and Machiavelli. Their work will also be compared thematically, with a focus on themes such as the natural law and social contract traditions, and other schools of thought which have been influenced by these traditions.The module will be based on the study and interpretation of key texts and will enable students to develop skills of textual analysis and critique. It will also provide some of the historical background necessary to study more contemporary political theory at level 6, as well as building substantially on some of the political theories encountered on Social and Political Theory at level 4.




The module aims to explore the relationship between words and images in contemporary literature. As well as developing a critical vocabulary with which to discuss how these two media can be combined, the module will survey shifts in the generic conventions of such literature over the last few decades so that students will develop an awareness of the various narrative techniques that such texts employ and be able to discuss these aspects in an informed and critical manner. The theoretical approach will consider narrative, ekphrasis, and critical work in the area by Scott McCloud, Perry Nodelman and Ivan Brunetti, amongst others. The module will analyse established texts by writers and artists such as Art Spiegelman, Alan Moore and Joe Sacco as well as more recent texts. Students will be assessed through critical and/or creative engagement. The module will build upon the level one Writing Texts module and will complement Words and Music and Children's Literature at level three.




This module offers students the opportunity to develop both critical understanding and practical skills in writing and the communication of ideas within and for professions in the creative industries, and to gain an appreciation and knowledge of the sector and its place in the creative economy. Through a combination of lectures, masterclasses, seminars and workshops, students will be exploring both the form and context of writing within the publishing industry, journalism, film and broadcast, new media writing (digital content, blogging), and other forms of writing within the creative industries. The module is closely aligned to 'Working with Words', the annual, UEA-based student conference that explores communication and writing in the workplace. Both formative and summative assessments will be informed by this event, and therefore attendance will be compulsory. Students will also participate in a project supporting a live, national website, 'After English' hosted and managed by UEA. Selections of writing produced in the module will be uploaded to this site. The module demands a high level of participation and students will be expected to engage in regular writing exercises, individual and group research and project work. Students will be expected to undertake a summative project which requires them to research a specific area of practice in the creative industries sector, create examples of written work pertinent to this, and reflect on their own development. This module is designed for students who are interested in exploring their own career identity as 'writers' but are prepared to scrutinise and contextualise this identity through wider industry and career research and practice.




It is a popular conception that writing about the natural world and its fragility is a particular fixation of the late twentieth and early twenty first century. However, concern about the natural world and man's place in his environment became a major preoccupation in the eighteenth century. Writing the Wild asks to what extent nature writers in our period may be read as being in dialogue with their eighteenth century predecessors. Texts will be predominately non-fiction and will give students the opportunity to study the less familiar writings of such authors as Mary Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, Jane Austen and Edward Thomas alongside contemporary nature writing by Richard Mabey, Robert Macfarlane, Kathleen Jamie and Tim Dee. Topics will include: nostalgia, the impact of war on writing about the countryside, the relationship between nature, writing and the mind and the notion of 'landscape'. This module offers students the opportunity to write 'creatively' as well as 'critically'.



Students will select 30 - 90 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits


Is all creative writing a form of re-writing? From Virgil's imperialist taming of Homer, via Jean Rhys's postcolonial 'prequel' to Jane Eyre, to Helen Fielding's homage to Jane Austen by way of Bridget Jones, writers have always engaged their literary predecessors in ways that claim new imaginative and critical space. This creative-critical module explores the many modes in which homage, parody, borrowing, repositioning, intervention and creative (mis)reading may be practised and developed, and considers what, in turn, they reveal about moments and movements in literary history. Whether re-writing's compositional strategies are theorised as (for example) indebtedness, anxiety, irreverence or intertextuality, we will consider how they may also be a rogue and subversive form of reading; one that functions both as critique of the 'parent' text, and a means of generating fresh directions in creative writing.




Charles Dickens has been described, and cherished, as one of the great chroniclers of the panorama of mid-Victorian society. At the same time, much modern criticism has rightly emphasised what a strange and innovative writer he is, less a documentary social realist than an early practitioner of what might now be called 'magical realism'. This module will examine works from across Dickens's writing career, in a variety of different modes - fiction, journalism, drama, and public speaking - reading them not only in the context of Dickens's times, but also in the context of how other writers in those times dealt with comparable questions. As a result, students will be able to develop their larger interests in the relationships between social reality and its literary representations, in a module which combines in-depth study of Dickens with a broader engagement with theories of realism.




This module offers students the chance to learn about children's literature and its development. It starts with the history of children's literature, looking at its use as a pedagogical tool, moving through Aesop's fables, fairy tales, Mother Goose, Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, and examining other authors who may include A.A. Milne, Dr. Seuss, Roald Dahl, Sherman Alexie and Nancy Garden, amongst others. The course looks at issues of genre and content as well as historical context. Theoretical readings on children's literature are also closely engaged with, possibly including work by Perry Nodelman, Jack Zipes. Maria Nikolajeva, and others. By studying the development of children's literature, this module also analyses the development of the concept of childhood in Western society. This module also includes presentations and a writing workshop.




The history of twentieth-century literature is often told from the perspective of the metropolitan avant-garde. Modernist writers and intellectuals by turns celebrated or abominated the modern metropolis, but they tended to agree that the urban and the modern were inextricably linked. They were also often united by a hatred of suburbia, which they associated with the rise of a pooterish middle class and in turn with an irredeemably philistine, socially conservative middlebrow culture. Wyndham Lewis famously blasted 'the purgatory of Putney'. Yet in certain respects the twentieth century was the suburban century, as the cities continued their horizontal expansion and the separation of 'life' and 'work' that is the suburban response to industrialism became widespread. The growth of suburbia from the late nineteenth century to the present day has provoked a fascinating variety of cultural responses, including, but not limited to, hostile denunciations. Writers, artists and filmmakers found much opportunity for comedy in suburban habits, values and aspirations. They considered the emergence of the suburban housewife and the implications for this for women and for feminism. They debated the architecture and planning of the suburbs, notably through engagements with the Garden City and Garden Suburb movements. They speculated about the political implications of the growth of a literate, home-owning suburban middle class. They depicted the effects of mass immigration on suburbia and the development of suburban multiculture. They pointed to the uncanny and even the surreal aspects of suburban life. This module explores the literature and cultural geography of suburbia in Britain and the United States, and in so doing it suggests an alternative history of modernity, told not from the centre but from the periphery. Writers covered might include: George and Weedon Grossmith, Arthur Machen, William Morris, C.F.G Masterman, Ebenezer Howard, H. G. Wells, Dorothy Richardson, George Orwell, Stevie Smith, Elizabeth Bowen, Doris Lessing, Richard Yates, Hanif Kureshi, J. G Ballard and Julian Barnes. We will also consider examples of suburban film and television.




This seminar will explore the boundaries between drama and other genres (kinds, art-forms, media) in an attempt to investigate a number of interrelated theoretical questions. We shall explore these issues via various types of activity - practical criticism, critiques of literary theory, performance analysis, personal theatrical adaptations. The set texts are works of literature which do not quite fit generically - particularly plays that seem to be in some sense 'epic', or novels in some sense 'theatrical', ranging from Shakespeare in the 17th century through to Gay and Fielding in the 18th and Dostoyevsky and Chekhov in the 19th.




We are witnessing an upsurge in feminist activism which some claim is forming the fourth wave of feminism. It is timely then to reconsider how feminist writing (literary texts, literary theory and literary criticism) has helped to shape, influence and articulate debates about gender, sexuality and society in the past and how contemporary feminist writing is continuing to be part of that conversation now. This course offers an opportunity to read and analyse some of the most influential feminist literary texts and literary theory. Writers studied on the course may include Kate Chopin, Zora Neale Hurston, Margaret Atwood, Henrik Ibsen, Angela Carter, Alice Walker, Jeanette Winterson, Edith Wharton, Sylvia Plath and Virginia Woolf, Ali Smith, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie as well as writings from an anthology of feminist writings from Arab women, Students will study the ways in which feminist criticism and theory (including Kristeva, Cixous, bell hooks, Irigaray and Showalter) has reshaped the canon, challenged the ways literature is taught as well as making us consider what literature can, might and ought to be. Feminism has also exacted different forms of writing and challenged dominant modes of representation. We will take a particularly close look at the relationship between feminism and the gothic, the short story and experimental writing. Assessment will be by course work and project and students will be required to be assessed in both critical and creative modes. Male and female students are equally welcome.




This module presents an opportunity to study in depth a number of key works of 20th century German literature and to explore ways in which they respond to, and reflect, the upheavals of 20th century history. While the focus will be largely on works of prose fiction, this does not preclude the study of other genres. Starting with the modernist crisis of language ("Chandos-crisis") we will look at works by authors such as Kafka, Rilke, Benjamin, Thomas Mann, Joseph Roth, Elias Canetti, Paul Celan, Ingeborg Bachmann, Christa Wolf and W. G. Sebald. All works studied are available in translation so a knowledge of German, while always welcome, is not a requirement.




In an interview with Derek Attridge, Jacques Derrida describes literature as 'this strange institution which allows one to say everything'. This module explores the writings of Derrida and related thinkers alongside a range of literary texts, including works by Keats, Shakespeare and Joyce. Through a combination of lectures and seminars, we will think about the strangenesses of literature, look at the ways in which it is an 'institution' and consider the kinds of freedom - of speech, writing and thinking - it permits. Our aim throughout will be to establish the possibilities for literary criticism opened up by deconstruction. The module is open to everyone, but may be of particular interest to those who studied critical theory in the second year.




From protests against torture and censorship to justice and reconciliation trials, from the Holocaust to Apartheid, from testimony to the postcolonial novel, a distinctive literary sensibility informs our contemporary sense of rights. This module traces the emergence of human rights as a cultural and literary idea from their revolutionary conception in the eighteen century, through the United Nations of Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) to the present, taking in key literary responses to injustice, suffering and atrocity. We will ask how literature has contributed to understanding human rights and examine how writing has been thought of as a form of 'righting'. This module suits students who enjoy the challenges of literary theory and politics, and who are interested in thinking seriously about the relationship between literature and its 'real world' applications and significance. You will also be encouraged to develop your own writing practice in relation to contemporary rights debates.




This module is an advanced-level module, for final year students only. It provides students with the opportunity to write an 8000-word dissertation on literature of the period from 1789 to the present day (excluding American literature). The dissertation topic must be agreed by a supervisor, and both topic and supervisor approved by the module organiser by the end of the previous semester.




This module is an advanced-level module, for final year students only. It provides students with the opportunity to write an 8000-word dissertation on literature of the period from 1789 to the present day (excluding American literature). The dissertation topic must be agreed by a supervisor, and both topic and supervisor approved by the module organiser by the end of the previous semester.




This module is an advanced-level unit, for final year students only. It provides students with the opportunity to write an 8000-word dissertation on literature of the period up to 1830 (excluding American literature). The dissertation topic must be agreed by a supervisor, and both topic and supervisor approved by the module organiser by the end of the previous semester.




This module is an advanced-level module, for final year students only. It provides students with the opportunity to write an 8000-word dissertation on literature of the period up to 1830 (excluding American literature). The dissertation topic must be agreed by a supervisor, and both topic and supervisor approved by the module organiser by the end of the previous semester.




The module will incorporate a historical survey of Western lyric, looking at its inception in the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and the Aristotelian division of poetic arts in lyric, dramatic and epic. It will cover lyrics from Provencal troubadour poets through the Italian and English renaissance to Romantic lyric. Finally, it will cover the fate of lyric in the present day, from 'conceptual writing' and 'post-humanism' which offer a thoroughgoing rejection of lyric, to the embrace of lyric in contemporary young poets. The module will start by considering the question: 'What is lyric'? The purpose is not to establish a transhistorical concept of lyric as genre or mode, but rather to see how different thinkers at different times have approached it. This is a particularly timely question for literary criticism and poetics. We will isolate certain tropes, ethics, and focal points that are taken to be characteristic of lyric, whilst at the same time probing the historicity of lyric as a concept, especially regarding the ideology of the lyric 'I' that is associated with romanticism. This module fulfils the pre-1789 requirement.




This module will study late 18th-century and early 19th-century writings in the context of scientific and medical innovation. We consider whether it may be appropriate to view the work of novelists such as Maria Edgeworth, Jane Austen and Mary Shelley as a response to, and even a protest against these newly (or, more correctly, nearly) professionalised, male-dominated worlds. These women writers often concern themselves with the 'consumers' as well as the providers of the services offered by these professions; this module considers why that might be and how this kind of contextualisation might impact upon our readings of their work.




From Welsh folklore to Monty Python, the tales of Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table have excited and intrigued generations. Why? To answer this question we explore the development of the legend from its twelfth-century Celtic roots through to a number of twentieth-century film adaptations. How the legend has been translated across form, genres, cultures and ages will be studied through creative and critical exercises, including examples from Middle English Arthurian manuscripts, translations of the Welsh Mabinogion, of Monmouth's Latin chronicle and French romance texts. This module will enable students familiar with Sir Gawain and the Green Knight to enhance their awareness of the wider Arthurian traditions within which this text belongs, but is also suitable for students who are encountering medieval literature for the first time.




Gender and sexual identities are neither given nor fixed, but rather learned and insistently fluid. It is the aim of this module to tease out their complexity in medieval culture through a range of creative and critical exercises. The medieval is constantly imagined as a key moment in the history of sexuality, though it is rare for critics to gree on quite why this should be so and provokes lively and contentious debate. Examining a range of medieval poems, narratives, drama, images, and manuscripts, students will explore the historical construction of the body, virginities, marriage, heterosexuality, homosexuality, the polymorphous erotics of mysticism, the medieval understanding of cross-dressing, and the intersection of sexuality with race, gender, and religion. By the end of the module, students will have improved their knowledge of medieval writing and culture and will have considered the writing and performance of gender in historical context.




Giants, dragons and half-human hybrids are just some of the fantastical creatures that populate Middle English literature. Too readily dismissed by modern readers as mere whimsy, or else the product of credulous minds, instead this module takes monsters seriously as revealing facets of a sophisticated myth-making society. We will consider monsters in a range of genres including romance, saints' legends, travel writing and visual imagery, as well as their reception by medieval and modern readers and critics. We will interrogate the various discourses of monstrosity and consider what makes a monster, including: the horror and allure of the monstrous body; monstrous appetites; sexuality and sexual deviance; geography and racial alterity. We will also explore the literary and cultural construction of 'human monsters' (women, pagans, Jews) rendered 'other' due to their perceived divergence from societal and religious norms. Throughout the module you will be able to apply your developing understanding of the discourse of monstrosity in a range of practical contexts including field trips and engagement opportunities. Previous experience of Middle English literature will be an advantage but is not required. This module fulfils the pre-1789 requirement.




This module explores writing as a site of resistance and protest and considers representation itself as inherently political. Does this make the work of a reader radical, or how can that work be radicalised? Taking a lead from the thinking of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari the module will ask what does it mean to write or speak a dominant language in such a way that it stutters or stammers? What would such writing or speaking look or sound like? Deleuze and Guattari suggest that minor literature (minoritarian form in general) takes a dominant, hegemonic, major language and force it to 'say' something different, and to do so differently, dislocating (deterritorialising) it so that a new voice (speaking from a new constituency) can be heard. They use the works of Kafka, a Czech Jew writing in 'official' German, as a representative example of how a dominant, major language can be pressed into the service of a minor literature, as a way of inscribing new constituencies, while other critics have considered sub-cultures' re-appropriation of language, post-colonial writing back, musical subgenres and alternative/underground cinema as also being iterations of minoritarian impulses. This module explores various aspects of writing or speaking back, writing against the grain, saying the things major language finds itself unable or uncomfortable to speak about, and articulating the unheard. Writers and texts might include Kathy Acker, William Burroughs, Elias Khoury, Dana Spiotta, Jennifer Egan, along with punk 'zines, samizdat writing and manifestoes.




'We all say it's nerves, and none of us knows what it means', says a character in Wilkie Collins' 1860 novel, The Woman in White. Our aim is to think about how a discourse of the 'nerves' - the 'nervous temperament' and nervous illness - can be both so pervasive culturally and so slippery in its meaning. This interdisciplinary module takes you from the late 17th century, when the concept of 'neurologie' first emerged, to the 21st century, linking literary, medical and philosophical writing to explore the representation of the 'nerves'. The historical range of the module is not meant to imply a transhistorical understanding of nervous illness or temperament, but rather will enable us to analyse the historically specific nature of the nervous body and what it is made to mean, culturally, within different contexts. In this way, we will be working with issues as diverse as religious 'enthusiasm', hysteria and hypochondria, sensibility, sensation, fear of modernity, manliness and effeminacy, shell-shock, PTSD and the concepts of the healthy or fragile body of the nation. Spanning time and genre, the literary texts studied will take us from the earliest, Jonathan Swift's satire, A Tale of a Tub (1704) up to the contemporary: Siri Hustvedt's novel, What I Loved (2003) and her analytical memoir, The Shaking Woman, Or, A History of My Nerves (2010).




It has been suggested that science fiction was the authentic literature of the twentieth century, yet it has also been seen as a genre cut off from the literary mainstream, its provenance, tropes and generic limits contested. Are there distinctions betwen science fiction, speculative fiction and even sci-fi? This module aims to explore science fiction as a mode by investigating various definitions of science fiction and asking: what possibilities does it offer to writers? How does it mediate the relationship between literature and science (and technology): And how have writers gone beyond the conventional limits of the genre (and we will also consider other media)? The module will look at thematic clusters of texts, often pushing the boundaries of the conventional sci-fi canon and encouraging students to think across different literary periods about the antecedents of science fiction. We will consider such themes as interplanetary travel, time travel, ecological catastrophe, speculative fiction, experiments with scale, and steam punk and writers studied might include H.G. Wells, John Wyndham, Ursula K. Le Guin, J.G. Ballard, Margaret Atwood and China Mieville.




This module offers students the chance to learn about LGBTQ literature and its development in English-speaking countries, as well as approaches to queer theory. This means analysing sexuality and gender and the representation of such identities in literature and also connections between literature and the broader culture. Authors studied may include James Baldwin, Alison Bechdel, Gore Vidal, and Sarah Waters, as well as children's books and young adult novels by Alex Sanchez, Nancy Garden, Ellen Wittlinger, and Marcus Ewert. Authors of theoretical texts looked at may include Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Judith Butler, Leo Bersani, and Teresa de Lauretis. Understanding how LGBTQ characters are featured in literature also helps us to see how queer people are understood in a given society in general. This course also aims to look at a variety of genres in order to see how these different text types work and how they approach similar material in different ways. This module also includes presentations and a writing workshop.




'Satire is problematic, open ended, essayistic, ambiguous in relation to history, uncertain in its political effects, resistant to final closure, more inclined to ask questions than provide answers, ambivalent about the pleasures it offers' (Dustin Griffin).The aim of this module is to investigate the problematic territory of satire. Using examples from modern and contemporary fiction and journalism alongside early modern and classical satire, we will formulate a critical and conceptual map, which will in turn allow us to discuss some of the problems of satire (those of genre, of gender, of politics, of morality, of history), and to explore some of the paradoxes of its strategies and functions (freedom versus limits; subversion versus conformity; transformation versus stasis).Writers under discussion will include Juvenal, Horace, Swift and Pope; John Dryden, Eliza Haywood, Delarivier Manley, Evelyn Waugh, and Jonathan Coe.This module offers the opportunity for one or more of the assessments to e a creative writing piece. This module counts towards the pre-1789 requirement.




Platonist epistemology permeated Elizabethan culture: the aim of this module is to explore the relationship of Shakespeare's topic of the world as a stage to Neoplatonic conceptions of perception, politics, poetry and love.




The poetry of T.S. Eliot has a unique place in modern verse as a body of writing that combines mass popular appeal with intense intellectual challenge. The first half of this module will take students chronologically through the various stages of Eliot's Collected Poems, from the nineteenth-century influences that combined to produce 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' (1915) to the wartime contexts of his final major poem, Four Quartets (1943). It will also offer an introduction to Eliot's literary criticism as well as criticism written about him. The first coursework essay will take the form of an editorial commentary on a chosen poem or passage, giving students an opportunity to follow up allusions and interpretations through wider reading. The second half of the module will look more broadly at Eliot's influence as a poet, critic, and editor. Beginning with his own views of the need to reinvent poetry's cultural significance for the twentieth century, we will consider the importance of Eliot's example to later poets in Britain (W.H. Auden, W.S. Graham, Geoffrey Hill, Ted Hughes, J.H. Prynne, Lynette Roberts, Rosemary Tonks) and America (John Ashbery, John Berryman, Peter Gizzi, Jorie Graham, Susan Howe, Sylvia Plath). The final project will be a 3,000-word essay on any Eliot-related topic of the student's choosing, and may take the form of a creative-critical poetry portfolio and self-commentary in response to the reading for the course.




According to Roland Barthes, emotion is 'a disturbance, a bordering on collapse: something perverse, under respectable appearances; emotion is even, perhaps, the slyest of losses'. This module takes this 'perversity, under respectable appearance' as the starting point for asking how an attention to our emotions - our feeling, affects, and intimacies, as well as our aversions - can make us rethink what it means to be critical and creative readers and writers. Drawing on a range of theoretical and critical work from literary studies, cultural theory, art, philosophy, sociology, neuroscience, psychology, creativity and creative writing studies, cognitive science, history and anthropology, we will ask what it means to read, and write, 'with feeling'. What is the relationship between language and feeling? Between the body and emotion? How does literature touch and move us? Are our 'aesthetic' emotions real? How does technology - the digital, virtual, prosthetic and online - affect our ideas about emotion? Are emotions universal and timeless, or historically and culturally specific? Private and personal, or collective and public? How do emotions construct gender, class, race, nationality, and other kinds of identity? Why do some feelings attract more critical interest than others? How does an attention to emotion affect our work as readers and writers? We will begin by building a theoretical and critical literacy for thinking feeling, before focusing our inquiry around specific themes that might include: Animal Passions; Psyche, Pathology and Resistances to Psychoanalysis; Feeling Texts: Touch, Texture and Fictional Fabrications; Moving Fictions: Cinema, Virtuality, and E-motion; Zombies: Can Dead Subjects Feel?; Affective Economies; Queering Feeling; and Feeling Human: Robots, Artificial Intelligence and Clones. We will engage with a range of literary texts and other aesthetic forms (such as art, film, etc.) chosen to correspond with our critical concerns. You will have the opportunity to engage both as critical and creative readers and writers, and there will be critical and creative assessment options. This module is open to all students. It will complement level 3 options such as 'Literature and Deconstruction', 'Nervous Narratives', 'Traumaturgies', ' Literature and Human Rights' and 'Queer Theory'.




Crime, like death, has always been with us, yet it was only in the nineteenth century that de Quincey proposed considering murder as one of the fine arts and Poe established many of the central tenets of crime fiction with his 'tales of ratiocination'. Currently, crime fiction is the most bought, and read, literary genre and one diverse enough to include 'whodunits'; Baker Street's most notable resident; the genteel amateur detectives of the 'Golden Age'; hard-boiled thrillers; noir; psychological fiction and even the post-modern iterations of anti-detective fiction. Narratives about crime and criminals, detection and sleuths (not forgetting the violence and victims) can be both conservatively formulaic and radically diverse. It can articulate dangerous and disturbing transgressions against society (the crime) while also revealing the ideological forces of law (what constitutes a crime) order (the various detective figures) and the systems of justice and ill-justice (courts and punishment, state and government) with which a society protects and proscribes itself. Crime fiction is also concerned with interpreting clues, discovering secrets and solving enigmas, much in the way that critical theory investigates and analyses literary texts. This module aims to explore key texts and writers in the development of crime fiction as well as examining critical and theoretical responses to such texts. It will allow students to respond both creatively and critically to the concerns of, and thinking about, this diverse genre.




How do we negotiate the darker aspects of our past, particularly when individuals' experiences clash with official history? This module explores the public and private practices of remembering and forgetting in the aftermath of civil war, totalitarianism, colonialism or otherwise repressive rule. In particular, we will examine the writer's role as collaborator, witness, archivist or dissident: how does the writer facilitate access to, and debate about, contentious, painful or obfuscated history? Our approach to the politics of commemoration is interdisciplinary and draws on ideas from philosophy, historiography, memory and cultural studies as well as heritage and museum studies. The primary material encompasses a range of fictional, non-fictional and visual material from a wide range of genres; most of it postwar and relatively recent. Since this is a global issue you will encounter writers from formerly colonised nations in Africa, from Central and Eastern Europe, South America, and the Near and Asia.




In the eighteenth-century the novel was in a state of flux, with writers experimenting with different possibilities for writing extended fictional narratives. In this module we will be reading three of the most important novels of the eighteenth-century over several weeks so that we can attend to them closely as they unfold in time. Our novels are Samuel Richardson's Clarissa, Henry Fielding's Tom Jones, and Frances Burney's Evelina. Our secondary readings will engage the central debates happening in novel studies today. Students will have the opportunity to experiment with ways of working with texts beyond close reading and draw on the methodologies of book history and of the digital humanities. This module fulfils the pre-1789 requirement.




This module seeks to cover some 'canonical' texts of the Gothic Novel (1764-1820) in Walpole, Radcliffe, Mary Shelley, and to consider some later developments of the gothic mode in later 19th and 20th centuries: Poe, Le Fanu, Stevenson, MR James, Elizabeth Bowen, David Storey and Angela Carter. The course also seeks to introduce students to some of the theoretical and historical arguments around the contested nature of the term 'gothic', the Uncanny, the subversiveness or otherwise of this kind of writing, and its relation to the novel genre.




For something to be reborn it must first die. The Italian Renaissance ('rebirth') sought to disinter the past in order to reanimate the present, but in order to do so the present had to come to terms with its loss - as Petrarch asked, 'who can doubt that Rome would rise again instantly if she began to know herself?'. How can we best understand this process of loss and reanimation? How did Renaissance writers understand it, and how did they bridge the gulf between death and rebirth? And can we do the same? In order to answer these questions this module examines the twin practices of imitation and translation in English responses to some of the most exciting and influential texts of the Italian Renaissance. It does so in two ways: through a sustained analysis of those practices in their diverse forms and genres (sonnets, epic, dialogue, drama), and by imitating the process of creative imitation ourselves. In other words, we step into the shoes of the Renaissance imitator. The module allows us to understand how Italian poets such as Dante, Petrarch and Ariosto responded to the classical past (and each other), and how English poets and playwrights such as Wyatt, Spenser, Shakespeare and Jonson responded to Italian models. By imitating the imitators - for example by writing sonnets - we gain a deeper understanding of how imitation is both a creative practice and a critical process, both a reading and a rewriting. Students are not expected or required to know any Italian in advance. THIS MODULE FULFILS THE PRE-1789 REQUIREMENT.




It's widely recognised that modernist literature is characterised by a revolution of the word. Less widely recognised, and little explored, is the relationship between modernist linguistic experimentalism and literary nonsense, as practised by Lewis Carroll, Edward Lear, and others. This course will begin with these well-known nonsense writers and explore their roots in seventeenth and eighteenth-century nonsense, and parallels to Emily Dickinson, before going on to examine some of the adventures in language of major modernist and postmodernist writers. Modernist and postmodernist authors studied are likely to include the Joyce of Finnegans Wake, early Auden, Virginia Woolf, Sylvia Plath, John Ashbery and some surrealist writers. We will also conduct our own games with the dictionary and with contemporary discourse. This is not a course on children's literature, but on some very challenging modern literature, mostly poetry. It should appeal to those who take a childish pleasure in wordplay and fantasy. You will need to enjoy uncertainty and have good close-reading skills. There will be opportunities for creative writing of nonsense and creative writers are encouraged to take the module. To do this module you must have studied Modernism, Critical Theory, or one of the 2nd year Creative Writing modules, unless you obtain a waiver from the lecturer.




The eighteenth-century reading public eagerly devoured narratives of travels around the world. In this course we will survey the diverse range of travel literature this century produced. We will read accounts of actual and fictional travels, as well as narratives that fall somewhere between the real and the imaginary. Key questions for us will be how travellers' identities and ideas are reshaped through the experience of journeying, how our texts both articulate and question the ideologies underpinning Britain's maritime empire, and how voyage literature connects to other literary genres, including the novel, romance, history, utopia, and anecdote. Texts include Aphra Behn's Oroonoko, James Cook's Endeavour Journal, Mary Wortley Montagu's Letters from Turkey, Olaudah Equiano's The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano, and Janet Schaw's Journal of a Lady of Quality. THIS MODULE FULFILS THE PRE-1789 REQUIREMENT.




This interdisciplinary module explores the idea of 'the city' through a selection of writings (fiction, poetry, essays, theory), visual (painting, photography, film) and, occasionally, other sensory material (sound, smell), spanning 1850 to the present day and focused on two great capitals of modernity, Paris and London. In this period, the growth of the great European cities created a new and diverse set of environments and possibilities. Utopias, dystopias, sites of ruin and construction of all kinds; what different, contradictory or coherent versions of urban experience do these texts and images offer? We'll investigate what kinds of writing, art, discourses and attitudes cities seem to generate. Along the way, we'll test out Malcolm Bradbury's assertion that modernism found its natural habitat in cities, was indeed 'an art of cities'. How do textual and pictorial techniques intersect, for example, in the case of nineteenth-century Impressionist art and writing, twentieth-century surrealism and situationism, or contemporary street art and photography? In the company of the flaneur/flaneuse and other urban wanderers, we'll consider aspects such as space, place, urban being and time, love and eroticism, hauntings, memory and the presence of the past, the individual and the crowd, the role of consumer capitalism, nature and the natural, psychogeography, and the pressures, preoccupations and thrills peculiar to urban living. Writers to be studied may include Balzac, Dickens, Poe, Baudelaire, Zola, Gissing, Conan Doyle, Aragon, Breton, Woolf, Maureen Duffy, Iain Sinclair, Peter Ackroyd and China Mieville alongside a selection of theorists, poets, artists and photographers, as well as Patrick Keiller's film, London and a selection of other city films. There will be scope to include creative (including visual) responses as part of your assessment.




This module focuses on Virgil's great classical epic, the Aeneid, and it medieval reception. The module falls into two parts: for the first five weeks we concentrate on the Aeneid itself, exploring its structures, contexts and discursive complexities. We shall attend particular closely to the manner in which Virgil constructs his poem by reworking passages from the Homeric epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey. We shall, by and large, focus on a single book in each week, as a way not only of introducing the Aeneid itself but also of looking forward towards the cruces that later readers and rewriters of the poem were drawn to resolve. In the second part of the module, we turn to the reception of the Aeneid in the Middle Ages, for the Aeneid is not only one, an especially rich work in its own right, but also one of the central cultural artefacts in the Western tradition. This is a measure not only of its quality as a poem, but also of its importance as a Roman poem and of Rome's place at the heart of classical and Christian culture. We shall explore the manner in which later readers and rewriters work to reimagine the Aeneid within new cultural horizons, rendering its pagan authority available for new Christian uses and working to resolve its tensions and problematics in a revealing variety of ways.




How do writers attempt to capture 'life' in all its various forms? What, if any, are the different requirements in writing the life of a famous (or not so famous) person and that of a city or landscape? What about the 'life' of travel or food and how do you approach writing about the natural world? These are just some of the questions that this module sets out to address. We will be reading a wide variety of texts, from the 'traditional' biography to some of the more experimental examples of creative non-fiction. From Samuel Johnson to essays in The New Yorker, all human (and non-human) life will be there! Students may choose between writing their own piece of Biography or creative Non-Fiction as their final project or submitting a critical essay.




Writing about God is always difficult: how can the time-bound form of language express the timeless? How can poetic language be adequate to devotion? In the early-modern period, these problems were more acute than at any other point in English literary history. The Reformation had made minute textual distinctions matters of life-and-death controversy. New discoveries about the multiplicity of versions of the biblical text challenged old orthodoxies. Challenge, too, came from the discovery and translation of classical, atheistic views of the origin and history of the universe. These new religious challenges spurred the development of new kinds of literary language and form. They energised many of the greatest writers of the age, including John Donne and John Milton, whose works we will be studying. But lesser-known writers, many of whom were women, also shaped new forms of devotion and challenges to it. Our work on this module will proceed through intensive close reading of works in a great variety of genres, from lyric poetry to sermons. Although this module should be of interest to those who have studied the second-year 'Seventeenth-Century Writing' module, no prior knowledge of religion or of early-modern writing is assumed. THIS MODULE FULFILS THE PRE-1789 REQUIREMENT.



Students will select 30 - 90 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits


This module investigates the dramatic political, social and cultural consequences of the end of imperial power in postwar Britain. It introduces students to the history of British decolonization and the building of new international relationships and cultural identities during the years of imperial decline. It considers the new forms of international politics and humanitarian intervention that emerged in these years. And looks to the reworking of Britain's relationship to, for instance, South Africa, Rhodesia, Bangladesh and Jamaica during the years of decolonization. The module contains three thematic cores: (1) decolonization and new forms of British influence in the 'Third World' during the Cold War period (2) histories of migration and black activism and (3) the impact of the end of empire on British national identity. This module will introduce you to the key ways in which historians have tried to come to terms with Britain's 'postcolonial' history.




This module examines the fortunes and reign of one of the most formidable rulers of the early medieval period and the first emperor in the West since 476: Charlemagne (768--814), king of the Franks. This module also explores the fortunes of his wives and courtesans, his children, his courtiers, his 'men of God', his counts and captains, and his many allies and enemies, including Byzantine emperors, Abbasid caliphs, Danish kings, and Avar khans.




This module will look at the creation of the Communist state of Yugoslavia after the Second World War. We shall examine the course of the war and the bitter fighting between fascists, nationalists and communists which resulted in the eventual victory of the partisans led by Tito. After 1945, he and his followers built a state which survived until 1991. With the demise of Communism, Yugoslavia fragmented into new nations. In some cases this transition was largely peaceful, but the wars for independence in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo gave rise to the bloodiest fighting in Europe for decades. We shall look at the role of individuals and ideas, including the career of key figures such as Milosevic and end by assessing at the international community's response to the crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia at the Hague Tribunal.




Historical representation and memory is constantly constructed and reconstructed. This module examines the role of documentaries and feature films in this process, exploring the close interplay and tensions between history, memory, the past and present. Feature films, in particular, have a powerful capacity to reconstruct historical narratives and understanding. Their visual vividness provides a magical simulation of the past. Indeed, in the case of medieval and early modern history, they provide a prime media through which popular understanding of these historical times is conveyed and shaped. Moreover, documentaries and feature films alike often contaminate collective memories of contemporaries and eyewitnesses of specific events, creating further challenges to historians in their pursuit to reconstruct the past. Students will examine what role films play in the process of national memory-work in popular culture and commemoration of historical events as well as how film as a medium can help but also hinder conveying historical understanding. They will also be able to discuss the work of documentary film makers and the practical challenges and responsibilities that come with it: interviewing eyewitnesses and the perils of oral history, organising and constructing a historical narrative, tensions between documentary as an art form and as a medium to transmit knowledge.




In medieval England, death and what lay beyond it were constantly visible out of the corner of the eye. Large portions of the landscape were given over to the dead: there were barrows, haunted by the ancient pagan dead; cemeteries for the Christian dead; and lonely hermitages, whose occupants spoke with the dead. 'King Death', shown as a skeleton with spear or bow, would strike down the living at any age. And if prayers were not said for them, their ghosts would wander forth from the grave to terrify their neighbours. Vivid images of what happened to the dead were painted and carved over the archways of churches, haunting the living every Sunday and dancing before their mind's eye in their dreams. Visions of the dead were not uncommon, and sometimes they made such demands on the living that the latter spent their lives serving them. This module examines beliefs about death and the otherworld in medieval England; how medieval people prepared for death; how ghosts and the 'undead' irrupted into their world; the role of those who served the dead or acted as mediators between the dead and the living; demons, the evil dead and saints (the holy dead); and how death was represented in medieval art. There will be a trip to see tombs and wall paintings.




This module offers students the opportunity to submit a dissertation of 9,000 words on a topic approved by the School. For students to be considered for this module they will have achieved an aggregate of 68% across their Level 5 AUT semester modules. No other changes will be made.



Early Modern Things: The Stuff of Life

This module focuses on the lives of citizens at work, rest, worship and play during a time of increasing commercialisation, industrial production and urbanisation. Using the paraphernalia of living as a springboard permits the utilisation of micro-historical or ethnographic approaches. Students will be encouraged to think about the choices that 'ordinary' people had, considering not just what they did, but why they did it. The rhythms of their lives were mediated by time and their comfort depended on how much money or status they had. This deepens our understanding of the nature and extent of social, economic and cultural change. This does not abandon the traditional 'big' considerations of 'high politics', rather it traces the impacts of developments amongst the citizenry by considering their use of space; varieties of social mobility; different levels of accountability; the forging of reputations and identities; the effects of industrial pollution; forms of domestic organisation, and rates of consumption. This module will appeal to students who like to sleuth, who notice clues about the past. It should also appeal to students who are interested in working with material culture, in museums or archives. Items that were once familiar, but now do not feature in our lives help us to understand different times. Trade tokens and lead seals on packages of wool allow a different way into discussions of economic projects, the circulation of currency and work in trades. Other objects are more familiar, and make us question how modern we really are now; sex toys were widely available in eighteenth century London




The end of the First World War witnessed both the expansion of the British Empire to its largest extent, covering a quarter of the globe, and the destruction of its colonial rivals. However, the First World War also unleashed nationalist forces that would challenge the British imperial system. This resulted in outbreaks of riots and resistance against British rule in Ireland, India, Mesopotamia and Egypt. Weakened economically and socially by the gargantuan effort of winning the war how would Britain maintain her far-flung lines of empire? This module will examine how Britain attempted to secure her strategic interests both within an era of growing nationalist resistance from within the Empire and against external threats from a resurgent Japan, Germany and Italy. It will introduce students to the high-tide of war imperialism; inter-war imperial defence; the crisis of empire Britain faced in Ireland, India and the Middle East; the 'family-network' of the 'white' Dominions; colonial development in Africa and the Caribbean as well as what it meant to fight the Second World War on an imperial footing during the campaigns in the Mediterranean and North Africa, finishing with the strategic abyss that was the fall of Singapore in February 1942. By examining the pressures policy-makers faced from within the Empire and from outside we will seek to gain a deeper understanding of how the British Empire functioned during this pivotal period of the imperial project.



Fieldwork in Landscape History

The field course builds on the landscape archaeology units to provide forty hours of practical instruction in the field. The field course runs for one week in June, concentrating on the recording and analysis of archaeological earthworks, buildings and historic landscapes. Assessment will take the form of a short report and an extended project.




This module will take as its starting-point the travelogues, diaries, and letters of Britons who travelled extensively abroad from the voyages of Antipodean discovery in the late eighteenth-century to the interwar period. These encounters will serve to open up important themes in global history (for example, scientific discovery, missionary activity, and the spread of international business) through individual experience. Individual lives will reflect both Britain's imperial reach but also Britain's wider global impact. They will also reveal how Britons understood 'foreign' societies and how they sought to influence them. Lives to be examined will include but not be confined to Captain Cook, Charles Darwin, Richard Cobden, David Livingstone, Charles Dilke, Mary Kingsley, Gertrude Bell, Vita Sackville-West, Sidney and Beatrice Webb, and Amy Johnson. There will also be scope for the study of less well-known figures through project work.




The reign of Henry VIII was a major turning point in British history, and 'bluff King Hal' continues to horrify and fascinate us in equal measure. This special subject uses the preoccupations, ambitions, and character of Henry VIII as a route into the political, religious and cultural changes of this tumultuous period. Starting with the acclaimed young king, his Spanish bride, Katherine of Aragon, and his consummate minister, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, the course works chronologically and thematically through to the declining years of Henry VIII's reign, when a paranoid, obese and cruel monarch presided over an irrevocably changed religious and political landscape. It examines in detail the divorce crisis, the establishment of the Church of England, the Henrician Reformation, the politics and factionalism of the Court, war and foreign policy, magnificence, and opposition to the king, and engages with the intense historiographical debates on all these issues. The module considers some of the most colourful personalities in British history - Wolsey, More, Boleyn, Cromwell, and Cranmer - as well as structures, and the falls of Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell are given particular attention. Finally, the module draws on material culture, art history, literature, film, and even dress, as well as relying on the more usual documentary sources, such as the State Papers. Above all, we will try to answer: did Henry VIII really become a tyrant?




This module explores the eventful and troubled history of modern Iraq. Taking its starting point in the nineteenth century, when Iraq was part of the grand Ottoman Empire that covered much of the Middle East, the module explores how ancient Mesopotamia came under British tutelage following the Great War and how it subsequently experienced a turbulent history as various political actors sought to wrest control of the newly established state. The module pays special attention to key moments when the course of Iraq's history changed, such as wars, military coups and revolutions, but also periods in between when society returned to some sort of normality. Particular focus is on the rise of political ideologies, in particular Arab nationalism, and its local counterpart, Iraqi nationalism - but also other ideologies such as socialism, communism and Ba#thism. Saddam Husayn's domination of the country (1979-2003) is also an important element of the module.




This module examines the ideas and influence of nine American foreign policy "intellectuals," beginning with Alfred Mahan and concluding with Paul Wolfowitz. Why did each "intellectual" strike a particular chord at a particular time? Do individuals matter in the history of US foreign policy? How, and with what consequences, were these ideas translated into policy? This module will explore the origins of key US foreign policy concepts such as isolationism, internationalism, containment and "pre-emptive defence." Aims of the Module #To introduce students to nine particular strains of US foreign policy ideology. #To encourage students to engage critically with the primary output of these "intellectuals" and to identify their strengths and weaknesses. #To stimulate students to consider whether these ideas have been manifested in policy, and to trace their impact. #To encourage students to develop their own foreign policy philosophy.




This module examines the development of British foreign policy between 1880 and 1914. In the first semester we will undertake a detailed examination of Salisbury's foreign policy and the debate surrounding Britain's international 'isolation' up to the conclusion of the French entente. The second semester will see us examining the cause of British foreign policy under Sir Edward Grey until the outbreak of war in August 1914.




This Special Subject focuses on the life and actions of the man widely regarded as the 'worst king' of England, King John. The special subject begins by examining the world into which John was born as the fifth son of the most charismatic couple of mid-twelfth-century Europe, Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. It then goes onto look at his life as the brother of Richard the Lionheart, and then examines his path to the rulership of the Angevin lands. This unit then explores the reasons behind the loss of these lands before moving onto look at how John ruled England as he tried to recover his lost lands. The special subject ends with the events that led to the production of the most famous document of English history, Magna Carta, and it looks at the causes of the near extinction of the dynasty at the end of King John's life. Students will be expected to become conversant with the primary sources in translation and to be aware of current historiographical debates. Teaching will be through student-centred seminars. Students will be expected to do weekly gobbets both as a way of becoming familiar with the sources and as preparation for the examination.



Nationalism in Europe since 1789: Shaping Identities in the Age of Modernity

This course examines in depth the history of nationalism in Europe from the late eighteenth to the twentieth century. The central theme is the relationship between the rise and development of nationalism and the shaping of images and discourses about Europe. The course considers and compares the strength of nationalism to the weakness of Europeanism in order to improve the historical understanding of identity formation processes in the modern age. In this sense, it does not consider the nation and Europe as being one the denial of the other, but as forces interacting in complex ways and, in given instances, feeding upon one another. Centred on this theoretical concern, the course will offer a broad survey of the history of nationalism from the Age of Enlightenment to the European integration process, explaining how it has developed into a mass movement and an ideology affecting so deeply the life of millions of individuals across Europe. The perspective used will be that of the cultural historian and the historian of ideas and ideologies. A variety of different primary sources - including pictures, novels, private correspondence, newspaper articles, political tracts and pamphlet, history books, films, songs, etc# - will be used to highlight, on the one hand, the ambiguities of modern nationalism, to explain its quasi-religious nature and explore its strength and resilience. On the other hand, they will help us investigate how and to what extent discourses about Europe affected, after the Second World War, one of the greatest projects of political engineering ever attempted, highlighting the economic success of EU integration and considering its incapacity to create a strong attachment to EU institutions. The course is interdisciplinary in nature. While it is essentially addressed to historians, especially students interested in cultural history and in the history of ideologies, it also considers sociological issues and topics that would be of interest to students of politics. One of its aims is to draw the attention of students from of the School of History but also of students from other schools/departments of the Faculty of Humanities.




This module examines the Renaissance in its European and global dimensions. Drawing on a vast array of written and visual sources the module will focus on some of the most debated themes in the history of this period: high politics, popular politics and seditious speeches; the ideals and practices of the Renaissance courts; civility, the culture of display and consumption; warfare; sex and violence; knowledge, travelling and the exploration of the world.




The English medieval kingdom was extremely hierarchical. It was a society in which resistance to authority by the vast majority of society was discouraged by the widespread use of mutilation and execution. Yet it was also a society which applauded that resistance. All sorts of levels of society, from the highest in the land (such as the king's sons) to the lowest, indulged in rebellion, but it was the outlaw who captured the popular imagination. Encapsulated in the tales of Robin Hood, the outlaw is loyal, courageous, as well as being clever enough to outsmart the authorities. And the authorities, of course, are disloyal, stupid, and cowardly and use the cover of the law to behave corruptly. And so long as the outlaw commits his crimes for a noble purpose, he remains a hero of the people. The unit will examine the wider subject of resistance to royal authority by men who become outlaws and their portrayal in popular legend from the Norman Conquest of England to the modern age with its focus being the outlaw, for whom the name Robin Hood has become an archetype, as, indeed, it did in the later middle ages, as outlaws took on the name pseudonym for their own criminal activities.




This module will look at the upheavals in the Russian Empire between 1900 and 1921. It looks at the 'revolution' of 1905, the limited 'constituionalism' from 1906, the First World War and the downfall of the Romanov monarchy. We will then study the year 1917 in some detail and discuss how and why the Bolsheviks were able to take power. The specific experience of certain non-Russian parts of the empire will be examined, as will the Civil War and the reasons for the Communist victory. The module will place the Russian Revolutions in their historical, political and geographical context and will consider the impact that these events had in the history of the twentieth century. A case study will be used for an exercise in developing historical writing skills, using peer assessment and classroom analysis of essay-writing techniques




Few decades in the modern period have proved as polarising as the 1960s. From 'swinging' London and the student protests of 1968 to the consequences of an allegedly 'permissive' society, the social, cultural and political implications of the decade reverberate into the present. We will cover the political impact of social and cultural trends such as: affluence and consumer culture; youth, pop music and subcultures; the counter-culture, pop-art; film, theatre, television and censorship; the 'New Left' and the birth of cultural studies; changing sexual behaviour and the 'permissive' moment; the politics of 'race' and immigration; education, social mobility and the 'new' universities; slum clearance, suburbanisation and the rise of the tower block. While focusing on Britain, key global themes will be unpacked and their local significance explored: cultures of the cold-war; decolonisation anti-colonial struggles; anti-nuclear and anti-Vietnam protests; the civil rights movement; the rise of 'second wave' feminism and gay liberation; structuralism and post-modernity. Through the analysis of autobiographical accounts and oral histories and contemporary books, films, music, television shows, sociological surveys, archival sources, official publications and material culture students will be encouraged to come to their own conclusions about this tumultuous decade.




This module begins by surveying African, Native American and European labour regimes in the fifteenth century in order to establish a foundation for studying the transformations that followed European imperial expansion and the inauguration of the transatlantic slave trade. We will examine the process of enslavement in Africa, North America, and the Mediterranean; the ransom, exchange and sale of captives; and the development of slave markets in the European colonies in the Americas. We will study childhood and family life in various enslaved communities; the material lives of slaves; and the rise of distinct cultures within the African diaspora. We will compare the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, French and British Empires with regard to the practice of slavery. We will also trace patterns of slave resistance, escapes, rebellions, and the creation of maroon communities. The semester will end with an examination of the tangled international politics surrounding the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade and the end of plantation slavery across the Atlantic World.




Few topics in 20th century European history have continuously exerted a fascination among scholars as has the era of Stalinism in Soviet Russia. Stalin died more than 60 years ago, but he remains one of the creators of our world. During his time in power the Soviet Union underwent a rapid industrialisation that saw new cities emerging in places that had not seen any civilisation before. It underwent a complete reorganisation of agriculture and saw the construction of a large Gulag system amidst widespread mass terror. Stalin was intent on changing the whole culture of Soviet Russia. Finally, the regime was engaged in a total war with Nazi Germany and emerged as a new superpower in the world. Fascinating aspects of Stalinism are its brutality and cruelty, but this is counterbalanced by its magnificent and stunning cultural and scientific achievements. This special subject will examine the Stalin era in the context of other 20th-century dictatorships. There will be a particular focus on: Stalin's rise to power; Stalin's revolution; terror and its impact on Soviet society; war and dictatorship; decline and fall - Stalin and destalinization. Cultural change will also form an important part of the module. In the seminars we will work with a wide variety of sources ranging from memoirs, secret police reports, and letters written by ordinary citizens to film, newsreel footage, propaganda posters and other art work.




This module will consider the history of the Crusades and the Crusader States from 1095 to 1291, covering a broad range of themes, religious , military and social, and taking into consideration the relations between Christians and Moslems in the Holy Land. Particular attention will be paid to primary sources, which are abundant and available in English translation.




This module explores the colonization of America by seventeenth-century English people. The memory of the Mayflower Pilgrims has obscured the fact that the first three generations remained English, unaware of the political and cultural distinctiveness to come. We will therefore be concerned with 'the repatriation of early American history'. We shall examine settlers' lives from the foundation of Jamestown in 1607, through the creation of Massachusetts in the 1630s, to the wars and rebellions of 1670-90. Not confined to New England, this module looks at a range of colonial experiences from Maine to the Caribbean, especially the mentalities of people moving between old and new worlds.




This reading-intensive module explores the impact of the First World War on European and non-European states, societies, and cultures. It aims to broaden and deepen the students' knowledge by introducing some of the lesser known aspects of the conflict, such as the campaigns on the Eastern front, in Africa, or the Middle East. Students will investigate the role and perception of colonial troops in the European theatre of war and examine the war efforts of such countries as Italy, Serbia, the Ottoman Empire, and Australia. Further topics to be discussed include alliance politics and the role of neutral states, psychological effects of 'industrialised slaughter', atrocities against non-combatant civilians, captivity and occupation, state propaganda and the spiritual mobilisation of intellectuals, as well as processes of social change with regard to home and family life, ethnicity and class. The module will draw on a wide range of primary sources, including poems, paintings, and film. In their coursework, students will have the opportunity to study more specific issues, such as naval and aerial warfare, British military strategy, civil-military relations in democratic and autocratic states, medical innovations, the war experiences of children, or questions of memory and commemoration.




The French Revolution destroyed age-old cultural, institutional and social structures in France and beyond. But, in their attempt to regenerate mankind, the revolutionaries were creative as well as destructive. They created a new political culture with far-reaching implications. This module will provide an opportunity to study different aspects of the Revolution in depth. You will become familiar with the key political turning points and political personalities of the revolutionary decade. But a great part of the module will be devoted to exploring the artistic, cultural and intellectual dimensions of this eventful period.




This Special Subject deals with the development of the English landscape from c.1450 to 1950. We will explore the impact that landed estates had on the landscape through an examination of changes in architecture, garden and landscape design and related issues such as hunting and management of trees and woodland. Such changes will be set within the context of contemporary social and economic developments. In the second half of the module we will take a broader view of the rural landscape, discussing the impact of agricultural change and exploring changing perceptions of the countryside. Finally we will move on to urban landscapes to explore their evolution in the post-medieval period and the ways in which they were shaped by architectural change and population growth. We will end with a consideration of the twentieth century landscape and the effects of declining landed estates, suburbanisation, the conservation movement and the demands of modern transport and warfare. In addition to the weekly seminars there will be a number of field trips during the year.




This module studies the history of the Third Reich from an international and comparative perspective through the extensive use of primary sources. It examines the origins and the rise of National Socialism, the seizure and consolidation of power, the nature and political structure of the dictatorship, and the transformation of German society under Nazi rule, but there is a particular focus on foreign policy and the impact of the regime's policies on Europe and the world. Aspects covered include Nazi Germany's relationship with other autocracies and right-wing forces in Europe, German geopolitical thought and the role of the Foreign Office, the formation and administration of the Nazi empire, issues of collaboration and resistance in occupied territories, combat motivation and war crimes of ordinary soldiers, the importance of non-German perpetrators of the Holocaust, the German home front and the effects of Allied aerial bombings, the various plans for a post-war Europe, and the problem of ethnic cleansing both before and after 1945.




This module looks at the nature of rebellions, riot and popular politics in Tudor England. The early part of the module proceeds in a chronological format; and after that, we analyse rebellion in more thematic terms, individual sessions look at: late medieval rebellion; early Tudor rebellion; The Pilgrimage of Grace of 1536; the 1549 rebellions Kett's rebellion, popular rebellion in the 1580s and 1590os; gender and ritual; seditious speech; popular culture; Shakespeare, drama and popular protest; food and enclosure rioting. A lot of use is made of extracts of primary material . After we have studied Kett's Rebellion of 1549, there will be a fieldtrip to examine key sites in Norwich associated with those events. This may possibly end in one of the oldest pubs in Britain; the Adam and Eve.




This module explores key themes and topics in the history of twentieth century sport, from the founding of the modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896 to the impact which the collapse of socialism had upon sport at the end of the century. Sport's interaction with empire, nationalism, fascism, socialism and capitalism will be considered, demonstrating that the political history and international relations of the century are deeply entwined with sport. A range of examples are examined, from Mussolini's Italy to the superpower competition of the Cold War. As an aspect of social history, issues of gender, race and disability are inseparable from this topic, as are the harnessing and exploitation of sport as a means of war or reconciliation at various periods throughout the century.




This special subject focuses on the life and times of Britain's longest serving monarch, Queen Victoria. The module starts by exploring Queen Victoria's public and private life. It will examine in detail her political and diplomatic influence, and her experiences as a wife and mother. Drawing on a wide and expansive range of primary sources, including Queen Victoria's own journals and letters, we will seek to piece together the personality and ideology of the woman who ruled Britain for 63 years. Using Queen Victoria's reign as a backdrop, the module will also consider a number of the key political, social and cultural changes Britain witnessed in the nineteenth century. Seminar topics will include: Queenship; Constitutional Monarch; Imperialism; Religion; Womanhood; Patriotism; and Republicanism. The module will conclude by examining the perceptions of Queen Victoria and her reign in the twentieth and twenty-first century.




This module will provide students with the opportunity to undertake a work placement with an employer working in the historic environment sector. The module organisers will assist students in finding a suitable placement. Alternatively students may organise their own placement but this must be approved in advance by the module organisers. Examples of organisations that have hosted placements in the past include the National Trust, Norfolk Historic Environment Service and the Peak District National Park Authority. Seminars will explore various issues relating to the management of historic landscapes and buildings. It is strongly recommended that you arrange a meeting with the module organisers before selecting this module




The importance of youth as a driving force for social change has been recognised by many historians. Young people were often at the forefront wherever revolutions took place, wars were fought and tensions in society erupted. However, the historical study of youth is still a relatively young discipline. The module uses 'youth' as a prism to study key themes in 20th century European history, such as the experience of war, life under dictatorship and the longue duree of social change. We shall examine the diverse experience of youth in Western and Eastern Europe during war and peace times, including the Communist and Nazi state-sponsored youth systems, and also the way in which generational experience and conflicts became underlying forces for social and political change. The module employs a strong comparative approach and countries studied include France, Britain, the Soviet Union, West and East Germany, Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. The seminars will be accompanied by several film screenings.




Whilst the University will make every effort to offer the modules listed, changes may sometimes be made arising from the annual monitoring, review and update of modules and regular (five-yearly) review of course programmes. Where this activity leads to significant (but not minor) changes to programmes and their constituent modules, there will normally be prior consultation of students and others. It is also possible that the University may not be able to offer a module for reasons outside of its control, such as the illness of a member of staff or sabbatical leave. Where this is the case, the University will endeavour to inform students.

Entry Requirements

  • A Level ABB including English Literature or the combined English Language and Literature and preferably including History
  • International Baccalaureate 32 points including 5 in HL English and preferably History
  • Scottish Advanced Highers ABB including English and preferably History
  • Irish Leaving Certificate AABBBB including English Literature and preferably History or 2 subjects at H1 and 4 at H2 including English Literature and preferably History
  • Access Course An ARTS/Humanities/Social Science pathway preferred. Pass with Distinction in 36 credits at Level 3 including modules in English Literature and preferably History and Merit in 9 credits at Level 3
  • BTEC DDM alongside a GCE A-Level or equivalent in English Literature and preferably History
  • European Baccalaureate 75% including 70% in English and preferably History

Entry Requirement

You are required to have Mathematics and English Language at a minimum of Grade C or Grade 4 or above at GCSE.

A GCE A-level in English Literature is required and preferably History.

UEA recognises that some students take a mixture of International Baccalaureate IB or International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme IBCP study rather than the full diploma, taking Higher levels in addition to A levels and/or BTEC qualifications. At UEA we do consider a combination of qualifications for entry, provided a minimum of three qualifications are taken at a higher Level. In addition some degree programmes require specific subjects at a higher level.

Students for whom English is a Foreign language

We welcome applications from students from all academic backgrounds. We require evidence of proficiency in English (including writing, speaking, listening and reading):

  • IELTS: 6.5 overall (minimum 6.0 in all components)

We also accept a number of other English language tests. Please click here to see our full list.

If you do not meet the University's entry requirements, our INTO Language Learning Centre offers a range of university preparation courses to help you develop the high level of academic and English skills necessary for successful undergraduate study.


The majority of candidates will not be called for an interview and a decision will be made via UCAS Track. However, for some students an interview will be requested. You may be called for an interview to help the School of Study, and you, understand if the course is the right choice for you.  The interview will cover topics such as your current studies, reasons for choosing the course and your personal interests and extra-curricular activities.  Where an interview is required the Admissions Service will contact you directly to arrange a convenient time.

Gap Year

We welcome applications from students who have already taken or intend to take a gap year.  We believe that a year between school and university can be of substantial benefit. You are advised to indicate your reason for wishing to defer entry and to contact directly to discuss this further.


The School's annual intake is in September of each year.

Fees and Funding

Undergraduate University Fees and Financial Support: Home and EU Students

Tuition Fees

Please see our webpage for further information on the current amount of tuition fees payable for Home and EU students and for details of the support available.

Scholarships and Bursaries

We are committed to ensuring that costs do not act as a barrier to those aspiring to come to a world leading university and have developed a funding package to reward those with excellent qualifications and assist those from lower income backgrounds. 

Home/EU - The University of East Anglia offers a range of Bursaries and Scholarships.  To check if you are eligible please visit the website.


Undergraduate University Fees and Financial Support: International Students

Tuition Fees

Please see our webpage for further information on the current amount of tuition fees payable for International Students.


We offer a range of Scholarships for International Students – please see our website for further information.

How to Apply

Applications need to be made via the Universities Colleges and Admissions Services (UCAS), using the UCAS Apply option.

UCAS Apply is a secure online application system that allows you to apply for full-time Undergraduate courses at universities and colleges in the United Kingdom. It is made up of different sections that you need to complete. Your application does not have to be completed all at once. The system allows you to leave a section partially completed so you can return to it later and add to or edit any information you have entered. Once your application is complete, it must be sent to UCAS so that they can process it and send it to your chosen universities and colleges.

The UCAS code name and number for the University of East Anglia is EANGL E14.

Further Information

If you would like to discuss your individual circumstances with the Admissions Service prior to applying please do contact us:

Undergraduate Admissions Service
Tel: +44 (0)1603 591515

Please click here to register your details online via our Online Enquiry Form.

International candidates are also actively encouraged to access the University's International section of our website.

    Next Steps

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