BA History and Politics

BA History and Politics allows students to explore the relationships between contemporary politics and the historical development of the modern world. This inter-disciplinary programme has been designed with flexibility and choice at its heart.

Students are able to determine the balance between history and politics in the second and final years, tailoring their learning to their specific interests. You might want to specialise in a particular country or region, exploring how politics relates to an historical period or a particular nation. For example, you might wish to combine study of the history of Nazism with contemporary Germany or Russian Politics with the history of Stalinism or British history with international relations.

Taught by world leading researchers in the both of School of History and the School of Politics, Philosophy, Language and Communication Studies, this degree provides an ideal opportunity for students to explore their own historical and political interests.

Overview

The BA History and Politics degree programme, taught jointly with Political, Social and International Studies, offers you the chance to study history within a political context.

As well as having access to the full range of modules offered within the School of History, you will also be able to choose from modules offered within Political, Social and International Studies which examine political issues and debate. One of our biggest priorities is giving you flexibility and choice- you are able to determine the overall balance between history and politics in the second and final years, allowing you to tailor your learning to your interests.

You will also have the opportunity to specialise in a particular country or region, exploring how politics relates to an historical period or a particular nation. You might wish to combine study of the history of Nazism with contemporary Germany, Russian Politics with the history of Stalinism, or British history with international relations.

Course Structure

Your degree programme may contain compulsory or optional modules. Compulsory modules are designed to give you a solid grounding, optional modules allow you to tailor your degree.

The course modules section below lists the current modules by year and you can click on each module for further details. Each module lists its value (in credits) and its module code, a year of study is 120 credits. 

Assessment

Key skills, issues and ideas are introduced in lectures given by all members of faculty, with more specialist study undertaken in small group seminars. You will also spend time carrying out independent study, researching in the library or carrying out practical work or projects. In most subject areas, you are assessed at the end of each year on the basis of coursework and, in some cases, project and examination results.

In your final year assessment is by coursework, document work, a special subject dissertation and examinations on your special subject in the period after Easter. Your final degree result is determined by the marks you receive in years 2 and 3.

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Study Abroad

Students who are enrolled on three-year programmes in the Faculty of Arts and Humanities have the option of applying to study abroad at one of UEA’s partner universities, for one semester of the second year. Please see our Study Abroad website for further information and criteria.

Course Modules 2017/8

Students must study the following modules for 120 credits:

Name Code Credits

GLOBAL POLITICS 1

This module introduces students to the core theoretical approaches to understanding the dynamics of global politics, such as Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism and Critical Perspectives. It also introduces a number of core concepts for making sense of global politics, including sovereignty, the balance of power, international law, security and globalization.

PPLI4056A

20

GLOBAL POLITICS 2

This module focuses on particular issues and debates in contemporary global politics. It can be taken as a stand-alone module, but it also builds on the ideas and concepts introduced in PPLI4056A: Global Politics I. It takes in debates related to power in the international system, such as US hegemony, the rise of China and the future of the EU. It engages with security issues, such as nuclear proliferation and global terrorism. It considers ethical issues such as human rights and humanitarian intervention, as well as considering transnational problems such as global finance, the global environment and global governance.

PPLI4055B

20

HISTORY, CONTROVERSY AND DEBATE

The Module challenges students to reflect on the nature of history: what it means for historians; what it means for the wider public and contemporary society; and what it has meant in the past. Across the weeks this core module will explore the key approaches to the study of hiatory ad the conduct of Historical Research. It will consider how historians have written history in the past and how they engage with it in the present, the relevance and challenges of courses and evidence, how historians present their interpretations, and the ways in which they debate amongst themselves. Students will come away with an understanding that history is rarely about the 'right answer', but rather a series of ways of understanding and interpretating the past.The module will particularly focus on historial debate and how one student can effectively analyse and interpret it. In that regard the module is a mixture of both historical interpretation and historiography, and helps students to develop key study and transferable skills.

HIS-4009B

20

INTRODUCTION TO MODERN HISTORY

This module provides a wide-ranging introduction to the political, social and economic transformation of Britain and Europe from the late eighteenth century to the First World War. Among the themes it considers are industrialisation and its impact; revolution and reform; nationalism and imperialism; gender and society; great power relations; the impact of war and the collapse of the old Europe in 1917-18.

HIS-4003A

20

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL THEORY

This module explores the ways in which a variety of thinkers have sought to understand modern society, culture and politics. You will learn to grapple with fascinating and challenging theories of contemporary life by reading the work of writers such as Rousseau and Kant, Marx and Weber, Freud and Foucault. Is modern life shaped by capitalism or bureaucracy? Are we freer than ever before, or slaves to the market and the state? Are we truly individuals or does society shape our identity? What is power and who has it? These are the kinds of question you will debate in class as you learn to think deeply about what drives the world today.

PPLX4051A

20

THE AGE OF EXTREMES: EUROPE 1918 - 2001

This module conveys the rich complexity of twentieth-century Europe, encouraging students to look afresh at the period. In hindsight, the epithet 'age of extremes' best describes the contradictory characteristics of a century during which total war and genocide were accompanied by growing humanitarianism, state health care and the advance of human rights. Naturally, developments during the first decades of the twenty-first century have forced historians to reconsider and revise once-accepted narratives about European modernization. Just as the trend toward increasing integration, harmonization and homogenization seems questionable in light of the crisis of the European Union, Islamism and Islamophobia belie the idea that modernization resulted in secularization and tolerance. Similarly, the demonstrable power of international finance and supranational assemblies counters narratives of popular empowerment through the triumph of representative democracy. The lectures examine themes in their respective chronological contexts: the age of catastrophe; the age of the post-war 'economic miracle'; and the making of contemporary Europe. Rather than merely dwelling on aspects of the century that are widely studied in UK schools, the module will expose students to the history of Europe after 1945, Central and Eastern Europe, and developments in the US and colonies that shaped the continent. Instead of focusing narrowly on high politics, international relations and warfare, the module also aims to introduce students to new ways of looking at the century through the study of the history of eugenics and medical policy, population movements, land uses, urban planning and attitudes toward the past.

HIS-4006B

20

Students must study the following modules for 20 credits:

Name Code Credits

BUILDING BLOCKS OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

The aim of this module is to introduce students to the key theoretical issues and debates that underpin the discipline of political science so that students understand the main methodological and ideological approaches to political science. It will also be of relevance to international relations students. The module will provide important foundations for the remainder of the politics major degree. It will be one of two compulsory modules for single honours Politics students. The first part of the module will focus on understanding basic political concepts ('building blocks') such as a rational choice, culture, and institutions, and critically examine these concepts and their application, linking to key empirical debates in political science about power, representation, accountability and policy making in western democracies. The second part focuses on meta-theoretical concerns such as how to compare political phenomena and systems, ideas and material explanation, structure and agency, epistemology and ontology.

PPLX5160A

20

Students will select 20 credits from the following modules:

Students should consult with the Study Abroad Coordinator before choosing a Semester Abroad Module.

Name Code Credits

ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND, C. 500-1066

This module surveys the history of the English from their arrival in Britain in the fifth century until the end of the eleventh century and the conquest of England by the Normans. We shall cover topics such as the conversion of the English in the seventh century; the domination of England by Mercia in the eighth century; the Viking invasions and the reign of Alfred the Great; the emergence of Wessex as the dominant force in Britain in the tenth century; the conquest of England by the Danes in the eleventh century; and the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.

HIS-5005A

20

BETWEEN EAST AND WEST: INTERNATIONAL HISTORY SINCE 1890

The beginning of the twentieth century witnessed a period of immense instability and change with the emergence of the United States as an international actor in the West and the Japanese break from the Chinese sphere of influence in the East. This was underpinned by technological developments, the expansion of global empires, extreme economic dislocation and two global wars. This module will examine the conduct and content of the foreign policies of the major powers from the 1890s, with the Sino-Japanese War and the Spanish-American War, to the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. The module will assess the interplay of the political, military, economic, strategic and cultural forces that shaped the beginning of the twentieth century and which continue to resonate in the contemporary world.

HIS-5065A

20

EARLY MEDIEVAL EUROPE: WARRIORS, SAINTS AND RULERS

This course explores the experiences and fortunes of the peoples of the western peninsula of Eurasia between the rule of the Emperor Constantine I in the 330s and the call to crusade in the 1090s. At the beginning of the period the lands centred on the Mediterranean and much of its hinterland were situated within the Roman empire. Yet, within three hundred years, this empire had disintegrated and been replaced by a number of successor states, ruled by competing dynasties. These states included Visigothic Hispania, Vandal Africa, and Merovingian Francia. Another#in fact, the longest lived of all the successor states#was the eastern empire centred on Constantinople, long known to historians as 'the Byzantine empire'. By the close of the seventh century, many of these states had themselves been conquered by Arabic and African warriors committed to the new religion of Islam and been incorporated in the Caliphate centred on the city of Damascus#an empire which easily rivalled the might, spread, and power of Rome before its own collapse and fission in circa 1000. What Islamic rulers could do, so too could Christian ones. In 800 the son of a Frankish usurper, Charlemagne, was crowned emperor of the West. The actions and ambitions of this emperor were as formative and as formidable in the history of ninth and tenth century Europe as those of Napoleon in the eighteenth and nineteenth. The heirs and successors of Charlemagne#whether Frankish, Ottonian, or Scandinavian#were long compelled to negotiate his legacy and memory. By the eleventh century even the Roman pontiffs, now advancing a new programme of reform and renewal, were looking to situate themselves in relation to his Salian successors. The summons to liberate Jerusalem and rescue the Greek empire in the east, carefully tailored to the aspirations of the new elites of Francia and Catalonia, was perhaps the most explosive strategy advanced by these Roman pontiffs. This course is thus broad in chronological scope, covering more than eight hundred years, and extensive in geographical range, taking us from the Atlantic to the Euphrates, from the Atlas mountains to the North Sea. In the course of this journey we will meet many warriors, saints, and rulers, both female and male.

HIS-5042A

20

FRANCE FROM THE ENLIGHTENMENT TO THE BELLE EPOQUE

This module will introduce you to an eventful period of history during which France exercised a preponderant role over European affairs and culture. The module will provide you with the essential background knowledge of political events, revolutions and wars but it will also encourage you to explore deeper social and cultural trends. In the first weeks we will reconsider 'Old regime' France, drawing attention to its dynamism and cultural richness before turning to the crises that discredited Bourbon absolutism. In subsequent weeks we will focus on the Revolutionary-Napoleonic epoch: our endeavour here will be to explain why the Revolution was revolutionary in theory, violent in practice and dictatorial in consequence. We will then reflect on the Restoration. Using extracts from Hugo's Les Miserables as our starting point, we will look at how rapid industrialization generated social tensions that successive ministries tried to diffuse through repression and reform. Next, we will look at the France of the Second Republic and Second Empire; our focus here will be Napoleon III's modernization initiatives and dramatic remodelling of Paris. Finally, we will approach the history of the Third Republic between 1870 and 1914 from three angles: its success in making the populace feel French; science, art and culture; and its nationalistic foreign-policy, which contributed toward undermining the general European peace. The seminars for this module will provide us with an opportunity to analyse and discuss in depth an eclectic range of primary sources, including textual documents (in English translation) ranging from constitutions to period fictional writings, maps, advertisements, artwork, extant material and architectural evidence, and music.

HIS-5059A

20

HERITAGE AND PUBLIC HISTORY

This module explores the theory and practice of public history and the meaning and importance of heritage. It looks at the ways in which history is presented in the public sphere, in museums and galleries, at heritage sites and historic buildings, in the media and online. The module considers questions such as, how is the past used? How do we balance academic approaches with the need to engage an audience? What are the links between heritage and national identity? How can authenticity be achieved? Who 'owns' historic sites? The module will include visits to a variety of heritage sites.

HIS-5026A

20

HISTORY OF MODERN ITALY

Since the unification of the states of the Italian peninsula, the history of modern Italy has been the subject of intense historical debate. Modern Italy has often been cast as a 'weak' state and 'fragile' nation, riven by particularism and by competing secular and religious ideologies, 'economically backward', less successful than its national neighbours, and 'the least of the Great Powers'. More recent historiography has sought to challenge or modify these perceptions in a number of ways, and this course examines modern Italian history from unification to present day, in the light of these ongoing historiographical debates. a) Italian nationalism, the process of Italian unification and the attempts to create national unity after 1870; b) the relationship between socio-economic change and political development in Liberal Italy; c) the impact of the First World War on Italian society and politics; e) the nature of the Fascist regime and its impact on Italian society; f) the radicalisation of the regime, its racial policies and the quest for Empire; g) Italy's role in World War II, the reasons for the collapse of the Fascist regime, and the emergence of civil war. h) Italian history since 1945.

HIS-5068A

20

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN AND SOVIET HISTORY, 1861-1945

This module examines some of the main themes in Russian history between the Emancipation of the Serfs and the outbreak of the Second World War. We will look at the nature of industrialisation and the peasant economy, the autocracy and its fall in 1917, the revolutionary movement and the nationalities question. We will then examine how the Revolution of 1917 changed the state and the ways in which the Communists attempted to change society before 1929. We conclude by examining the country during the era of the five year plans and the impact of the Stalinist system on the Soviet Union before the outbreak of world war.

HIS-5019A

20

JAPAN IN MODERN TIMES

In just a few decades Japan emerged from its feudal and isolationist condition and became a thriving capitalist nation-state with imperialist ambitions on the world's stage. From the mid-nineteenth century onwards, the country re-invented itself, combining the strength of its traditions with Western models of government, economic management, social structure and culture. Samurai gave way to elite bureaucrats; a skilled industrial workforce gradually displaced the peasantry; education expanded with remarkable speed; new infrastructure transformed the physical landscape. New patterns of daily life, social tensions and cultural aspirations accompanied these changes. The aggressive expansionist policy and authoritarianism of the 1930s precipitated the country into a war with devastating consequences, only for Japan to resurrect itself as a global industrial power and stable democracy in the post-war era. This module examines this process of transformation from circa 1850, when Western powers pressured Japan into opening to international trade, to the oil shock of the 1970s that brought an end to Japan's high growth phase. Students will pay attention to the intellectual and cultural trends that informed Japan's development. They will investigate concepts such as revolution, national identity, civilizational discourse, late imperialism, and historical memory. They will also explore social and economic change as reflected in lived experience, for example in farms and villages at the turn of the century; on the home front during the Russo-Japanese War; in bustling cities during the Taisho era; in colonial outposts before and during the Pacific War; and in occupied Japan afterwards.

HIS-5066A

20

MODERN GERMANY, 1914-1990

This module introduces students to German history in the twentieth century which was characterised by various radical regime changes and territorial alterations. Topics include German world policy and nationalism in the late imperial period; imperialism and expansionism during the First World War; the challenges of modernity in the Weimar Republic; the rise of Hitler and the formation of the Nazi empire in Europe; the post-war division of Germany and the legacy of the Third Reich; the nature of the GDR dictatorship and the problem of West German terrorism; as well as the fall of the Berlin Wall and reunification. Special attention will be given to questions of nationalism and national identity, issues of history and memory, and Germany's role in Europe and the world. On completion of this unit, students will have developed a solid understanding of one of the most dramatic periods of German history when the country oscillated between the two extremes of war and repression, on the one hand, and the return to peace and democracy, on the other.

HIS-5018A

20

REFORMATION TO REVOLUTION

This module examines three centuries of European history connecting two unprecedented revolutionary epochs: the Reformation of the sixteenth century and the American and French revolutions at the end of the early modern era. We will look at key themes and movements in these centuries, including the politics of the Reformation; the Mediterranean work of the Ottomans and Habsburg Spain; the Dutch Golden Age; the great political and religious struggles of the seventeenth century, including wars in the British Isles, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Baltic; the Russia of the Romanov czars and Peter the Great; the growth of centralised states and absolutism in France, Prussia and Austria; the Enlightenment; the rise of the Atlantic economies; and the challenge to the Old Regime from revolutionary politics.

HIS-5025A

20

SEMESTER STUDY ABROAD (AUTUMN SEMSTER)

X05 This module offers HIS students on the V100 programme the opportunity to spend the Autumn semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.

HIS-5071A

60

THE FIRST BRITISH EMPIRE

Between the sixteenth and the early nineteenth centuries, the English crossed the oceans and claimed territory on every continent other than Antarctica. This module surveys the creation and growth of British Empire, examining its origins and its impact on an array of peoples. In the context of studying how the empire spread and functioned, we will consider the varied experiences of Africans, Native Americans, Aboriginal Australians, Protestant refugees from the continent of Europe, the peoples of India, the Irish, and British settlers across the globe. The complex, intimate, and often violent interactions of these groups led to ideological battles pitting loyalism against republicanism, for example, and imperial "civilization" against an array of indigenous cultural revivals. At first glance these struggles may seem to place the British against the subject peoples of their empire, but on closer examination it becomes apparent that they fractured nearly every population within the imperial domains. The creative energy of the British Empire stemmed in large part from collaborations between British groups and individuals and segments of their purported imperial subjects in building, reforming, or in some cases seeking to destroy the structures of imperialism

HIS-5045A

20

THE ORIGINS OF THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 4000BC TO 1066AD

This module will examine the development of the English landscape from early prehistoric times to the late Saxon period. We will examine the field archaeology of the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages, discuss the landscapes of Roman Britain, and assess the nature of the Roman/Saxon transition. We will then investigate the development of territorial organisation, field systems and settlement patterns during the Saxon and early medieval periods. The module provides an introduction to the theory and methods of landscape archaeology, as well as giving a broad overview of the development of society, economy and landscape in the period up to c.1100.

HIS-5002A

20

THE RISE AND FALL OF BRITISH POWER

This module examines Britain's expansion and decline as a great power, from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the 1950s. It considers the foundations of British power, the emergence of rivals, Britain's relationship with the European powers and the USA, and the impact of two World Wars and Cold War. It investigates the reasons for Britain's changing fortunes, as it moved from guarding the balance of power to losing its empire.

HIS-5011A

20

TUDOR ENGLAND

The Tudors are England's most famous royal dynasty. This module seeks to move beyond the traditional stories of Henry's turbulent marriages and Elizabeth's stunning victory over the Spanish Armada. The module aims to give students a better understanding of the change and turmoil the Tudor century caused, not just to the monarchs themselves but to the lives of their subjects, the everyday people of England. Beyond establishing a strong chronological knowledge of the sixteenth century and its religious upheavals, the module will consider issues of gender; the changing construction of the social order; the importance and developing role of local elites; problems caused by poverty and dearth; and the position of England within Britain itself and within Europe.

HIS-5067A

20

WOMEN, POWER, AND POLITICS (I): ISABEL OF CASTILE TO MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT

This module examines the issue of gender in European history, between 1500 and 1750. Using a variety of written and visual sources, and including a comparative element, it focuses on the following themes: definitions of femininity and masculinity; life-cycles; family, kinship, and marriage; social exclusion, charity and the welfare state; law, crime, and order; witchcraft and magic; honour, sex, and sexual identities; work; learning and the arts; material culture; the impact of European expansions.

HIS-5064A

20

Students will select 20 credits from the following modules:

Students should consult with the Study Abroad Coordinator before choosing a Semester Abroad Module.

Name Code Credits

ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND, C. 500-1066

This module surveys the history of the English from their arrival in Britain in the fifth century until the end of the eleventh century and the conquest of England by the Normans. We shall cover topics such as the conversion of the English in the seventh century; the domination of England by Mercia in the eighth century; the Viking invasions and the reign of Alfred the Great; the emergence of Wessex as the dominant force in Britain in the tenth century; the conquest of England by the Danes in the eleventh century; and the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.

HIS-5005A

20

BETWEEN EAST AND WEST: INTERNATIONAL HISTORY SINCE 1890

The beginning of the twentieth century witnessed a period of immense instability and change with the emergence of the United States as an international actor in the West and the Japanese break from the Chinese sphere of influence in the East. This was underpinned by technological developments, the expansion of global empires, extreme economic dislocation and two global wars. This module will examine the conduct and content of the foreign policies of the major powers from the 1890s, with the Sino-Japanese War and the Spanish-American War, to the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. The module will assess the interplay of the political, military, economic, strategic and cultural forces that shaped the beginning of the twentieth century and which continue to resonate in the contemporary world.

HIS-5065A

20

EARLY MEDIEVAL EUROPE: WARRIORS, SAINTS AND RULERS

This course explores the experiences and fortunes of the peoples of the western peninsula of Eurasia between the rule of the Emperor Constantine I in the 330s and the call to crusade in the 1090s. At the beginning of the period the lands centred on the Mediterranean and much of its hinterland were situated within the Roman empire. Yet, within three hundred years, this empire had disintegrated and been replaced by a number of successor states, ruled by competing dynasties. These states included Visigothic Hispania, Vandal Africa, and Merovingian Francia. Another#in fact, the longest lived of all the successor states#was the eastern empire centred on Constantinople, long known to historians as 'the Byzantine empire'. By the close of the seventh century, many of these states had themselves been conquered by Arabic and African warriors committed to the new religion of Islam and been incorporated in the Caliphate centred on the city of Damascus#an empire which easily rivalled the might, spread, and power of Rome before its own collapse and fission in circa 1000. What Islamic rulers could do, so too could Christian ones. In 800 the son of a Frankish usurper, Charlemagne, was crowned emperor of the West. The actions and ambitions of this emperor were as formative and as formidable in the history of ninth and tenth century Europe as those of Napoleon in the eighteenth and nineteenth. The heirs and successors of Charlemagne#whether Frankish, Ottonian, or Scandinavian#were long compelled to negotiate his legacy and memory. By the eleventh century even the Roman pontiffs, now advancing a new programme of reform and renewal, were looking to situate themselves in relation to his Salian successors. The summons to liberate Jerusalem and rescue the Greek empire in the east, carefully tailored to the aspirations of the new elites of Francia and Catalonia, was perhaps the most explosive strategy advanced by these Roman pontiffs. This course is thus broad in chronological scope, covering more than eight hundred years, and extensive in geographical range, taking us from the Atlantic to the Euphrates, from the Atlas mountains to the North Sea. In the course of this journey we will meet many warriors, saints, and rulers, both female and male.

HIS-5042A

20

FRANCE FROM THE ENLIGHTENMENT TO THE BELLE EPOQUE

This module will introduce you to an eventful period of history during which France exercised a preponderant role over European affairs and culture. The module will provide you with the essential background knowledge of political events, revolutions and wars but it will also encourage you to explore deeper social and cultural trends. In the first weeks we will reconsider 'Old regime' France, drawing attention to its dynamism and cultural richness before turning to the crises that discredited Bourbon absolutism. In subsequent weeks we will focus on the Revolutionary-Napoleonic epoch: our endeavour here will be to explain why the Revolution was revolutionary in theory, violent in practice and dictatorial in consequence. We will then reflect on the Restoration. Using extracts from Hugo's Les Miserables as our starting point, we will look at how rapid industrialization generated social tensions that successive ministries tried to diffuse through repression and reform. Next, we will look at the France of the Second Republic and Second Empire; our focus here will be Napoleon III's modernization initiatives and dramatic remodelling of Paris. Finally, we will approach the history of the Third Republic between 1870 and 1914 from three angles: its success in making the populace feel French; science, art and culture; and its nationalistic foreign-policy, which contributed toward undermining the general European peace. The seminars for this module will provide us with an opportunity to analyse and discuss in depth an eclectic range of primary sources, including textual documents (in English translation) ranging from constitutions to period fictional writings, maps, advertisements, artwork, extant material and architectural evidence, and music.

HIS-5059A

20

GENDER AND POWER

Providing a conceptual overview of feminist research approaches, this module examines contemporary gender and power relations. It examines both the formal and informal power structures that shape the experience of gender. Bringing together the fields of media, sociology, politics and cultural studies, the module explores the extent to which feminist theory informs gender-based activism.

PPLM5002A

20

HERITAGE AND PUBLIC HISTORY

This module explores the theory and practice of public history and the meaning and importance of heritage. It looks at the ways in which history is presented in the public sphere, in museums and galleries, at heritage sites and historic buildings, in the media and online. The module considers questions such as, how is the past used? How do we balance academic approaches with the need to engage an audience? What are the links between heritage and national identity? How can authenticity be achieved? Who 'owns' historic sites? The module will include visits to a variety of heritage sites.

HIS-5026A

20

HISTORY OF MODERN ITALY

Since the unification of the states of the Italian peninsula, the history of modern Italy has been the subject of intense historical debate. Modern Italy has often been cast as a 'weak' state and 'fragile' nation, riven by particularism and by competing secular and religious ideologies, 'economically backward', less successful than its national neighbours, and 'the least of the Great Powers'. More recent historiography has sought to challenge or modify these perceptions in a number of ways, and this course examines modern Italian history from unification to present day, in the light of these ongoing historiographical debates. a) Italian nationalism, the process of Italian unification and the attempts to create national unity after 1870; b) the relationship between socio-economic change and political development in Liberal Italy; c) the impact of the First World War on Italian society and politics; e) the nature of the Fascist regime and its impact on Italian society; f) the radicalisation of the regime, its racial policies and the quest for Empire; g) Italy's role in World War II, the reasons for the collapse of the Fascist regime, and the emergence of civil war. h) Italian history since 1945.

HIS-5068A

20

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN AND SOVIET HISTORY, 1861-1945

This module examines some of the main themes in Russian history between the Emancipation of the Serfs and the outbreak of the Second World War. We will look at the nature of industrialisation and the peasant economy, the autocracy and its fall in 1917, the revolutionary movement and the nationalities question. We will then examine how the Revolution of 1917 changed the state and the ways in which the Communists attempted to change society before 1929. We conclude by examining the country during the era of the five year plans and the impact of the Stalinist system on the Soviet Union before the outbreak of world war.

HIS-5019A

20

INTERMEDIATE FRENCH I - A2 CEFR

This is an intermediate course in French and is intended for students who have enough pre-A-Level experience of French and wish to develop their knowledge to a standard comparable to A-Level / Baccalaureate / B1 in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). The module is made up of four elements: Listening Comprehension, Writing, Translation and Grammar. While the emphasis is on comprehension, the speaking and writing of French are also included. The module is NOT available to students with AS or A-Level French /Baccalaureate / Level B1 in the CEFR. This module can be taken in any year. (Alternative slots may be available depending on student numbers.) Please note that very occasionally subsidiary language modules may be cancelled due to low enrolment. Please note that students who are found to have a level of knowledge that exceeds the level for which they have enrolled may be asked to withdraw from the module at the Teacher's discretion.

PPLB5150A

20

INTERMEDIATE GERMAN I - A2 CEFR

An intermediate course in German for those students who have taken Beginners' German I and II or who have a GCSE or an AS level grade D (or below, or equivalent to A2 CEFR - Common European Framework of Reference) in the language. This module aims to enable students to build on, and further enhance, existing reading, writing, speaking and listening skills. A key component is the exploration of themes that develop interculturality. Specific aspects of language are revisited and consolidated at a higher level. The emphasis lies on enhancing essential grammar notions and vocabulary areas in meaningful contexts, whilst developing knowledge of contemporary life and society that focuses on culture and current affairs. Please note that very occasionally subsidiary language modules may be cancelled due to low enrolment. Please note that students who are found to have a level of knowledge that exceeds the level for which they have enrolled may be asked to withdraw from the module at the Teacher's discretion.

PPLB5151A

20

INTERMEDIATE JAPANESE I

An intermediate course in Japanese for those students who have taken Beginners' Japanese I and II or who have a GCSE or similar qualification in the language. This module aims to enable students to build on, and further enhance, existing reading, writing, speaking and listening skills. A key component is the exploration of themes that develop interculturality. Specific aspects of language are revisited and consolidated at a higher level. The emphasis lies on enhancing essential grammar notions and vocabulary areas in meaningful contexts, whilst developing knowledge of contemporary life and society that focuses on culture and current affairs. Please note that very occasionally subsidiary language modules may be cancelled due to low enrolment. Please note that students who are found to have a level of knowledge that exceeds the level for which they have enrolled may be asked to withdraw from the module at the Teacher's discretion.

PPLB5060A

20

INTERMEDIATE SPANISH I - A2 CEFR

An intermediate course in Spanish for those students who have taken Beginners' Spanish I and II or who have a GCSE in the language (or A2 CEFR or international equivalent). This module aims to enable students to build on, and further enhance, existing reading, writing, speaking and listening skills. A key component is the exploration of themes that develop interculturality. Specific aspects of language are revisited and consolidated at a higher level. The emphasis lies on enhancing essential grammar notions and vocabulary areas in meaningful contexts, whilst developing knowledge of contemporary life and society that focuses on culture and current affairs. Students will attend a seminar and a one hour oral. This module is NOT open to students who have AS-level or A level Spanish (or AS-level or A level equivalent). Please note that very occasionally subsidiary language modules may be cancelled due to low enrolment. Please note that students who are found to have a level of knowledge that exceeds the level for which they have enrolled may be asked to withdraw from the module at the Teacher's discretion.

PPLB5152A

20

INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION AND GLOBAL GOVERNANCE

'International Organisations' (Ios) is a term which refers to organisations whose members comprise the representatives of nation states. Few areas of international relations and politics remain unregulated by such international organisations and/or by international norms. We examine several 'grand' dilemmas facing humanity (security, welfare, environmental) and the forms of international governance set up to address those dilemmas. We ask why sovereign nation-states form, join and usually comply with the rules and the factors which determine the design and evolution of Ios. We also consider how Ios and member states interact with international non-governmental organisations (iNGOs), and the impact of the latter on domestic public policy. In particular, we examine the UN, NATO, European Union, and international financial institutions, the emergence of potential alternatives to these mainly western-centric organisations and we bring together a critical evaluation of the main theories which seek to explain international cooperation with an examination of contemporary issues in these public policy fields. Finally, we consider whether international organisation (the latter singular) amounts to an effective form of global governance to the extent that it at least mitigates anarchy in the international system.

PPLI5057A

20

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORY

This module will give students an essential grounding in International Relations theory, encompassing both the foundational theories of realism and liberalism, and contemporary debates about hegemony, neo-imperialism and post-positivism. The module is structured around the positivist/post-positivist divide and starts with classical realism and neo-realism, and liberalism and neo-liberalism. It then explores the English School and constructivism before turning to more critical theories like post-colonialism, feminism and gender studies, and postmodernism.

PPLI5059A

20

INTRODUCTION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION

This module examines the development, structure, nature and functions of the European Union and looks at the history and theories of European integration from the 1940s to the present day. The module concentrates on the institutions and processes which run the EU, demystifies its main policies, examines critically the role of the Euro, and assesses the positions of the member-states on the EU's constantly developing agenda. The significance of the European Union in relationship to the rest of the world, its democratic credentials and its importance for understanding politics and governance are also considered. This module is recommended for those students who intend to progress to the European Studies with Brussels Internship' module in Year 3

PPLI5044A

20

JAPAN IN MODERN TIMES

In just a few decades Japan emerged from its feudal and isolationist condition and became a thriving capitalist nation-state with imperialist ambitions on the world's stage. From the mid-nineteenth century onwards, the country re-invented itself, combining the strength of its traditions with Western models of government, economic management, social structure and culture. Samurai gave way to elite bureaucrats; a skilled industrial workforce gradually displaced the peasantry; education expanded with remarkable speed; new infrastructure transformed the physical landscape. New patterns of daily life, social tensions and cultural aspirations accompanied these changes. The aggressive expansionist policy and authoritarianism of the 1930s precipitated the country into a war with devastating consequences, only for Japan to resurrect itself as a global industrial power and stable democracy in the post-war era. This module examines this process of transformation from circa 1850, when Western powers pressured Japan into opening to international trade, to the oil shock of the 1970s that brought an end to Japan's high growth phase. Students will pay attention to the intellectual and cultural trends that informed Japan's development. They will investigate concepts such as revolution, national identity, civilizational discourse, late imperialism, and historical memory. They will also explore social and economic change as reflected in lived experience, for example in farms and villages at the turn of the century; on the home front during the Russo-Japanese War; in bustling cities during the Taisho era; in colonial outposts before and during the Pacific War; and in occupied Japan afterwards.

HIS-5066A

20

MODERN GERMANY, 1914-1990

This module introduces students to German history in the twentieth century which was characterised by various radical regime changes and territorial alterations. Topics include German world policy and nationalism in the late imperial period; imperialism and expansionism during the First World War; the challenges of modernity in the Weimar Republic; the rise of Hitler and the formation of the Nazi empire in Europe; the post-war division of Germany and the legacy of the Third Reich; the nature of the GDR dictatorship and the problem of West German terrorism; as well as the fall of the Berlin Wall and reunification. Special attention will be given to questions of nationalism and national identity, issues of history and memory, and Germany's role in Europe and the world. On completion of this unit, students will have developed a solid understanding of one of the most dramatic periods of German history when the country oscillated between the two extremes of war and repression, on the one hand, and the return to peace and democracy, on the other.

HIS-5018A

20

POLITICS IN THE USA

Virtually alone among the world's modern democratic nations, the US does not have parliamentary government. This module is an introduction to the American system, in which power is divided between state and federal authorities, and further among legislative, executive and judicial branches. Does this open-textured system encourage democratic participation? Has it become so chaotic that sound policy making is discouraged?

PPLX5164A

20

REFORMATION TO REVOLUTION

This module examines three centuries of European history connecting two unprecedented revolutionary epochs: the Reformation of the sixteenth century and the American and French revolutions at the end of the early modern era. We will look at key themes and movements in these centuries, including the politics of the Reformation; the Mediterranean work of the Ottomans and Habsburg Spain; the Dutch Golden Age; the great political and religious struggles of the seventeenth century, including wars in the British Isles, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Baltic; the Russia of the Romanov czars and Peter the Great; the growth of centralised states and absolutism in France, Prussia and Austria; the Enlightenment; the rise of the Atlantic economies; and the challenge to the Old Regime from revolutionary politics.

HIS-5025A

20

SEMESTER STUDY ABROAD (AUTUMN SEMSTER)

X05 This module offers HIS students on the V100 programme the opportunity to spend the Autumn semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.

HIS-5071A

60

THE FIRST BRITISH EMPIRE

Between the sixteenth and the early nineteenth centuries, the English crossed the oceans and claimed territory on every continent other than Antarctica. This module surveys the creation and growth of British Empire, examining its origins and its impact on an array of peoples. In the context of studying how the empire spread and functioned, we will consider the varied experiences of Africans, Native Americans, Aboriginal Australians, Protestant refugees from the continent of Europe, the peoples of India, the Irish, and British settlers across the globe. The complex, intimate, and often violent interactions of these groups led to ideological battles pitting loyalism against republicanism, for example, and imperial "civilization" against an array of indigenous cultural revivals. At first glance these struggles may seem to place the British against the subject peoples of their empire, but on closer examination it becomes apparent that they fractured nearly every population within the imperial domains. The creative energy of the British Empire stemmed in large part from collaborations between British groups and individuals and segments of their purported imperial subjects in building, reforming, or in some cases seeking to destroy the structures of imperialism

HIS-5045A

20

THE ORIGINS OF THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 4000BC TO 1066AD

This module will examine the development of the English landscape from early prehistoric times to the late Saxon period. We will examine the field archaeology of the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages, discuss the landscapes of Roman Britain, and assess the nature of the Roman/Saxon transition. We will then investigate the development of territorial organisation, field systems and settlement patterns during the Saxon and early medieval periods. The module provides an introduction to the theory and methods of landscape archaeology, as well as giving a broad overview of the development of society, economy and landscape in the period up to c.1100.

HIS-5002A

20

THE RISE AND FALL OF BRITISH POWER

This module examines Britain's expansion and decline as a great power, from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the 1950s. It considers the foundations of British power, the emergence of rivals, Britain's relationship with the European powers and the USA, and the impact of two World Wars and Cold War. It investigates the reasons for Britain's changing fortunes, as it moved from guarding the balance of power to losing its empire.

HIS-5011A

20

TOPICS IN BRITISH POLITICS

British politics is in turbulent times. The victory of the 'Leave' campaign in the EU referendum has left Britain's position in the world uncertain, the party system in flux and the constitutional relationship between its nations unstable. Nationalist parties are on the rise, the constitution is in crisis and the effects of austerity politics continues. We examine contemporary events and themes by examining in depth three or four topics which vary on an annual basis according to developments. Recently these have included: power in Britain, British Prime Ministers, the British constitution, elections in Britain, political ideologies.

PPLX5048A

20

TUDOR ENGLAND

The Tudors are England's most famous royal dynasty. This module seeks to move beyond the traditional stories of Henry's turbulent marriages and Elizabeth's stunning victory over the Spanish Armada. The module aims to give students a better understanding of the change and turmoil the Tudor century caused, not just to the monarchs themselves but to the lives of their subjects, the everyday people of England. Beyond establishing a strong chronological knowledge of the sixteenth century and its religious upheavals, the module will consider issues of gender; the changing construction of the social order; the importance and developing role of local elites; problems caused by poverty and dearth; and the position of England within Britain itself and within Europe.

HIS-5067A

20

WESTERN POLITICAL THOUGHT

This level 5 module examines in depth the works of selected thinkers who are seminal to the Western tradition of political thought, including Plato, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Mill and Machiavelli. Their work will also be compared thematically, with a focus on themes such as the natural law and social contract traditions, and other schools of thought which have been influenced by these traditions.The module will be based on the study and interpretation of key texts and will enable students to develop skills of textual analysis and critique. It will also provide some of the historical background necessary to study more contemporary political theory at level 6, as well as building substantially on some of the political theories encountered on Social and Political Theory at level 4.

PPLX5064A

20

WOMEN, POWER, AND POLITICS (I): ISABEL OF CASTILE TO MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT

This module examines the issue of gender in European history, between 1500 and 1750. Using a variety of written and visual sources, and including a comparative element, it focuses on the following themes: definitions of femininity and masculinity; life-cycles; family, kinship, and marriage; social exclusion, charity and the welfare state; law, crime, and order; witchcraft and magic; honour, sex, and sexual identities; work; learning and the arts; material culture; the impact of European expansions.

HIS-5064A

20

Students will select 20 credits from the following modules:

Students should consult with the Study Abroad Coordinator before choosing a Semester Abroad Module.

Name Code Credits

AMERICA IN THE WORLD: THE HISTORY OF U.S. FOREIGN RELATIONS

This module offers a critical introduction to understanding America's role in the world. It provides historical and political analyses of U.S. foreign relations, looking at the themes and traditions that have shaped America's increasing influence in global affairs during the twentieth century up to the present day. From the war of 1898 to the conflicts of the early twenty-first century, it examines how and why the U.S. relationship to the world has changed. Has the United States helped or harmed the rest of the world during its rise to world power? In discussing foreign relations, the course analyses political and diplomatic elites, but also, the role of foreign actors and private organisations, from religious groups to citizen organisations to NGOs, in defining America in the world. It also engages with important contemporary trends in the historiography of U.S. foreign policy - regarding race, gender, modernization, and the 'cultural turn' - and connects these to emerging trends in the fields of American Studies and international relations.

HIS-5069B

20

CONSPIRACY AND CRISIS IN THE EARLY MODERN WORLD

Assassination. Foreign invasion. Revolt and rebellion. Political and religious plots loomed large and posed a constant threat in Early Modern England. Conspiracy was not simply an imagined threat nor did it exist in theory; it was a social and political reality that elicited fear, shaped policies and gave rise to self-fulfilling prophecies. Did the greatest threat of subversion come from popular uprisings, foreign invasion or from the heart of the British government? From Mary, Queen of Scots and the Gunpowder Plot to the hidden agenda of Charles I, this module will survey a series of popular, elite and royalist conspiracies. Moving behind official narratives, it will draw on a host of resources to investigate alternative explanations for crisis over power, authority and legitimacy during this period. Each conspiracy will provide and point of entry into broader changes in early modern society as the crown and commons reimagined and realigned political, religious and social boundaries.

HIS-5027B

20

FROM AGINCOURT TO BOSWORTH: ENGLAND IN THE WARS OF THE ROSES

Through a close examination of the lives and reigns of four very different monarchs this unit investigates the workings of kingship and high politics in one of the most turbulent periods of English History (1415-1485). New interpretations of the Wars of the Roses, as well as original source material, will be studied.

HIS-5009B

20

FROM HASTINGS TO THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR: NORMAN AND PLANTAGENET ENGLAND 1066-1307

This module examines a critical period in English History. It begins with the Conquest of England by the Normans and looks at the ways in which as a consequence England was drawn into European affairs. Its mid point is the loss of those continental lands in 1204 and the Magna Carta crisis of 1215. The unit then explores the domination of Britain by the English kingdom and ends with the start of England's next great European adventure, The Hundred Years' War.

HIS-5007B

20

FROM STALIN TO PUTIN: THE LONG SHADOW OF THE WAR

World War II and the immense sacrifices the Soviet people made in defeating Nazism left multiple long-lasting legacies that shaped the multi-ethnic Soviet and post-Soviet Russian state, society and economy. This module aims to give students a better understanding of the state of contemporary Russian politics, society and economy through detailed historical enquiry of Russia's path since 1945. The module is divided into two main parts: week 2-8 will examine key periods of post-war Russian history in chronological order, while week 9-13 will look more closely at key contemporary in their historical perspective. These will include the question what it meant to be Soviet and its legacy; geopolitical imperatives, which only recently led Putin to invade Crimea; identity politics and historical commemoration; the transition of the economy from a planned economy to a market economy; and the complex mutations and adaptations of power structures in Russia that gave birth to Putin's 'managed democracy'.

HIS-5065B

20

HISTORY OF NORWICH

This module will focus on the development of towns and cities in England from the Norman Conquest until the present day. We will use Norwich as our main case study, but will also draw on other comparative examples around England, such as London, York, Exeter or Leeds, to place Norwich within its wider context. This module will combine social, political and economic history with a detailed consideration of the built environment of the city; key buildings, open spaces and street patterns. There will be regular field trips into Norwich to explore historic buildings, collections and landscapes.

HIS-5068B

20

HUMAN RIGHTS: THE HISTORY OF AN IDEA

Reading key historical, philosophical, political, legal and literary texts, this module track will track the emergence of human rights as a cultural idea from their conception in the eighteenth century, through the development of political rights and humanitarianism in the nineteenth century, through to the Nuremberg trials and the United Nations of Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), into the post World War Two period and up to the present day.We will trace how the idea of human rights developed at key junctures, and untangle their relationship to political and historical change.

HIS-5070B

20

INTERMEDIATE FRENCH II - A2/B1 CEFR

This is a continuation of PPLB5150A (Intermediate French I). This is an intermediate course in French and is intended for students who wish to develop their knowledge to a standard comparable to A-Level / Baccalaureate / B1 in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). The module is made up of four elements: Listening Comprehension, Translation, Writing and Grammar. This module can be taken in any year. (Alternative slots may be available depending on student numbers.) Please note that very occasionally subsidiary language modules may be cancelled due to low enrolment. The module is NOT AVAILABLE to students with AS or A-Level / Baccalaureate / Level B1 in the CEFR. Students who are found to have a level of knowledge that exceeds the level for which they have enrolled may be asked to withdraw from the module at the Teacher's discretion.

PPLB5032B

20

INTERMEDIATE GERMAN II - A2/B1 CEFR

A continuation of Intermediate German I. Open for students with AS-Level (below grade C or equivalent to A2 CEFR - Common European Framework of Reference). Please note that very occasionally subsidiary language modules may be cancelled due to low enrolment. Please note that students who are found to have a level of knowledge that exceeds the level for which they have enrolled may be asked to withdraw from the module at the Teacher's discretion.

PPLB5033B

20

INTERMEDIATE JAPANESE II

A continuation of Intermediate Japanese I. Please note that very occasionally subsidiary language modules may be cancelled due to low enrolment. Please note that students who are found to have a level of knowledge that exceeds the level for which they have enrolled may be asked to withdraw from the module at the Teacher's discretion.

PPLB5061B

20

INTERMEDIATE SPANISH II - A2/B1 CEFR

A continuation of Intermediate Spanish I. Alternative slots available depending on student numbers. This module is NOT open to students who have A-level Spanish (or A-level equivalent). Please note that very occasionally subsidiary language modules may be cancelled due to low enrolment. Please note that students who are found to have a level of knowledge that exceeds the level for which they have enrolled may be asked to withdraw from the module at the Teacher's discretion.

PPLB5034B

20

LATER MEDIEVAL EUROPE

This module examines the political, cultural and social history of later medieval Europe (circa 1100-1400). It has a particular focus on the Empire and Italy, but we will also look at France and Constantinople. We will encounter some of the chief characters of the period, such as Emperors Frederick Barbarossa and Frederick II, 'the Wonder of the World', and Pope Innocent III. Students will be introduced to some of the most important events and concepts to shake medieval Europe, such as the intellectual Renaissance of the twelfth century, the Crusades, the rise of Heresy and the Inquisition, the Empire's long struggle in Italy, and the Papal Schism.

HIS-5006B

20

LATIN FOR HISTORIANS

This module provides an introduction to the linguistic skills in medieval Latin which enable students to read administrative documents such as charters, accounts, court rolls, etc. It is particularly suited for those who intend proceeding to postgraduate study in aspects of the past, such as medieval history, which require a reading knowledge of Latin. This course is not intended for students who have already studied Latin to A level or equivalent.

HIS-5004B

20

NAPOLEON TO STALIN: THE STRUGGLE FOR MASTERY IN EUROPE

This module deals with the rivalries of the Great Powers from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the onset of the Cold War. We shall be examining topics such as the Vienna system; the Crimean War; Italian and German unification, the origins of the First and Second World Wars and the start of the Cold War.

HIS-5017B

20

PROPAGANDA

This module introduces students to the history and theory of propaganda, and its role in society. We consider what constitutes and defines propaganda. Focusing on a number of case studies from the 20th century, we examine propaganda in a range of political settings, both totalitarian and democratic, in the local context of the relationships of power and communications. We consider how theories of propaganda emerged after the First World War, and how propaganda is shaped by governance structures, journalists and media institutions, and by technology.

HIS-5050B

20

PUBLISHING HISTORY 1

This module is the first of a pair aimed in particular at students considering a career in academic or trade publishing. It looks at the origins and development of the publishing industry from the invention of the printing press to the present day. It combines interdisciplinary study of the technological, economic and social history of publishing with practical sessions to develop the skills used in the contemporary publishing workplace. In addition to classroom sessions there will be practical training and visits to printing and publishing establishments. The historical component and the practical components are interspersed throughout the module.

HIS-5064B

20

SEMESTER STUDY ABROAD (SPRING SEMSTER)

This module offers HIS students the opportunity to spend the Spring semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.

HIS-5030B

60

STUART ENGLAND

This module explores the dramatic century of Stuart rule in England. This 'century of revolution' included the union of the English and Scottish crowns, the dramatic upheaval of the civil wars, and the continued political instability that led to the birth of political parties and the Glorious Revolution. While exploring these political themes we will also consider the birth of modern news culture, crowd politics, civil society and coffee shops, the origins of empire, state formation, and the emergence of England as 'a nation of shop keepers' and Europe's great 'constitutional monarchy'.

HIS-5067B

20

THE BRITISH EMPIRE, 1857-1956

This module surveys the history of the British Empire from the mid-nineteenth century to the Suez Crisis, seeking to explain the Empire's growth and the early stages of its contraction. It examines the nature and impact of British colonial rule, at the political, economic and social/cultural levels, addressing the development of the 'settler' colonies/Dominions, the special significance of India and the implications of the 'New Imperialism'. Problems to be considered include theories of 'development' and 'collaboration', the growth of resistance and nationalism, and Britain's responses to these, and the impacts of the two World Wars and the Cold War on Britain's Imperial system.

HIS-5013B

20

THE COLD WAR: A NEW HISTORY

This module analyses the emergence, development and end of the Cold War. In doing so it explores the historical circumstances behind the conflict, relations between the United States of America, the Soviet Union, and other states, as well as the impact of nuclear weapons. The Cold War has been revisited by historians from various angles, and in a variety of ways, in recent years and this module is structured to enable engagement with these new histories. In this way, it takes account of developments that have traditionally been viewed as central to the history of the post-war era, while also drawing upon the expertise within the School of History to explore lesser known case studies and alternative spheres where the conflict was played out. This will include coverage of a range of states in Europe (Hungary, France, Spain) and beyond (Cuba, Grenada, Vietnam), as well as paying attention to broader themes such as the role of propaganda, sport and youth. At the same time it will consider overarching bodies in the form of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement and the emerging European project. The module concludes by asking why the Cold War ended so abruptly, what role civil resistance played in this, and why the process was peaceful in some cases and violent in others. Here, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia will be the focus of attention.

HIS-5024B

20

THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 1066 TO 1600

This module will examine the development of the English countryside from late Saxon times into the seventeenth century. Topics covered will include the archaeology and landscape setting of castles, monasteries, parish churches, vernacular buildings and deserted settlements, alongside an examination of 'semi-natural' landscapes including ancient woodland, wood-pastures, heathland and moorland. The module will allow you develop practical skills in the analysis of earthwork plans, building surveys and historic maps both in seminars and on field trips.

HIS-5003B

20

TWENTIETH-CENTURY BRITAIN, 1914 TO THE PRESENT

This module examines the themes of conflict and consensus in Britain from the Great War to the present day, both through the study of political life and also by assessing the impact of economic, social and cultural change. There are opportunities to re-evaluate issues such as the impact of war on society, "landmark" General Elections such as those of 1945 and 1979, the nature and durability of consensus politics in the 1950s, or Britain's role in the contemporary world.

HIS-5057B

20

WOMEN, POWER AND POLITICS II, THE DUCHESS OF DEVONSHIRE TO NANCY ASTOR

This module explores female involvement in politics, from the Duchess of Devonshire's infamous activities in the 1784 Westminster election until 1919, when Nancy Astor became the first woman to take her seat in the House of Commons. It will examine topics including the early feminists, aristocratic female politicians, radical politics and the suffragettes. It will investigate the changes and continuities with female engagement with the political process from the eighteenth century through to the twentieth century.

HIS-5063B

20

Students will select 40 credits from the following modules:

Students should consult with the Study Abroad Coordinator before choosing a Semester Abroad Module.

Name Code Credits

AMERICA IN THE WORLD: THE HISTORY OF U.S. FOREIGN RELATIONS

This module offers a critical introduction to understanding America's role in the world. It provides historical and political analyses of U.S. foreign relations, looking at the themes and traditions that have shaped America's increasing influence in global affairs during the twentieth century up to the present day. From the war of 1898 to the conflicts of the early twenty-first century, it examines how and why the U.S. relationship to the world has changed. Has the United States helped or harmed the rest of the world during its rise to world power? In discussing foreign relations, the course analyses political and diplomatic elites, but also, the role of foreign actors and private organisations, from religious groups to citizen organisations to NGOs, in defining America in the world. It also engages with important contemporary trends in the historiography of U.S. foreign policy - regarding race, gender, modernization, and the 'cultural turn' - and connects these to emerging trends in the fields of American Studies and international relations.

HIS-5069B

20

BRITAIN AND EUROPE

'Brexit means Brexit'. But what does Brexit mean and what are the public policy choices at stake? The UK's relationship with its continental European neighbours has historically been fraught with tension and difficulty. This module investigates and attempts to explain Britain's longstanding ambivalent attitude towards European integration and considers competing visions of Britain's post-war destiny. It tracks through an examination of internal debates in the political parties the UK's changing European policy from aloofness in the 1950s through the two half-hearted applications for membership in the 1960s to accession in 1973 and the development of its reputation as an 'awkward partner'. It also examines the impact of EU membership on British politics and the British political system, and what may or may not happen over the next few years as a result of the 2016 referendum. This module is recommended for students who wish to apply in due course to take part in PPLI6087B: European Studies with Brussels Internship in Year 3.

PPLI5058B

20

COMPARATIVE POLITICS

The aim of this module is to enable students to develop understanding of political systems in advanced Western states. Students graduating from the module will be able to demonstrate: - critical understanding of the main theories, models and concepts applied in the analysis of political systems and their comparison - knowledge of national political systems and their institutional dynamics, political processes and debates concerning the emergence of new political regimes, the politics of territory, parties and party systems, political leadership, legislatures, interest groups, the state and public policy, and identity and citizenship; - critical awareness of current debates in comparative politics - key skills, including critical evaluation, analytical investigation, written presentation, and oral communication.

PPLX5162B

20

CONSPIRACY AND CRISIS IN THE EARLY MODERN WORLD

Assassination. Foreign invasion. Revolt and rebellion. Political and religious plots loomed large and posed a constant threat in Early Modern England. Conspiracy was not simply an imagined threat nor did it exist in theory; it was a social and political reality that elicited fear, shaped policies and gave rise to self-fulfilling prophecies. Did the greatest threat of subversion come from popular uprisings, foreign invasion or from the heart of the British government? From Mary, Queen of Scots and the Gunpowder Plot to the hidden agenda of Charles I, this module will survey a series of popular, elite and royalist conspiracies. Moving behind official narratives, it will draw on a host of resources to investigate alternative explanations for crisis over power, authority and legitimacy during this period. Each conspiracy will provide and point of entry into broader changes in early modern society as the crown and commons reimagined and realigned political, religious and social boundaries.

HIS-5027B

20

DEMOCRACY

This module considers how the concept of democracy has changed since it originated in ancient Greece and looks at the critiques of democracy advanced by its opponents. The ideas and values underpinning democracy will be examined. The first part of the module focuses on texts by the major democratic thinkers including Locke, Rousseau and Mill. The second part concentrates on contemporary theories of democracy and examines the problems which democracy currently faces and evaluates the solutions proposed, including "electronic democracy" and "cosmopolitan democracy".

PPLX5051B

20

EU'S FUTURE AS AN INTERNATIONAL ACTOR

The module focuses on European political and economic co-operation and projections for the future. Issues include: the EU's attempts at foreign policy in international conflicts such as Iraq, former Yugoslavia, Georgia, co-operation with other International organisations, as an economic superpower vis-a-vis the United States, China and Japan, as aid-donor to the Developing World and a pioneering force behind environmental policy and energy policy - as a hesitant superpower in security and defence (Islamic State, Africa, Asia, etc.). It is advisable - but not compulsory - to know a few basics as to the make-up and workings of the EU before embarking on this module.

PPLI5046B

20

FROM AGINCOURT TO BOSWORTH: ENGLAND IN THE WARS OF THE ROSES

Through a close examination of the lives and reigns of four very different monarchs this unit investigates the workings of kingship and high politics in one of the most turbulent periods of English History (1415-1485). New interpretations of the Wars of the Roses, as well as original source material, will be studied.

HIS-5009B

20

FROM HASTINGS TO THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR: NORMAN AND PLANTAGENET ENGLAND 1066-1307

This module examines a critical period in English History. It begins with the Conquest of England by the Normans and looks at the ways in which as a consequence England was drawn into European affairs. Its mid point is the loss of those continental lands in 1204 and the Magna Carta crisis of 1215. The unit then explores the domination of Britain by the English kingdom and ends with the start of England's next great European adventure, The Hundred Years' War.

HIS-5007B

20

FROM STALIN TO PUTIN: THE LONG SHADOW OF THE WAR

World War II and the immense sacrifices the Soviet people made in defeating Nazism left multiple long-lasting legacies that shaped the multi-ethnic Soviet and post-Soviet Russian state, society and economy. This module aims to give students a better understanding of the state of contemporary Russian politics, society and economy through detailed historical enquiry of Russia's path since 1945. The module is divided into two main parts: week 2-8 will examine key periods of post-war Russian history in chronological order, while week 9-13 will look more closely at key contemporary in their historical perspective. These will include the question what it meant to be Soviet and its legacy; geopolitical imperatives, which only recently led Putin to invade Crimea; identity politics and historical commemoration; the transition of the economy from a planned economy to a market economy; and the complex mutations and adaptations of power structures in Russia that gave birth to Putin's 'managed democracy'.

HIS-5065B

20

HISTORY OF NORWICH

This module will focus on the development of towns and cities in England from the Norman Conquest until the present day. We will use Norwich as our main case study, but will also draw on other comparative examples around England, such as London, York, Exeter or Leeds, to place Norwich within its wider context. This module will combine social, political and economic history with a detailed consideration of the built environment of the city; key buildings, open spaces and street patterns. There will be regular field trips into Norwich to explore historic buildings, collections and landscapes.

HIS-5068B

20

HUMAN RIGHTS: THE HISTORY OF AN IDEA

Reading key historical, philosophical, political, legal and literary texts, this module track will track the emergence of human rights as a cultural idea from their conception in the eighteenth century, through the development of political rights and humanitarianism in the nineteenth century, through to the Nuremberg trials and the United Nations of Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), into the post World War Two period and up to the present day.We will trace how the idea of human rights developed at key junctures, and untangle their relationship to political and historical change.

HIS-5070B

20

IN AND OUT: THE POLITICS OF MIGRATION

This module will address the politics of migration and citizenship. It will provide students with a background to political thought on citizenship, membership and belonging. It will then examine migration at the international, state and individual levels. The international level will focus on historical movements of people (such as from Europe and Asia towards the Americas) and contemporary flows of refugees and guest workers. The state level will look comparatively at immigration and emigration policies and critically assess the logic behind them. Attention will be given to different countries in various regions for comprehensive comparative evaluation. Different types of migration will be considered, including economic (such as non-immigrant and immigrant work visas), family (such as spousal and family reunification visas) and humanitarian (refugees, asylum seekers, and special humanitarian protections). The politics of these migration categories will be foregrounded, including governmental tactics of management, how they comply or fail to comply with international human rights norms, and the foreign policy implications of humanitarian visas. Finally the individual level will consider narrative accounts of migration in order to understand policy and practice from a bottom-up and experiential perspective. Students will be encouraged to critically evaluate and analyse the politics of migration as manifest in the various policies and practices.

PPLI5060B

20

INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

This module explores issues within, and perspectives on, international security. In the first part of the module, we explore the continuing salience of violent conflict and the use of force in world politics. While some have theorised that the advent of globalisation and spread of liberal democracy would make the use of force and violent conflict less relevant to the world, war and conflict have remained an integral part of the international system. The module examines the ways in which violent conflict and the use of force are managed in world politics. It surveys a variety of perspectives on the causes of war and peace in order to examine the roots of violent conflicts and security problems in the present day. Additionally, the responses of the international community to violent conflict including terrorism will be explored, looking broadly at the contested notion of the "Just War". Drawing upon historical and contemporary examples of war and violent conflict, it assesses the contributions of different actors and processes to the achievement of regional and world peace and security. The module's second part turns to contemporary 'critical' debates around international security. These will include constructivist, feminist, and sociological perspectives on what security is, how it is achieved, and whether it is desirable. We will also investigate the host of seemingly new security challenges that have increasingly captured the attention of policymakers and academics. How useful is it to think of issues such as pandemics, environmental degradation, poverty, and undocumented migration as security issues? What is gained and what is lost by so doing?

PPLI5056B

20

LATER MEDIEVAL EUROPE

This module examines the political, cultural and social history of later medieval Europe (circa 1100-1400). It has a particular focus on the Empire and Italy, but we will also look at France and Constantinople. We will encounter some of the chief characters of the period, such as Emperors Frederick Barbarossa and Frederick II, 'the Wonder of the World', and Pope Innocent III. Students will be introduced to some of the most important events and concepts to shake medieval Europe, such as the intellectual Renaissance of the twelfth century, the Crusades, the rise of Heresy and the Inquisition, the Empire's long struggle in Italy, and the Papal Schism.

HIS-5006B

20

LATIN FOR HISTORIANS

This module provides an introduction to the linguistic skills in medieval Latin which enable students to read administrative documents such as charters, accounts, court rolls, etc. It is particularly suited for those who intend proceeding to postgraduate study in aspects of the past, such as medieval history, which require a reading knowledge of Latin. This course is not intended for students who have already studied Latin to A level or equivalent.

HIS-5004B

20

MEDIA, GLOBALISATION AND CULTURE

The module introduces students to the role of media and communications in processes of globalisation with a particular focus on questions of cultural change. It discusses the cultural implications of global media images and cultural products by exploring audience practices and media representations in different contexts. The first weeks of the module introduce the main theoretical approaches to mediated globalisation. The rest of the module discusses and assesses these approaches by critically exploring the connections between global media products and cultural transformation; changes and continuities in audience practices around the world; and the potential of media representations to transform social interaction across geographical borders.

PPLM5003B

20

NAPOLEON TO STALIN: THE STRUGGLE FOR MASTERY IN EUROPE

This module deals with the rivalries of the Great Powers from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the onset of the Cold War. We shall be examining topics such as the Vienna system; the Crimean War; Italian and German unification, the origins of the First and Second World Wars and the start of the Cold War.

HIS-5017B

20

POLITICAL VIOLENCE and CONFLICT: THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES

Political violence, individual or collective is easily contemned as an irrational and barbaric phenomenon, with little relevance for understanding political developments and social change. A lot is down to LeBon's famous nineteenth century accounts of the crowd as 'a primitive being' so destructive 'that the interests of the individual, even the interest of self preservation, will not dominate them' (LeBon, 1995). The taboo of violence persists despite attempts of social and political theorists to engage with the issue and understand different forms and contexts, from riots, to religious violence and terrorism. The aim of the module is to break this generalized taboo by tracing the role (explicit or implicit) of political violence in political theory and its function in processes of socio-political transformations and change. Critical engagement with contemporary theoretical and empirical debates around the issue and the examination of mass and new media representations of political violence will enable students to develop a sophisticated understanding of the origins, logics, perceptions and outcomes of political violence and conflict.

PPLM5002B

20

POLITICS AND MEDIA

Media is an inescapable part of contemporary political life. This module examines the many dimensions of media's political involvement. We start with arguments about media power, and then go on to look at questions of media 'bias', before turning to the ways in which political communication has changed (and is changing). We look at the role of the state in using and controlling media and the new techniques of media management - and at how digital media are changing the relationship between politics and media. This leads to a discussion about media effects. We end by asking what is meant by a democratic media and what the future might bring for the relationship of media and politics. This module links closely to Level 6 modules such as Issues in International Communication and Politics, and Politics and Popular Culture.

PPLM5001B

20

POWER AND SOCIETY

This module introduces students to key perspectives in 19th and 20th century social and political theory. Central to this module is an interest in the relationship between economic, social and cultural structures and individual agency and identity. Areas explored include the following: social conflict and consensus; conceptions of power and domination; Marxism and neo-Marxism; critical theory; structuralism; poststructuralism; ideology and discourse; postmodernity; the self and consumer society.

PPLX5159B

20

POWER, WEALTH AND NATIONS: GLOBAL POLITICAL ECONOMY

This module offers an introduction to Global Political Economy (GPE), understood to be both a field of study and an approach to understanding the world of 'International Relations'. As a field of study, GPE encompasses the processes of trade, production, finance, the division of labour, "development", the environment, gender, and ideas as they operate at and across all levels, from global to local. As an approach, GPE is rooted in classical political economy, in that it recognizes the mutually constitutive nature of politics and economics. This is seen not only in the ways that the political and economic influence each other, but also in accepting that the full reality of political processes, possibilities, and outcomes cannot be adequately comprehended without reflection on associated economic dynamics, and vice versa. The course provides an overview of various classical and modern theoretical perspectives within GPE. Weekly discussion groups facilitate discussion on the lecture themes, offer a space to ask questions, and allow students to engage with some important arguments in the field.

PPLI5161B

20

PROPAGANDA

This module introduces students to the history and theory of propaganda, and its role in society. We consider what constitutes and defines propaganda. Focusing on a number of case studies from the 20th century, we examine propaganda in a range of political settings, both totalitarian and democratic, in the local context of the relationships of power and communications. We consider how theories of propaganda emerged after the First World War, and how propaganda is shaped by governance structures, journalists and media institutions, and by technology.

HIS-5050B

20

PUBLISHING HISTORY 1

This module is the first of a pair aimed in particular at students considering a career in academic or trade publishing. It looks at the origins and development of the publishing industry from the invention of the printing press to the present day. It combines interdisciplinary study of the technological, economic and social history of publishing with practical sessions to develop the skills used in the contemporary publishing workplace. In addition to classroom sessions there will be practical training and visits to printing and publishing establishments. The historical component and the practical components are interspersed throughout the module.

HIS-5064B

20

RUSSIA AND THE WORLD

The aim of this module is to consider the relationship between domestic and foreign policy in post-Soviet Russia. The module will start by studying Russian domestic politics and assess the extent to which President Putin has taken Russia back to Soviet-style dictatorship. We will then look at foreign policy, and concentrate on a number of case studies, including the wars in Georgia, Ukraine and Syria, and discuss whether Russia has become an expansionist and militaristic power which is a threat to stability in the world.

PPLX5043B

20

SEMESTER STUDY ABROAD (SPRING SEMSTER)

This module offers HIS students the opportunity to spend the Spring semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.

HIS-5030B

60

STUART ENGLAND

This module explores the dramatic century of Stuart rule in England. This 'century of revolution' included the union of the English and Scottish crowns, the dramatic upheaval of the civil wars, and the continued political instability that led to the birth of political parties and the Glorious Revolution. While exploring these political themes we will also consider the birth of modern news culture, crowd politics, civil society and coffee shops, the origins of empire, state formation, and the emergence of England as 'a nation of shop keepers' and Europe's great 'constitutional monarchy'.

HIS-5067B

20

THE BRITISH EMPIRE, 1857-1956

This module surveys the history of the British Empire from the mid-nineteenth century to the Suez Crisis, seeking to explain the Empire's growth and the early stages of its contraction. It examines the nature and impact of British colonial rule, at the political, economic and social/cultural levels, addressing the development of the 'settler' colonies/Dominions, the special significance of India and the implications of the 'New Imperialism'. Problems to be considered include theories of 'development' and 'collaboration', the growth of resistance and nationalism, and Britain's responses to these, and the impacts of the two World Wars and the Cold War on Britain's Imperial system.

HIS-5013B

20

THE COLD WAR: A NEW HISTORY

This module analyses the emergence, development and end of the Cold War. In doing so it explores the historical circumstances behind the conflict, relations between the United States of America, the Soviet Union, and other states, as well as the impact of nuclear weapons. The Cold War has been revisited by historians from various angles, and in a variety of ways, in recent years and this module is structured to enable engagement with these new histories. In this way, it takes account of developments that have traditionally been viewed as central to the history of the post-war era, while also drawing upon the expertise within the School of History to explore lesser known case studies and alternative spheres where the conflict was played out. This will include coverage of a range of states in Europe (Hungary, France, Spain) and beyond (Cuba, Grenada, Vietnam), as well as paying attention to broader themes such as the role of propaganda, sport and youth. At the same time it will consider overarching bodies in the form of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement and the emerging European project. The module concludes by asking why the Cold War ended so abruptly, what role civil resistance played in this, and why the process was peaceful in some cases and violent in others. Here, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia will be the focus of attention.

HIS-5024B

20

THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 1066 TO 1600

This module will examine the development of the English countryside from late Saxon times into the seventeenth century. Topics covered will include the archaeology and landscape setting of castles, monasteries, parish churches, vernacular buildings and deserted settlements, alongside an examination of 'semi-natural' landscapes including ancient woodland, wood-pastures, heathland and moorland. The module will allow you develop practical skills in the analysis of earthwork plans, building surveys and historic maps both in seminars and on field trips.

HIS-5003B

20

TWENTIETH-CENTURY BRITAIN, 1914 TO THE PRESENT

This module examines the themes of conflict and consensus in Britain from the Great War to the present day, both through the study of political life and also by assessing the impact of economic, social and cultural change. There are opportunities to re-evaluate issues such as the impact of war on society, "landmark" General Elections such as those of 1945 and 1979, the nature and durability of consensus politics in the 1950s, or Britain's role in the contemporary world.

HIS-5057B

20

WOMEN, POWER AND POLITICS II, THE DUCHESS OF DEVONSHIRE TO NANCY ASTOR

This module explores female involvement in politics, from the Duchess of Devonshire's infamous activities in the 1784 Westminster election until 1919, when Nancy Astor became the first woman to take her seat in the House of Commons. It will examine topics including the early feminists, aristocratic female politicians, radical politics and the suffragettes. It will investigate the changes and continuities with female engagement with the political process from the eighteenth century through to the twentieth century.

HIS-5063B

20

Students will select 60 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

AFTERLIVES OF EMPIRE

This module investigates the dramatic political, social and cultural consequences of the end of imperial power in postwar Britain. It introduces students to the history of British decolonization and the building of new international relationships and cultural identities during the years of imperial decline. It considers the new forms of international politics and humanitarian intervention that emerged in these years. And looks to the reworking of Britain's relationship to, for instance, South Africa, Rhodesia, Bangladesh and Jamaica during the years of decolonization. The module contains three thematic cores: (1) decolonization and new forms of British influence in the 'Third World' during the Cold War period (2) histories of migration and black activism and (3) the impact of the end of empire on British national identity. This module will introduce you to the key ways in which historians have tried to come to terms with Britain's 'postcolonial' history.

HIS-6085Y

60

AGE OF CHARLEMAGNE

This module examines the fortunes and reign of one of the most formidable rulers of the early medieval period and the first emperor in the West since 476: Charlemagne (768--814), king of the Franks. This module also explores the fortunes of his wives and courtesans, his children, his courtiers, his 'men of God', his counts and captains, and his many allies and enemies, including Byzantine emperors, Abbasid caliphs, Danish kings, and Avar khans.

HIS-6071Y

60

APPEASEMENT AND WAR: BRITAIN AND THE DICTATORS, 1935-1945

Timetable slots for this module apply as follows: C1*C2*C3 AUT only; A6*A7*A8 SPR only. The decade from 1935 to 1945 was one of the most tumultuous in global history. The expansionist powers of Germany, Italy and Japan were the focus of Britain's peacetime diplomacy and wartime strategy. In the years before 1939, those resurgent powers worked systematically to undermine and overturn the post-Great War peace settlement. The British National Government of Baldwin and Chamberlain struggled to deal with those threats against a backdrop of profound domestic difficulties. The policy of 'appeasement' adopted by those governments remains hugely controversial, and the subject of vigorous debate between historians. After 1939, Britain's decision to defend its guarantee to Poland plunged it into a global war, which eventually ended in victory as part of an international 'Grand Alliance', but under a very different wartime coalition led by Churchill. In the autumn semester, this module will explore the foreign policies adopted by the National Government, from Baldwin's victory in the 1935 election to the outbreak of war in September 1939. It will assess why and how these policies were adopted, the wider political and economic context within which policy was made, and the national and international consequences. In the spring semester, the module will consider Britain's wartime role in the context of grand strategy and international politics. In addition to considering topics such as Churchill's 'finest hour', we will spend some time examining the operation of the Grand Alliance and the series of wartime conferences between Britain and its allies. The decisions made in this period would have profound consequences for Britain thereafter. Throughout its course, the module will explore the rich historiography available to us, and examine its complexities. It will draw upon a wide range of primary documentation, which will provide the basis of debate and discussion.

HIS-6072Y

60

COMMUNISM AND NATIONALISM IN YUGOSLAVIA

This module will look at the creation of the Communist state of Yugoslavia after the Second World War. We shall examine the course of the war and the bitter fighting between fascists, nationalists and communists which resulted in the eventual victory of the partisans, led by Josip Broz Tito. After 1945, he and his followers built a state which survived until 1991. With the demise of Communism, Yugoslavia fragmented into new states. In some cases this transition was largely peaceful, but the wars for independence in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo gave rise to the bloodiest fighting in Europe for decades. We shall look at the role of individuals and ideas, including the careers of key figures, such as Slobodan Milosevic, and end by assessing the international community's response to the crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia at the Hague Tribunal.

HIS-6032Y

60

HENRY VIII: THE MAKING OF A TYRANT?

The reign of Henry VIII was a major turning point in British history, and 'bluff King Hal' continues to horrify and fascinate us in equal measure. This special subject uses the preoccupations, ambitions, and character of Henry VIII as a route into the political, religious and cultural changes of this tumultuous period. Starting with the acclaimed young king, his Spanish bride, Katherine of Aragon, and his consummate minister, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, the course works chronologically and thematically through to the declining years of Henry VIII's reign, when a paranoid, obese and cruel monarch presided over an irrevocably changed religious and political landscape. It examines in detail the divorce crisis, the establishment of the Church of England, the Henrician Reformation, the politics and factionalism of the Court, war and foreign policy, magnificence, and opposition to the king, and engages with the intense historiographical debates on all these issues. The module considers some of the most colourful personalities in British history - Wolsey, More, Boleyn, Cromwell, and Cranmer - as well as structures, and the falls of Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell are given particular attention. Finally, the module draws on material culture, art history, literature, film, and even dress, as well as relying on the more usual documentary sources, such as the State Papers. Above all, we will try to answer: did Henry VIII really become a tyrant?

HIS-6035Y

60

ISOLATION TO WORLD WAR: BRITAIN AND THE ORIGINS OF WWI

This module examines the development of British foreign policy between 1880 and 1914. In the first semester we will undertake a detailed examination of Salisbury's foreign policy and the debate surrounding Britain's international 'isolation' up to the conclusion of the French entente. The second semester will see us examining the cause of British foreign policy under Sir Edward Grey until the outbreak of war in August 1914.

HIS-6030Y

60

REBELLION, REVOLUTION AND RESTORATION IN BRITAIN AND IRELAND, 1640-1662

Please note: If you have taken HIS-5028B in Year 2 you are NOT permitted to take this module. This module looks at the causes, course and significance at what, in terms of relative population loss was probably the single most devastating conflict in English history: the civil wars and interregnum of 1640-1662. In those years, families, villages and towns were divided by political allegiances and military mobilisation. Hundreds of thousands died, not just from warfare, but also from the spread of infectious disease, siege and the disruption of food supplies. In the rest of the British Isles, suffering was even more profound. The execution of the king in 1649, intended to bring an end to the wars, divided the country ever more deeply. By the late 1640s, radical social groups had emerged who questioned the very basis of authority in early modern society, and made arguments for democracy and for the redistribution of land and power. Throughout the 1650s radical political and religious ideas were put into practice: monarchy and the House of Lords were abolished, an English republic rules the British Isles, radical religious sects were allowed to flourish, and the first truly open religious marketplace was established. Yet by 1660 the revolution collapsed, when, remarkably, Charles II was invited to return Stuart rule to Britain and Ireland under powers largely equal to those his father enjoyed before the civil wars. Focusing on ordinary men and women as well as upon important generals, politicians and monarchs, this module explores how and why these extraordinary events took place, how contemporaries experienced them, and what effect they had on the later history of the British Isles.

HIS-6086Y

60

SEX and DRUGS and ROCK N ROLL? SIXTIES BRITAIN

Few decades in the modern period have proved as polarising as the 1960s. From 'swinging' London and the student protests of 1968 to the consequences of an allegedly 'permissive' society, the social, cultural and political implications of the decade reverberate into the present. We will cover the political impact of social and cultural trends such as: affluence and consumer culture; youth, pop music and subcultures; the counter-culture, pop-art; film, theatre, television and censorship; the 'New Left' and the birth of cultural studies; changing sexual behaviour and the 'permissive' moment; the politics of 'race' and immigration; education, social mobility and the 'new' universities; slum clearance, suburbanisation and the rise of the tower block. While focusing on Britain, key global themes will be unpacked and their local significance explored: cultures of the cold-war; decolonisation anti-colonial struggles; anti-nuclear and anti-Vietnam protests; the civil rights movement; the rise of 'second wave' feminism and gay liberation; structuralism and post-modernity. Through the analysis of autobiographical accounts and oral histories and contemporary books, films, music, television shows, sociological surveys, archival sources, official publications and material culture students will be encouraged to come to their own conclusions about this tumultuous decade.

HIS-6057Y

60

STALIN AND STALINISM: THE USSR 1924-1953

Few topics in 20th century European history have continuously exerted a fascination among scholars as has the era of Stalinism in Soviet Russia. Stalin died more than 60 years ago, but he remains one of the creators of our world. During his time in power the Soviet Union underwent a rapid industrialisation that saw new cities emerging in places that had not seen any civilisation before. It underwent a complete reorganisation of agriculture and saw the construction of a large Gulag system amidst widespread mass terror. Stalin was intent on changing the whole culture of Soviet Russia. Finally, the regime was engaged in a total war with Nazi Germany and emerged as a new superpower in the world. Fascinating aspects of Stalinism are its brutality and cruelty, but this is counterbalanced by its magnificent and stunning cultural and scientific achievements. This special subject will examine the Stalin era in the context of other 20th-century dictatorships. There will be a particular focus on: Stalin's rise to power; Stalin's revolution; terror and its impact on Soviet society; war and dictatorship; decline and fall - Stalin and destalinization. Cultural change will also form an important part of the module. In the seminars we will work with a wide variety of sources ranging from memoirs, secret police reports, and letters written by ordinary citizens to film, newsreel footage, propaganda posters and other art work.

HIS-6031Y

60

THE ENGLISH IN AMERICA 1607-1692

This module explores the colonization of America by seventeenth-century English people. The memory of the Mayflower Pilgrims has obscured the fact that the first three generations remained English, unaware of the political and cultural distinctiveness to come. We will therefore be concerned with 'the repatriation of early American history'. We shall examine settlers' lives from the foundation of Jamestown in 1607, through the creation of Massachusetts in the 1630s, to the wars and rebellions of 1670-90. Not confined to New England, this module looks at a range of colonial experiences from Maine to the Caribbean, especially the mentalities of people moving between old and new worlds.

HIS-6033Y

60

THE MAKING OF THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 1450 TO 1950

This Special Subject deals with the development of the English landscape from c.1450 to 1950. We will explore the impact that landed estates had on the landscape through an examination of changes in architecture, garden and landscape design and related issues such as hunting and management of trees and woodland. Such changes will be set within the context of contemporary social and economic developments. In the second half of the module we will take a broader view of the rural landscape, discussing the impact of agricultural change and exploring changing perceptions of the countryside. Finally we will move on to urban landscapes to explore their evolution in the post-medieval period and the ways in which they were shaped by architectural change and population growth. We will end with a consideration of the twentieth century landscape and the effects of declining landed estates, suburbanisation, the conservation movement and the demands of modern transport and warfare. In addition to the weekly seminars there will be a number of field trips during the year.

HIS-6026Y

60

THE THIRD REICH

This module studies the history of the Third Reich from an international and comparative perspective through the extensive use of primary sources. It examines the origins and the rise of National Socialism, the seizure and consolidation of power, the nature and political structure of the dictatorship, and the transformation of German society under Nazi rule, but there is a particular focus on foreign policy and the impact of the regime's policies on Europe and the world. Aspects covered include Nazi Germany's relationship with other autocracies and right-wing forces in Europe, German geopolitical thought and the role of the Foreign Office, the formation and administration of the Nazi empire, issues of collaboration and resistance in occupied territories, combat motivation and war crimes of ordinary soldiers, the importance of non-German perpetrators of the Holocaust, the German home front and the effects of Allied aerial bombings, the various plans for a post-war Europe, and the problem of ethnic cleansing both before and after 1945.

HIS-6028Y

60

TWENTIETH-CENTURY FRANCE

This module provides a chronological overview of the social, economic, political and cultural history of France in the twentieth century. In doing so it charts the rise and fall of the Third and Fourth Republics by analysing the historical trends and contexts that led to their respective demises. It will then evaluate the construction and evolution of the Fifth Republic and conclude by assessing its future. Starting with the French experience of World War I, the module will then analyse the emergence of far-right movements in the interwar period as well as the radical-socialist programme of Leon Blum's Popular Front government. These sessions provide an important background for France's, as Marc Bloch called it, "Strange Defeat" at the hands of the Nazis in 1940. Students will then investigate the complex period of the Vichy Regime and its determined opponents in la resistance. The module will then evaluate the liberation of France, the role of General Charles de Gaulle, and the creation of the "De Gaulle Myth". It will then assess the economic, political and social changes that developed in France under the Fourth Republic before analysing that system's frailties and its eventual downfall in 1958, which ushered in the return of Charles de Gaulle and the creation of the Fifth Republic. It is important to consider the political legacy of "Gaullism" particularly in the realm of foreign policy, which will form an important component of the module. The module will then consider the importance of the first Socialist President of the Fifth Republic, Francois Mitterrand, and reflect on the extent to which he ushered in change or continuity within French politics. It will then conclude by exploring the issues of race and immigration and their social, economic, political and cultural impact on France. Finally, students will reflect on the legacy of the twentieth century for present day France.

HIS-6087Y

60

Students will select 30 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

DISSERTATION MODULE

The dissertation module gives students the opportunity to undertake research on a project of their own choosing under the supervision of a member of staff. The goal is to produce an extended essay of 8,000-9,000 words, which relates in-depth research on a specialist topic to wider issues in politics, media and culture, sociology and international studies. A limited number of parliamentary internships are also available as part of this module. There is a series of lectures that all students will be expected to attend in the autumn semester as well as meeting their supervisor on a regular basis.

PPLX6042Y

30

ELECTIONS AND ELECTORAL MALPRACTICE

In advance of the 2016 US Presidential election, Donald Trump claimed that the election would be 'rigged' against him. Following his surprise victory, the legitimacy of Trump's win was questioned because Hilary Clinton received over two million more votes. Trump responded by claiming that 3 million votes had been 'illegally cast'. How can we make sense of this? Was there really fraud? If so, how would we know? How could a system, in which the person who gets the most votes doesn't win, be democratic? Elections are the primary way in which citizens hold governments to account, obtain representation and allow direct decision making in referendums. They have been promoted worldwide by foreign powers and international organisations under the banner of 'democracy promotion'. However, problems such as those described above in the US, the millions of young people missing from the UK electoral registers, electoral violence in Zimbabwe, or vote-buying in India, undermine the democratic process. This module will provide students with a comprehensive account of how, when and why elections go wrong and what can be done to improve them based on the very latest, cutting edge research. They will be graduate equipped with key skills such as making evidence-based policy proposals.

PPLX6090B

30

ETHICS IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

The aim of this module is to help students develop an understanding of how debates, traditions and theories of ethics have applied in international relations. The module will be broken into three main substantive areas. The first will focus on war and ethics, examining Just War theory and its development in modern warfare and humanitarian intervention. We will look at war and non-state actors, the use of drones and remote technology and the ethics of peacekeeping and peacebuilding. The second substantive area explores economics, human rights, and ethics. This will include giving attention to the role of accountability in international development and the global neoliberal political economy. This area will also consider the relationship between economics and human rights, critically examining the difference between economic rights and political rights. The final substantive area is centred around the ethics of belonging, examining authority in international relations, state sovereignty, international legal jurisdictions, human mobility, and the ethics of border controls. Students will gain comprehensive overview of ethical theories and concepts as they have been used and developed in international relations scholarship and practice.

PPLI6041A

30

EUROPEAN STUDIES (WITH BRUSSELS INTERNSHIP)

Module teaching will focus on preparing students for a training placement in Brussels by developing a practical understanding of how the EU works and it will provide knowledge of 'domestic' EU public affairs including regional policy, public health, sport, business promotion, trading standards, energy and environmental policy, funding and regulation. This module does NOT offer experience of foreign affairs, diplomacy or security. Selection to take part in the module will be by competitive interview from applicants in PPL who have taken a level 5 EU module and who are also a national of a European Economic Area (EEA) member state (UK, other EU countries, Iceland, Norway and Lichtenstein). Selection will be based on the judgement of the interviewing panel of which applicants will (a) gain the most from the training placement and, (b) the extent to which candidates demonstrate real drive and commitment. There will be seminars, workshops and briefings during the Spring Semester and the four week training placement in Brussels will be taken between Easter and late Autumn at dates set by the School and the host organisation in Brussels in consultation with each student. The placement is optional and not tied to successful completion of the module. A substantial contribution will be made towards the costs of accommodation and travel for each placement.

PPLI6087B

30

POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE

Popular culture links to politics in a variety of ways, some obvious, some less obvious. There are the politicians who seek the endorsement of film stars; there are the politicians who were film stars; and there are the rock performers who pretend that they are politicians. And then there are the states that censor popular culture to those that sponsor it and use it as propaganda. This module explores the many ways in which popular culture and politics are linked. It aims to introduce students to competing theories of the politics of popular culture; to look at how popular culture features in political communication; to explore developments in the political economy of popular culture, especially in relation to globalisation, new media and power within the cultural industries; to consider the main debates about the censorship of popular culture and state subsidy of it; and to explore arguments about the value and effect of popular culture, and about its role in personal and collective identity.

PPLM6037A

30

POWER OVER THE PACIFIC: THE AMERICAN RELATIONSHIP WITH ASIA

This module will introduce important themes in the American relationship with East Asia, at a time when the Pacific region has assumed great importance. There will be a particular focus on the important historical periods in the American relationship with China and Japan. An understanding of elements of the trajectory of these relationships will be provided by taking a selection of historical subjects for analysis. While this will address the knowledge of history, and of long-term themes, the latter part of the module will consider contemporary political issues. This will require an understanding of the interaction of the United States with Asia, and China and Japan in particular.

PPLI6069A

30

SHIFTING POWERS AFRICA IN THE 21ST CENTURY

Surveying the relationship between the world's major powers and Africa, this module examines Africa's relation with and position within contemporary global politics. In contrast to the conventional approach of studying how external actors impacted on Africa's international relations, this module seeks to open up a new approach, focusing on the impact of African political actors within the continent and in international politics. It does this by analysing African agency - the degree to which African political actors have room to manoeuvre within the international system and exert influence internationally, and the uses they make of that room for manoeuvre. The module is organised along themes (as opposed to the logic of covering countries) which expose a range of political, social and economic spheres of power at play in international relations. These include Rising Africa, Africa's cities, African women in power, African perspectives on security, Africa and the environment, innovative and communicative Africa and Africa in the new millennium.

PPLI6039A

30

THE CLASH OF FUNDAMENTALISMS

The twenty first century has been marked by terrorism and religious tensions. Underlying these tensions are competing ideologies, different world views and widespread misunderstanding. In Europe we live in an increasingly secular society where religious literacy is at an all-time low. In this module we seek to address these issues of our time. This module examines the theo-political background of Islamism, Christian and Jewish fundamentalism and its impact on global politics, religious and secular societies. The module will appeal to those seeking to understand more about religion, terrorism, security, gender, Israel-Palestine, media, Islamist thought, and the Christian right.

PPLX6025B

30

Students will select 30 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

AUSTRALIA THE LUCKY COUNTRY?: POLITICS, CULTURE, AND SOCIETY

This module examines the history, structures and key institutions of Australian government and their broader relationships with Australian society and culture. It has been argued Australia was manacled to its colonial past, and lacked innovation and proactivity. At the same time, the phrase, 'lucky country', has been used to project Australia as uniquely stable, politically, socially, and economically. Is this accurate? Some think so, attributing it to Australia's system of government: are they right? This module addresses such questions and, in its later stages, considers some of the challenges Australia faces, both internal such as multiculturalism and Aboriginality, and external, for example, regionalisation and globalisation.

PPLX6064B

30

BETTER WORLDS? UTOPIAS AND DYSTOPIAS

Would an ideal society have no more crime? Who would be wealthy? Would politics be outlawed? Do utopians wish to impose their views on the rest of us? This module explores questions such as these, which are central to political and social theory, through the prism of selected utopian and dystopian novels and other utopian texts ranging from Thomas More's Utopia (1516) to the present. It focuses on themes such as property, social control, gender, work, the environment and politics. A major question which the module addresses is the political significance and effects of utopian ideas - often derided as frivolous or impractical in their own time - and the historical role of utopian ideas in political theory and social reform.

PPLX6041A

30

CAPITALISM AND ITS CRITICS

The aim of this module is to enable students to develop an understanding of capitalism and its political and social impact. Students graduating from the module will be able to demonstrate: -critical understanding of the main theories, models and concepts applied in the analysis of capitalism -critical understanding of normative debates about capitalism -knowledge of the arguments made by advocates and critics of capitalism, with an awareness of their strengths and weaknesses.

PPLX6081B

30

CONSUMER CULTURE AND SOCIETY

This module seeks to critically examine consumer cultures within Euro-American societies. It understands consumer culture as a specific form of material culture that is not restricted to commerce, but is both an economic and cultural phenomenon. The themes explored as a part of the module will intersect with larger questions of identity, modernity and globalisation. The main aims of the module are to challenge previous claims that production determines consumption and engage with broader ideas about the negotiation of power, and how individuals use goods to construct their own cultural identities.

PPLM6061B

30

CONTESTING THE PAST: REPRESENTATION AND MEMORY

Historical representation and memory is constantly constructed and reconstructed. This module examines the role of documentaries and feature films in this process, exploring the close interplay and tensions between history, memory, the past and present. Feature films, in particular, have a powerful capacity to reconstruct historical narratives and understanding. Their visual vividness provides a magical simulation of the past. Indeed, in the case of medieval and early modern history, they provide a prime media through which popular understanding of these historical times is conveyed and shaped. Moreover, documentaries and feature films alike often contaminate collective memories of contemporaries and eyewitnesses of specific events, creating further challenges to historians in their pursuit to reconstruct the past. Students will examine what role films play in the process of national memory-work in popular culture and commemoration of historical events as well as how film as a medium can help but also hinder conveying historical understanding. They will also be able to discuss the work of documentary film makers and the practical challenges and responsibilities that come with it: interviewing eyewitnesses and the perils of oral history, organising and constructing a historical narrative, tensions between documentary as an art form and as a medium to transmit knowledge.

HIS-6077B

30

DISSERTATION IN HISTORY

This module offers students the opportunity to submit a dissertation of 9,000 words on a topic approved by the School. For students to be considered for this module they will have achieved an aggregate of 68% across their Level 5 AUT semester modules. No other changes will be made.

HIS-6022Y

30

DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE

The module examines one of the fundamental and enduring questions of normative political theory and applied ethics: who should get what and why? The module focuses on some of the leading contemporary theorists of distributive justice, including Rawls, Nozick, Dworkin, Elster, and Sen. As well as exploring macro questions of justice (e.g. What principles of justice for the basic institutions of society? Equality or sufficiency? Need or desert?) the module also spends time on a range of micro questions about just allocation (e.g. How should household chores be divided between men and women? On the basis of what criteria should scarce donor organs be distributed in hospitals?) In addition to this, the module also addresses, through the work of Beitz, Pogge, and Miller, questions of global distributive justice (Is global economic inequality unjust? If so, why? Do people have a right to an equal share in the value of the Earth's natural resources?). The format of the module will be a two-hour workshop each week, comprising research-led teaching, seminar discussions, practical exercises, textual reading, balloon debate, and essay writing and research-skills mini-sessions. The assessment will be comprised exclusively of a series of short workshop briefing papers, with a heavy emphasis on formative feedback on drafts to be discussed during optional weekly one-to-one tutorials.

PPLX6097B

30

DOING HISTORY DIGITALLY

This module provides a practical introduction to Digital History. It seeks to give students the intellectual research tools to critique digitised and born-digital sources and at the same time raise students' understanding of the new ways historians are interrogating these sources in order to develop new insights and interpretations of the past. The module is designed to emphasise the skills of criticism and increase knowledge of the major methodologies of digital history. Technical competence in the implementation of these methodologies is not a prerequisite to successful completion of the module. You do not have to be a digital expert, nor should you be a 'complete computing novice' to participate in this module. You will be required to do 'hands-on' work and should be comfortable with the basic use of computers (office apps, the internet, etc.), but most importantly you must be open and willing to engage at a basic and introductory level with computers and computing programs for historians. That said students will be expected to bring their historical skills to the practical work. The computer work is designed to gently challenge students of all levels. You will have the option of choosing activities that meet your comfort level. You will not be expected to complete all lab tasks; rather, a variety of options are offered so that students with different levels of experience can challenge themselves. The seminars will involve a short mini-lecture on the week's topic, followed by a group discussion, with the remaining time allocated to practical hands-on computing work that will provide a chance for you to learn the tools and technologies used by working digital historians. Structure (Seminar topics) 1. Introduction 2. Online Conversations in History 3. Evaluating the Infinite Archive 4. Searching and Browsing: Scarcity and Abundance 5. Introduction to Digital History Programming 6. Crowdsourcing and Citizen History 7. 'Do something different week' 8. Spatial Analysis 9. Cleaning Geographic Data 10. Modeling Objects and Spaces 11. Distant Reading Texts 12. Interrogating Web Archives for Contemporary History 13. Image Analysis 14. Historical Data Visualisation

HIS-6085B

30

ELECTIONS AND ELECTORAL MALPRACTICE

In advance of the 2016 US Presidential election, Donald Trump claimed that the election would be 'rigged' against him. Following his surprise victory, the legitimacy of Trump's win was questioned because Hilary Clinton received over two million more votes. Trump responded by claiming that 3 million votes had been 'illegally cast'. How can we make sense of this? Was there really fraud? If so, how would we know? How could a system, in which the person who gets the most votes doesn't win, be democratic? Elections are the primary way in which citizens hold governments to account, obtain representation and allow direct decision making in referendums. They have been promoted worldwide by foreign powers and international organisations under the banner of 'democracy promotion'. However, problems such as those described above in the US, the millions of young people missing from the UK electoral registers, electoral violence in Zimbabwe, or vote-buying in India, undermine the democratic process. This module will provide students with a comprehensive account of how, when and why elections go wrong and what can be done to improve them based on the very latest, cutting edge research. They will be graduate equipped with key skills such as making evidence-based policy proposals.

PPLX6090B

30

FIELDWORK IN LANDSCAPE HISTORY

The field course builds on the landscape archaeology units to provide forty hours of practical instruction in the field. The field course runs for one week in June, concentrating on the recording and analysis of archaeological earthworks, buildings and historic landscapes. Assessment will take the form of a short report and an extended project.

HIS-6017A

30

FROM VICTORY TO DEFEAT: DEFENDING BRITAINS EMPIRE 1919-1942

The end of the First World War witnessed both the expansion of the British Empire to its largest extent, covering a quarter of the globe, and the destruction of its colonial rivals. However, the First World War also unleashed nationalist forces that would challenge the British imperial system. This resulted in outbreaks of riots and resistance against British rule in Ireland, India, Mesopotamia and Egypt. Weakened economically and socially by the gargantuan effort of winning the war how would Britain maintain her far-flung lines of empire? This module will examine how Britain attempted to secure her strategic interests both within an era of growing nationalist resistance from within the Empire and against external threats from a resurgent Japan, Germany and Italy. It will introduce students to the high-tide of war imperialism; inter-war imperial defence; the crisis of empire Britain faced in Ireland, India and the Middle East; the 'family-network' of the 'white' Dominions; colonial development in Africa and the Caribbean as well as what it meant to fight the Second World War on an imperial footing during the campaigns in the Mediterranean and North Africa, finishing with the strategic abyss that was the fall of Singapore in February 1942. By examining the pressures policy-makers faced from within the Empire and from outside we will seek to gain a deeper understanding of how the British Empire functioned during this pivotal period of the imperial project.

HIS-6082B

30

GLOBAL APPETITES: SUGAR and SPICE AND COFFEE and RICE

For all people, from kings to commoners, daily life in the early modern period revolved around the consumption of food. Preparing, presenting, and eating food was central to social lives and had cultural significance. Food played a major role in political developments at international, national and local levels, with concern focused on regulation, the avoidance of contamination, agricultural improvement, nutrition, and imperialist expansion. During the early modern period economic cycles were dependent on the weather, which affected local harvests. For centuries before the European discovery of America, cannibalism had served as a marker of evil. It figured prominently in mythic depictions of distant, dangerous peoples, and accusations of cannibalism accompanied widespread attacks against Jews. The early European adventurers who explored Africa and the Americas were often preoccupied by cannibalism, and their fears were cited to justify conquest, colonization, the displacement of indigenous peoples, and slavery. Many exotic new foodstuffs arrived in Europe during this time. Spices from the East such as cinnamon and nutmeg gave flavour to products which would become staples, such as rice and potatoes. New fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes and pineapples were often initially greeted with skepticism. The impact of sugar on western diets cannot be over-emphasized, expanding waistlines, rotting teeth (it was even used as a tooth cleaning agent) and being moulded into sweet sculptures to show-off at fancy banquets. This was edible conspicuous consumption. Sugar refineries were established across Europe, and sugar was sold in cones wrapped in blue paper. Initially a food of the rich, it was eventually considered a staple food. However, the poor did not merely emulate the rich in their consumption of these products. Like many other products, sugar has a dark history too, and its production relied on slavery and the manipulation of diets elsewhere. Coffee, tea and chocolate changed during the early modern period from medicinal substances, to luxuries, to habitual products. This module will allow students to consider the venues of consumption - the coffeehouses and the alehouses, as well as taverns, markets and inns. It will also consider the surviving material culture of food - oyster shells, cutlery, crockery and cookware. The history of food trade and middlemen will, inevitably, form part of this module. The European countries with the most extensive trading networks had the most varied diets. Initially, this was the southern part of Europe - the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, where ports were supplied from the East and across the Atlantic. Eventually, the Dutch and the English overtook Mediterranean countries, allowing their citizens better diets with more exotic goods. In the London parish of St Giles Cripplegate in the late-seventeenth century there were over four hundred victuallers, many cooks, confectioners, a wafer maker, a gingerbread maker and a noodleman. Food and ways of eating were loaded with moral significance. In the minds of many commentators, diets continued to distinguish civilized peoples from savages, and humans from beasts. Closer European contacts with Native Americans and East Indians in the seventeenth century triggered a re-examination of good and bad diets, and helped inspire the first concerted efforts in England to promote vegetarianism. This module will consider the history of food from various perspectives: production, distribution, regulation, preparation, consumption, and conflict. It will draw upon a variety of historical and geographical contexts to examine how people came to eat what they ate - with Europe being the main focus, but also widening the scope to take in foodstuffs transported from right across the globe. The primary source material will also be varied, and will include export lists, diaries, travel accounts, images, surviving material culture, didactic manuals by people such as Thomas Tryon and Eliza Smith and fiction by the satirical pub landlord Ned Ward and the novelist Tobias Smollett. Twelve substantive sessions will be on these subjects: #Economies of eating - from banquets to domestic frugality #Cannibalism #Flavouring: sugar and spice #The bread of life: grains and carbohydrates. #Fridays, Fish and Empire #Preserving: fats and salt. #The fattened cow and fat pigs in clover - the agricultural revolution (fieldtrip to Holkham Hall) #Cooking - domestic, fast food and mass catering. #God and vegetables, savagery and vegetarianism #This Little Piggy went to market. Provisioning: market regulation, dearth, and riots #Beer Street and Gin Lane: Excess and intoxicants. #Wilful waste makes woeful want: Leftovers, adulteration and mouldy food.

HIS-6084B

30

GLOBAL COMMUNITY: INTERNATIONALISM IN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES

Historians often concentrate on wars and conflicts between nations; this module seeks to examine ideas and institutions which have aimed at the common good of humanity. In the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars, a whole range of ideas for uniting mankind developed, as did the infrastructure of trade and communications which held the potential to make this possible. Ideas of internationalism developed among liberals, socialists and conservatives as well as significant cultural figures such has H G Wells and Jules Verne. Such ideas also developed in the United States, shaping the thinking of President Woodrow Wilson and the peace settlement at the end of the First World War. The League of Nation after 1918 also represented the first attempt to realize a form of global governance, and such ideas were renewed in the form of the United Nations after 1945, a period which, despite the rivalries of the Cold War, saw the revival of a whole range of ideas for re-uniting men and women across national boundaries. The legacy of this international tradition remained a potent force in shaping globalisation in the later twentieth century. Topics to be studied will include: Uniting nations before and after 1815: the Concert of Europe and the Brotherhood of Man; Peace, free trade and the origins of liberal internationalism in 19th Britain; Communications and global governance; the emergence of Liberal internationalism in the United States; Socialist internationalism before 1914; Cultural internationalism in fin de siecle Europe; Wilsonian internationalism and the peace settlement of 1919; The League of Nations between the Wars; Conservative internationalism between the Wars; Socialist internationalism, 1919-1939; Thinking about peace, 1919-1939; the emergence of the United Nations; Global economic order after 1945; Globalising human rights.

HIS-6064B

30

GRAND STRATEGY

This module examines the theory and practice of grand strategy in historical and contemporary contexts from a variety of analytical perspectives. It defines grand strategy as 'the calculated relation of means to large ends'. It focuses on how parts relate to the whole in whatever an individual, a corporation or a nation might be seeking to accomplish. The strategists considered range over some two and a half millennia. Some represent the best thinking and writing on this subject; others exemplify success and failure in the implementation of grand strategy.

HIS-6082A

30

MIRACLES TO MARVELS: TRAVELLERS FROM MEDIEVAL EUROPE TO THE MODERN WORLD

This module focuses on the history of travel and travel writing from the late Middle Ages to the early Nineteenth century. It explores the development of ideas of travelling and of travel narratives within Europe, the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. Topics include pilgrimages and pilgrim guides; Renaissance ethnographies; geography and cartography; monsters and fantasies; travellers and intellectuals; the visual and material culture of travelling; cultural conflict and toleration in colonial America; antiquarianism; the Grand Tour; imagined travels.

HIS-6088B

30

MULTICULTURALISM

This module looks at the political implications of the rise of multicultural societies in Europe and North America since the end of World War II. (Canada is given consideration because of its importance to these debates both as a practical model as well as a source of influential theorists.) The aim is to introduce students to a range of contemporary theoretical perspectives on multiculturalism and facilitate critical assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of such approaches in the face of competing political discourses such as nationalism and alternative forms of liberalism. Theorists under examination will include; Parekh, Kymlicka, Levy, Taylor and Modood as well as major liberal alternative views; Barry, Rawls and Raz. Among the module themes the following will be addressed; group differentiated rights; institutional racism, Islamophobia, recognition vs toleration and cultural offence. The module will also look at divergent policies adopted within European states (eg: France and Germany) and give attention to the attempts to operationalize multiculturalism in the UK in particular via the Parekh Report.

PPLX6072B

30

POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE

Popular culture links to politics in a variety of ways, some obvious, some less obvious. There are the politicians who seek the endorsement of film stars; there are the politicians who were film stars; and there are the rock performers who pretend that they are politicians. And then there are the states that censor popular culture to those that sponsor it and use it as propaganda. This module explores the many ways in which popular culture and politics are linked. It aims to introduce students to competing theories of the politics of popular culture; to look at how popular culture features in political communication; to explore developments in the political economy of popular culture, especially in relation to globalisation, new media and power within the cultural industries; to consider the main debates about the censorship of popular culture and state subsidy of it; and to explore arguments about the value and effect of popular culture, and about its role in personal and collective identity.

PPLM6037A

30

ROBIN HOOD: THE MEDIEVAL OUTLAW IN HISTORY AND LEGEND

The English medieval kingdom was extremely hierarchical. It was a society in which resistance to authority by the vast majority of society was discouraged by the widespread use of mutilation and execution. Yet it was also a society which applauded that resistance. All sorts of levels of society, from the highest in the land (such as the king's sons) to the lowest, indulged in rebellion, but it was the outlaw who captured the popular imagination. Encapsulated in the tales of Robin Hood, the outlaw is loyal, courageous, as well as being clever enough to outsmart the authorities. And the authorities, of course, are disloyal, stupid, and cowardly and use the cover of the law to behave corruptly. And so long as the outlaw commits his crimes for a noble purpose, he remains a hero of the people. The unit will examine the wider subject of resistance to royal authority by men who become outlaws and their portrayal in popular legend from the Norman Conquest of England to the modern age with its focus being the outlaw, for whom the name Robin Hood has become an archetype, as, indeed, it did in the later middle ages, as outlaws took on the name pseudonym for their own criminal activities.

HIS-6078A

30

RUSSIA IN REVOLUTION 1905-1921

The Module will look at the upheavals in the Russian Empire between 1900 and 1921. It looks at the 'revolution' of 1905, the limited 'Constitutionalism' from 1906, the First World War and the downfall of Romanov monarchy. We will then study the year 1917 in some detail and discuss how and why the Bolsheviks were able to take power. The specific experience of certain non-Russian parts of the empire will be examined, as will the Civil War and the reasons for the Communist victory. The module will place the Russian Revolutions in their historical, political and geographical context and will consdier the impact that these events had in the history of the twentieth century. A formative exercise on this module will involve the whole group producing a podcast on some aspect of the Russian revolution, and appropriate skills training will be provided.

HIS-6004B

30

SLAVERY IN THE EARLY MODERN ATLANTIC WORLD

This module begins by surveying African, Native American and European labour regimes in the fifteenth century in order to establish a foundation for studying the transformations that followed European imperial expansion and the inauguration of the transatlantic slave trade. We will examine the process of enslavement in Africa, North America, and the Mediterranean; the ransom, exchange and sale of captives; and the development of slave markets in the European colonies in the Americas. We will study childhood and family life in various enslaved communities; the material lives of slaves; and the rise of distinct cultures within the African diaspora. We will compare the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, French and British Empires with regard to the practice of slavery. We will also trace patterns of slave resistance, escapes, rebellions, and the creation of maroon communities. The semester will end with an examination of the tangled international politics surrounding the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade and the end of plantation slavery across the Atlantic World.

HIS-6081A

30

STRUCTURES OF DAILY LIFE IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE, c 500-1300

This module will introduce students to some of the main structures of daily life in medieval society during the period c. 500-1300. The practicalities and complexities of how people in the early and central Middle Ages conducted their lives will be explored in weekly seminars with the aim of gaining a deeper understanding of the dynamics and experience of social and cultural life during this period. Students will engage with a wide range of historical (e.g. narrative sources, administrative records, letter collections) and material remains (e.g. art and architecture, archaeological remains, such as burials, ephemeral everyday objects) to illuminate both the mental and physical worlds of medieval populations. The broad geographical and chronological sweep of the module will allow students to analyse continuity and change over space and time. Themes covered by seminars: Household and Structures, Death and Burial, Rural Life, Urban Life, Popular Religion, Medicine, Travel and Transportation, Education and Communication, Art and Architecture, Leisure and Culture, Economy and Trade.

HIS-6087B

30

TERRORISM AND COUNTER-TERRORISM

Although the term terrorism goes back to the French revolution, it was rarely employed until the 1970's. Contrast this with today when terrorism, it seems, is everywhere we look: in foreign policy decisions, military interventions, homeland security measures, legal frameworks, newspaper headlines, speeches and sermons, films and video games, and, of course, university modules such as this. In this module, we engage in a critical exploration of terrorism, counter-terrorism, and the academic field of terrorism research. We will begin by exploring the history of terrorism, and engage in debates around the definition and character of terrorist violence. Is it possible, necessary, or even desirable to separate terrorism from other forms of violence, for instance? The module will then introduce different perspectives on the causes, types and threat of non-state terrorism. This leads into an examination of a range of strategies for countering terrorism, and their political and normative implications. The module finishes by exploring the emergence and contribution of critical terrorism studies, examining issues including state terrorism, gender and terrorism, cultural representations of terrorism, and the production and influence of terrorism 'experts.'

PPLI6040B

30

THE CLASH OF FUNDAMENTALISMS

The twenty first century has been marked by terrorism and religious tensions. Underlying these tensions are competing ideologies, different world views and widespread misunderstanding. In Europe we live in an increasingly secular society where religious literacy is at an all-time low. In this module we seek to address these issues of our time. This module examines the theo-political background of Islamism, Christian and Jewish fundamentalism and its impact on global politics, religious and secular societies. The module will appeal to those seeking to understand more about religion, terrorism, security, gender, Israel-Palestine, media, Islamist thought, and the Christian right.

PPLX6025B

30

THE CRUSADES

This module will consider the history of the Crusades and the Crusader States from 1095 to 1291, covering a broad range of themes, religious , military and social, and taking into consideration the relations between Christians and Moslems in the Holy Land. Particular attention will be paid to primary sources, which are abundant and available in English translation.

HIS-6089B

30

THE FIRST WORLD WAR: A NEW HISTORY

This reading-intensive module explores the impact of the First World War on European and non-European states, societies, and cultures. It aims to broaden and deepen the students' knowledge by introducing some of the lesser known aspects of the conflict, such as the campaigns on the Eastern front, in Africa, or the Middle East. Students will investigate the role and perception of colonial troops in the European theatre of war and examine the war efforts of such countries as Italy, Serbia, the Ottoman Empire, and Australia. Further topics to be discussed include alliance politics and the role of neutral states, psychological effects of 'industrialised slaughter', atrocities against non-combatant civilians, captivity and occupation, state propaganda and the spiritual mobilisation of intellectuals, as well as processes of social change with regard to home and family life, ethnicity and class. The module will draw on a wide range of primary sources, including poems, paintings, and film. In their coursework, students will have the opportunity to study more specific issues, such as naval and aerial warfare, British military strategy, civil-military relations in democratic and autocratic states, medical innovations, the war experiences of children, or questions of memory and commemoration.

HIS-6051B

30

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1789-1804

The French Revolution destroyed age-old cultural, institutional and social structures in France and beyond. But, in their attempt to regenerate mankind, the revolutionaries were creative as well as destructive. They created a new political culture with far-reaching implications. This module will provide an opportunity to study different aspects of the Revolution in depth. You will become familiar with the key political turning points and political personalities of the revolutionary decade. But a great part of the module will be devoted to exploring the artistic, cultural and intellectual dimensions of this eventful period.

HIS-6080A

30

THE JAPANESE EMPIRE

This module traces the rise, downfall and legacy of the Japanese Empire. In the course of a few decades after the Meiji Restoration of 1868, Japan secured colonial territories that stretched from Inner Mongolia and Manchuria to the South Pacific. This ambitious expansion unsettled the Western powers and affected the destiny of millions of 'fellow Asians', only to come to a disastrous end in 1945. Seminars for this module encourage students to explore the specific 'spaces' - local, regional, national, transnational - that provided the context for Japanese imperialism. They will explore the lived experience of various historical actors as they became involved in colonial practices within these spaces. The module shifts the emphasis from an understanding of history that sees Japan's expansion as part of an inexorable trajectory to war to a more synchronic approach. It offers critical insights into imperialism as it unfolded in a non-Western context. Seminars: 1.Introduction: imperialism and East-Asian modernity 2.The conquest of Ezo as first colonial experiment 3.Envisaging places and boundaries: the case of Okinawa 4.Taiwan under Japanese rule 5.Japanese colonialism and modern science 6.The politics and limits of cultural assimilation 7.Colonial Korea 8.The Manchurian gamble 9.Pan-Asianism and war 10.Gendering the empire 11.End-game and legacy 12.Conclusion

HIS-6086B

30

TWENTIETH-CENTURY SPORT HISTORY

This module explores key themes and topics in the history of twentieth century sport, from the founding of the modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896 to the impact which the collapse of socialism had upon sport at the end of the century. Sport's interaction with empire, nationalism, fascism, socialism and capitalism will be considered, demonstrating that the political history and international relations of the century are deeply entwined with sport. A range of examples are examined, from Mussolini's Italy to the superpower competition of the Cold War. As an aspect of social history, issues of gender, race and disability are inseparable from this topic, as are the harnessing and exploitation of sport as a means of war or reconciliation at various periods throughout the century.

HIS-6006B

30

VICTORIAN UNDERWORLDS

This module introduces students to the darker side of life in Victorian Britain. Though this was undoubtedly a period of economic prosperity, not everyone shared in the gains. In this module we shall look at those who, for reasons of poverty or 'deviance' were confined to the margins. Topics will include the poor, the criminal and insane, prostitution, drink, child-workers, the workhouse, the London Irish, homosexuality and the Oscar Wilde case. By looking at the margins and the misfits, we will seek to gain a deeper understanding of British society in the nineteenth century.

HIS-6026A

30

WORKING IN THE HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT

This module will provide students with the opportunity to undertake a work placement with an employer in the historic environment sector. Students should take responsibility for arranging their own placements, with assistance from the module organisers where required. Placements will be followed by a series of practical seminars, field trips and visits from external speakers in the Spring semester. Students wishing to take this module should arrange to meet with the module organisers at the earliest opportunity.

HIS-6013Y

30

YOUTH IN MODERN EUROPE

The importance of youth as a driving force for social change has been recognised by many historians. Young people were often at the forefront wherever revolutions took place, wars were fought and tensions in society erupted. However, the historical study of youth is still a relatively young discipline. The module uses 'youth' as a prism to study key themes in 20th century European history, such as the experience of war, life under dictatorship and the longue duree of social change. We shall examine the diverse experience of youth in Western and Eastern Europe during war and peace times, including the Communist and Nazi state-sponsored youth systems, and also the way in which generational experience and conflicts became underlying forces for social and political change. The module employs a strong comparative approach and countries studied include France, Britain, the Soviet Union, West and East Germany, Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. The seminars will be accompanied by several film screenings.

HIS-6023A

30

Disclaimer

Whilst the University will make every effort to offer the modules listed, changes may sometimes be made arising from the annual monitoring, review and update of modules and regular (five-yearly) review of course programmes. Where this activity leads to significant (but not minor) changes to programmes and their constituent modules, there will normally be prior consultation of students and others. It is also possible that the University may not be able to offer a module for reasons outside of its control, such as the illness of a member of staff or sabbatical leave. Where this is the case, the University will endeavour to inform students.

Further Reading

  • RULE OF LAW

    Magna Carta enjoys iconic status in the UK and across the world but until recently there was much we did not know about how it was made and how it survived in the Middle Ages

    Read it RULE OF LAW
  • EXPLORING INDEPENDENCE

    The full implications of Britain’s recent decision to exit the European Union are hard to predict. But the longer history of independence in Britain helps make sense of this historic event.

    Read it EXPLORING INDEPENDENCE
  • JOIN THE CONVERSATION

    From the fall of the Romans to the Middle Ages, Britain was more prosperous when it fostered a relationship with Europe. How rupture with mainland Europe caused Britain to falter for hundreds of years - Stephen Church

    Read it JOIN THE CONVERSATION
  • JOIN THE CONVERSATION

    In many countries sports like football brings people together, but in Bosnia it re-emphasises the divides.When Bosnia was torn apart, football clubs were ethnically cleansed along with the population - Richard Mills

    Read it JOIN THE CONVERSATION
  • JOIN THE CONVERSATION

    Many have compared the UK's repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846 with leaving the European Union. Brexit lessons from Britain’s 19th-century push for free trade - Anthony Howe

    Read it JOIN THE CONVERSATION
  • ASK UEA

    YOUR UNIVERSITY QUESTIONS, ANSWERED

    Read it ASK UEA

Entry Requirements

  • A Level AAB including History or related subject.
  • International Baccalaureate 33 points overall including 5 in HL History. If no GCSE equivalent is held, offer will include Mathematics and English requirements.
  • Scottish Highers Only accepted in combination with Scottish Advanced Highers.
  • Scottish Advanced Highers AAB. A combination of Advanced Highers and Highers may be acceptable
  • Access Course Distinction in 36 credits at Level 3 including History modules, and Merit in 9 credits at Level 3. Humanities or Social Sciences pathway preferred. Other pathways are acceptable, please contact the University directly for further information.
  • BTEC DDD, alongside grade B in A-level History. BTEC Public Services is not accepted.

Entry Requirement

UEA recognises that some students take a mixture of International Baccalaureate IB or International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme IBCP study rather than the full diploma, taking Higher levels in addition to A levels and/or BTEC qualifications. At UEA we do consider a combination of qualifications for entry, provided a minimum of three qualifications are taken at a higher Level. In addition some degree programmes require specific subjects at a higher level.

Students for whom English is a Foreign language

We welcome applications from students from all academic backgrounds. We require evidence of proficiency in English (including speaking, listening, reading and writing) at the following level:

IELTS: 6.5 overall (minimum 6.0 in any component)

We will also accept a number of other English language qualifications. Please click here for further information.

INTO University of East Anglia 

If you do not meet the academic and/or English language requirements for this course, our partner INTO UEA offers guaranteed progression on to this undergraduate degree upon successful completion of a foundation programme. Depending on your interests and your qualifications you can take a variety of routes to this degree:

INTO UEA also offer a variety of English language programmes which are designed to help you develop the English skills necessary for successful undergraduate study:

 

Gap Year

We welcome applications from students who have already taken or intend to take a gap year.

We also welcome applications for deferred entry, believing that a year between school and university can be of substantial benefit. You are advised to indicate your reason for wishing to defer entry and may wish to contact the appropriate Admissions Office directly to discuss this further.

Intakes

This course's annual intake is in September of each year.

Alternative Qualifications

We welcome a wide range of qualifications - for further information please email admissions@uea.ac.uk

 

GCSE Offer

GCSE Requirements:  GCSE English Language grade 4 and GCSE Mathematics grade 4 or GCSE English Language grade C and GCSE Mathematics grade C.

Fees and Funding

Undergraduate University Fees and Financial Support

Tuition Fees

Information on tuition fees can be found here:

UK students

EU Students

Overseas Students

Scholarships and Bursaries

We are committed to ensuring that costs do not act as a barrier to those aspiring to come to a world leading university and have developed a funding package to reward those with excellent qualifications and assist those from lower income backgrounds. 

The University of East Anglia offers a range of Scholarships; please click the link for eligibility, details of how to apply and closing dates.

How to Apply

Applications need to be made via the Universities Colleges and Admissions Services (UCAS), using the UCAS Apply option.

UCAS Apply is a secure online application system that allows you to apply for full-time Undergraduate courses at universities and colleges in the United Kingdom. It is made up of different sections that you need to complete. Your application does not have to be completed all at once. The system allows you to leave a section partially completed so you can return to it later and add to or edit any information you have entered. Once your application is complete, it must be sent to UCAS so that they can process it and send it to your chosen universities and colleges.

The UCAS code name and number for the University of East Anglia is EANGL E14.

Further Information

If you would like to discuss your individual circumstances with the Admissions Service prior to applying please do contact us:

Undergraduate Admissions Service
Tel: +44 (0)1603 591515
Email: admissions@uea.ac.uk

Please click here to register your details online via our Online Enquiry Form.

International candidates are also actively encouraged to access the University's International section of our website.

    Next Steps

    We can’t wait to hear from you. Just pop any questions about this course into the form below and our enquiries team will answer as soon as they can.

    Admissions enquiries:
    admissions@uea.ac.uk or
    telephone +44 (0)1603 591515