LLM International Commercial and Competition Law

The LLM International Commercial and Competition Law degree is a unique interdisciplinary programme which examines the issues, concepts and principles that underpin the substantive law, and promotes understanding of the economic, social and political forces that continue to shape competition law development.

The number of countries with competition (antitrust) laws has increased from 31 in 1985 to over 120 today, creating the need for legal specialists to practice in law firms, enforce policy in competition authorities and teach in universities. This LLM is ideally suited to those working or intending to work in the area of competition law.

Students are required to take the compulsory module International Competition Law. In addition, you must write a dissertation on a competition law topic and take additional optional modules, which include Competition Law in the Global Economy; Media Regulation and Markets; and Theory of Competitive Markets.

Overview

The LLM International Commercial and Competition Law degree is a unique interdisciplinary programme which examines the issues, concepts and principles that underpin the substantive law, and promotes understanding of the economic, social and political forces that continue to shape competition law development.

The number of countries with competition (antitrust) laws has increased from 31 in 1985 to over 100 in 2012, creating the need for legal specialists to practice in law firms, enforce policy in competition authorities and teach in universities. This LLM is ideally suited to those working or intending to work in the area of competition law.

The LLM International Commercial and Competition Law is offered over one year full-time. Students are required to take the compulsory module 'International Competition Law'. In addition, they must also write a dissertation on a competition law topic and take at least one optional module from a choice of three competition law-related modules: 'Competition Law in the Global Economy'; 'Media Regulation and Markets'; and 'Theory of Competitive Markets'. If they wish, students can take all of these optional modules. In any case, any remaining credits will be fulfilled by taking other optional LLM modules. Students may also, with the consent of the Course Director, choose modules worth up to 40 credits from other postgraduate courses offered by the University.

This degree also offers an optional Research Methods Training component. Research methods training is likely to be of particular interest to students who are considering working in the following areas: Academic legal research, including study for an advanced research degree, such as an MPhil or PhD, Law reform bodies and legal pressure groups, for example the Law Commission or Liberty, International organisations with a policy research focus, such as OECD, The World Bank.

Key Facts

  1. Designed for those working or intending to work in competition law and regulation
  2. Examines issues, concepts and principles that underpin the substantive law
  3. Promotes understanding of economic, social and political forces that shape competition law development
  4. Research-led Teaching: The ESRC Centre for Competition Policy

Centre for Competition Policy

Students undertaking the LLM International Competition Law and Policy degree also benefit from close collaboration with research conducted by the Centre for Competition Policy - a leading Research Centre working at the forefront of policy debates in competition policy at international level. The Centre has close links with, but is independent of, a wide range of regulatory authorities, government bodies and private sector practitioners. These include the European Commission, the Competition and Markets Authority, the Financial Conduct Authority, Ofgem, Ofcom, Ofwat, OECD, the World Bank, and the UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Students are encouraged to attend the Centre's workshops, seminars and conferences and so are able to interact with leading academics and practitioners from across Europe and the United States.

Student Testimonials

"The decision to join UEA for my Master's was the best I could make, from both academic and personal perspective. The programme is exceptional for its close connection to the internationally renowned Centre for Competition Policy... with students working on a daily basis with the leading academics from the area - both lawyers and economists. Although I was encouraged to perform my own research, due to small teaching groups, it is made sure that nobody is left behind."

Katerina Perkarkova, 2008/09

“I really enjoyed doing my Masters, studying issues in competition law and the interdisciplinary approach involving law, economics and policy. I liked the academic programme and support offered by the Centre for Competition Policy. I wanted to have a mixture of courses covering areas of competition law and economics of competition. The LLM in International Competition Law and Policy offered exactly that.

The support I got from UEA from the time of my first inquiry until my final choice was encouraging too. The academic and personal support I received during my Masters, excellent supervision, good facilities for research and the Centre for Competition Policy provided very strong arguments for staying at UEA.

I met people from all over the world. Discussions were and are very interesting because of different cultural and legal backgrounds. The social life is very colourful.

The advantages are manifold: I love to learn and study. Postgraduate studies offer a good opportunity to meet people and establish a social and professional network in a chosen field. One’s career might benefit from a postgraduate degree as well. The LLM is beneficial for the job market in general, especially if I wanted to work as a lawyer in an international law firm.”

Sebastian Peyer (Germany), Masters of Law, International Competition Law and Policy 2007/08

“UEA had a great campus atmosphere and student life and offered interesting postgraduate programmes. The LLM enabled me to learn a lot about the interface of law and economics which I have always found interesting … the Centre for Competition Policy has an excellent reputation with respect to research in competition law and economics. The seminar groups were small and our lecturers encouraged us to actively participate and were happy to help if questions arose outside the seminars. In addition, students on my course were integrated into the academic life of the Centre for Competition Policy. We were invited to attend seminars organised by the Centre and got to know several PhD students.

My further studies gave me the opportunity to specialise in an interesting field of law which I could not study in such detail during the undergraduate studies. An additional year at university also gives you a great opportunity of broadening your horizon and making friends with interesting people from all over the world.”

Eike Eden (Germany), Masters of Law, International Competition Law and Policy, 2006/07

“The manner in which competition law mixes law and economics attracted me. The modern day relevance and growing importance of competition law meant that my degree would be interesting and also enhance my career prospects. The international nature of the student population (and the subject matter) has allowed me to learn more about different legal systems around the world. UEA provides the opportunity to engage with students and lecturers who are as interested in the subject matter as you are.

The economics section of the course allowed me to engage with a completely different subject and learn how it influenced the law. Being able to concentrate and specialise in an area of law that grabs your attention motivates you to dig deeper and learn things that you wouldn’t during an undergraduate degree.

Focusing on context and the real world application of the law is valued by employers and gives you great material to discuss in your applications and interviews. I now work with one of the foremost experts on cross-border mergers and was able to refer to my dissertation during my interview for my training contract.”

Terence Devane (UK), Masters of Law, International Competition Law and Policy, 2006/07

“LLM is really a very well-regarded additional study, which is very helpful – for an occupation in a specific area of law as well as for possible further academic studies. Especially UEA with its fine lecturers and a high reputation Centre of Competition Policy offered a very good opportunity. It provided a very comprehensive introduction as well as an academic focus and helped me to gather specific expertise and a greater opportunity to work in a preferred field of law. My LLM year was full of positive experiences, both academically and privately.”

Christopher Both (Germany), Masters of Law, International Competition Law and Policy, 2006/07

Course Modules

Students must study the following modules for 80 credits:

Name Code Credits

DISSERTATION

This module is intended to give each student the opportunity to develop a research proposal and write a dissertation on a research question formulated by the student using the subject matter of the degree for which the student is enrolled. The purpose of the dissertation is for the student to demonstrate his or her ability to carry through an independent piece of work on a subject of his or her choice.

LAW-7000X

40

INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION LAW

This module is designed to allow an understanding of both the core economic concepts of competition, and the substantive law and procedure of competition law, in particular of the European Union, but also of other jurisdictions as relevant. The principal piece of legislation in the EU is the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) and in particular its provisions on competition, namely Articles 101 and 102. These will form the basis of the seminars, along with the Council Regulation 1/2003 on the implementation of Article 101 and Article 102 (Modernisation Regulation), and the Council Regulation 139/2004 on the control of concentration between undertakings (Merger Regulation). Seminars will be built around the legal provisions and case law on the subject matter. Classes will investigate the means by which competition laws tackle such problems as cartels and anti-competitive agreements among undertakings, monopolies and the abuse of dominant positions, vertical restraints, merger control and state aid. Broader issues - such as remedies and enforcement strategies and wider questions of policy and regulatory design - will also be reviewed.

LAW-7013A

20

POSTGRADUATE LEGAL SKILLS AND RESEARCH

This Module will be compulsory for all taught Law Masters Programmes and will be taught in the first two weeks of the first semester with combined assessment by way of attendance and a course test in the first semester. The aim of this module is to assist students in developing a number of core legal study skills needed during the LLM year (and thereafter). The Module will commence with a standard Induction Day followed by seminars on subjects such as Using electronic research resources, Plagiarism and how to avoid it and proper citation of Sources, The Role of Conflicts of Law and Comparative Law in international commercial law, Identifying and understanding sources of law: Reading and analysing legislation, cases and legal articles, Academic legal skills: Writing a coursework, assignment or project and Answering Problem Questions and giving presentations.

LAW-7003A

20

Students will select 20 - 60 credits from the following modules:

Students will select a minimum of 20 credits (but can select up to 60 credits) from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

COMMERCIALISATION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

This module is aimed at students who may have an interest in either Intellectual Property (IP) Law and/or Competition Law, as well as students more focussed on Commercial Law. Students will be expected to have taken either or both Globalisation of IP (M641) or International Competition Law (M648) in the Autumn semester. If not, students will only be permitted to take the module with the consent of the module organiser. The relationship between intellectual property and competition law and policy is not only a very interesting and complex area of law, but also one of major importance to the commercial sector. Although both regimes protect innovation, their approaches and underlying principles are fundamentally different and need to be reconciled. Without a sound understanding of the interface between them, the rights holder runs the risk of infringing competition law by way of exploiting intellectual property rights. The module therefore focuses on the commercially most relevant intellectual property rights (patents, trademarks and copyrights). It provides the student with a sound understanding of the different intellectual property rights, the possible mechanisms of their commercialisation and the relevant restraints posed by competition law. The module critically assesses the most recent case law and decisional practice of the European Commission in the technology and pharmaceutical sectors (including the judgments in Microsoft and AstraZeneca, and the investigations against Samsung and Motorola) and discusses its impact on commercial practice.

LAW-7023B

20

FOUNDATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL LAW

This 40 credit year-long module forms the grounding of (and is compulsory for) the International Commercial and Business Law and International Trade Law courses, and aims to introduce students to the essential foundational elements of international commercial law, not studied at undergraduate level. It aims to give students an understanding of what drives the law governing international commerce, the reasons for harmonisation of the law in the area, the institutions involved in the harmonisation process and the scope of that process. We examine the various ways in which harmonised instruments are created and the major problems and policy issues which have to be confronted. In doing so, we explore several areas of international commercial practice in which attempts have been made to harmonise or codify the law, and consider how successful these efforts have been, and ways in which the harmonisation process can be improved.

LAW-7033Y

40

MEDIA MARKETS AND REGULATION

This module compares the approach to regulation of communication markets in the EC to other jurisdictions, in particular the US. It also considers the application of competition law to media markets, including protecting the interests of media plurality. Content regulation being a matter principally of national law is considered from a comparative perspective.

LAW-7017A

20

THEORY OF COMPETITIVE MARKETS

Theory of Competitive Markets covers the theory and reality of how markets function depending on their characteristics, with a focus on markets where the number of firms is relatively small. Students will develop an appreciation of the effects the action of one firm can have on consumers and other firms, and how and why competition law and its enforcement places limits on firms freedom to act. This module is invaluable for those intending to work in competition law whether in legal practice or beyond. By offering insights into the workings of the market and how it is regulated, the module is also relevant for students interested in commercial law and more generally.

LAW-7021A

20

Students will select 40 - 80 credits from the following modules:

Students will select their remaining credits (to make up 180 credits in total) from the following modules. Students may, with the consent of the Course Director, choose modules worth up to 40 credits from other postgraduate courses offered by the University.

Name Code Credits

CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA AND MARINE INSURANCE

This Module provides a comprehensive introduction to the law and business of the carriage of goods by sea and marine insurance and is key to the International Trade Law masters. It examines carriage documents and their interaction, the general principles of carriage of goods by sea, carriage contracts in the form of charter parties and those evidenced by bills of lading. The module also explores international attempts at harmonisation in the area of international carriage and examines the operation of international carriage regimes (conventions) such as The Hague, Hague-Visby Rules, the Hamburg Rules and the Rotterdam Rules. The module also look at certain key issues in the law of marine insurance such as the formation of the contract of insurance, the insurable interest, the duty of utmost good faith, warranties, subrogation, contribution and the assignment of interests in an insured policy.

LAW-7010B

20

COMMERCIALISATION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

This module is aimed at students who may have an interest in either Intellectual Property (IP) Law and/or Competition Law, as well as students more focussed on Commercial Law. Students will be expected to have taken either or both Globalisation of IP (M641) or International Competition Law (M648) in the Autumn semester. If not, students will only be permitted to take the module with the consent of the module organiser. The relationship between intellectual property and competition law and policy is not only a very interesting and complex area of law, but also one of major importance to the commercial sector. Although both regimes protect innovation, their approaches and underlying principles are fundamentally different and need to be reconciled. Without a sound understanding of the interface between them, the rights holder runs the risk of infringing competition law by way of exploiting intellectual property rights. The module therefore focuses on the commercially most relevant intellectual property rights (patents, trademarks and copyrights). It provides the student with a sound understanding of the different intellectual property rights, the possible mechanisms of their commercialisation and the relevant restraints posed by competition law. The module critically assesses the most recent case law and decisional practice of the European Commission in the technology and pharmaceutical sectors (including the judgments in Microsoft and AstraZeneca, and the investigations against Samsung and Motorola) and discusses its impact on commercial practice.

LAW-7023B

20

COMPARATIVE COMPANY LAW

Globalisation, democratisation of information, Europeisation and global competition have been partially responsible for a lot of fundamental changes in Company law and in the way Company law is intended around the world. This module will provide students with a sound understanding of these changes and of comparative Company law in general. This module provides an understanding of the basic concepts, principles, rules and procedures of modern company law in a globalised and international context. It is structured so as to enable students to see their own system of company law in a new and more meaningful light, and to be able to form new views about its future development alongside with the future of an international Company Law. It is designed to develop awareness of some of the aspects of company law, including 'minimum capital' and the legal standing of shareholders, directors and creditors around the world, and shall give an overview of the ways in which the various countries are developing their own Company Law within their boundaries, and how that influences the development of company law outside their boundaries. The module aims to do so by a review of the harmonisation programme in Europe, an international comparative study, and an illustration of empirical findings that show new ways in which corporate vehicles can be developed to meet particular policy objectives.

LAW-7020B

20

COMPARATIVE CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

This module examines the principal forms of corporate governance, control and regulation of the firm across countries. In particular, it introduces the key features of corporate governance and considers the legal relationship between directors, managers, and shareholders, including the contribution shareholder activism can make to improving corporate governance. The module also discusses the market for corporate control and the growing empirical research on comparative corporate governance. The overall purpose is to provide a theoretical and practical grasp of corporate governance, which can be useful for academic as all well as professional work in this field.

LAW-7008A

20

COMPARATIVE INTERNATIONAL SALES LAW

This module is key to the International Trade Law LLM and takes a critical and comparative look at the fundamental legal arrangements for the international sale of goods and the two competing international legal regimes, being the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) and the English law on sale of goods (including the Sale of Goods Act 1979), all against the backdrop of the drive towards international legal harmonisation. Today, international sales contracts are frequently governed by the CISG which is in force in more than 70 States from all parts of the world, among them both major industrial nations and developing states. It has been widely applied in international commercial transactions in the past thirty years with more than 3000 decisions by state courts and arbitral tribunals having been reported so far. It therefore seems fair to say that the CISG has in fact been one of the success stories in the field of the international unification of private law. Nevertheless, the United Kingdom, one of the oldest -and biggest- global trading nations, has not, yet, ratified the CISG. Also, in spite of the widespread adoption of the CISG, it remains the case that many international traders choose English law to govern their international sales contracts. We will examine select substantive provisions of these two "competing" legal regimes with a view to determine their essential differences and similarities. This examination may shed light on questions such as, why parties would choose English Sales Law rather than the CISG, and the implications of the "competition" between the two regimes for efforts aimed at the international harmonisation of law. Throughout the module, attention will be drawn to problems arising in international sales practice in order to develop an understanding of the commercial context in which the law of international sales operates.

LAW-7022A

20

CURRENT ISSUES IN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW

This module will provide students with an in-depth look at a number of current issues in intellectual property and information technology law. The relevant issues will change each year, but issues will be drawn from a wide variety of topics. Students will have an opportunity to consider how intellectual property law is challenged by these current issues and to analyse its responses and proposed responses. Students will be expected to have taken either Globalisation of Intellectual Property Law or Internet Law and Governance in the Autumn Semester, or have demonstrated knowledge in either area. For students not taking the ITIP LLM admission to the module will be at the discretion of the module organiser, and previous knowledge may be required. Classes will involve a mixture of group presentations and tutor-led class discussion, in a 50/50 time split. The class (depending on size) will be divided into groups, and each group will be asked to research and make a 15 minute presentation on one aspect of a defined topic or for that week following a prescribed brief, relating to information technology and/or intellectual property. The presentations will be followed by feedback and further instruction from the module leader as necessary, and an open session for discussion.

LAW-7009B

20

EQUALITY AND DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT

This module examines the economic and social causes of inequality and discrimination in the workplace, the possible rationales for anti-discrimination legislation, the meaning of the concept of "equality", and the substantive UK law concerning discrimination in relation to the "protected characteristics" (sex, pregnancy/maternity, sexual orientation, gender reassignment, race, disability, religion or belief, and age). Particular emphasis is placed on the use of comparators to establish discrimination, the extent to which discrimination can be justified in law (e.g. the use of 'positive action'), the impact of EU Law on the development of UK anti-discrimination law, and future directions in discrimination law. The module is suitable for Masters students in any School. This module carries 20 M-level credits.

LAW-7028A

20

FOUNDATIONS OF EMPLOYMENT LAW PART 1

This module together with Foundations of Employment Law Part 2 aims to give students a basic knowledge of the history, sources and institutions of employment law and a good working knowledge of all the main employment law subject areas. Part 1 focuses on the various categories of employee and worker (including atypical workers), on the formation and content of the contract of employment, on termination of employment and the law of unfair dismissal. Students will be able to consider the nature of the employment relationship and the economic, social and political factors influencing the development of UK employment law. The module is suitable for Masters students in any School. The module carries 20 M-level credits.

LAW-7026A

20

FOUNDATIONS OF EMPLOYMENT LAW PART 2

This module together with Foundations of Employment Law Part 1 aims to give students a basic knowledge of the history, sources and institutions of employment law and a good working knowledge of all the main employment law subject areas. Part 2 focuses on the impact of business change on employment (redundancy, changes to employment terms and business transfers under "TUPE"), law governing pay, working time and holidays, whistle-blowing and collective employment law (trade unions and other employee representatives and strikes and other industrial action). Students will be able to consider the nature of the employment relationship and the economic, social and political factors influencing the development of UK employment law. The module is suitable for Masters students in any School. The module carries 20 M-level credits.

LAW-7027B

20

FOUNDATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL LAW

This 40 credit year-long module forms the grounding of (and is compulsory for) the International Commercial and Business Law and International Trade Law courses, and aims to introduce students to the essential foundational elements of international commercial law, not studied at undergraduate level. It aims to give students an understanding of what drives the law governing international commerce, the reasons for harmonisation of the law in the area, the institutions involved in the harmonisation process and the scope of that process. We examine the various ways in which harmonised instruments are created and the major problems and policy issues which have to be confronted. In doing so, we explore several areas of international commercial practice in which attempts have been made to harmonise or codify the law, and consider how successful these efforts have been, and ways in which the harmonisation process can be improved.

LAW-7033Y

40

GLOBALISATION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW

This module will provide an introduction to intellectual property across the areas of trademarks, patents and copyright within the context globalisation and in light of the influence of new technologies. It is designed to provide students with an understanding of the pervasiveness and importance of IPRs in the modern day along with a theoretical knowledge and critical understanding of the legal principles and theory in relation to different IPRs. The geographical focus will be Global, with some more detailed consideration of UK, US and European law where appropriate. It is compulsory for students studying for the Information Technology and Intellectual Property (IT/IP) LLM, however, it does not assume any previous knowledge of Intellectual Property law and it is open to all LAW PGT students.

LAW-7011A

20

INTERNATIONAL BANKING: LAW AND PRACTICE

This module starts with a review of the types of business undertaken by an international bank, the risks inherent in those businesses and the ways in which regulators seek to regulate the conduct of those businesses; with an emphasis on credit risk and prudential regulation. It includes sessions on credit agreements (including syndicated credits) and the Loan Market Association documents, guarantees and other forms of credit support, basic insolvency principles, and taking security.

LAW-7002A

20

INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION

International arbitration has become the established method of determining disputes between international commercial businesses, with new arbitral centres emerging and the law and practice of international commercial arbitration evolving rapidly. This module examines the legal theory and practice of international commercial arbitration. The module's thrust is on understanding the nature and operation of the arbitral process in the context of international commercial relationships, as a means of resolving disputes that arise in international commercial transactions. In addition to providing an overview of the arbitral process, the module also focuses on key problems and issues that arise in arbitral practice, such as the interaction and application of the various relevant laws, and the application and interpretation of the most important international legal instruments relevant to international commercial arbitration such as the New York Convention and the UNCITRAL Model Law.

LAW-7007B

20

INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL LITIGATION

This module will provide an introduction to the issues which arise in the litigation of commercial disputes on an international basis. It will cover the treatment of jurisdiction and applicable law in commercial disputes by reference mainly to UK and European legal sources, and introduce some of the principal features of the common law legal systems (UK and USA), as they apply to commercial cases. The module it open to all LAW PGT students. It is particularly relevant to students taking the ICBL or International Trade LLMs.

LAW-7014A

20

INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW

Foreign direct investment refers to an investment made in a foreign jurisdiction to achieve a long term economic benefit. Almost 3000 treaties worldwide regulate foreign direct investment, and it is the interpretation of these treaties by arbitral tribunals, together with customary international law, which forms the basis of international investment law. This module examines the nature of international investment law and investor-State dispute resolution procedures, and looks at recent developments in the area. The module considers the policies underlying international investment law and how these impact upon the operation of international investment law in practice.

LAW-7016B

20

INTERNATIONAL OIL AND GAS LAW

This module examines the participants in international oil and gas transactions and the legal and contractual rules which govern exploration and production. It deals with the rights associated with the ownership and development of hydrocarbon reserves, and the types of agreements that can be entered into (such as concessions, production sharing, participation and service contracts). The module also explores the issues of risk, control and investment; and examines the impact of law and policy on the manner in which oil and gas development projects are negotiated and implemented.

LAW-7019A

20

INTERNET LAW AND GOVERNANCE

Legal issues relating to Internet use are increasingly important. Students are introduced to the key principles of Internet law, including competing views on its status and its relationship with other legal principles. The question of the relationship between law and technology is also considered. Case studies of alternative forms of governance are explored, including international co-operation and stakeholder-driven processes, in the context of issues such as domain names, social networking and the regulation of Internet service providers. Current issues in Internet law are included on the syllabus each year, as is a primer on relevant aspects of Internet technology and history.

LAW-7012A

20

INTRODUCTION TO THE EU INTERNAL MARKET

This module provides students with an understanding of the fundamentals of European economic integration from a legal perspective. It focuses on essential aspects of the internal market (the free movement of goods, workers, services and freedom of establishment), as well as the structure of the EU (institutions and relations with Member States' legal systems). In addition, the module teaches students how to retrieve and work with the various sources of EU law. This module is not suitable for students who have already studied European Union law.

LAW-7034B

20

ISSUES IN FREE SPEECH

The extent to which we are all able to express views - whether agreeable or abhorrent - to obtain and receive information and to participate in "communicative activities" alone or with others is the focus of this module. Although legal in outlook and origins, it will be taught drawing on a variety of socio-political perspectives. It is not a module that is avowedly doctrinal or rule-based; there will be limited exploration and analysis of cases and rules, certainly not in any detail. Instead, we will consider the topic of free speech - what it is, why it is valued, what constraints there are on its exercise, the tensions that underpin it and its relationship with other rights and social interests - from a normative perspective. Indicative topics over the ten-week module course include: # Free speech theory and First Amendment jurisprudence # International human rights norms # Hate speech # Protesting and dissent # Regulation of artistic and cultural expression # Words that shock and offend # Privacy and media intrusions # Free speech and religious freedom # Inciting and encouraging terrorism # Political communication and broadcasting # State secrets # Free speech, fair trials and open.

LAW-7024B

20

LAW AND PRACTICE OF INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL PAYMENTS

This module examines the law and practice relating to the different payment methods and mechanisms that may be adopted by commercial parties to discharge the payment obligations of international buyers of goods and services. The different payment mechanisms are analysed and compared, their fundamental characteristics identified and their advantages and disadvantages considered. These include direct payment by means of electronic funds transfer and bills of exchange systems, but the main focus of the module is on the most common terms of payment in international trade utilising the intervention of banks, that is to say, documentary collections and payment under documentary credits. We undertake a detailed examination of the most recent version of the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCP 600).This Module is assessed by a pre-released COURSE TEST which usually takes place in the week before Spring semester.

LAW-7018A

20

LAW OF THE WTO

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which it administers, are central to the international law of trade in goods and services. This module will cover the legal rules and institutions of the WTO and the implementation of WTO obligations by members. It will pay particular attention to the institutions and governance of the WTO, its dispute settlement system, the principle of nondiscrimination in international trade under the GATT, and the ability of the WTO to cope with issues such as development, regionalism, and environmental protection. The module is open to all LLM students, but is particularly suitable for students taking the ICBL and International Trade LLMs.

LAW-7006A

20

MEDIA MARKETS AND REGULATION

This module compares the approach to regulation of communication markets in the EC to other jurisdictions, in particular the US. It also considers the application of competition law to media markets, including protecting the interests of media plurality. Content regulation being a matter principally of national law is considered from a comparative perspective.

LAW-7017A

20

PRACTICAL EMPLOYMENT LAW

This module aims to give students the opportunity to acquire certain key skills of an employment law practitioner. The module looks at non contentious issues including drafting and planning workforce changes such as redundancy or variation of employment contracts and at contentious employment law focussing on discipline and grievance issues and the pursuit and defence of Employment Tribunal claims. The module is suitable for students from other Schools if either they are also taking Foundations of Employment Law Parts 1 and 2 LAW-M691 and LAW-M692 or they have a basic knowledge of employment law through work as a human resources practitioner. The module carries 20 M-level credits.

LAW-7029B

20

PUBLIC PROTEST LAW

State authorities have an obligation to protect and facilitate peaceful protest - from temporary encampments to far-right rallies, from Pride parades to funeral pickets and wedding protests, and from 'Critical Mass' bicycle rides to prayer vigils in public places. This course will examine the ways in which law commonly seeks to regulate protest - what kinds of protest (including forms of direct action) are (or ought to be) protected? What kind of regulation is (or might legitimately be) permitted? How should the authorities respond to spontaneous and/or unorganized gatherings, simultaneous meetings and counter-protests, protests on private property?

LAW-7025B

20

RESEARCH METHODS FOR LAW

By the time they have completed the module, students should be able to: #Identify relevant research questions within a given area, and to formulate and operationalise (or, in the case of more 'exploratory' research designs, to identify) hypotheses for investigation #Evaluate different research designs and identify which of these are relevant to their chosen research questions and hypotheses #Identify which sources of data will be of assistance in the investigation of a particular research topic, and which techniques of data-gathering and analysis are appropriate #Write up a research project, and to organise skilfully and present the results of their research, to consider whether hypotheses are confirmed or falsified by the evidence and to consider, in either case, the reasons for the findings

LAW-7001Y

20

THE LAW AND PRACTICE OF INTERNATIONAL PROJECT FINANCE

This module will commence with identifying the aims and objectives and key legal characteristics of international project finance transactions. We will then look at why project finance is chosen over other forms of financing, examine the contractual nexus of a deal and focus on the different types of risks involved in a project finance transaction for example, legal, sovereign, political, construction and market risk and how these risks are mitigated. We will consider the different parties (for example commercial banks, development finance institutions, governments, export credit agencies, insurance providers, equity investors, hedging providers) to a transaction and their differing commercial interests. We will also examine the environmental, social and human rights implications of large scale project finance deals.

LAW-7005B

20

THE PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF PRIVACY AND REPUTATION

In the intrusive, multi-faceted world that exists today, with 24/7 media and an ever-expanding internet, the potential for damage to reputation and interference with privacy has never been greater. This module focuses on the various ways in which the law protects rights to reputation and privacy and examines ways in which the law can be used to manage reputations in this complex world. The module will focus on the law of defamation, the laws relating to the protection of privacy interests, and the developing interplay between law and technology. While the approach taken by English law will form a significant part of the module's content, comparative study will also be made of the laws of America and other common law jurisdictions as well as the laws of the European Union and some specific European countries.

LAW-7004B

20

THEORY OF COMPETITIVE MARKETS

Theory of Competitive Markets covers the theory and reality of how markets function depending on their characteristics, with a focus on markets where the number of firms is relatively small. Students will develop an appreciation of the effects the action of one firm can have on consumers and other firms, and how and why competition law and its enforcement places limits on firms freedom to act. This module is invaluable for those intending to work in competition law whether in legal practice or beyond. By offering insights into the workings of the market and how it is regulated, the module is also relevant for students interested in commercial law and more generally.

LAW-7021A

20

WORK-LIFE BALANCE

This module examines the extent to which the law can and should be used to enable employees to achieve a measure of control over when, where and how they work, and thereby to achieve a satisfactory balance between their work and their personal lives. It examines the various interests at stake and the business case for policies that promote work-life balance, and includes an examination of the current law and practice (in the UK and internationally) on matters such as maternity, paternity, adoption and parental leave and pay, career breaks, flexible working (for parents, carers and others) and working time. The module is suitable for Masters Students in any School.

LAW-7030B

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Disclaimer

Whilst the University will make every effort to offer the modules listed, changes may sometimes be made arising from the annual monitoring, review and update of modules and regular (five-yearly) review of course programmes. Where this activity leads to significant (but not minor) changes to programmes and their constituent modules, there will normally be prior consultation of students and others. It is also possible that the University may not be able to offer a module for reasons outside of its control, such as the illness of a member of staff or sabbatical leave. Where this is the case, the University will endeavour to inform students.

Entry Requirements

  • Degree Subject Law or cognate degree
  • Degree Classification Good 2.2 pass or international equivalent

Entry Requirement

Applicants should normally have a good first degree in Law, or, exceptionally, in a related subject from a recognised higher education institution in the UK or overseas.

The Law School will also take into account the employment experience of applicants where relevant and encourages applications from those wishing to return to academic study to further their knowledge, or those planning to study for a degree while remaining in full-time employment.

It is normal for undergraduate students to apply for entry to postgraduate programmes in their final year of study. Applicants who have not yet been awarded a degree may be offered a place conditional on their attaining a particular class of degree.

Students for whom English is a Foreign language

We welcome applications from students whose first language is not English. To ensure such students benefit from postgraduate study, we require evidence of proficiency in English. Our usual entry requirements are as follows:

  • IELTS: 6.5 (minimum 6.0 in all components)
  • PTE (Pearson): 62 (minimum 55 in all components)

Test dates should be within two years of the course start date.

Other tests, including Cambridge English exams and the Trinity Integrated Skills in English are also accepted by the university. The full list of accepted tests can be found here: Accepted English Language Tests

INTO UEA also run pre-sessional courses which can be taken prior to the start of your course. For further information and to see if you qualify please contact intopre-sessional@uea.ac.uk

Fees and Funding

Fees for the academic year 2016/17 are:

  • UK/EU Students: £7,150 (full time)
  • International Students: £14,500 (full time)

International applicants from outside the EU may need to pay a deposit.

Living Expenses

We estimate living expenses at £1,015820 per month.

Scholarships and Funding

A variety of Scholarships may be offered to UK/EU and International students. Scholarships are normally awarded to students on the basis of academic merit and are usually for the duration of the period of study. Please click here for more detailed information about funding for prospective Law students.

How to Apply

Applications for Postgraduate Taught programmes at the University of East Anglia should be made directly to the University.

You can apply online, or by downloading the application form.

Further Information

To request further information & to be kept up to date with news & events please use our online enquiry form.

If you would like to discuss your individual circumstances prior to applying please do contact us:

Postgraduate Admissions Office
Tel: +44 (0)1603 591515
Email: admissions@uea.ac.uk

International candidates are also encouraged to access the International Students section of our website.

    Next Steps

    Need to know more? Take a look at these pages to discover more about Postgraduate opportunities at UEA…

    We can’t wait to hear from you. Just pop any questions about this course into the form below and our enquiries team will answer as soon as they can.

    Admissions enquiries:
    admissions@uea.ac.uk or
    telephone +44 (0)1603 591515