BA History (Part time)

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Recognised as a leading department within the UK, History at UEA has a chronological range from the collapse of the Roman empire to the present day, a geographical scope covering Europe, Africa, the Middle East, North America and the Caribbean, and experts in political, economic, social, cultural, environmental, diplomatic and intellectual history.

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Key facts

(National Student Survey 2016)

Article

History Summer School – 2-4 July 2017

Offering Year 12 students the chance to experience an exciting and interactive two-day History residential to help enhance their personal statement for the UCAS application.

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"Both UEA and its history department have got a great reputation. Employers hold traditional subjects like history in high regard because of the broad range of skills that you develop"

In their words

Alex Baguley, BA History

Key facts

(2017 Guardian University Guide)

"I still believe my decision to study at UEA was one of the best decisions I have ever made."

In their words

Andrew Ansell, BA History and Politics

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Our BA History programme allows students to develop knowledge and understanding of the close interplay and tensions between history, memory, the past and present.

Students pursue their own intellectual journey of historical exploration through wide-ranging module choice, exploring the forces that shape political, economic, social and cultural developments through the study of diverse periods, cultures, methodologies and conceptual assumptions.

Students develop a critical awareness of their subject, its social rationale, its theoretical underpinnings, its ethical dimensions and its intellectual standing, gaining an appreciation of the complexity of historical enquiry, a respect for historical context and evidence, and a greater awareness of historical processes.

Graduates have a range of transferable skills that can lead to a variety of careers including (but not confined to) business management, public service, the arts and media, social enterprise, heritage and public history.

Overview

Studying History at UEA will build upon your curiosity to understand the unfolding history of humanity and help you to formulate a more critical awareness of the problems of the present.

As a history student you will learn techniques that equip you to understand how knowledge is constructed and manipulated, engage with interpretations and arguments and propose alternative solutions – intellectual skills for life.

History at UEA is taught by experienced and internationally renowned academics. Our modules are inspired by their research interests and expertise so you are at the forefront of the historical debate. We have particular strengths in British, European, Russian and Soviet history, the Atlantic world, the Middle East and Landscape.

We offer a flexible approach to your degree, allowing you to design your own programme of study. Alongside compulsory modules, you can choose from our wide range of optional history modules as well as taking the opportunity to study subjects offered by schools from other disciplines in the Faculty of Arts and Humanities.

Course Structure

Your degree programme may contain compulsory or optional modules. Compulsory modules are designed to give you a solid grounding, optional modules allow you to tailor your degree.

The course modules section below lists the current modules by year and you can click on each module for further details. Each module lists its value (in credits) and its module code.

Assessment

Key skills, issues and ideas are introduced in lectures given by all members of faculty, with more specialist study undertaken in small group seminars. You will also spend time carrying out independent study, researching in the library or carrying out practical work or projects. In most subject areas, you are assessed at the end of each year on the basis of coursework and, in some cases, project and examination results.

In years 5 and 6 assessment is by coursework, document work, a special subject dissertation and examinations on your special subject in the period after Easter. Your final degree result is determined by the marks you receive in years 3 to 6.

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Course Modules 2017/8

Students must study the following modules for 120 credits:

Name Code Credits

HISTORY, CONTROVERSY AND DEBATE

The Module challenges students to reflect on the nature of history: what it means for historians; what it means for the wider public and contemporary society; and what it has meant in the past. Across the weeks this core module will explore the key approaches to the study of hiatory ad the conduct of Historical Research. It will consider how historians have written history in the past and how they engage with it in the present, the relevance and challenges of courses and evidence, how historians present their interpretations, and the ways in which they debate amongst themselves. Students will come away with an understanding that history is rarely about the 'right answer', but rather a series of ways of understanding and interpretating the past.The module will particularly focus on historial debate and how one student can effectively analyse and interpret it. In that regard the module is a mixture of both historical interpretation and historiography, and helps students to develop key study and transferable skills.

HIS-4009B

20

INTRODUCTION TO EARLY MODERN STUDIES

This module introduces key themes in early modern history: witchcraft, gender, rebellion, religious conflict, the reformation, warfare, state formation and other key aspects of the period 1500-1750.

HIS-4002A

20

INTRODUCTION TO MEDIEVAL HISTORY

This module is designed to provide an introduction to medieval history both for first year historians and students from other schools. It surveys the history of medieval Europe, including England, from c.1000 to c1300, and also examines some archaeology, literature, art, and architecture from the period. The module also aims to introduce students to a range of primary sources, including some of the physical remains to be found in East Anglia.

HIS-4001A

20

INTRODUCTION TO MODERN HISTORY

This module provides a wide-ranging introduction to the political, social and economic transformation of Britain and Europe from the late eighteenth century to the First World War. Among the themes it considers are industrialisation and its impact; revolution and reform; nationalism and imperialism; gender and society; great power relations; the impact of war and the collapse of the old Europe in 1917-18.

HIS-4003A

20

THE AGE OF EXTREMES: EUROPE 1918 - 2001

This module conveys the rich complexity of twentieth-century Europe, encouraging students to look afresh at the period. In hindsight, the epithet 'age of extremes' best describes the contradictory characteristics of a century during which total war and genocide were accompanied by growing humanitarianism, state health care and the advance of human rights. Naturally, developments during the first decades of the twenty-first century have forced historians to reconsider and revise once-accepted narratives about European modernization. Just as the trend toward increasing integration, harmonization and homogenization seems questionable in light of the crisis of the European Union, Islamism and Islamophobia belie the idea that modernization resulted in secularization and tolerance. Similarly, the demonstrable power of international finance and supranational assemblies counters narratives of popular empowerment through the triumph of representative democracy. The lectures examine themes in their respective chronological contexts: the age of catastrophe; the age of the post-war 'economic miracle'; and the making of contemporary Europe. Rather than merely dwelling on aspects of the century that are widely studied in UK schools, the module will expose students to the history of Europe after 1945, Central and Eastern Europe, and developments in the US and colonies that shaped the continent. Instead of focusing narrowly on high politics, international relations and warfare, the module also aims to introduce students to new ways of looking at the century through the study of the history of eugenics and medical policy, population movements, land uses, urban planning and attitudes toward the past.

HIS-4006B

20

WITCHCRAFT, MAGIC AND BELIEF IN EARLY MODERN EUROPE

This module examines the history of early modern Europe through the history of witchcraft, witch-beliefs, and especially witchcraft prosecutions after 1500. Through learned demonology and folk traditions, we explore the development of the idea of the witch, and see how during the turbulent era of the Reformation this thinking translated into legal trials and, occasionally some savage witch-panics. We look in detail at subjects such as gender, fear and anxiety, state building, and scepticism, ranging across early modern Britain, continental Europe and colonial America.

HIS-4004B

20

Students must study the following modules for 120 credits:

Name Code Credits

HISTORY, CONTROVERSY AND DEBATE

The Module challenges students to reflect on the nature of history: what it means for historians; what it means for the wider public and contemporary society; and what it has meant in the past. Across the weeks this core module will explore the key approaches to the study of hiatory ad the conduct of Historical Research. It will consider how historians have written history in the past and how they engage with it in the present, the relevance and challenges of courses and evidence, how historians present their interpretations, and the ways in which they debate amongst themselves. Students will come away with an understanding that history is rarely about the 'right answer', but rather a series of ways of understanding and interpretating the past.The module will particularly focus on historial debate and how one student can effectively analyse and interpret it. In that regard the module is a mixture of both historical interpretation and historiography, and helps students to develop key study and transferable skills.

HIS-4009B

20

INTRODUCTION TO EARLY MODERN STUDIES

This module introduces key themes in early modern history: witchcraft, gender, rebellion, religious conflict, the reformation, warfare, state formation and other key aspects of the period 1500-1750.

HIS-4002A

20

INTRODUCTION TO MEDIEVAL HISTORY

This module is designed to provide an introduction to medieval history both for first year historians and students from other schools. It surveys the history of medieval Europe, including England, from c.1000 to c1300, and also examines some archaeology, literature, art, and architecture from the period. The module also aims to introduce students to a range of primary sources, including some of the physical remains to be found in East Anglia.

HIS-4001A

20

INTRODUCTION TO MODERN HISTORY

This module provides a wide-ranging introduction to the political, social and economic transformation of Britain and Europe from the late eighteenth century to the First World War. Among the themes it considers are industrialisation and its impact; revolution and reform; nationalism and imperialism; gender and society; great power relations; the impact of war and the collapse of the old Europe in 1917-18.

HIS-4003A

20

THE AGE OF EXTREMES: EUROPE 1918 - 2001

This module conveys the rich complexity of twentieth-century Europe, encouraging students to look afresh at the period. In hindsight, the epithet 'age of extremes' best describes the contradictory characteristics of a century during which total war and genocide were accompanied by growing humanitarianism, state health care and the advance of human rights. Naturally, developments during the first decades of the twenty-first century have forced historians to reconsider and revise once-accepted narratives about European modernization. Just as the trend toward increasing integration, harmonization and homogenization seems questionable in light of the crisis of the European Union, Islamism and Islamophobia belie the idea that modernization resulted in secularization and tolerance. Similarly, the demonstrable power of international finance and supranational assemblies counters narratives of popular empowerment through the triumph of representative democracy. The lectures examine themes in their respective chronological contexts: the age of catastrophe; the age of the post-war 'economic miracle'; and the making of contemporary Europe. Rather than merely dwelling on aspects of the century that are widely studied in UK schools, the module will expose students to the history of Europe after 1945, Central and Eastern Europe, and developments in the US and colonies that shaped the continent. Instead of focusing narrowly on high politics, international relations and warfare, the module also aims to introduce students to new ways of looking at the century through the study of the history of eugenics and medical policy, population movements, land uses, urban planning and attitudes toward the past.

HIS-4006B

20

WITCHCRAFT, MAGIC AND BELIEF IN EARLY MODERN EUROPE

This module examines the history of early modern Europe through the history of witchcraft, witch-beliefs, and especially witchcraft prosecutions after 1500. Through learned demonology and folk traditions, we explore the development of the idea of the witch, and see how during the turbulent era of the Reformation this thinking translated into legal trials and, occasionally some savage witch-panics. We look in detail at subjects such as gender, fear and anxiety, state building, and scepticism, ranging across early modern Britain, continental Europe and colonial America.

HIS-4004B

20

Students will select 0 - 40 credits from the following modules:

Name Code Credits

AMERICA IN THE WORLD: THE HISTORY OF U.S. FOREIGN RELATIONS

This module offers a critical introduction to understanding America's role in the world. It provides historical and political analyses of U.S. foreign relations, looking at the themes and traditions that have shaped America's increasing influence in global affairs during the twentieth century up to the present day. From the war of 1898 to the conflicts of the early twenty-first century, it examines how and why the U.S. relationship to the world has changed. Has the United States helped or harmed the rest of the world during its rise to world power? In discussing foreign relations, the course analyses political and diplomatic elites, but also, the role of foreign actors and private organisations, from religious groups to citizen organisations to NGOs, in defining America in the world. It also engages with important contemporary trends in the historiography of U.S. foreign policy - regarding race, gender, modernization, and the 'cultural turn' - and connects these to emerging trends in the fields of American Studies and international relations.

HIS-5069B

20

ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND, C. 500-1066

This module surveys the history of the English from their arrival in Britain in the fifth century until the end of the eleventh century and the conquest of England by the Normans. We shall cover topics such as the conversion of the English in the seventh century; the domination of England by Mercia in the eighth century; the Viking invasions and the reign of Alfred the Great; the emergence of Wessex as the dominant force in Britain in the tenth century; the conquest of England by the Danes in the eleventh century; and the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.

HIS-5005A

20

BETWEEN EAST AND WEST: INTERNATIONAL HISTORY SINCE 1890

The beginning of the twentieth century witnessed a period of immense instability and change with the emergence of the United States as an international actor in the West and the Japanese break from the Chinese sphere of influence in the East. This was underpinned by technological developments, the expansion of global empires, extreme economic dislocation and two global wars. This module will examine the conduct and content of the foreign policies of the major powers from the 1890s, with the Sino-Japanese War and the Spanish-American War, to the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. The module will assess the interplay of the political, military, economic, strategic and cultural forces that shaped the beginning of the twentieth century and which continue to resonate in the contemporary world.

HIS-5065A

20

Conspiracy and Crisis in the Early Modern World

Assassination. Foreign invasion. Revolt and rebellion. Political and religious plots loomed large and posed a constant threat in Early Modern England. Conspiracy was not simply an imagined threat nor did it exist in theory; it was a social and political reality that elicited fear, shaped policies and gave rise to self-fulfilling prophecies. Did the greatest threat of subversion come from popular uprisings, foreign invasion or from the heart of the British government? From Mary, Queen of Scots and the Gunpowder Plot to the hidden agenda of Charles I, this module will survey a series of popular, elite and royalist conspiracies. Moving behind official narratives, it will draw on a host of resources to investigate alternative explanations for crisis over power, authority and legitimacy during this period. Each conspiracy will provide and point of entry into broader changes in early modern society as the crown and commons reimagined and realigned political, religious and social boundaries.

HIS-5027B

20

Early Medieval Europe: Warriors, Saints, and Rulers

This course explores the experiences and fortunes of the peoples of the western peninsula of Eurasia between the rule of the Emperor Constantine I in the 330s and the call to crusade in the 1090s. At the beginning of the period the lands centred on the Mediterranean and much of its hinterland were situated within the Roman empire. Yet, within three hundred years, this empire had disintegrated and been replaced by a number of successor states, ruled by competing dynasties. These states included Visigothic Hispania, Vandal Africa, and Merovingian Francia. Another#in fact, the longest lived of all the successor states#was the eastern empire centred on Constantinople, long known to historians as 'the Byzantine empire'. By the close of the seventh century, many of these states had themselves been conquered by Arabic and African warriors committed to the new religion of Islam and been incorporated in the Caliphate centred on the city of Damascus#an empire which easily rivalled the might, spread, and power of Rome before its own collapse and fission in circa 1000. What Islamic rulers could do, so too could Christian ones. In 800 the son of a Frankish usurper, Charlemagne, was crowned emperor of the West. The actions and ambitions of this emperor were as formative and as formidable in the history of ninth and tenth century Europe as those of Napoleon in the eighteenth and nineteenth. The heirs and successors of Charlemagne#whether Frankish, Ottonian, or Scandinavian#were long compelled to negotiate his legacy and memory. By the eleventh century even the Roman pontiffs, now advancing a new programme of reform and renewal, were looking to situate themselves in relation to his Salian successors. The summons to liberate Jerusalem and rescue the Greek empire in the east, carefully tailored to the aspirations of the new elites of Francia and Catalonia, was perhaps the most explosive strategy advanced by these Roman pontiffs. This course is thus broad in chronological scope, covering more than eight hundred years, and extensive in geographical range, taking us from the Atlantic to the Euphrates, from the Atlas mountains to the North Sea. In the course of this journey we will meet many warriors, saints, and rulers, both female and male.

HIS-5042A

20

FRANCE FROM THE ENLIGHTENMENT TO THE BELLE EPOQUE

This module will introduce you to an eventful period of history during which France exercised a preponderant role over European affairs and culture. The module will provide you with the essential background knowledge of political events, revolutions and wars but it will also encourage you to explore deeper social and cultural trends. In the first weeks we will reconsider 'Old regime' France, drawing attention to its dynamism and cultural richness before turning to the crises that discredited Bourbon absolutism. In subsequent weeks we will focus on the Revolutionary-Napoleonic epoch: our endeavour here will be to explain why the Revolution was revolutionary in theory, violent in practice and dictatorial in consequence. We will then reflect on the Restoration. Using extracts from Hugo's Les Miserables as our starting point, we will look at how rapid industrialization generated social tensions that successive ministries tried to diffuse through repression and reform. Next, we will look at the France of the Second Republic and Second Empire; our focus here will be Napoleon III's modernization initiatives and dramatic remodelling of Paris. Finally, we will approach the history of the Third Republic between 1870 and 1914 from three angles: its success in making the populace feel French; science, art and culture; and its nationalistic foreign-policy, which contributed toward undermining the general European peace. The seminars for this module will provide us with an opportunity to analyse and discuss in depth an eclectic range of primary sources, including textual documents (in English translation) ranging from constitutions to period fictional writings, maps, advertisements, artwork, extant material and architectural evidence, and music.

HIS-5059A

20

FROM AGINCOURT TO BOSWORTH: ENGLAND IN THE WARS OF THE ROSES

Through a close examination of the lives and reigns of four very different monarchs this unit investigates the workings of kingship and high politics in one of the most turbulent periods of English History (1415-1485). New interpretations of the Wars of the Roses, as well as original source material, will be studied.

HIS-5009B

20

FROM HASTINGS TO THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR: NORMAN AND PLANTAGENET ENGLAND 1066-1307

This module examines a critical period in English History. It begins with the Conquest of England by the Normans and looks at the ways in which as a consequence England was drawn into European affairs. Its mid point is the loss of those continental lands in 1204 and the Magna Carta crisis of 1215. The unit then explores the domination of Britain by the English kingdom and ends with the start of England's next great European adventure, The Hundred Years' War.

HIS-5007B

20

FROM STALIN TO PUTIN: THE LONG SHADOW OF THE WAR

World War II and the immense sacrifices the Soviet people made in defeating Nazism left multiple long-lasting legacies that shaped the multi-ethnic Soviet and post-Soviet Russian state, society and economy. This module aims to give students a better understanding of the state of contemporary Russian politics, society and economy through detailed historical enquiry of Russia's path since 1945. The module is divided into two main parts: week 2-8 will examine key periods of post-war Russian history in chronological order, while week 9-13 will look more closely at key contemporary in their historical perspective. These will include the question what it meant to be Soviet and its legacy; geopolitical imperatives, which only recently led Putin to invade Crimea; identity politics and historical commemoration; the transition of the economy from a planned economy to a market economy; and the complex mutations and adaptations of power structures in Russia that gave birth to Putin's 'managed democracy'.

HIS-5065B

20

HERITAGE AND PUBLIC HISTORY

This module explores the theory and practice of public history and the meaning and importance of heritage. It looks at the ways in which history is presented in the public sphere, in museums and galleries, at heritage sites and historic buildings, in the media and online. The module considers questions such as, how is the past used? How do we balance academic approaches with the need to engage an audience? What are the links between heritage and national identity? How can authenticity be achieved? Who 'owns' historic sites? The module will include visits to a variety of heritage sites.

HIS-5026A

20

HISTORY OF MODERN ITALY

Since the unification of the states of the Italian peninsula, the history of modern Italy has been the subject of intense historical debate. Modern Italy has often been cast as a 'weak' state and 'fragile' nation, riven by particularism and by competing secular and religious ideologies, 'economically backward', less successful than its national neighbours, and 'the least of the Great Powers'. More recent historiography has sought to challenge or modify these perceptions in a number of ways, and this course examines modern Italian history from unification to present day, in the light of these ongoing historiographical debates. a) Italian nationalism, the process of Italian unification and the attempts to create national unity after 1870; b) the relationship between socio-economic change and political development in Liberal Italy; c) the impact of the First World War on Italian society and politics; e) the nature of the Fascist regime and its impact on Italian society; f) the radicalisation of the regime, its racial policies and the quest for Empire; g) Italy's role in World War II, the reasons for the collapse of the Fascist regime, and the emergence of civil war. h) Italian history since 1945.

HIS-5068A

20

HISTORY OF NORWICH

This module will focus on the development of towns and cities in England from the Norman Conquest until the present day. We will use Norwich as our main case study, but will also draw on other comparative examples around England, such as London, York, Exeter or Leeds, to place Norwich within its wider context. This module will combine social, political and economic history with a detailed consideration of the built environment of the city; key buildings, open spaces and street patterns. There will be regular field trips into Norwich to explore historic buildings, collections and landscapes.

HIS-5068B

20

HUMAN RIGHTS: THE HISTORY OF AN IDEA

Reading key historical, philosophical, political, legal and literary texts, this module track will track the emergence of human rights as a cultural idea from their conception in the eighteenth century, through the development of political rights and humanitarianism in the nineteenth century, through to the Nuremberg trials and the United Nations of Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), into the post World War Two period and up to the present day.We will trace how the idea of human rights developed at key junctures, and untangle their relationship to political and historical change.

HIS-5070B

20

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN AND SOVIET HISTORY, 1861-1945

This module examines some of the main themes in Russian history between the Emancipation of the Serfs and the outbreak of the Second World War. We will look at the nature of industrialisation and the peasant economy, the autocracy and its fall in 1917, the revolutionary movement and the nationalities question. We will then examine how the Revolution of 1917 changed the state and the ways in which the Communists attempted to change society before 1929. We conclude by examining the country during the era of the five year plans and the impact of the Stalinist system on the Soviet Union before the outbreak of world war.

HIS-5019A

20

JAPAN IN MODERN TIMES

In just a few decades Japan emerged from its feudal and isolationist condition and became a thriving capitalist nation-state with imperialist ambitions on the world's stage. From the mid-nineteenth century onwards, the country re-invented itself, combining the strength of its traditions with Western models of government, economic management, social structure and culture. Samurai gave way to elite bureaucrats; a skilled industrial workforce gradually displaced the peasantry; education expanded with remarkable speed; new infrastructure transformed the physical landscape. New patterns of daily life, social tensions and cultural aspirations accompanied these changes. The aggressive expansionist policy and authoritarianism of the 1930s precipitated the country into a war with devastating consequences, only for Japan to resurrect itself as a global industrial power and stable democracy in the post-war era. This module examines this process of transformation from circa 1850, when Western powers pressured Japan into opening to international trade, to the oil shock of the 1970s that brought an end to Japan's high growth phase. Students will pay attention to the intellectual and cultural trends that informed Japan's development. They will investigate concepts such as revolution, national identity, civilizational discourse, late imperialism, and historical memory. They will also explore social and economic change as reflected in lived experience, for example in farms and villages at the turn of the century; on the home front during the Russo-Japanese War; in bustling cities during the Taisho era; in colonial outposts before and during the Pacific War; and in occupied Japan afterwards.

HIS-5066A

20

LATER MEDIEVAL EUROPE

This module examines the political, cultural and social history of later medieval Europe (circa 1100-1400). It has a particular focus on the Empire and Italy, but we will also look at France and Constantinople. We will encounter some of the chief characters of the period, such as Emperors Frederick Barbarossa and Frederick II, 'the Wonder of the World', and Pope Innocent III. Students will be introduced to some of the most important events and concepts to shake medieval Europe, such as the intellectual Renaissance of the twelfth century, the Crusades, the rise of Heresy and the Inquisition, the Empire's long struggle in Italy, and the Papal Schism.

HIS-5006B

20

LATIN FOR HISTORIANS

This module provides an introduction to the linguistic skills in medieval Latin which enable students to read administrative documents such as charters, accounts, court rolls, etc. It is particularly suited for those who intend proceeding to postgraduate study in aspects of the past, such as medieval history, which require a reading knowledge of Latin. This course is not intended for students who have already studied Latin to A level or equivalent.

HIS-5004B

20

MODERN GERMANY, 1914-1990

This module introduces students to German history in the twentieth century which was characterised by various radical regime changes and territorial alterations. Topics include German world policy and nationalism in the late imperial period; imperialism and expansionism during the First World War; the challenges of modernity in the Weimar Republic; the rise of Hitler and the formation of the Nazi empire in Europe; the post-war division of Germany and the legacy of the Third Reich; the nature of the GDR dictatorship and the problem of West German terrorism; as well as the fall of the Berlin Wall and reunification. Special attention will be given to questions of nationalism and national identity, issues of history and memory, and Germany's role in Europe and the world. On completion of this unit, students will have developed a solid understanding of one of the most dramatic periods of German history when the country oscillated between the two extremes of war and repression, on the one hand, and the return to peace and democracy, on the other.

HIS-5018A

20

NAPOLEON TO STALIN: THE STRUGGLE FOR MASTERY IN EUROPE

This module deals with the rivalries of the Great Powers from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the onset of the Cold War. We shall be examining topics such as the Vienna system; the Crimean War; Italian and German unification, the origins of the First and Second World Wars and the start of the Cold War.

HIS-5017B

20

PROPAGANDA

This module introduces students to the history and theory of propaganda, and its role in society. We consider what constitutes and defines propaganda. Focusing on a number of case studies from the 20th century, we examine propaganda in a range of political settings, both totalitarian and democratic, in the local context of the relationships of power and communications. We consider how theories of propaganda emerged after the First World War, and how propaganda is shaped by governance structures, journalists and media institutions, and by technology.

HIS-5050B

20

PUBLISHING HISTORY 1

This module is the first of a pair aimed in particular at students considering a career in academic or trade publishing. It looks at the origins and development of the publishing industry from the invention of the printing press to the present day. It combines interdisciplinary study of the technological, economic and social history of publishing with practical sessions to develop the skills used in the contemporary publishing workplace. In addition to classroom sessions there will be practical training and visits to printing and publishing establishments. The historical component and the practical components are interspersed throughout the module.

HIS-5064B

20

REFORMATION TO REVOLUTION

This module examines three centuries of European history connecting two unprecedented revolutionary epochs: the Reformation of the sixteenth century and the American and French revolutions at the end of the early modern era. We will look at key themes and movements in these centuries, including the politics of the Reformation; the Mediterranean work of the Ottomans and Habsburg Spain; the Dutch Golden Age; the great political and religious struggles of the seventeenth century, including wars in the British Isles, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Baltic; the Russia of the Romanov czars and Peter the Great; the growth of centralised states and absolutism in France, Prussia and Austria; the Enlightenment; the rise of the Atlantic economies; and the challenge to the Old Regime from revolutionary politics.

HIS-5025A

20

STUART ENGLAND

This module explores the dramatic century of Stuart rule in England. This 'century of revolution' included the union of the English and Scottish crowns, the dramatic upheaval of the civil wars, and the continued political instability that led to the birth of political parties and the Glorious Revolution. While exploring these political themes we will also consider the birth of modern news culture, crowd politics, civil society and coffee shops, the origins of empire, state formation, and the emergence of England as 'a nation of shop keepers' and Europe's great 'constitutional monarchy'.

HIS-5067B

20

THE BRITISH EMPIRE, 1857-1956

This module surveys the history of the British Empire from the mid-nineteenth century to the Suez Crisis, seeking to explain the Empire's growth and the early stages of its contraction. It examines the nature and impact of British colonial rule, at the political, economic and social/cultural levels, addressing the development of the 'settler' colonies/Dominions, the special significance of India and the implications of the 'New Imperialism'. Problems to be considered include theories of 'development' and 'collaboration', the growth of resistance and nationalism, and Britain's responses to these, and the impacts of the two World Wars and the Cold War on Britain's Imperial system.

HIS-5013B

20

THE COLD WAR: A NEW HISTORY

This module analyses the emergence, development and end of the Cold War. In doing so it explores the historical circumstances behind the conflict, relations between the United States of America, the Soviet Union, and other states, as well as the impact of nuclear weapons. The Cold War has been revisited by historians from various angles, and in a variety of ways, in recent years and this module is structured to enable engagement with these new histories. In this way, it takes account of developments that have traditionally been viewed as central to the history of the post-war era, while also drawing upon the expertise within the School of History to explore lesser known case studies and alternative spheres where the conflict was played out. This will include coverage of a range of states in Europe (Hungary, France, Spain) and beyond (Cuba, Grenada, Vietnam), as well as paying attention to broader themes such as the role of propaganda, sport and youth. At the same time it will consider overarching bodies in the form of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement and the emerging European project. The module concludes by asking why the Cold War ended so abruptly, what role civil resistance played in this, and why the process was peaceful in some cases and violent in others. Here, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia will be the focus of attention.

HIS-5024B

20

THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 1066 TO 1600

This module will examine the development of the English countryside from late Saxon times into the seventeenth century. Topics covered will include the archaeology and landscape setting of castles, monasteries, parish churches, vernacular buildings and deserted settlements, alongside an examination of 'semi-natural' landscapes including ancient woodland, wood-pastures, heathland and moorland. The module will allow you develop practical skills in the analysis of earthwork plans, building surveys and historic maps both in seminars and on field trips.

HIS-5003B

20

THE FIRST BRITISH EMPIRE

Between the sixteenth and the early nineteenth centuries, the English crossed the oceans and claimed territory on every continent other than Antarctica. This module surveys the creation and growth of British Empire, examining its origins and its impact on an array of peoples. In the context of studying how the empire spread and functioned, we will consider the varied experiences of Africans, Native Americans, Aboriginal Australians, Protestant refugees from the continent of Europe, the peoples of India, the Irish, and British settlers across the globe. The complex, intimate, and often violent interactions of these groups led to ideological battles pitting loyalism against republicanism, for example, and imperial "civilization" against an array of indigenous cultural revivals. At first glance these struggles may seem to place the British against the subject peoples of their empire, but on closer examination it becomes apparent that they fractured nearly every population within the imperial domains. The creative energy of the British Empire stemmed in large part from collaborations between British groups and individuals and segments of their purported imperial subjects in building, reforming, or in some cases seeking to destroy the structures of imperialism

HIS-5045A

20

THE ORIGINS OF THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 4000BC TO 1066AD

This module will examine the development of the English landscape from early prehistoric times to the late Saxon period. We will examine the field archaeology of the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages, discuss the landscapes of Roman Britain, and assess the nature of the Roman/Saxon transition. We will then investigate the development of territorial organisation, field systems and settlement patterns during the Saxon and early medieval periods. The module provides an introduction to the theory and methods of landscape archaeology, as well as giving a broad overview of the development of society, economy and landscape in the period up to c.1100.

HIS-5002A

20

THE RISE AND FALL OF BRITISH POWER

This module examines Britain's expansion and decline as a great power, from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the 1950s. It considers the foundations of British power, the emergence of rivals, Britain's relationship with the European powers and the USA, and the impact of two World Wars and Cold War. It investigates the reasons for Britain's changing fortunes, as it moved from guarding the balance of power to losing its empire.

HIS-5011A

20

TUDOR ENGLAND

The Tudors are England's most famous royal dynasty. This module seeks to move beyond the traditional stories of Henry's turbulent marriages and Elizabeth's stunning victory over the Spanish Armada. The module aims to give students a better understanding of the change and turmoil the Tudor century caused, not just to the monarchs themselves but to the lives of their subjects, the everyday people of England. Beyond establishing a strong chronological knowledge of the sixteenth century and its religious upheavals, the module will consider issues of gender; the changing construction of the social order; the importance and developing role of local elites; problems caused by poverty and dearth; and the position of England within Britain itself and within Europe.

HIS-5067A

20

TWENTIETH-CENTURY BRITAIN, 1914 TO THE PRESENT

This module examines the themes of conflict and consensus in Britain from the Great War to the present day, both through the study of political life and also by assessing the impact of economic, social and cultural change. There are opportunities to re-evaluate issues such as the impact of war on society, "landmark" General Elections such as those of 1945 and 1979, the nature and durability of consensus politics in the 1950s, or Britain's role in the contemporary world.

HIS-5057B

20

WOMEN, POWER AND POLITICS II, THE DUCHESS OF DEVONSHIRE TO NANCY ASTOR

This module explores female involvement in politics, from the Duchess of Devonshire's infamous activities in the 1784 Westminster election until 1919, when Nancy Astor became the first woman to take her seat in the House of Commons. It will examine topics including the early feminists, aristocratic female politicians, radical politics and the suffragettes. It will investigate the changes and continuities with female engagement with the political process from the eighteenth century through to the twentieth century.

HIS-5063B

20

WOMEN, POWER, AND POLITICS (I): ISABEL OF CASTILE TO MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT

This module examines the issue of gender in European history, between 1500 and 1750. Using a variety of written and visual sources, and including a comparative element, it focuses on the following themes: definitions of femininity and masculinity; life-cycles; family, kinship, and marriage; social exclusion, charity and the welfare state; law, crime, and order; witchcraft and magic; honour, sex, and sexual identities; work; learning and the arts; material culture; the impact of European expansions.

HIS-5064A

20

Students will select 40 - 80 credits from the following modules:

Students should take a minimum of 40 credits and a maximum of 80 credits during the year. A minimum of 20 credits must be taken in each semester. You must have taken 240 credits by the end of Year 2.

Name Code Credits

AMERICA IN THE WORLD: THE HISTORY OF U.S. FOREIGN RELATIONS

This module offers a critical introduction to understanding America's role in the world. It provides historical and political analyses of U.S. foreign relations, looking at the themes and traditions that have shaped America's increasing influence in global affairs during the twentieth century up to the present day. From the war of 1898 to the conflicts of the early twenty-first century, it examines how and why the U.S. relationship to the world has changed. Has the United States helped or harmed the rest of the world during its rise to world power? In discussing foreign relations, the course analyses political and diplomatic elites, but also, the role of foreign actors and private organisations, from religious groups to citizen organisations to NGOs, in defining America in the world. It also engages with important contemporary trends in the historiography of U.S. foreign policy - regarding race, gender, modernization, and the 'cultural turn' - and connects these to emerging trends in the fields of American Studies and international relations.

HIS-5069B

20

ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND, C. 500-1066

This module surveys the history of the English from their arrival in Britain in the fifth century until the end of the eleventh century and the conquest of England by the Normans. We shall cover topics such as the conversion of the English in the seventh century; the domination of England by Mercia in the eighth century; the Viking invasions and the reign of Alfred the Great; the emergence of Wessex as the dominant force in Britain in the tenth century; the conquest of England by the Danes in the eleventh century; and the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.

HIS-5005A

20

BETWEEN EAST AND WEST: INTERNATIONAL HISTORY SINCE 1890

The beginning of the twentieth century witnessed a period of immense instability and change with the emergence of the United States as an international actor in the West and the Japanese break from the Chinese sphere of influence in the East. This was underpinned by technological developments, the expansion of global empires, extreme economic dislocation and two global wars. This module will examine the conduct and content of the foreign policies of the major powers from the 1890s, with the Sino-Japanese War and the Spanish-American War, to the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. The module will assess the interplay of the political, military, economic, strategic and cultural forces that shaped the beginning of the twentieth century and which continue to resonate in the contemporary world.

HIS-5065A

20

Conspiracy and Crisis in the Early Modern World

Assassination. Foreign invasion. Revolt and rebellion. Political and religious plots loomed large and posed a constant threat in Early Modern England. Conspiracy was not simply an imagined threat nor did it exist in theory; it was a social and political reality that elicited fear, shaped policies and gave rise to self-fulfilling prophecies. Did the greatest threat of subversion come from popular uprisings, foreign invasion or from the heart of the British government? From Mary, Queen of Scots and the Gunpowder Plot to the hidden agenda of Charles I, this module will survey a series of popular, elite and royalist conspiracies. Moving behind official narratives, it will draw on a host of resources to investigate alternative explanations for crisis over power, authority and legitimacy during this period. Each conspiracy will provide and point of entry into broader changes in early modern society as the crown and commons reimagined and realigned political, religious and social boundaries.

HIS-5027B

20

Early Medieval Europe: Warriors, Saints, and Rulers

This course explores the experiences and fortunes of the peoples of the western peninsula of Eurasia between the rule of the Emperor Constantine I in the 330s and the call to crusade in the 1090s. At the beginning of the period the lands centred on the Mediterranean and much of its hinterland were situated within the Roman empire. Yet, within three hundred years, this empire had disintegrated and been replaced by a number of successor states, ruled by competing dynasties. These states included Visigothic Hispania, Vandal Africa, and Merovingian Francia. Another#in fact, the longest lived of all the successor states#was the eastern empire centred on Constantinople, long known to historians as 'the Byzantine empire'. By the close of the seventh century, many of these states had themselves been conquered by Arabic and African warriors committed to the new religion of Islam and been incorporated in the Caliphate centred on the city of Damascus#an empire which easily rivalled the might, spread, and power of Rome before its own collapse and fission in circa 1000. What Islamic rulers could do, so too could Christian ones. In 800 the son of a Frankish usurper, Charlemagne, was crowned emperor of the West. The actions and ambitions of this emperor were as formative and as formidable in the history of ninth and tenth century Europe as those of Napoleon in the eighteenth and nineteenth. The heirs and successors of Charlemagne#whether Frankish, Ottonian, or Scandinavian#were long compelled to negotiate his legacy and memory. By the eleventh century even the Roman pontiffs, now advancing a new programme of reform and renewal, were looking to situate themselves in relation to his Salian successors. The summons to liberate Jerusalem and rescue the Greek empire in the east, carefully tailored to the aspirations of the new elites of Francia and Catalonia, was perhaps the most explosive strategy advanced by these Roman pontiffs. This course is thus broad in chronological scope, covering more than eight hundred years, and extensive in geographical range, taking us from the Atlantic to the Euphrates, from the Atlas mountains to the North Sea. In the course of this journey we will meet many warriors, saints, and rulers, both female and male.

HIS-5042A

20

FRANCE FROM THE ENLIGHTENMENT TO THE BELLE EPOQUE

This module will introduce you to an eventful period of history during which France exercised a preponderant role over European affairs and culture. The module will provide you with the essential background knowledge of political events, revolutions and wars but it will also encourage you to explore deeper social and cultural trends. In the first weeks we will reconsider 'Old regime' France, drawing attention to its dynamism and cultural richness before turning to the crises that discredited Bourbon absolutism. In subsequent weeks we will focus on the Revolutionary-Napoleonic epoch: our endeavour here will be to explain why the Revolution was revolutionary in theory, violent in practice and dictatorial in consequence. We will then reflect on the Restoration. Using extracts from Hugo's Les Miserables as our starting point, we will look at how rapid industrialization generated social tensions that successive ministries tried to diffuse through repression and reform. Next, we will look at the France of the Second Republic and Second Empire; our focus here will be Napoleon III's modernization initiatives and dramatic remodelling of Paris. Finally, we will approach the history of the Third Republic between 1870 and 1914 from three angles: its success in making the populace feel French; science, art and culture; and its nationalistic foreign-policy, which contributed toward undermining the general European peace. The seminars for this module will provide us with an opportunity to analyse and discuss in depth an eclectic range of primary sources, including textual documents (in English translation) ranging from constitutions to period fictional writings, maps, advertisements, artwork, extant material and architectural evidence, and music.

HIS-5059A

20

FROM AGINCOURT TO BOSWORTH: ENGLAND IN THE WARS OF THE ROSES

Through a close examination of the lives and reigns of four very different monarchs this unit investigates the workings of kingship and high politics in one of the most turbulent periods of English History (1415-1485). New interpretations of the Wars of the Roses, as well as original source material, will be studied.

HIS-5009B

20

FROM HASTINGS TO THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR: NORMAN AND PLANTAGENET ENGLAND 1066-1307

This module examines a critical period in English History. It begins with the Conquest of England by the Normans and looks at the ways in which as a consequence England was drawn into European affairs. Its mid point is the loss of those continental lands in 1204 and the Magna Carta crisis of 1215. The unit then explores the domination of Britain by the English kingdom and ends with the start of England's next great European adventure, The Hundred Years' War.

HIS-5007B

20

FROM STALIN TO PUTIN: THE LONG SHADOW OF THE WAR

World War II and the immense sacrifices the Soviet people made in defeating Nazism left multiple long-lasting legacies that shaped the multi-ethnic Soviet and post-Soviet Russian state, society and economy. This module aims to give students a better understanding of the state of contemporary Russian politics, society and economy through detailed historical enquiry of Russia's path since 1945. The module is divided into two main parts: week 2-8 will examine key periods of post-war Russian history in chronological order, while week 9-13 will look more closely at key contemporary in their historical perspective. These will include the question what it meant to be Soviet and its legacy; geopolitical imperatives, which only recently led Putin to invade Crimea; identity politics and historical commemoration; the transition of the economy from a planned economy to a market economy; and the complex mutations and adaptations of power structures in Russia that gave birth to Putin's 'managed democracy'.

HIS-5065B

20

HERITAGE AND PUBLIC HISTORY

This module explores the theory and practice of public history and the meaning and importance of heritage. It looks at the ways in which history is presented in the public sphere, in museums and galleries, at heritage sites and historic buildings, in the media and online. The module considers questions such as, how is the past used? How do we balance academic approaches with the need to engage an audience? What are the links between heritage and national identity? How can authenticity be achieved? Who 'owns' historic sites? The module will include visits to a variety of heritage sites.

HIS-5026A

20

HISTORY OF MODERN ITALY

Since the unification of the states of the Italian peninsula, the history of modern Italy has been the subject of intense historical debate. Modern Italy has often been cast as a 'weak' state and 'fragile' nation, riven by particularism and by competing secular and religious ideologies, 'economically backward', less successful than its national neighbours, and 'the least of the Great Powers'. More recent historiography has sought to challenge or modify these perceptions in a number of ways, and this course examines modern Italian history from unification to present day, in the light of these ongoing historiographical debates. a) Italian nationalism, the process of Italian unification and the attempts to create national unity after 1870; b) the relationship between socio-economic change and political development in Liberal Italy; c) the impact of the First World War on Italian society and politics; e) the nature of the Fascist regime and its impact on Italian society; f) the radicalisation of the regime, its racial policies and the quest for Empire; g) Italy's role in World War II, the reasons for the collapse of the Fascist regime, and the emergence of civil war. h) Italian history since 1945.

HIS-5068A

20

HISTORY OF NORWICH

This module will focus on the development of towns and cities in England from the Norman Conquest until the present day. We will use Norwich as our main case study, but will also draw on other comparative examples around England, such as London, York, Exeter or Leeds, to place Norwich within its wider context. This module will combine social, political and economic history with a detailed consideration of the built environment of the city; key buildings, open spaces and street patterns. There will be regular field trips into Norwich to explore historic buildings, collections and landscapes.

HIS-5068B

20

HUMAN RIGHTS: THE HISTORY OF AN IDEA

Reading key historical, philosophical, political, legal and literary texts, this module track will track the emergence of human rights as a cultural idea from their conception in the eighteenth century, through the development of political rights and humanitarianism in the nineteenth century, through to the Nuremberg trials and the United Nations of Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), into the post World War Two period and up to the present day.We will trace how the idea of human rights developed at key junctures, and untangle their relationship to political and historical change.

HIS-5070B

20

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN AND SOVIET HISTORY, 1861-1945

This module examines some of the main themes in Russian history between the Emancipation of the Serfs and the outbreak of the Second World War. We will look at the nature of industrialisation and the peasant economy, the autocracy and its fall in 1917, the revolutionary movement and the nationalities question. We will then examine how the Revolution of 1917 changed the state and the ways in which the Communists attempted to change society before 1929. We conclude by examining the country during the era of the five year plans and the impact of the Stalinist system on the Soviet Union before the outbreak of world war.

HIS-5019A

20

JAPAN IN MODERN TIMES

In just a few decades Japan emerged from its feudal and isolationist condition and became a thriving capitalist nation-state with imperialist ambitions on the world's stage. From the mid-nineteenth century onwards, the country re-invented itself, combining the strength of its traditions with Western models of government, economic management, social structure and culture. Samurai gave way to elite bureaucrats; a skilled industrial workforce gradually displaced the peasantry; education expanded with remarkable speed; new infrastructure transformed the physical landscape. New patterns of daily life, social tensions and cultural aspirations accompanied these changes. The aggressive expansionist policy and authoritarianism of the 1930s precipitated the country into a war with devastating consequences, only for Japan to resurrect itself as a global industrial power and stable democracy in the post-war era. This module examines this process of transformation from circa 1850, when Western powers pressured Japan into opening to international trade, to the oil shock of the 1970s that brought an end to Japan's high growth phase. Students will pay attention to the intellectual and cultural trends that informed Japan's development. They will investigate concepts such as revolution, national identity, civilizational discourse, late imperialism, and historical memory. They will also explore social and economic change as reflected in lived experience, for example in farms and villages at the turn of the century; on the home front during the Russo-Japanese War; in bustling cities during the Taisho era; in colonial outposts before and during the Pacific War; and in occupied Japan afterwards.

HIS-5066A

20

LATER MEDIEVAL EUROPE

This module examines the political, cultural and social history of later medieval Europe (circa 1100-1400). It has a particular focus on the Empire and Italy, but we will also look at France and Constantinople. We will encounter some of the chief characters of the period, such as Emperors Frederick Barbarossa and Frederick II, 'the Wonder of the World', and Pope Innocent III. Students will be introduced to some of the most important events and concepts to shake medieval Europe, such as the intellectual Renaissance of the twelfth century, the Crusades, the rise of Heresy and the Inquisition, the Empire's long struggle in Italy, and the Papal Schism.

HIS-5006B

20

LATIN FOR HISTORIANS

This module provides an introduction to the linguistic skills in medieval Latin which enable students to read administrative documents such as charters, accounts, court rolls, etc. It is particularly suited for those who intend proceeding to postgraduate study in aspects of the past, such as medieval history, which require a reading knowledge of Latin. This course is not intended for students who have already studied Latin to A level or equivalent.

HIS-5004B

20

MODERN GERMANY, 1914-1990

This module introduces students to German history in the twentieth century which was characterised by various radical regime changes and territorial alterations. Topics include German world policy and nationalism in the late imperial period; imperialism and expansionism during the First World War; the challenges of modernity in the Weimar Republic; the rise of Hitler and the formation of the Nazi empire in Europe; the post-war division of Germany and the legacy of the Third Reich; the nature of the GDR dictatorship and the problem of West German terrorism; as well as the fall of the Berlin Wall and reunification. Special attention will be given to questions of nationalism and national identity, issues of history and memory, and Germany's role in Europe and the world. On completion of this unit, students will have developed a solid understanding of one of the most dramatic periods of German history when the country oscillated between the two extremes of war and repression, on the one hand, and the return to peace and democracy, on the other.

HIS-5018A

20

NAPOLEON TO STALIN: THE STRUGGLE FOR MASTERY IN EUROPE

This module deals with the rivalries of the Great Powers from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the onset of the Cold War. We shall be examining topics such as the Vienna system; the Crimean War; Italian and German unification, the origins of the First and Second World Wars and the start of the Cold War.

HIS-5017B

20

PROPAGANDA

This module introduces students to the history and theory of propaganda, and its role in society. We consider what constitutes and defines propaganda. Focusing on a number of case studies from the 20th century, we examine propaganda in a range of political settings, both totalitarian and democratic, in the local context of the relationships of power and communications. We consider how theories of propaganda emerged after the First World War, and how propaganda is shaped by governance structures, journalists and media institutions, and by technology.

HIS-5050B

20

PUBLISHING HISTORY 1

This module is the first of a pair aimed in particular at students considering a career in academic or trade publishing. It looks at the origins and development of the publishing industry from the invention of the printing press to the present day. It combines interdisciplinary study of the technological, economic and social history of publishing with practical sessions to develop the skills used in the contemporary publishing workplace. In addition to classroom sessions there will be practical training and visits to printing and publishing establishments. The historical component and the practical components are interspersed throughout the module.

HIS-5064B

20

REFORMATION TO REVOLUTION

This module examines three centuries of European history connecting two unprecedented revolutionary epochs: the Reformation of the sixteenth century and the American and French revolutions at the end of the early modern era. We will look at key themes and movements in these centuries, including the politics of the Reformation; the Mediterranean work of the Ottomans and Habsburg Spain; the Dutch Golden Age; the great political and religious struggles of the seventeenth century, including wars in the British Isles, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Baltic; the Russia of the Romanov czars and Peter the Great; the growth of centralised states and absolutism in France, Prussia and Austria; the Enlightenment; the rise of the Atlantic economies; and the challenge to the Old Regime from revolutionary politics.

HIS-5025A

20

SEMESTER STUDY ABROAD (AUTUMN SEMSTER)

X05 This module offers HIS students on the V100 programme the opportunity to spend the Autumn semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.

HIS-5071A

60

SEMESTER STUDY ABROAD (SPRING SEMSTER)

This module offers HIS students the opportunity to spend the Spring semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.

HIS-5030B

60

STUART ENGLAND

This module explores the dramatic century of Stuart rule in England. This 'century of revolution' included the union of the English and Scottish crowns, the dramatic upheaval of the civil wars, and the continued political instability that led to the birth of political parties and the Glorious Revolution. While exploring these political themes we will also consider the birth of modern news culture, crowd politics, civil society and coffee shops, the origins of empire, state formation, and the emergence of England as 'a nation of shop keepers' and Europe's great 'constitutional monarchy'.

HIS-5067B

20

THE BRITISH EMPIRE, 1857-1956

This module surveys the history of the British Empire from the mid-nineteenth century to the Suez Crisis, seeking to explain the Empire's growth and the early stages of its contraction. It examines the nature and impact of British colonial rule, at the political, economic and social/cultural levels, addressing the development of the 'settler' colonies/Dominions, the special significance of India and the implications of the 'New Imperialism'. Problems to be considered include theories of 'development' and 'collaboration', the growth of resistance and nationalism, and Britain's responses to these, and the impacts of the two World Wars and the Cold War on Britain's Imperial system.

HIS-5013B

20

THE COLD WAR: A NEW HISTORY

This module analyses the emergence, development and end of the Cold War. In doing so it explores the historical circumstances behind the conflict, relations between the United States of America, the Soviet Union, and other states, as well as the impact of nuclear weapons. The Cold War has been revisited by historians from various angles, and in a variety of ways, in recent years and this module is structured to enable engagement with these new histories. In this way, it takes account of developments that have traditionally been viewed as central to the history of the post-war era, while also drawing upon the expertise within the School of History to explore lesser known case studies and alternative spheres where the conflict was played out. This will include coverage of a range of states in Europe (Hungary, France, Spain) and beyond (Cuba, Grenada, Vietnam), as well as paying attention to broader themes such as the role of propaganda, sport and youth. At the same time it will consider overarching bodies in the form of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement and the emerging European project. The module concludes by asking why the Cold War ended so abruptly, what role civil resistance played in this, and why the process was peaceful in some cases and violent in others. Here, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia will be the focus of attention.

HIS-5024B

20

THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 1066 TO 1600

This module will examine the development of the English countryside from late Saxon times into the seventeenth century. Topics covered will include the archaeology and landscape setting of castles, monasteries, parish churches, vernacular buildings and deserted settlements, alongside an examination of 'semi-natural' landscapes including ancient woodland, wood-pastures, heathland and moorland. The module will allow you develop practical skills in the analysis of earthwork plans, building surveys and historic maps both in seminars and on field trips.

HIS-5003B

20

THE FIRST BRITISH EMPIRE

Between the sixteenth and the early nineteenth centuries, the English crossed the oceans and claimed territory on every continent other than Antarctica. This module surveys the creation and growth of British Empire, examining its origins and its impact on an array of peoples. In the context of studying how the empire spread and functioned, we will consider the varied experiences of Africans, Native Americans, Aboriginal Australians, Protestant refugees from the continent of Europe, the peoples of India, the Irish, and British settlers across the globe. The complex, intimate, and often violent interactions of these groups led to ideological battles pitting loyalism against republicanism, for example, and imperial "civilization" against an array of indigenous cultural revivals. At first glance these struggles may seem to place the British against the subject peoples of their empire, but on closer examination it becomes apparent that they fractured nearly every population within the imperial domains. The creative energy of the British Empire stemmed in large part from collaborations between British groups and individuals and segments of their purported imperial subjects in building, reforming, or in some cases seeking to destroy the structures of imperialism

HIS-5045A

20

THE ORIGINS OF THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 4000BC TO 1066AD

This module will examine the development of the English landscape from early prehistoric times to the late Saxon period. We will examine the field archaeology of the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages, discuss the landscapes of Roman Britain, and assess the nature of the Roman/Saxon transition. We will then investigate the development of territorial organisation, field systems and settlement patterns during the Saxon and early medieval periods. The module provides an introduction to the theory and methods of landscape archaeology, as well as giving a broad overview of the development of society, economy and landscape in the period up to c.1100.

HIS-5002A

20

THE RISE AND FALL OF BRITISH POWER

This module examines Britain's expansion and decline as a great power, from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the 1950s. It considers the foundations of British power, the emergence of rivals, Britain's relationship with the European powers and the USA, and the impact of two World Wars and Cold War. It investigates the reasons for Britain's changing fortunes, as it moved from guarding the balance of power to losing its empire.

HIS-5011A

20

TUDOR ENGLAND

The Tudors are England's most famous royal dynasty. This module seeks to move beyond the traditional stories of Henry's turbulent marriages and Elizabeth's stunning victory over the Spanish Armada. The module aims to give students a better understanding of the change and turmoil the Tudor century caused, not just to the monarchs themselves but to the lives of their subjects, the everyday people of England. Beyond establishing a strong chronological knowledge of the sixteenth century and its religious upheavals, the module will consider issues of gender; the changing construction of the social order; the importance and developing role of local elites; problems caused by poverty and dearth; and the position of England within Britain itself and within Europe.

HIS-5067A

20

TWENTIETH-CENTURY BRITAIN, 1914 TO THE PRESENT

This module examines the themes of conflict and consensus in Britain from the Great War to the present day, both through the study of political life and also by assessing the impact of economic, social and cultural change. There are opportunities to re-evaluate issues such as the impact of war on society, "landmark" General Elections such as those of 1945 and 1979, the nature and durability of consensus politics in the 1950s, or Britain's role in the contemporary world.

HIS-5057B

20

WOMEN, POWER AND POLITICS II, THE DUCHESS OF DEVONSHIRE TO NANCY ASTOR

This module explores female involvement in politics, from the Duchess of Devonshire's infamous activities in the 1784 Westminster election until 1919, when Nancy Astor became the first woman to take her seat in the House of Commons. It will examine topics including the early feminists, aristocratic female politicians, radical politics and the suffragettes. It will investigate the changes and continuities with female engagement with the political process from the eighteenth century through to the twentieth century.

HIS-5063B

20

WOMEN, POWER, AND POLITICS (I): ISABEL OF CASTILE TO MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT

This module examines the issue of gender in European history, between 1500 and 1750. Using a variety of written and visual sources, and including a comparative element, it focuses on the following themes: definitions of femininity and masculinity; life-cycles; family, kinship, and marriage; social exclusion, charity and the welfare state; law, crime, and order; witchcraft and magic; honour, sex, and sexual identities; work; learning and the arts; material culture; the impact of European expansions.

HIS-5064A

20

Students will select 40 - 80 credits from the following modules:

Students should take a minimum of 40 credits and a maximum of 80 credits during the year. A minimum of 20 credits must be taken in each semester. You must have taken 240 credits by the end of Year 2.

Name Code Credits

AMERICA IN THE WORLD: THE HISTORY OF U.S. FOREIGN RELATIONS

This module offers a critical introduction to understanding America's role in the world. It provides historical and political analyses of U.S. foreign relations, looking at the themes and traditions that have shaped America's increasing influence in global affairs during the twentieth century up to the present day. From the war of 1898 to the conflicts of the early twenty-first century, it examines how and why the U.S. relationship to the world has changed. Has the United States helped or harmed the rest of the world during its rise to world power? In discussing foreign relations, the course analyses political and diplomatic elites, but also, the role of foreign actors and private organisations, from religious groups to citizen organisations to NGOs, in defining America in the world. It also engages with important contemporary trends in the historiography of U.S. foreign policy - regarding race, gender, modernization, and the 'cultural turn' - and connects these to emerging trends in the fields of American Studies and international relations.

HIS-5069B

20

ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND, C. 500-1066

This module surveys the history of the English from their arrival in Britain in the fifth century until the end of the eleventh century and the conquest of England by the Normans. We shall cover topics such as the conversion of the English in the seventh century; the domination of England by Mercia in the eighth century; the Viking invasions and the reign of Alfred the Great; the emergence of Wessex as the dominant force in Britain in the tenth century; the conquest of England by the Danes in the eleventh century; and the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.

HIS-5005A

20

BETWEEN EAST AND WEST: INTERNATIONAL HISTORY SINCE 1890

The beginning of the twentieth century witnessed a period of immense instability and change with the emergence of the United States as an international actor in the West and the Japanese break from the Chinese sphere of influence in the East. This was underpinned by technological developments, the expansion of global empires, extreme economic dislocation and two global wars. This module will examine the conduct and content of the foreign policies of the major powers from the 1890s, with the Sino-Japanese War and the Spanish-American War, to the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. The module will assess the interplay of the political, military, economic, strategic and cultural forces that shaped the beginning of the twentieth century and which continue to resonate in the contemporary world.

HIS-5065A

20

Conspiracy and Crisis in the Early Modern World

Assassination. Foreign invasion. Revolt and rebellion. Political and religious plots loomed large and posed a constant threat in Early Modern England. Conspiracy was not simply an imagined threat nor did it exist in theory; it was a social and political reality that elicited fear, shaped policies and gave rise to self-fulfilling prophecies. Did the greatest threat of subversion come from popular uprisings, foreign invasion or from the heart of the British government? From Mary, Queen of Scots and the Gunpowder Plot to the hidden agenda of Charles I, this module will survey a series of popular, elite and royalist conspiracies. Moving behind official narratives, it will draw on a host of resources to investigate alternative explanations for crisis over power, authority and legitimacy during this period. Each conspiracy will provide and point of entry into broader changes in early modern society as the crown and commons reimagined and realigned political, religious and social boundaries.

HIS-5027B

20

Early Medieval Europe: Warriors, Saints, and Rulers

This course explores the experiences and fortunes of the peoples of the western peninsula of Eurasia between the rule of the Emperor Constantine I in the 330s and the call to crusade in the 1090s. At the beginning of the period the lands centred on the Mediterranean and much of its hinterland were situated within the Roman empire. Yet, within three hundred years, this empire had disintegrated and been replaced by a number of successor states, ruled by competing dynasties. These states included Visigothic Hispania, Vandal Africa, and Merovingian Francia. Another#in fact, the longest lived of all the successor states#was the eastern empire centred on Constantinople, long known to historians as 'the Byzantine empire'. By the close of the seventh century, many of these states had themselves been conquered by Arabic and African warriors committed to the new religion of Islam and been incorporated in the Caliphate centred on the city of Damascus#an empire which easily rivalled the might, spread, and power of Rome before its own collapse and fission in circa 1000. What Islamic rulers could do, so too could Christian ones. In 800 the son of a Frankish usurper, Charlemagne, was crowned emperor of the West. The actions and ambitions of this emperor were as formative and as formidable in the history of ninth and tenth century Europe as those of Napoleon in the eighteenth and nineteenth. The heirs and successors of Charlemagne#whether Frankish, Ottonian, or Scandinavian#were long compelled to negotiate his legacy and memory. By the eleventh century even the Roman pontiffs, now advancing a new programme of reform and renewal, were looking to situate themselves in relation to his Salian successors. The summons to liberate Jerusalem and rescue the Greek empire in the east, carefully tailored to the aspirations of the new elites of Francia and Catalonia, was perhaps the most explosive strategy advanced by these Roman pontiffs. This course is thus broad in chronological scope, covering more than eight hundred years, and extensive in geographical range, taking us from the Atlantic to the Euphrates, from the Atlas mountains to the North Sea. In the course of this journey we will meet many warriors, saints, and rulers, both female and male.

HIS-5042A

20

FRANCE FROM THE ENLIGHTENMENT TO THE BELLE EPOQUE

This module will introduce you to an eventful period of history during which France exercised a preponderant role over European affairs and culture. The module will provide you with the essential background knowledge of political events, revolutions and wars but it will also encourage you to explore deeper social and cultural trends. In the first weeks we will reconsider 'Old regime' France, drawing attention to its dynamism and cultural richness before turning to the crises that discredited Bourbon absolutism. In subsequent weeks we will focus on the Revolutionary-Napoleonic epoch: our endeavour here will be to explain why the Revolution was revolutionary in theory, violent in practice and dictatorial in consequence. We will then reflect on the Restoration. Using extracts from Hugo's Les Miserables as our starting point, we will look at how rapid industrialization generated social tensions that successive ministries tried to diffuse through repression and reform. Next, we will look at the France of the Second Republic and Second Empire; our focus here will be Napoleon III's modernization initiatives and dramatic remodelling of Paris. Finally, we will approach the history of the Third Republic between 1870 and 1914 from three angles: its success in making the populace feel French; science, art and culture; and its nationalistic foreign-policy, which contributed toward undermining the general European peace. The seminars for this module will provide us with an opportunity to analyse and discuss in depth an eclectic range of primary sources, including textual documents (in English translation) ranging from constitutions to period fictional writings, maps, advertisements, artwork, extant material and architectural evidence, and music.

HIS-5059A

20

FROM AGINCOURT TO BOSWORTH: ENGLAND IN THE WARS OF THE ROSES

Through a close examination of the lives and reigns of four very different monarchs this unit investigates the workings of kingship and high politics in one of the most turbulent periods of English History (1415-1485). New interpretations of the Wars of the Roses, as well as original source material, will be studied.

HIS-5009B

20

FROM HASTINGS TO THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR: NORMAN AND PLANTAGENET ENGLAND 1066-1307

This module examines a critical period in English History. It begins with the Conquest of England by the Normans and looks at the ways in which as a consequence England was drawn into European affairs. Its mid point is the loss of those continental lands in 1204 and the Magna Carta crisis of 1215. The unit then explores the domination of Britain by the English kingdom and ends with the start of England's next great European adventure, The Hundred Years' War.

HIS-5007B

20

FROM STALIN TO PUTIN: THE LONG SHADOW OF THE WAR

World War II and the immense sacrifices the Soviet people made in defeating Nazism left multiple long-lasting legacies that shaped the multi-ethnic Soviet and post-Soviet Russian state, society and economy. This module aims to give students a better understanding of the state of contemporary Russian politics, society and economy through detailed historical enquiry of Russia's path since 1945. The module is divided into two main parts: week 2-8 will examine key periods of post-war Russian history in chronological order, while week 9-13 will look more closely at key contemporary in their historical perspective. These will include the question what it meant to be Soviet and its legacy; geopolitical imperatives, which only recently led Putin to invade Crimea; identity politics and historical commemoration; the transition of the economy from a planned economy to a market economy; and the complex mutations and adaptations of power structures in Russia that gave birth to Putin's 'managed democracy'.

HIS-5065B

20

HERITAGE AND PUBLIC HISTORY

This module explores the theory and practice of public history and the meaning and importance of heritage. It looks at the ways in which history is presented in the public sphere, in museums and galleries, at heritage sites and historic buildings, in the media and online. The module considers questions such as, how is the past used? How do we balance academic approaches with the need to engage an audience? What are the links between heritage and national identity? How can authenticity be achieved? Who 'owns' historic sites? The module will include visits to a variety of heritage sites.

HIS-5026A

20

HISTORY OF MODERN ITALY

Since the unification of the states of the Italian peninsula, the history of modern Italy has been the subject of intense historical debate. Modern Italy has often been cast as a 'weak' state and 'fragile' nation, riven by particularism and by competing secular and religious ideologies, 'economically backward', less successful than its national neighbours, and 'the least of the Great Powers'. More recent historiography has sought to challenge or modify these perceptions in a number of ways, and this course examines modern Italian history from unification to present day, in the light of these ongoing historiographical debates. a) Italian nationalism, the process of Italian unification and the attempts to create national unity after 1870; b) the relationship between socio-economic change and political development in Liberal Italy; c) the impact of the First World War on Italian society and politics; e) the nature of the Fascist regime and its impact on Italian society; f) the radicalisation of the regime, its racial policies and the quest for Empire; g) Italy's role in World War II, the reasons for the collapse of the Fascist regime, and the emergence of civil war. h) Italian history since 1945.

HIS-5068A

20

HISTORY OF NORWICH

This module will focus on the development of towns and cities in England from the Norman Conquest until the present day. We will use Norwich as our main case study, but will also draw on other comparative examples around England, such as London, York, Exeter or Leeds, to place Norwich within its wider context. This module will combine social, political and economic history with a detailed consideration of the built environment of the city; key buildings, open spaces and street patterns. There will be regular field trips into Norwich to explore historic buildings, collections and landscapes.

HIS-5068B

20

HUMAN RIGHTS: THE HISTORY OF AN IDEA

Reading key historical, philosophical, political, legal and literary texts, this module track will track the emergence of human rights as a cultural idea from their conception in the eighteenth century, through the development of political rights and humanitarianism in the nineteenth century, through to the Nuremberg trials and the United Nations of Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), into the post World War Two period and up to the present day.We will trace how the idea of human rights developed at key junctures, and untangle their relationship to political and historical change.

HIS-5070B

20

IMPERIAL RUSSIAN AND SOVIET HISTORY, 1861-1945

This module examines some of the main themes in Russian history between the Emancipation of the Serfs and the outbreak of the Second World War. We will look at the nature of industrialisation and the peasant economy, the autocracy and its fall in 1917, the revolutionary movement and the nationalities question. We will then examine how the Revolution of 1917 changed the state and the ways in which the Communists attempted to change society before 1929. We conclude by examining the country during the era of the five year plans and the impact of the Stalinist system on the Soviet Union before the outbreak of world war.

HIS-5019A

20

JAPAN IN MODERN TIMES

In just a few decades Japan emerged from its feudal and isolationist condition and became a thriving capitalist nation-state with imperialist ambitions on the world's stage. From the mid-nineteenth century onwards, the country re-invented itself, combining the strength of its traditions with Western models of government, economic management, social structure and culture. Samurai gave way to elite bureaucrats; a skilled industrial workforce gradually displaced the peasantry; education expanded with remarkable speed; new infrastructure transformed the physical landscape. New patterns of daily life, social tensions and cultural aspirations accompanied these changes. The aggressive expansionist policy and authoritarianism of the 1930s precipitated the country into a war with devastating consequences, only for Japan to resurrect itself as a global industrial power and stable democracy in the post-war era. This module examines this process of transformation from circa 1850, when Western powers pressured Japan into opening to international trade, to the oil shock of the 1970s that brought an end to Japan's high growth phase. Students will pay attention to the intellectual and cultural trends that informed Japan's development. They will investigate concepts such as revolution, national identity, civilizational discourse, late imperialism, and historical memory. They will also explore social and economic change as reflected in lived experience, for example in farms and villages at the turn of the century; on the home front during the Russo-Japanese War; in bustling cities during the Taisho era; in colonial outposts before and during the Pacific War; and in occupied Japan afterwards.

HIS-5066A

20

LATER MEDIEVAL EUROPE

This module examines the political, cultural and social history of later medieval Europe (circa 1100-1400). It has a particular focus on the Empire and Italy, but we will also look at France and Constantinople. We will encounter some of the chief characters of the period, such as Emperors Frederick Barbarossa and Frederick II, 'the Wonder of the World', and Pope Innocent III. Students will be introduced to some of the most important events and concepts to shake medieval Europe, such as the intellectual Renaissance of the twelfth century, the Crusades, the rise of Heresy and the Inquisition, the Empire's long struggle in Italy, and the Papal Schism.

HIS-5006B

20

LATIN FOR HISTORIANS

This module provides an introduction to the linguistic skills in medieval Latin which enable students to read administrative documents such as charters, accounts, court rolls, etc. It is particularly suited for those who intend proceeding to postgraduate study in aspects of the past, such as medieval history, which require a reading knowledge of Latin. This course is not intended for students who have already studied Latin to A level or equivalent.

HIS-5004B

20

MODERN GERMANY, 1914-1990

This module introduces students to German history in the twentieth century which was characterised by various radical regime changes and territorial alterations. Topics include German world policy and nationalism in the late imperial period; imperialism and expansionism during the First World War; the challenges of modernity in the Weimar Republic; the rise of Hitler and the formation of the Nazi empire in Europe; the post-war division of Germany and the legacy of the Third Reich; the nature of the GDR dictatorship and the problem of West German terrorism; as well as the fall of the Berlin Wall and reunification. Special attention will be given to questions of nationalism and national identity, issues of history and memory, and Germany's role in Europe and the world. On completion of this unit, students will have developed a solid understanding of one of the most dramatic periods of German history when the country oscillated between the two extremes of war and repression, on the one hand, and the return to peace and democracy, on the other.

HIS-5018A

20

NAPOLEON TO STALIN: THE STRUGGLE FOR MASTERY IN EUROPE

This module deals with the rivalries of the Great Powers from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the onset of the Cold War. We shall be examining topics such as the Vienna system; the Crimean War; Italian and German unification, the origins of the First and Second World Wars and the start of the Cold War.

HIS-5017B

20

PROPAGANDA

This module introduces students to the history and theory of propaganda, and its role in society. We consider what constitutes and defines propaganda. Focusing on a number of case studies from the 20th century, we examine propaganda in a range of political settings, both totalitarian and democratic, in the local context of the relationships of power and communications. We consider how theories of propaganda emerged after the First World War, and how propaganda is shaped by governance structures, journalists and media institutions, and by technology.

HIS-5050B

20

PUBLISHING HISTORY 1

This module is the first of a pair aimed in particular at students considering a career in academic or trade publishing. It looks at the origins and development of the publishing industry from the invention of the printing press to the present day. It combines interdisciplinary study of the technological, economic and social history of publishing with practical sessions to develop the skills used in the contemporary publishing workplace. In addition to classroom sessions there will be practical training and visits to printing and publishing establishments. The historical component and the practical components are interspersed throughout the module.

HIS-5064B

20

REFORMATION TO REVOLUTION

This module examines three centuries of European history connecting two unprecedented revolutionary epochs: the Reformation of the sixteenth century and the American and French revolutions at the end of the early modern era. We will look at key themes and movements in these centuries, including the politics of the Reformation; the Mediterranean work of the Ottomans and Habsburg Spain; the Dutch Golden Age; the great political and religious struggles of the seventeenth century, including wars in the British Isles, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Baltic; the Russia of the Romanov czars and Peter the Great; the growth of centralised states and absolutism in France, Prussia and Austria; the Enlightenment; the rise of the Atlantic economies; and the challenge to the Old Regime from revolutionary politics.

HIS-5025A

20

SEMESTER STUDY ABROAD (AUTUMN SEMSTER)

X05 This module offers HIS students on the V100 programme the opportunity to spend the Autumn semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.

HIS-5071A

60

SEMESTER STUDY ABROAD (SPRING SEMSTER)

This module offers HIS students the opportunity to spend the Spring semester of their second year studying abroad, either in a European university, as part of the ERASMUS scheme, or in a selected North American or Australian university approved by the School's Director of Teaching.

HIS-5030B

60

STUART ENGLAND

This module explores the dramatic century of Stuart rule in England. This 'century of revolution' included the union of the English and Scottish crowns, the dramatic upheaval of the civil wars, and the continued political instability that led to the birth of political parties and the Glorious Revolution. While exploring these political themes we will also consider the birth of modern news culture, crowd politics, civil society and coffee shops, the origins of empire, state formation, and the emergence of England as 'a nation of shop keepers' and Europe's great 'constitutional monarchy'.

HIS-5067B

20

THE BRITISH EMPIRE, 1857-1956

This module surveys the history of the British Empire from the mid-nineteenth century to the Suez Crisis, seeking to explain the Empire's growth and the early stages of its contraction. It examines the nature and impact of British colonial rule, at the political, economic and social/cultural levels, addressing the development of the 'settler' colonies/Dominions, the special significance of India and the implications of the 'New Imperialism'. Problems to be considered include theories of 'development' and 'collaboration', the growth of resistance and nationalism, and Britain's responses to these, and the impacts of the two World Wars and the Cold War on Britain's Imperial system.

HIS-5013B

20

THE COLD WAR: A NEW HISTORY

This module analyses the emergence, development and end of the Cold War. In doing so it explores the historical circumstances behind the conflict, relations between the United States of America, the Soviet Union, and other states, as well as the impact of nuclear weapons. The Cold War has been revisited by historians from various angles, and in a variety of ways, in recent years and this module is structured to enable engagement with these new histories. In this way, it takes account of developments that have traditionally been viewed as central to the history of the post-war era, while also drawing upon the expertise within the School of History to explore lesser known case studies and alternative spheres where the conflict was played out. This will include coverage of a range of states in Europe (Hungary, France, Spain) and beyond (Cuba, Grenada, Vietnam), as well as paying attention to broader themes such as the role of propaganda, sport and youth. At the same time it will consider overarching bodies in the form of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement and the emerging European project. The module concludes by asking why the Cold War ended so abruptly, what role civil resistance played in this, and why the process was peaceful in some cases and violent in others. Here, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia will be the focus of attention.

HIS-5024B

20

THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 1066 TO 1600

This module will examine the development of the English countryside from late Saxon times into the seventeenth century. Topics covered will include the archaeology and landscape setting of castles, monasteries, parish churches, vernacular buildings and deserted settlements, alongside an examination of 'semi-natural' landscapes including ancient woodland, wood-pastures, heathland and moorland. The module will allow you develop practical skills in the analysis of earthwork plans, building surveys and historic maps both in seminars and on field trips.

HIS-5003B

20

THE FIRST BRITISH EMPIRE

Between the sixteenth and the early nineteenth centuries, the English crossed the oceans and claimed territory on every continent other than Antarctica. This module surveys the creation and growth of British Empire, examining its origins and its impact on an array of peoples. In the context of studying how the empire spread and functioned, we will consider the varied experiences of Africans, Native Americans, Aboriginal Australians, Protestant refugees from the continent of Europe, the peoples of India, the Irish, and British settlers across the globe. The complex, intimate, and often violent interactions of these groups led to ideological battles pitting loyalism against republicanism, for example, and imperial "civilization" against an array of indigenous cultural revivals. At first glance these struggles may seem to place the British against the subject peoples of their empire, but on closer examination it becomes apparent that they fractured nearly every population within the imperial domains. The creative energy of the British Empire stemmed in large part from collaborations between British groups and individuals and segments of their purported imperial subjects in building, reforming, or in some cases seeking to destroy the structures of imperialism

HIS-5045A

20

THE ORIGINS OF THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 4000BC TO 1066AD

This module will examine the development of the English landscape from early prehistoric times to the late Saxon period. We will examine the field archaeology of the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages, discuss the landscapes of Roman Britain, and assess the nature of the Roman/Saxon transition. We will then investigate the development of territorial organisation, field systems and settlement patterns during the Saxon and early medieval periods. The module provides an introduction to the theory and methods of landscape archaeology, as well as giving a broad overview of the development of society, economy and landscape in the period up to c.1100.

HIS-5002A

20

THE RISE AND FALL OF BRITISH POWER

This module examines Britain's expansion and decline as a great power, from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the 1950s. It considers the foundations of British power, the emergence of rivals, Britain's relationship with the European powers and the USA, and the impact of two World Wars and Cold War. It investigates the reasons for Britain's changing fortunes, as it moved from guarding the balance of power to losing its empire.

HIS-5011A

20

TUDOR ENGLAND

The Tudors are England's most famous royal dynasty. This module seeks to move beyond the traditional stories of Henry's turbulent marriages and Elizabeth's stunning victory over the Spanish Armada. The module aims to give students a better understanding of the change and turmoil the Tudor century caused, not just to the monarchs themselves but to the lives of their subjects, the everyday people of England. Beyond establishing a strong chronological knowledge of the sixteenth century and its religious upheavals, the module will consider issues of gender; the changing construction of the social order; the importance and developing role of local elites; problems caused by poverty and dearth; and the position of England within Britain itself and within Europe.

HIS-5067A

20

TWENTIETH-CENTURY BRITAIN, 1914 TO THE PRESENT

This module examines the themes of conflict and consensus in Britain from the Great War to the present day, both through the study of political life and also by assessing the impact of economic, social and cultural change. There are opportunities to re-evaluate issues such as the impact of war on society, "landmark" General Elections such as those of 1945 and 1979, the nature and durability of consensus politics in the 1950s, or Britain's role in the contemporary world.

HIS-5057B

20

WOMEN, POWER AND POLITICS II, THE DUCHESS OF DEVONSHIRE TO NANCY ASTOR

This module explores female involvement in politics, from the Duchess of Devonshire's infamous activities in the 1784 Westminster election until 1919, when Nancy Astor became the first woman to take her seat in the House of Commons. It will examine topics including the early feminists, aristocratic female politicians, radical politics and the suffragettes. It will investigate the changes and continuities with female engagement with the political process from the eighteenth century through to the twentieth century.

HIS-5063B

20

WOMEN, POWER, AND POLITICS (I): ISABEL OF CASTILE TO MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT

This module examines the issue of gender in European history, between 1500 and 1750. Using a variety of written and visual sources, and including a comparative element, it focuses on the following themes: definitions of femininity and masculinity; life-cycles; family, kinship, and marriage; social exclusion, charity and the welfare state; law, crime, and order; witchcraft and magic; honour, sex, and sexual identities; work; learning and the arts; material culture; the impact of European expansions.

HIS-5064A

20

Students will select 60 - 90 credits from the following modules:

Students should take a minimum of 60 credits and a maximum of 90 credits during the year. A minimum of 30 credits must be taken in each semester.

Name Code Credits

AFTERLIVES OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE: IMMIGRATION, INTERNATION DEVELOPMENT AND POLITICAL ACTIVISM, 1956-PRESENT

This module investigates the dramatic political, social and cultural consequences of the end of imperial power in postwar Britain. It introduces students to the history of British decolonization and the building of new international relationships and cultural identities during the years of imperial decline. It considers the new forms of international politics and humanitarian intervention that emerged in these years. And looks to the reworking of Britain's relationship to, for instance, South Africa, Rhodesia, Bangladesh and Jamaica during the years of decolonization. The module contains three thematic cores: (1) decolonization and new forms of British influence in the 'Third World' during the Cold War period (2) histories of migration and black activism and (3) the impact of the end of empire on British national identity. This module will introduce you to the key ways in which historians have tried to come to terms with Britain's 'postcolonial' history.

HIS-6085Y

60

AGE OF CHARLEMAGNE

This module examines the fortunes and reign of one of the most formidable rulers of the early medieval period and the first emperor in the West since 476: Charlemagne (768--814), king of the Franks. This module also explores the fortunes of his wives and courtesans, his children, his courtiers, his 'men of God', his counts and captains, and his many allies and enemies, including Byzantine emperors, Abbasid caliphs, Danish kings, and Avar khans.

HIS-6071Y

60

APPEASEMENT AND WAR: BRITAIN AND THE DICTATORS, 1935-1945

Timetable slots for this module apply as follows: C1*C2*C3 AUT only; A6*A7*A8 SPR only. The decade from 1935 to 1945 was one of the most tumultuous in global history. The expansionist powers of Germany, Italy and Japan were the focus of Britain's peacetime diplomacy and wartime strategy. In the years before 1939, those resurgent powers worked systematically to undermine and overturn the post-Great War peace settlement. The British National Government of Baldwin and Chamberlain struggled to deal with those threats against a backdrop of profound domestic difficulties. The policy of 'appeasement' adopted by those governments remains hugely controversial, and the subject of vigorous debate between historians. After 1939, Britain's decision to defend its guarantee to Poland plunged it into a global war, which eventually ended in victory as part of an international 'Grand Alliance', but under a very different wartime coalition led by Churchill. In the autumn semester, this module will explore the foreign policies adopted by the National Government, from Baldwin's victory in the 1935 election to the outbreak of war in September 1939. It will assess why and how these policies were adopted, the wider political and economic context within which policy was made, and the national and international consequences. In the spring semester, the module will consider Britain's wartime role in the context of grand strategy and international politics. In addition to considering topics such as Churchill's 'finest hour', we will spend some time examining the operation of the Grand Alliance and the series of wartime conferences between Britain and its allies. The decisions made in this period would have profound consequences for Britain thereafter. Throughout its course, the module will explore the rich historiography available to us, and examine its complexities. It will draw upon a wide range of primary documentation, which will provide the basis of debate and discussion.

HIS-6072Y

60

COMMUNISM AND NATIONALISM IN YUGOSLAVIA

This module will look at the creation of the Communist state of Yugoslavia after the Second World War. We shall examine the course of the war and the bitter fighting between fascists, nationalists and communists which resulted in the eventual victory of the partisans, led by Josip Broz Tito. After 1945, he and his followers built a state which survived until 1991. With the demise of Communism, Yugoslavia fragmented into new states. In some cases this transition was largely peaceful, but the wars for independence in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo gave rise to the bloodiest fighting in Europe for decades. We shall look at the role of individuals and ideas, including the careers of key figures, such as Slobodan Milosevic, and end by assessing the international community's response to the crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia at the Hague Tribunal.

HIS-6032Y

60

CONTESTING THE PAST: REPRESENTATION AND MEMORY

Historical representation and memory is constantly constructed and reconstructed. This module examines the role of documentaries and feature films in this process, exploring the close interplay and tensions between history, memory, the past and present. Feature films, in particular, have a powerful capacity to reconstruct historical narratives and understanding. Their visual vividness provides a magical simulation of the past. Indeed, in the case of medieval and early modern history, they provide a prime media through which popular understanding of these historical times is conveyed and shaped. Moreover, documentaries and feature films alike often contaminate collective memories of contemporaries and eyewitnesses of specific events, creating further challenges to historians in their pursuit to reconstruct the past. Students will examine what role films play in the process of national memory-work in popular culture and commemoration of historical events as well as how film as a medium can help but also hinder conveying historical understanding. They will also be able to discuss the work of documentary film makers and the practical challenges and responsibilities that come with it: interviewing eyewitnesses and the perils of oral history, organising and constructing a historical narrative, tensions between documentary as an art form and as a medium to transmit knowledge.

HIS-6077B

30

DISSERTATION IN HISTORY

This module offers students the opportunity to submit a dissertation of 9,000 words on a topic approved by the School. For students to be considered for this module they will have achieved an aggregate of 68% across their Level 5 AUT semester modules. No other changes will be made.

HIS-6022Y

30

DOING HISTORY DIGITALLY

This module provides a practical introduction to Digital History. It seeks to give students the intellectual research tools to critique digitised and born-digital sources and at the same time raise students' understanding of the new ways historians are interrogating these sources in order to develop new insights and interpretations of the past. The module is designed to emphasise the skills of criticism and increase knowledge of the major methodologies of digital history. Technical competence in the implementation of these methodologies is not a prerequisite to successful completion of the module. You do not have to be a digital expert, nor should you be a 'complete computing novice' to participate in this module. You will be required to do 'hands-on' work and should be comfortable with the basic use of computers (office apps, the internet, etc.), but most importantly you must be open and willing to engage at a basic and introductory level with computers and computing programs for historians. That said students will be expected to bring their historical skills to the practical work. The computer work is designed to gently challenge students of all levels. You will have the option of choosing activities that meet your comfort level. You will not be expected to complete all lab tasks; rather, a variety of options are offered so that students with different levels of experience can challenge themselves. The seminars will involve a short mini-lecture on the week's topic, followed by a group discussion, with the remaining time allocated to practical hands-on computing work that will provide a chance for you to learn the tools and technologies used by working digital historians. Structure (Seminar topics) 1. Introduction 2. Online Conversations in History 3. Evaluating the Infinite Archive 4. Searching and Browsing: Scarcity and Abundance 5. Introduction to Digital History Programming 6. Crowdsourcing and Citizen History 7. 'Do something different week' 8. Spatial Analysis 9. Cleaning Geographic Data 10. Modeling Objects and Spaces 11. Distant Reading Texts 12. Interrogating Web Archives for Contemporary History 13. Image Analysis 14. Historical Data Visualisation

HIS-6085B

30

FROM VICTORY TO DEFEAT: DEFENDING BRITAINS EMPIRE 1919-1942

The end of the First World War witnessed both the expansion of the British Empire to its largest extent, covering a quarter of the globe, and the destruction of its colonial rivals. However, the First World War also unleashed nationalist forces that would challenge the British imperial system. This resulted in outbreaks of riots and resistance against British rule in Ireland, India, Mesopotamia and Egypt. Weakened economically and socially by the gargantuan effort of winning the war how would Britain maintain her far-flung lines of empire? This module will examine how Britain attempted to secure her strategic interests both within an era of growing nationalist resistance from within the Empire and against external threats from a resurgent Japan, Germany and Italy. It will introduce students to the high-tide of war imperialism; inter-war imperial defence; the crisis of empire Britain faced in Ireland, India and the Middle East; the 'family-network' of the 'white' Dominions; colonial development in Africa and the Caribbean as well as what it meant to fight the Second World War on an imperial footing during the campaigns in the Mediterranean and North Africa, finishing with the strategic abyss that was the fall of Singapore in February 1942. By examining the pressures policy-makers faced from within the Empire and from outside we will seek to gain a deeper understanding of how the British Empire functioned during this pivotal period of the imperial project.

HIS-6082B

30

Fieldwork in Landscape History

The field course builds on the landscape archaeology units to provide forty hours of practical instruction in the field. The field course runs for one week in June, concentrating on the recording and analysis of archaeological earthworks, buildings and historic landscapes. Assessment will take the form of a short report and an extended project.

HIS-6017A

30

GLOBAL APPETITES: SUGAR and SPICE AND COFFEE and RICE

For all people, from kings to commoners, daily life in the early modern period revolved around the consumption of food. Preparing, presenting, and eating food was central to social lives and had cultural significance. Food played a major role in political developments at international, national and local levels, with concern focused on regulation, the avoidance of contamination, agricultural improvement, nutrition, and imperialist expansion. During the early modern period economic cycles were dependent on the weather, which affected local harvests. For centuries before the European discovery of America, cannibalism had served as a marker of evil. It figured prominently in mythic depictions of distant, dangerous peoples, and accusations of cannibalism accompanied widespread attacks against Jews. The early European adventurers who explored Africa and the Americas were often preoccupied by cannibalism, and their fears were cited to justify conquest, colonization, the displacement of indigenous peoples, and slavery. Many exotic new foodstuffs arrived in Europe during this time. Spices from the East such as cinnamon and nutmeg gave flavour to products which would become staples, such as rice and potatoes. New fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes and pineapples were often initially greeted with skepticism. The impact of sugar on western diets cannot be over-emphasized, expanding waistlines, rotting teeth (it was even used as a tooth cleaning agent) and being moulded into sweet sculptures to show-off at fancy banquets. This was edible conspicuous consumption. Sugar refineries were established across Europe, and sugar was sold in cones wrapped in blue paper. Initially a food of the rich, it was eventually considered a staple food. However, the poor did not merely emulate the rich in their consumption of these products. Like many other products, sugar has a dark history too, and its production relied on slavery and the manipulation of diets elsewhere. Coffee, tea and chocolate changed during the early modern period from medicinal substances, to luxuries, to habitual products. This module will allow students to consider the venues of consumption - the coffeehouses and the alehouses, as well as taverns, markets and inns. It will also consider the surviving material culture of food - oyster shells, cutlery, crockery and cookware. The history of food trade and middlemen will, inevitably, form part of this module. The European countries with the most extensive trading networks had the most varied diets. Initially, this was the southern part of Europe - the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, where ports were supplied from the East and across the Atlantic. Eventually, the Dutch and the English overtook Mediterranean countries, allowing their citizens better diets with more exotic goods. In the London parish of St Giles Cripplegate in the late-seventeenth century there were over four hundred victuallers, many cooks, confectioners, a wafer maker, a gingerbread maker and a noodleman. Food and ways of eating were loaded with moral significance. In the minds of many commentators, diets continued to distinguish civilized peoples from savages, and humans from beasts. Closer European contacts with Native Americans and East Indians in the seventeenth century triggered a re-examination of good and bad diets, and helped inspire the first concerted efforts in England to promote vegetarianism. This module will consider the history of food from various perspectives: production, distribution, regulation, preparation, consumption, and conflict. It will draw upon a variety of historical and geographical contexts to examine how people came to eat what they ate - with Europe being the main focus, but also widening the scope to take in foodstuffs transported from right across the globe. The primary source material will also be varied, and will include export lists, diaries, travel accounts, images, surviving material culture, didactic manuals by people such as Thomas Tryon and Eliza Smith and fiction by the satirical pub landlord Ned Ward and the novelist Tobias Smollett. Twelve substantive sessions will be on these subjects: #Economies of eating - from banquets to domestic frugality #Cannibalism #Flavouring: sugar and spice #The bread of life: grains and carbohydrates. #Fridays, Fish and Empire #Preserving: fats and salt. #The fattened cow and fat pigs in clover - the agricultural revolution (fieldtrip to Holkham Hall) #Cooking - domestic, fast food and mass catering. #God and vegetables, savagery and vegetarianism #This Little Piggy went to market. Provisioning: market regulation, dearth, and riots #Beer Street and Gin Lane: Excess and intoxicants. #Wilful waste makes woeful want: Leftovers, adulteration and mouldy food.

HIS-6084B

30

GLOBAL COMMUNITY: INTERNATIONALISM IN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES

Historians often concentrate on wars and conflicts between nations; this module seeks to examine ideas and institutions which have aimed at the common good of humanity. In the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars, a whole range of ideas for uniting mankind developed, as did the infrastructure of trade and communications which held the potential to make this possible. Ideas of internationalism developed among liberals, socialists and conservatives as well as significant cultural figures such has H G Wells and Jules Verne. Such ideas also developed in the United States, shaping the thinking of President Woodrow Wilson and the peace settlement at the end of the First World War. The League of Nation after 1918 also represented the first attempt to realize a form of global governance, and such ideas were renewed in the form of the United Nations after 1945, a period which, despite the rivalries of the Cold War, saw the revival of a whole range of ideas for re-uniting men and women across national boundaries. The legacy of this international tradition remained a potent force in shaping globalisation in the later twentieth century. Topics to be studied will include: Uniting nations before and after 1815: the Concert of Europe and the Brotherhood of Man; Peace, free trade and the origins of liberal internationalism in 19th Britain; Communications and global governance; the emergence of Liberal internationalism in the United States; Socialist internationalism before 1914; Cultural internationalism in fin de siecle Europe; Wilsonian internationalism and the peace settlement of 1919; The League of Nations between the Wars; Conservative internationalism between the Wars; Socialist internationalism, 1919-1939; Thinking about peace, 1919-1939; the emergence of the United Nations; Global economic order after 1945; Globalising human rights.

HIS-6064B

30

GRAND STRATEGY

This module examines the theory and practice of grand strategy in historical and contemporary contexts from a variety of analytical perspectives. It defines grand strategy as 'the calculated relation of means to large ends'. It focuses on how parts relate to the whole in whatever an individual, a corporation or a nation might be seeking to accomplish. The strategists considered range over some two and a half millennia. Some represent the best thinking and writing on this subject; others exemplify success and failure in the implementation of grand strategy.

HIS-6082A

30

HENRY VIII: THE MAKING OF A TYRANT?

The reign of Henry VIII was a major turning point in British history, and 'bluff King Hal' continues to horrify and fascinate us in equal measure. This special subject uses the preoccupations, ambitions, and character of Henry VIII as a route into the political, religious and cultural changes of this tumultuous period. Starting with the acclaimed young king, his Spanish bride, Katherine of Aragon, and his consummate minister, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, the course works chronologically and thematically through to the declining years of Henry VIII's reign, when a paranoid, obese and cruel monarch presided over an irrevocably changed religious and political landscape. It examines in detail the divorce crisis, the establishment of the Church of England, the Henrician Reformation, the politics and factionalism of the Court, war and foreign policy, magnificence, and opposition to the king, and engages with the intense historiographical debates on all these issues. The module considers some of the most colourful personalities in British history - Wolsey, More, Boleyn, Cromwell, and Cranmer - as well as structures, and the falls of Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell are given particular attention. Finally, the module draws on material culture, art history, literature, film, and even dress, as well as relying on the more usual documentary sources, such as the State Papers. Above all, we will try to answer: did Henry VIII really become a tyrant?

HIS-6035Y

60

ISOLATION TO WORLD WAR: BRITAIN AND THE ORIGINS OF WWI

This module examines the development of British foreign policy between 1880 and 1914. In the first semester we will undertake a detailed examination of Salisbury's foreign policy and the debate surrounding Britain's international 'isolation' up to the conclusion of the French entente. The second semester will see us examining the cause of British foreign policy under Sir Edward Grey until the outbreak of war in August 1914.

HIS-6030Y

60

MIRACLES TO MARVELS: TRAVELLERS FROM MEDIEVAL EUROPE TO THE MODERN WORLD

This module focuses on the history of travel and travel writing from the late Middle Ages to the early Nineteenth century. It explores the development of ideas of travelling and of travel narratives within Europe, the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. Topics include pilgrimages and pilgrim guides; Renaissance ethnographies; geography and cartography; monsters and fantasies; travellers and intellectuals; the visual and material culture of travelling; cultural conflict and toleration in colonial America; antiquarianism; the Grand Tour; imagined travels.

HIS-6088B

30

REBELLION, REVOLUTION AND RESTORATION IN BRITAIN AND IRELAND, 1640-1662

Please note: If you have taken HIS-5028B in Year 2 you are NOT permitted to take this module. This module looks at the causes, course and significance at what, in terms of relative population loss was probably the single most devastating conflict in English history: the civil wars and interregnum of 1640-1662. In those years, families, villages and towns were divided by political allegiances and military mobilisation. Hundreds of thousands died, not just from warfare, but also from the spread of infectious disease, siege and the disruption of food supplies. In the rest of the British Isles, suffering was even more profound. The execution of the king in 1649, intended to bring an end to the wars, divided the country ever more deeply. By the late 1640s, radical social groups had emerged who questioned the very basis of authority in early modern society, and made arguments for democracy and for the redistribution of land and power. Throughout the 1650s radical political and religious ideas were put into practice: monarchy and the House of Lords were abolished, an English republic rules the British Isles, radical religious sects were allowed to flourish, and the first truly open religious marketplace was established. Yet by 1660 the revolution collapsed, when, remarkably, Charles II was invited to return Stuart rule to Britain and Ireland under powers largely equal to those his father enjoyed before the civil wars. Focusing on ordinary men and women as well as upon important generals, politicians and monarchs, this module explores how and why these extraordinary events took place, how contemporaries experienced them, and what effect they had on the later history of the British Isles.

HIS-6086Y

60

ROBIN HOOD: THE MEDIEVAL OUTLAW IN HISTORY AND LEGEND

The English medieval kingdom was extremely hierarchical. It was a society in which resistance to authority by the vast majority of society was discouraged by the widespread use of mutilation and execution. Yet it was also a society which applauded that resistance. All sorts of levels of society, from the highest in the land (such as the king's sons) to the lowest, indulged in rebellion, but it was the outlaw who captured the popular imagination. Encapsulated in the tales of Robin Hood, the outlaw is loyal, courageous, as well as being clever enough to outsmart the authorities. And the authorities, of course, are disloyal, stupid, and cowardly and use the cover of the law to behave corruptly. And so long as the outlaw commits his crimes for a noble purpose, he remains a hero of the people. The unit will examine the wider subject of resistance to royal authority by men who become outlaws and their portrayal in popular legend from the Norman Conquest of England to the modern age with its focus being the outlaw, for whom the name Robin Hood has become an archetype, as, indeed, it did in the later middle ages, as outlaws took on the name pseudonym for their own criminal activities.

HIS-6078A

30

RUSSIA IN REVOLUTION 1905-1921

The Module will look at the upheavals in the Russian Empire between 1900 and 1921. It looks at the 'revolution' of 1905, the limited 'Constitutionalism' from 1906, the First World War and the downfall of Romanov monarchy. We will then study the year 1917 in some detail and discuss how and why the Bolsheviks were able to take power. The specific experience of certain non-Russian parts of the empire will be examined, as will the Civil War and the reasons for the Communist victory. The module will place the Russian Revolutions in their historical, political and geographical context and will consdier the impact that these events had in the history of the twentieth century. A formative exercise on this module will involve the whole group producing a podcast on some aspect of the Russian revolution, and appropriate skills training will be provided.

HIS-6004B

30

SEX and DRUGS and ROCK N ROLL? SIXTIES BRITAIN

Few decades in the modern period have proved as polarising as the 1960s. From 'swinging' London and the student protests of 1968 to the consequences of an allegedly 'permissive' society, the social, cultural and political implications of the decade reverberate into the present. We will cover the political impact of social and cultural trends such as: affluence and consumer culture; youth, pop music and subcultures; the counter-culture, pop-art; film, theatre, television and censorship; the 'New Left' and the birth of cultural studies; changing sexual behaviour and the 'permissive' moment; the politics of 'race' and immigration; education, social mobility and the 'new' universities; slum clearance, suburbanisation and the rise of the tower block. While focusing on Britain, key global themes will be unpacked and their local significance explored: cultures of the cold-war; decolonisation anti-colonial struggles; anti-nuclear and anti-Vietnam protests; the civil rights movement; the rise of 'second wave' feminism and gay liberation; structuralism and post-modernity. Through the analysis of autobiographical accounts and oral histories and contemporary books, films, music, television shows, sociological surveys, archival sources, official publications and material culture students will be encouraged to come to their own conclusions about this tumultuous decade.

HIS-6057Y

60

SLAVERY IN THE EARLY MODERN ATLANTIC WORLD

This module begins by surveying African, Native American and European labour regimes in the fifteenth century in order to establish a foundation for studying the transformations that followed European imperial expansion and the inauguration of the transatlantic slave trade. We will examine the process of enslavement in Africa, North America, and the Mediterranean; the ransom, exchange and sale of captives; and the development of slave markets in the European colonies in the Americas. We will study childhood and family life in various enslaved communities; the material lives of slaves; and the rise of distinct cultures within the African diaspora. We will compare the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, French and British Empires with regard to the practice of slavery. We will also trace patterns of slave resistance, escapes, rebellions, and the creation of maroon communities. The semester will end with an examination of the tangled international politics surrounding the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade and the end of plantation slavery across the Atlantic World.

HIS-6081A

30

STALIN AND STALINISM: THE USSR 1924-1953

Few topics in 20th century European history have continuously exerted a fascination among scholars as has the era of Stalinism in Soviet Russia. Stalin died more than 60 years ago, but he remains one of the creators of our world. During his time in power the Soviet Union underwent a rapid industrialisation that saw new cities emerging in places that had not seen any civilisation before. It underwent a complete reorganisation of agriculture and saw the construction of a large Gulag system amidst widespread mass terror. Stalin was intent on changing the whole culture of Soviet Russia. Finally, the regime was engaged in a total war with Nazi Germany and emerged as a new superpower in the world. Fascinating aspects of Stalinism are its brutality and cruelty, but this is counterbalanced by its magnificent and stunning cultural and scientific achievements. This special subject will examine the Stalin era in the context of other 20th-century dictatorships. There will be a particular focus on: Stalin's rise to power; Stalin's revolution; terror and its impact on Soviet society; war and dictatorship; decline and fall - Stalin and destalinization. Cultural change will also form an important part of the module. In the seminars we will work with a wide variety of sources ranging from memoirs, secret police reports, and letters written by ordinary citizens to film, newsreel footage, propaganda posters and other art work.

HIS-6031Y

60

STRUCTURES OF DAILY LIFE IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE, c 500-1300

This module will introduce students to some of the main structures of daily life in medieval society during the period c. 500-1300. The practicalities and complexities of how people in the early and central Middle Ages conducted their lives will be explored in weekly seminars with the aim of gaining a deeper understanding of the dynamics and experience of social and cultural life during this period. Students will engage with a wide range of historical (e.g. narrative sources, administrative records, letter collections) and material remains (e.g. art and architecture, archaeological remains, such as burials, ephemeral everyday objects) to illuminate both the mental and physical worlds of medieval populations. The broad geographical and chronological sweep of the module will allow students to analyse continuity and change over space and time. Themes covered by seminars: Household and Structures, Death and Burial, Rural Life, Urban Life, Popular Religion, Medicine, Travel and Transportation, Education and Communication, Art and Architecture, Leisure and Culture, Economy and Trade.

HIS-6087B

30

THE CRUSADES

This module will consider the history of the Crusades and the Crusader States from 1095 to 1291, covering a broad range of themes, religious , military and social, and taking into consideration the relations between Christians and Moslems in the Holy Land. Particular attention will be paid to primary sources, which are abundant and available in English translation.

HIS-6089B

30

THE ENGLISH IN AMERICA 1607-1692

This module explores the colonization of America by seventeenth-century English people. The memory of the Mayflower Pilgrims has obscured the fact that the first three generations remained English, unaware of the political and cultural distinctiveness to come. We will therefore be concerned with 'the repatriation of early American history'. We shall examine settlers' lives from the foundation of Jamestown in 1607, through the creation of Massachusetts in the 1630s, to the wars and rebellions of 1670-90. Not confined to New England, this module looks at a range of colonial experiences from Maine to the Caribbean, especially the mentalities of people moving between old and new worlds.

HIS-6033Y

60

THE FIRST WORLD WAR: A NEW HISTORY

This reading-intensive module explores the impact of the First World War on European and non-European states, societies, and cultures. It aims to broaden and deepen the students' knowledge by introducing some of the lesser known aspects of the conflict, such as the campaigns on the Eastern front, in Africa, or the Middle East. Students will investigate the role and perception of colonial troops in the European theatre of war and examine the war efforts of such countries as Italy, Serbia, the Ottoman Empire, and Australia. Further topics to be discussed include alliance politics and the role of neutral states, psychological effects of 'industrialised slaughter', atrocities against non-combatant civilians, captivity and occupation, state propaganda and the spiritual mobilisation of intellectuals, as well as processes of social change with regard to home and family life, ethnicity and class. The module will draw on a wide range of primary sources, including poems, paintings, and film. In their coursework, students will have the opportunity to study more specific issues, such as naval and aerial warfare, British military strategy, civil-military relations in democratic and autocratic states, medical innovations, the war experiences of children, or questions of memory and commemoration.

HIS-6051B

30

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1789-1804

The French Revolution destroyed age-old cultural, institutional and social structures in France and beyond. But, in their attempt to regenerate mankind, the revolutionaries were creative as well as destructive. They created a new political culture with far-reaching implications. This module will provide an opportunity to study different aspects of the Revolution in depth. You will become familiar with the key political turning points and political personalities of the revolutionary decade. But a great part of the module will be devoted to exploring the artistic, cultural and intellectual dimensions of this eventful period.

HIS-6080A

30

THE JAPANESE EMPIRE

This module traces the rise, downfall and legacy of the Japanese Empire. In the course of a few decades after the Meiji Restoration of 1868, Japan secured colonial territories that stretched from Inner Mongolia and Manchuria to the South Pacific. This ambitious expansion unsettled the Western powers and affected the destiny of millions of 'fellow Asians', only to come to a disastrous end in 1945. Seminars for this module encourage students to explore the specific 'spaces' - local, regional, national, transnational - that provided the context for Japanese imperialism. They will explore the lived experience of various historical actors as they became involved in colonial practices within these spaces. The module shifts the emphasis from an understanding of history that sees Japan's expansion as part of an inexorable trajectory to war to a more synchronic approach. It offers critical insights into imperialism as it unfolded in a non-Western context. Seminars: 1.Introduction: imperialism and East-Asian modernity 2.The conquest of Ezo as first colonial experiment 3.Envisaging places and boundaries: the case of Okinawa 4.Taiwan under Japanese rule 5.Japanese colonialism and modern science 6.The politics and limits of cultural assimilation 7.Colonial Korea 8.The Manchurian gamble 9.Pan-Asianism and war 10.Gendering the empire 11.End-game and legacy 12.Conclusion

HIS-6086B

30

THE MAKING OF THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 1450 TO 1950

This Special Subject deals with the development of the English landscape from c.1450 to 1950. We will explore the impact that landed estates had on the landscape through an examination of changes in architecture, garden and landscape design and related issues such as hunting and management of trees and woodland. Such changes will be set within the context of contemporary social and economic developments. In the second half of the module we will take a broader view of the rural landscape, discussing the impact of agricultural change and exploring changing perceptions of the countryside. Finally we will move on to urban landscapes to explore their evolution in the post-medieval period and the ways in which they were shaped by architectural change and population growth. We will end with a consideration of the twentieth century landscape and the effects of declining landed estates, suburbanisation, the conservation movement and the demands of modern transport and warfare. In addition to the weekly seminars there will be a number of field trips during the year.

HIS-6026Y

60

THE THIRD REICH

This module studies the history of the Third Reich from an international and comparative perspective through the extensive use of primary sources. It examines the origins and the rise of National Socialism, the seizure and consolidation of power, the nature and political structure of the dictatorship, and the transformation of German society under Nazi rule, but there is a particular focus on foreign policy and the impact of the regime's policies on Europe and the world. Aspects covered include Nazi Germany's relationship with other autocracies and right-wing forces in Europe, German geopolitical thought and the role of the Foreign Office, the formation and administration of the Nazi empire, issues of collaboration and resistance in occupied territories, combat motivation and war crimes of ordinary soldiers, the importance of non-German perpetrators of the Holocaust, the German home front and the effects of Allied aerial bombings, the various plans for a post-war Europe, and the problem of ethnic cleansing both before and after 1945.

HIS-6028Y

60

TWENTIETH-CENTURY FRANCE

This module provides a chronological overview of the social, economic, political and cultural history of France in the twentieth century. In doing so it charts the rise and fall of the Third and Fourth Republics by analysing the historical trends and contexts that led to their respective demises. It will then evaluate the construction and evolution of the Fifth Republic and conclude by assessing its future. Starting with the French experience of World War I, the module will then analyse the emergence of far-right movements in the interwar period as well as the radical-socialist programme of Leon Blum's Popular Front government. These sessions provide an important background for France's, as Marc Bloch called it, "Strange Defeat" at the hands of the Nazis in 1940. Students will then investigate the complex period of the Vichy Regime and its determined opponents in la resistance. The module will then evaluate the liberation of France, the role of General Charles de Gaulle, and the creation of the "De Gaulle Myth". It will then assess the economic, political and social changes that developed in France under the Fourth Republic before analysing that system's frailties and its eventual downfall in 1958, which ushered in the return of Charles de Gaulle and the creation of the Fifth Republic. It is important to consider the political legacy of "Gaullism" particularly in the realm of foreign policy, which will form an important component of the module. The module will then consider the importance of the first Socialist President of the Fifth Republic, Francois Mitterrand, and reflect on the extent to which he ushered in change or continuity within French politics. It will then conclude by exploring the issues of race and immigration and their social, economic, political and cultural impact on France. Finally, students will reflect on the legacy of the twentieth century for present day France.

HIS-6087Y

60

VICTORIAN UNDERWORLDS

This module introduces students to the darker side of life in Victorian Britain. Though this was undoubtedly a period of economic prosperity, not everyone shared in the gains. In this module we shall look at those who, for reasons of poverty or 'deviance' were confined to the margins. Topics will include the poor, the criminal and insane, prostitution, drink, child-workers, the workhouse, the London Irish, homosexuality and the Oscar Wilde case. By looking at the margins and the misfits, we will seek to gain a deeper understanding of British society in the nineteenth century.

HIS-6026A

30

WORKING IN THE HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT

This module will provide students with the opportunity to undertake a work placement with an employer in the historic environment sector. Students should take responsibility for arranging their own placements, with assistance from the module organisers where required. Placements will be followed by a series of practical seminars, field trips and visits from external speakers in the Spring semester. Students wishing to take this module should arrange to meet with the module organisers at the earliest opportunity.

HIS-6013Y

30

YOUTH IN MODERN EUROPE

The importance of youth as a driving force for social change has been recognised by many historians. Young people were often at the forefront wherever revolutions took place, wars were fought and tensions in society erupted. However, the historical study of youth is still a relatively young discipline. The module uses 'youth' as a prism to study key themes in 20th century European history, such as the experience of war, life under dictatorship and the longue duree of social change. We shall examine the diverse experience of youth in Western and Eastern Europe during war and peace times, including the Communist and Nazi state-sponsored youth systems, and also the way in which generational experience and conflicts became underlying forces for social and political change. The module employs a strong comparative approach and countries studied include France, Britain, the Soviet Union, West and East Germany, Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. The seminars will be accompanied by several film screenings.

HIS-6023A

30

Students will select 60 - 90 credits from the following modules:

Students should take a minimum of 60 credits and a maximum of 90 credits during the year. A minimum of 30 credits must be taken in each semester.

Name Code Credits

AFTERLIVES OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE: IMMIGRATION, INTERNATION DEVELOPMENT AND POLITICAL ACTIVISM, 1956-PRESENT

This module investigates the dramatic political, social and cultural consequences of the end of imperial power in postwar Britain. It introduces students to the history of British decolonization and the building of new international relationships and cultural identities during the years of imperial decline. It considers the new forms of international politics and humanitarian intervention that emerged in these years. And looks to the reworking of Britain's relationship to, for instance, South Africa, Rhodesia, Bangladesh and Jamaica during the years of decolonization. The module contains three thematic cores: (1) decolonization and new forms of British influence in the 'Third World' during the Cold War period (2) histories of migration and black activism and (3) the impact of the end of empire on British national identity. This module will introduce you to the key ways in which historians have tried to come to terms with Britain's 'postcolonial' history.

HIS-6085Y

60

AGE OF CHARLEMAGNE

This module examines the fortunes and reign of one of the most formidable rulers of the early medieval period and the first emperor in the West since 476: Charlemagne (768--814), king of the Franks. This module also explores the fortunes of his wives and courtesans, his children, his courtiers, his 'men of God', his counts and captains, and his many allies and enemies, including Byzantine emperors, Abbasid caliphs, Danish kings, and Avar khans.

HIS-6071Y

60

APPEASEMENT AND WAR: BRITAIN AND THE DICTATORS, 1935-1945

Timetable slots for this module apply as follows: C1*C2*C3 AUT only; A6*A7*A8 SPR only. The decade from 1935 to 1945 was one of the most tumultuous in global history. The expansionist powers of Germany, Italy and Japan were the focus of Britain's peacetime diplomacy and wartime strategy. In the years before 1939, those resurgent powers worked systematically to undermine and overturn the post-Great War peace settlement. The British National Government of Baldwin and Chamberlain struggled to deal with those threats against a backdrop of profound domestic difficulties. The policy of 'appeasement' adopted by those governments remains hugely controversial, and the subject of vigorous debate between historians. After 1939, Britain's decision to defend its guarantee to Poland plunged it into a global war, which eventually ended in victory as part of an international 'Grand Alliance', but under a very different wartime coalition led by Churchill. In the autumn semester, this module will explore the foreign policies adopted by the National Government, from Baldwin's victory in the 1935 election to the outbreak of war in September 1939. It will assess why and how these policies were adopted, the wider political and economic context within which policy was made, and the national and international consequences. In the spring semester, the module will consider Britain's wartime role in the context of grand strategy and international politics. In addition to considering topics such as Churchill's 'finest hour', we will spend some time examining the operation of the Grand Alliance and the series of wartime conferences between Britain and its allies. The decisions made in this period would have profound consequences for Britain thereafter. Throughout its course, the module will explore the rich historiography available to us, and examine its complexities. It will draw upon a wide range of primary documentation, which will provide the basis of debate and discussion.

HIS-6072Y

60

COMMUNISM AND NATIONALISM IN YUGOSLAVIA

This module will look at the creation of the Communist state of Yugoslavia after the Second World War. We shall examine the course of the war and the bitter fighting between fascists, nationalists and communists which resulted in the eventual victory of the partisans, led by Josip Broz Tito. After 1945, he and his followers built a state which survived until 1991. With the demise of Communism, Yugoslavia fragmented into new states. In some cases this transition was largely peaceful, but the wars for independence in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo gave rise to the bloodiest fighting in Europe for decades. We shall look at the role of individuals and ideas, including the careers of key figures, such as Slobodan Milosevic, and end by assessing the international community's response to the crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia at the Hague Tribunal.

HIS-6032Y

60

CONTESTING THE PAST: REPRESENTATION AND MEMORY

Historical representation and memory is constantly constructed and reconstructed. This module examines the role of documentaries and feature films in this process, exploring the close interplay and tensions between history, memory, the past and present. Feature films, in particular, have a powerful capacity to reconstruct historical narratives and understanding. Their visual vividness provides a magical simulation of the past. Indeed, in the case of medieval and early modern history, they provide a prime media through which popular understanding of these historical times is conveyed and shaped. Moreover, documentaries and feature films alike often contaminate collective memories of contemporaries and eyewitnesses of specific events, creating further challenges to historians in their pursuit to reconstruct the past. Students will examine what role films play in the process of national memory-work in popular culture and commemoration of historical events as well as how film as a medium can help but also hinder conveying historical understanding. They will also be able to discuss the work of documentary film makers and the practical challenges and responsibilities that come with it: interviewing eyewitnesses and the perils of oral history, organising and constructing a historical narrative, tensions between documentary as an art form and as a medium to transmit knowledge.

HIS-6077B

30

DISSERTATION IN HISTORY

This module offers students the opportunity to submit a dissertation of 9,000 words on a topic approved by the School. For students to be considered for this module they will have achieved an aggregate of 68% across their Level 5 AUT semester modules. No other changes will be made.

HIS-6022Y

30

DOING HISTORY DIGITALLY

This module provides a practical introduction to Digital History. It seeks to give students the intellectual research tools to critique digitised and born-digital sources and at the same time raise students' understanding of the new ways historians are interrogating these sources in order to develop new insights and interpretations of the past. The module is designed to emphasise the skills of criticism and increase knowledge of the major methodologies of digital history. Technical competence in the implementation of these methodologies is not a prerequisite to successful completion of the module. You do not have to be a digital expert, nor should you be a 'complete computing novice' to participate in this module. You will be required to do 'hands-on' work and should be comfortable with the basic use of computers (office apps, the internet, etc.), but most importantly you must be open and willing to engage at a basic and introductory level with computers and computing programs for historians. That said students will be expected to bring their historical skills to the practical work. The computer work is designed to gently challenge students of all levels. You will have the option of choosing activities that meet your comfort level. You will not be expected to complete all lab tasks; rather, a variety of options are offered so that students with different levels of experience can challenge themselves. The seminars will involve a short mini-lecture on the week's topic, followed by a group discussion, with the remaining time allocated to practical hands-on computing work that will provide a chance for you to learn the tools and technologies used by working digital historians. Structure (Seminar topics) 1. Introduction 2. Online Conversations in History 3. Evaluating the Infinite Archive 4. Searching and Browsing: Scarcity and Abundance 5. Introduction to Digital History Programming 6. Crowdsourcing and Citizen History 7. 'Do something different week' 8. Spatial Analysis 9. Cleaning Geographic Data 10. Modeling Objects and Spaces 11. Distant Reading Texts 12. Interrogating Web Archives for Contemporary History 13. Image Analysis 14. Historical Data Visualisation

HIS-6085B

30

FROM VICTORY TO DEFEAT: DEFENDING BRITAINS EMPIRE 1919-1942

The end of the First World War witnessed both the expansion of the British Empire to its largest extent, covering a quarter of the globe, and the destruction of its colonial rivals. However, the First World War also unleashed nationalist forces that would challenge the British imperial system. This resulted in outbreaks of riots and resistance against British rule in Ireland, India, Mesopotamia and Egypt. Weakened economically and socially by the gargantuan effort of winning the war how would Britain maintain her far-flung lines of empire? This module will examine how Britain attempted to secure her strategic interests both within an era of growing nationalist resistance from within the Empire and against external threats from a resurgent Japan, Germany and Italy. It will introduce students to the high-tide of war imperialism; inter-war imperial defence; the crisis of empire Britain faced in Ireland, India and the Middle East; the 'family-network' of the 'white' Dominions; colonial development in Africa and the Caribbean as well as what it meant to fight the Second World War on an imperial footing during the campaigns in the Mediterranean and North Africa, finishing with the strategic abyss that was the fall of Singapore in February 1942. By examining the pressures policy-makers faced from within the Empire and from outside we will seek to gain a deeper understanding of how the British Empire functioned during this pivotal period of the imperial project.

HIS-6082B

30

Fieldwork in Landscape History

The field course builds on the landscape archaeology units to provide forty hours of practical instruction in the field. The field course runs for one week in June, concentrating on the recording and analysis of archaeological earthworks, buildings and historic landscapes. Assessment will take the form of a short report and an extended project.

HIS-6017A

30

GLOBAL APPETITES: SUGAR and SPICE AND COFFEE and RICE

For all people, from kings to commoners, daily life in the early modern period revolved around the consumption of food. Preparing, presenting, and eating food was central to social lives and had cultural significance. Food played a major role in political developments at international, national and local levels, with concern focused on regulation, the avoidance of contamination, agricultural improvement, nutrition, and imperialist expansion. During the early modern period economic cycles were dependent on the weather, which affected local harvests. For centuries before the European discovery of America, cannibalism had served as a marker of evil. It figured prominently in mythic depictions of distant, dangerous peoples, and accusations of cannibalism accompanied widespread attacks against Jews. The early European adventurers who explored Africa and the Americas were often preoccupied by cannibalism, and their fears were cited to justify conquest, colonization, the displacement of indigenous peoples, and slavery. Many exotic new foodstuffs arrived in Europe during this time. Spices from the East such as cinnamon and nutmeg gave flavour to products which would become staples, such as rice and potatoes. New fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes and pineapples were often initially greeted with skepticism. The impact of sugar on western diets cannot be over-emphasized, expanding waistlines, rotting teeth (it was even used as a tooth cleaning agent) and being moulded into sweet sculptures to show-off at fancy banquets. This was edible conspicuous consumption. Sugar refineries were established across Europe, and sugar was sold in cones wrapped in blue paper. Initially a food of the rich, it was eventually considered a staple food. However, the poor did not merely emulate the rich in their consumption of these products. Like many other products, sugar has a dark history too, and its production relied on slavery and the manipulation of diets elsewhere. Coffee, tea and chocolate changed during the early modern period from medicinal substances, to luxuries, to habitual products. This module will allow students to consider the venues of consumption - the coffeehouses and the alehouses, as well as taverns, markets and inns. It will also consider the surviving material culture of food - oyster shells, cutlery, crockery and cookware. The history of food trade and middlemen will, inevitably, form part of this module. The European countries with the most extensive trading networks had the most varied diets. Initially, this was the southern part of Europe - the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, where ports were supplied from the East and across the Atlantic. Eventually, the Dutch and the English overtook Mediterranean countries, allowing their citizens better diets with more exotic goods. In the London parish of St Giles Cripplegate in the late-seventeenth century there were over four hundred victuallers, many cooks, confectioners, a wafer maker, a gingerbread maker and a noodleman. Food and ways of eating were loaded with moral significance. In the minds of many commentators, diets continued to distinguish civilized peoples from savages, and humans from beasts. Closer European contacts with Native Americans and East Indians in the seventeenth century triggered a re-examination of good and bad diets, and helped inspire the first concerted efforts in England to promote vegetarianism. This module will consider the history of food from various perspectives: production, distribution, regulation, preparation, consumption, and conflict. It will draw upon a variety of historical and geographical contexts to examine how people came to eat what they ate - with Europe being the main focus, but also widening the scope to take in foodstuffs transported from right across the globe. The primary source material will also be varied, and will include export lists, diaries, travel accounts, images, surviving material culture, didactic manuals by people such as Thomas Tryon and Eliza Smith and fiction by the satirical pub landlord Ned Ward and the novelist Tobias Smollett. Twelve substantive sessions will be on these subjects: #Economies of eating - from banquets to domestic frugality #Cannibalism #Flavouring: sugar and spice #The bread of life: grains and carbohydrates. #Fridays, Fish and Empire #Preserving: fats and salt. #The fattened cow and fat pigs in clover - the agricultural revolution (fieldtrip to Holkham Hall) #Cooking - domestic, fast food and mass catering. #God and vegetables, savagery and vegetarianism #This Little Piggy went to market. Provisioning: market regulation, dearth, and riots #Beer Street and Gin Lane: Excess and intoxicants. #Wilful waste makes woeful want: Leftovers, adulteration and mouldy food.

HIS-6084B

30

GLOBAL COMMUNITY: INTERNATIONALISM IN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES

Historians often concentrate on wars and conflicts between nations; this module seeks to examine ideas and institutions which have aimed at the common good of humanity. In the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars, a whole range of ideas for uniting mankind developed, as did the infrastructure of trade and communications which held the potential to make this possible. Ideas of internationalism developed among liberals, socialists and conservatives as well as significant cultural figures such has H G Wells and Jules Verne. Such ideas also developed in the United States, shaping the thinking of President Woodrow Wilson and the peace settlement at the end of the First World War. The League of Nation after 1918 also represented the first attempt to realize a form of global governance, and such ideas were renewed in the form of the United Nations after 1945, a period which, despite the rivalries of the Cold War, saw the revival of a whole range of ideas for re-uniting men and women across national boundaries. The legacy of this international tradition remained a potent force in shaping globalisation in the later twentieth century. Topics to be studied will include: Uniting nations before and after 1815: the Concert of Europe and the Brotherhood of Man; Peace, free trade and the origins of liberal internationalism in 19th Britain; Communications and global governance; the emergence of Liberal internationalism in the United States; Socialist internationalism before 1914; Cultural internationalism in fin de siecle Europe; Wilsonian internationalism and the peace settlement of 1919; The League of Nations between the Wars; Conservative internationalism between the Wars; Socialist internationalism, 1919-1939; Thinking about peace, 1919-1939; the emergence of the United Nations; Global economic order after 1945; Globalising human rights.

HIS-6064B

30

GRAND STRATEGY

This module examines the theory and practice of grand strategy in historical and contemporary contexts from a variety of analytical perspectives. It defines grand strategy as 'the calculated relation of means to large ends'. It focuses on how parts relate to the whole in whatever an individual, a corporation or a nation might be seeking to accomplish. The strategists considered range over some two and a half millennia. Some represent the best thinking and writing on this subject; others exemplify success and failure in the implementation of grand strategy.

HIS-6082A

30

HENRY VIII: THE MAKING OF A TYRANT?

The reign of Henry VIII was a major turning point in British history, and 'bluff King Hal' continues to horrify and fascinate us in equal measure. This special subject uses the preoccupations, ambitions, and character of Henry VIII as a route into the political, religious and cultural changes of this tumultuous period. Starting with the acclaimed young king, his Spanish bride, Katherine of Aragon, and his consummate minister, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, the course works chronologically and thematically through to the declining years of Henry VIII's reign, when a paranoid, obese and cruel monarch presided over an irrevocably changed religious and political landscape. It examines in detail the divorce crisis, the establishment of the Church of England, the Henrician Reformation, the politics and factionalism of the Court, war and foreign policy, magnificence, and opposition to the king, and engages with the intense historiographical debates on all these issues. The module considers some of the most colourful personalities in British history - Wolsey, More, Boleyn, Cromwell, and Cranmer - as well as structures, and the falls of Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell are given particular attention. Finally, the module draws on material culture, art history, literature, film, and even dress, as well as relying on the more usual documentary sources, such as the State Papers. Above all, we will try to answer: did Henry VIII really become a tyrant?

HIS-6035Y

60

ISOLATION TO WORLD WAR: BRITAIN AND THE ORIGINS OF WWI

This module examines the development of British foreign policy between 1880 and 1914. In the first semester we will undertake a detailed examination of Salisbury's foreign policy and the debate surrounding Britain's international 'isolation' up to the conclusion of the French entente. The second semester will see us examining the cause of British foreign policy under Sir Edward Grey until the outbreak of war in August 1914.

HIS-6030Y

60

MIRACLES TO MARVELS: TRAVELLERS FROM MEDIEVAL EUROPE TO THE MODERN WORLD

This module focuses on the history of travel and travel writing from the late Middle Ages to the early Nineteenth century. It explores the development of ideas of travelling and of travel narratives within Europe, the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. Topics include pilgrimages and pilgrim guides; Renaissance ethnographies; geography and cartography; monsters and fantasies; travellers and intellectuals; the visual and material culture of travelling; cultural conflict and toleration in colonial America; antiquarianism; the Grand Tour; imagined travels.

HIS-6088B

30

REBELLION, REVOLUTION AND RESTORATION IN BRITAIN AND IRELAND, 1640-1662

Please note: If you have taken HIS-5028B in Year 2 you are NOT permitted to take this module. This module looks at the causes, course and significance at what, in terms of relative population loss was probably the single most devastating conflict in English history: the civil wars and interregnum of 1640-1662. In those years, families, villages and towns were divided by political allegiances and military mobilisation. Hundreds of thousands died, not just from warfare, but also from the spread of infectious disease, siege and the disruption of food supplies. In the rest of the British Isles, suffering was even more profound. The execution of the king in 1649, intended to bring an end to the wars, divided the country ever more deeply. By the late 1640s, radical social groups had emerged who questioned the very basis of authority in early modern society, and made arguments for democracy and for the redistribution of land and power. Throughout the 1650s radical political and religious ideas were put into practice: monarchy and the House of Lords were abolished, an English republic rules the British Isles, radical religious sects were allowed to flourish, and the first truly open religious marketplace was established. Yet by 1660 the revolution collapsed, when, remarkably, Charles II was invited to return Stuart rule to Britain and Ireland under powers largely equal to those his father enjoyed before the civil wars. Focusing on ordinary men and women as well as upon important generals, politicians and monarchs, this module explores how and why these extraordinary events took place, how contemporaries experienced them, and what effect they had on the later history of the British Isles.

HIS-6086Y

60

ROBIN HOOD: THE MEDIEVAL OUTLAW IN HISTORY AND LEGEND

The English medieval kingdom was extremely hierarchical. It was a society in which resistance to authority by the vast majority of society was discouraged by the widespread use of mutilation and execution. Yet it was also a society which applauded that resistance. All sorts of levels of society, from the highest in the land (such as the king's sons) to the lowest, indulged in rebellion, but it was the outlaw who captured the popular imagination. Encapsulated in the tales of Robin Hood, the outlaw is loyal, courageous, as well as being clever enough to outsmart the authorities. And the authorities, of course, are disloyal, stupid, and cowardly and use the cover of the law to behave corruptly. And so long as the outlaw commits his crimes for a noble purpose, he remains a hero of the people. The unit will examine the wider subject of resistance to royal authority by men who become outlaws and their portrayal in popular legend from the Norman Conquest of England to the modern age with its focus being the outlaw, for whom the name Robin Hood has become an archetype, as, indeed, it did in the later middle ages, as outlaws took on the name pseudonym for their own criminal activities.

HIS-6078A

30

RUSSIA IN REVOLUTION 1905-1921

The Module will look at the upheavals in the Russian Empire between 1900 and 1921. It looks at the 'revolution' of 1905, the limited 'Constitutionalism' from 1906, the First World War and the downfall of Romanov monarchy. We will then study the year 1917 in some detail and discuss how and why the Bolsheviks were able to take power. The specific experience of certain non-Russian parts of the empire will be examined, as will the Civil War and the reasons for the Communist victory. The module will place the Russian Revolutions in their historical, political and geographical context and will consdier the impact that these events had in the history of the twentieth century. A formative exercise on this module will involve the whole group producing a podcast on some aspect of the Russian revolution, and appropriate skills training will be provided.

HIS-6004B

30

SEX and DRUGS and ROCK N ROLL? SIXTIES BRITAIN

Few decades in the modern period have proved as polarising as the 1960s. From 'swinging' London and the student protests of 1968 to the consequences of an allegedly 'permissive' society, the social, cultural and political implications of the decade reverberate into the present. We will cover the political impact of social and cultural trends such as: affluence and consumer culture; youth, pop music and subcultures; the counter-culture, pop-art; film, theatre, television and censorship; the 'New Left' and the birth of cultural studies; changing sexual behaviour and the 'permissive' moment; the politics of 'race' and immigration; education, social mobility and the 'new' universities; slum clearance, suburbanisation and the rise of the tower block. While focusing on Britain, key global themes will be unpacked and their local significance explored: cultures of the cold-war; decolonisation anti-colonial struggles; anti-nuclear and anti-Vietnam protests; the civil rights movement; the rise of 'second wave' feminism and gay liberation; structuralism and post-modernity. Through the analysis of autobiographical accounts and oral histories and contemporary books, films, music, television shows, sociological surveys, archival sources, official publications and material culture students will be encouraged to come to their own conclusions about this tumultuous decade.

HIS-6057Y

60

SLAVERY IN THE EARLY MODERN ATLANTIC WORLD

This module begins by surveying African, Native American and European labour regimes in the fifteenth century in order to establish a foundation for studying the transformations that followed European imperial expansion and the inauguration of the transatlantic slave trade. We will examine the process of enslavement in Africa, North America, and the Mediterranean; the ransom, exchange and sale of captives; and the development of slave markets in the European colonies in the Americas. We will study childhood and family life in various enslaved communities; the material lives of slaves; and the rise of distinct cultures within the African diaspora. We will compare the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, French and British Empires with regard to the practice of slavery. We will also trace patterns of slave resistance, escapes, rebellions, and the creation of maroon communities. The semester will end with an examination of the tangled international politics surrounding the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade and the end of plantation slavery across the Atlantic World.

HIS-6081A

30

STALIN AND STALINISM: THE USSR 1924-1953

Few topics in 20th century European history have continuously exerted a fascination among scholars as has the era of Stalinism in Soviet Russia. Stalin died more than 60 years ago, but he remains one of the creators of our world. During his time in power the Soviet Union underwent a rapid industrialisation that saw new cities emerging in places that had not seen any civilisation before. It underwent a complete reorganisation of agriculture and saw the construction of a large Gulag system amidst widespread mass terror. Stalin was intent on changing the whole culture of Soviet Russia. Finally, the regime was engaged in a total war with Nazi Germany and emerged as a new superpower in the world. Fascinating aspects of Stalinism are its brutality and cruelty, but this is counterbalanced by its magnificent and stunning cultural and scientific achievements. This special subject will examine the Stalin era in the context of other 20th-century dictatorships. There will be a particular focus on: Stalin's rise to power; Stalin's revolution; terror and its impact on Soviet society; war and dictatorship; decline and fall - Stalin and destalinization. Cultural change will also form an important part of the module. In the seminars we will work with a wide variety of sources ranging from memoirs, secret police reports, and letters written by ordinary citizens to film, newsreel footage, propaganda posters and other art work.

HIS-6031Y

60

STRUCTURES OF DAILY LIFE IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE, c 500-1300

This module will introduce students to some of the main structures of daily life in medieval society during the period c. 500-1300. The practicalities and complexities of how people in the early and central Middle Ages conducted their lives will be explored in weekly seminars with the aim of gaining a deeper understanding of the dynamics and experience of social and cultural life during this period. Students will engage with a wide range of historical (e.g. narrative sources, administrative records, letter collections) and material remains (e.g. art and architecture, archaeological remains, such as burials, ephemeral everyday objects) to illuminate both the mental and physical worlds of medieval populations. The broad geographical and chronological sweep of the module will allow students to analyse continuity and change over space and time. Themes covered by seminars: Household and Structures, Death and Burial, Rural Life, Urban Life, Popular Religion, Medicine, Travel and Transportation, Education and Communication, Art and Architecture, Leisure and Culture, Economy and Trade.

HIS-6087B

30

THE CRUSADES

This module will consider the history of the Crusades and the Crusader States from 1095 to 1291, covering a broad range of themes, religious , military and social, and taking into consideration the relations between Christians and Moslems in the Holy Land. Particular attention will be paid to primary sources, which are abundant and available in English translation.

HIS-6089B

30

THE ENGLISH IN AMERICA 1607-1692

This module explores the colonization of America by seventeenth-century English people. The memory of the Mayflower Pilgrims has obscured the fact that the first three generations remained English, unaware of the political and cultural distinctiveness to come. We will therefore be concerned with 'the repatriation of early American history'. We shall examine settlers' lives from the foundation of Jamestown in 1607, through the creation of Massachusetts in the 1630s, to the wars and rebellions of 1670-90. Not confined to New England, this module looks at a range of colonial experiences from Maine to the Caribbean, especially the mentalities of people moving between old and new worlds.

HIS-6033Y

60

THE FIRST WORLD WAR: A NEW HISTORY

This reading-intensive module explores the impact of the First World War on European and non-European states, societies, and cultures. It aims to broaden and deepen the students' knowledge by introducing some of the lesser known aspects of the conflict, such as the campaigns on the Eastern front, in Africa, or the Middle East. Students will investigate the role and perception of colonial troops in the European theatre of war and examine the war efforts of such countries as Italy, Serbia, the Ottoman Empire, and Australia. Further topics to be discussed include alliance politics and the role of neutral states, psychological effects of 'industrialised slaughter', atrocities against non-combatant civilians, captivity and occupation, state propaganda and the spiritual mobilisation of intellectuals, as well as processes of social change with regard to home and family life, ethnicity and class. The module will draw on a wide range of primary sources, including poems, paintings, and film. In their coursework, students will have the opportunity to study more specific issues, such as naval and aerial warfare, British military strategy, civil-military relations in democratic and autocratic states, medical innovations, the war experiences of children, or questions of memory and commemoration.

HIS-6051B

30

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1789-1804

The French Revolution destroyed age-old cultural, institutional and social structures in France and beyond. But, in their attempt to regenerate mankind, the revolutionaries were creative as well as destructive. They created a new political culture with far-reaching implications. This module will provide an opportunity to study different aspects of the Revolution in depth. You will become familiar with the key political turning points and political personalities of the revolutionary decade. But a great part of the module will be devoted to exploring the artistic, cultural and intellectual dimensions of this eventful period.

HIS-6080A

30

THE JAPANESE EMPIRE

This module traces the rise, downfall and legacy of the Japanese Empire. In the course of a few decades after the Meiji Restoration of 1868, Japan secured colonial territories that stretched from Inner Mongolia and Manchuria to the South Pacific. This ambitious expansion unsettled the Western powers and affected the destiny of millions of 'fellow Asians', only to come to a disastrous end in 1945. Seminars for this module encourage students to explore the specific 'spaces' - local, regional, national, transnational - that provided the context for Japanese imperialism. They will explore the lived experience of various historical actors as they became involved in colonial practices within these spaces. The module shifts the emphasis from an understanding of history that sees Japan's expansion as part of an inexorable trajectory to war to a more synchronic approach. It offers critical insights into imperialism as it unfolded in a non-Western context. Seminars: 1.Introduction: imperialism and East-Asian modernity 2.The conquest of Ezo as first colonial experiment 3.Envisaging places and boundaries: the case of Okinawa 4.Taiwan under Japanese rule 5.Japanese colonialism and modern science 6.The politics and limits of cultural assimilation 7.Colonial Korea 8.The Manchurian gamble 9.Pan-Asianism and war 10.Gendering the empire 11.End-game and legacy 12.Conclusion

HIS-6086B

30

THE MAKING OF THE ENGLISH LANDSCAPE 1450 TO 1950

This Special Subject deals with the development of the English landscape from c.1450 to 1950. We will explore the impact that landed estates had on the landscape through an examination of changes in architecture, garden and landscape design and related issues such as hunting and management of trees and woodland. Such changes will be set within the context of contemporary social and economic developments. In the second half of the module we will take a broader view of the rural landscape, discussing the impact of agricultural change and exploring changing perceptions of the countryside. Finally we will move on to urban landscapes to explore their evolution in the post-medieval period and the ways in which they were shaped by architectural change and population growth. We will end with a consideration of the twentieth century landscape and the effects of declining landed estates, suburbanisation, the conservation movement and the demands of modern transport and warfare. In addition to the weekly seminars there will be a number of field trips during the year.

HIS-6026Y

60

THE THIRD REICH

This module studies the history of the Third Reich from an international and comparative perspective through the extensive use of primary sources. It examines the origins and the rise of National Socialism, the seizure and consolidation of power, the nature and political structure of the dictatorship, and the transformation of German society under Nazi rule, but there is a particular focus on foreign policy and the impact of the regime's policies on Europe and the world. Aspects covered include Nazi Germany's relationship with other autocracies and right-wing forces in Europe, German geopolitical thought and the role of the Foreign Office, the formation and administration of the Nazi empire, issues of collaboration and resistance in occupied territories, combat motivation and war crimes of ordinary soldiers, the importance of non-German perpetrators of the Holocaust, the German home front and the effects of Allied aerial bombings, the various plans for a post-war Europe, and the problem of ethnic cleansing both before and after 1945.

HIS-6028Y

60

TWENTIETH-CENTURY FRANCE

This module provides a chronological overview of the social, economic, political and cultural history of France in the twentieth century. In doing so it charts the rise and fall of the Third and Fourth Republics by analysing the historical trends and contexts that led to their respective demises. It will then evaluate the construction and evolution of the Fifth Republic and conclude by assessing its future. Starting with the French experience of World War I, the module will then analyse the emergence of far-right movements in the interwar period as well as the radical-socialist programme of Leon Blum's Popular Front government. These sessions provide an important background for France's, as Marc Bloch called it, "Strange Defeat" at the hands of the Nazis in 1940. Students will then investigate the complex period of the Vichy Regime and its determined opponents in la resistance. The module will then evaluate the liberation of France, the role of General Charles de Gaulle, and the creation of the "De Gaulle Myth". It will then assess the economic, political and social changes that developed in France under the Fourth Republic before analysing that system's frailties and its eventual downfall in 1958, which ushered in the return of Charles de Gaulle and the creation of the Fifth Republic. It is important to consider the political legacy of "Gaullism" particularly in the realm of foreign policy, which will form an important component of the module. The module will then consider the importance of the first Socialist President of the Fifth Republic, Francois Mitterrand, and reflect on the extent to which he ushered in change or continuity within French politics. It will then conclude by exploring the issues of race and immigration and their social, economic, political and cultural impact on France. Finally, students will reflect on the legacy of the twentieth century for present day France.

HIS-6087Y

60

TWENTIETH-CENTURY SPORT HISTORY

This module explores key themes and topics in the history of twentieth century sport, from the founding of the modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896 to the impact which the collapse of socialism had upon sport at the end of the century. Sport's interaction with empire, nationalism, fascism, socialism and capitalism will be considered, demonstrating that the political history and international relations of the century are deeply entwined with sport. A range of examples are examined, from Mussolini's Italy to the superpower competition of the Cold War. As an aspect of social history, issues of gender, race and disability are inseparable from this topic, as are the harnessing and exploitation of sport as a means of war or reconciliation at various periods throughout the century.

HIS-6006B

30

VICTORIAN UNDERWORLDS

This module introduces students to the darker side of life in Victorian Britain. Though this was undoubtedly a period of economic prosperity, not everyone shared in the gains. In this module we shall look at those who, for reasons of poverty or 'deviance' were confined to the margins. Topics will include the poor, the criminal and insane, prostitution, drink, child-workers, the workhouse, the London Irish, homosexuality and the Oscar Wilde case. By looking at the margins and the misfits, we will seek to gain a deeper understanding of British society in the nineteenth century.

HIS-6026A

30

WORKING IN THE HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT

This module will provide students with the opportunity to undertake a work placement with an employer in the historic environment sector. Students should take responsibility for arranging their own placements, with assistance from the module organisers where required. Placements will be followed by a series of practical seminars, field trips and visits from external speakers in the Spring semester. Students wishing to take this module should arrange to meet with the module organisers at the earliest opportunity.

HIS-6013Y

30

YOUTH IN MODERN EUROPE

The importance of youth as a driving force for social change has been recognised by many historians. Young people were often at the forefront wherever revolutions took place, wars were fought and tensions in society erupted. However, the historical study of youth is still a relatively young discipline. The module uses 'youth' as a prism to study key themes in 20th century European history, such as the experience of war, life under dictatorship and the longue duree of social change. We shall examine the diverse experience of youth in Western and Eastern Europe during war and peace times, including the Communist and Nazi state-sponsored youth systems, and also the way in which generational experience and conflicts became underlying forces for social and political change. The module employs a strong comparative approach and countries studied include France, Britain, the Soviet Union, West and East Germany, Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. The seminars will be accompanied by several film screenings.

HIS-6023A

30

Disclaimer

Whilst the University will make every effort to offer the modules listed, changes may sometimes be made arising from the annual monitoring, review and update of modules and regular (five-yearly) review of course programmes. Where this activity leads to significant (but not minor) changes to programmes and their constituent modules, there will normally be prior consultation of students and others. It is also possible that the University may not be able to offer a module for reasons outside of its control, such as the illness of a member of staff or sabbatical leave. Where this is the case, the University will endeavour to inform students.

Entry Requirements

Entry Requirement

Students who apply for part-time courses, generally do so with a wide variety of qualifications and experience. For the majority of candidates the most important factors in assessing the application will be past and future achievement in examinations, academic interest in the subject being applied for, personal interest and extra-curricular activities and the confidential reference. We consider applicants as individuals and accept students from a very wide range of educational backgrounds and spend time considering your application in order to reach an informed decision relating your application. Please note, there may be additional subject entry requirements specific to individual degree courses. We encourage applicants to contact the university if they are unsure about the relevance of their qualifications.

Students for whom English is a Foreign language

We welcome applications from students from all academic backgrounds. We require evidence of proficiency in English (including writing, speaking, listening and reading):

·         IELTS: 6.5 overall (with no less than 6.0 in any component)

We also accept a number of other English language tests. Please click here to see our full list.

Special Entry Requirements

Students who have been away from mainstream education for a significant period of time may be required to submit a short essay to help in assessing suitability for the course.

GCSE Offer

Students are required have GCSE Mathematics and GCSE English Language at Grade C or above.

Course Open To

UK & EU students

Entry Requirement

We always welcome applications from mature students and 'non-standard' applicants - (those not coming directly from school or college) - but we usually ask that they have some relevant and recent academic study to prepare them for the demands and challenges of undergraduate work.  By this we mean study at A-Level equivalent standard within the last 3 or 4 years. We would consider an A-Level in an Arts or Humanities subject (a high grade would be required), an Access to Higher Education course (Humanities route) (many local colleges offer these and we would be looking for Distinction and Merit grades (exact requirements are dependent on exactly which programme you apply to as they all have slightly different entry requirements) or some Open University study in a relevant subject area.  Alternatively, you may wish to consider our History "Bridge" course.

 

Students for whom English is a Foreign language

We welcome applications from students from all academic backgrounds. We require evidence of proficiency in English (including speaking, listening, reading and writing) at the following level:

IELTS: 6.5 overall (minimum 6.0 in any component)

We will also accept a number of other English language qualifications. Please click here for further information.

Interviews

Applicants with alternative qualifications are usually invited to attend for interview. These are normally quite informal and generally cover topics such as your current studies, reasons for choosing the course and your personal interests and extra-curricular activities.

GCSE Offer

GCSE Requirements:  GCSE English Language grade 4 and GCSE Mathematics grade 4 or GCSE English Language grade C and GCSE Mathematics grade C.

 

Fees and Funding

Undergraduate University Fees and Financial Support

Tuition Fees

Information on tuition fees can be found here:

UK students

EU Students

Overseas Students

Scholarships and Bursaries

We are committed to ensuring that costs do not act as a barrier to those aspiring to come to a world leading university and have developed a funding package to reward those with excellent qualifications and assist those from lower income backgrounds. 

The University of East Anglia offers a range of Scholarships; please click the link for eligibility, details of how to apply and closing dates.

How to Apply

Applying for Part-Time Degrees

The University of East Anglia offers some of its undergraduate degrees on a part-time basis. Applications are made directly to the University: More information and an application form can be found at our Part-Time Study pages. For further information on the part-time application process, please contact our Admissions Service at admissions@uea.ac.uk.

Each year we hold a series of Open Days, where potential applicants to our Undergraduate courses can come and visit the university to learn more about the courses they are interested in, meet current students and staff and tour our campus. If you decide to apply for a course and are made an offer, you will be invited to a School specific Visit Day. Applicants may be invited for interview or audition for some courses.

For enquiries about the content of the degree or your qualifications please contact the Admissions Service on 01603 591515 or email admissions@uea.ac.uk We can then direct your enquiry to the relevant department to assist you.

    Next Steps

    We can’t wait to hear from you. Just pop any questions about this course into the form below and our enquiries team will answer as soon as they can.

    Admissions enquiries:
    admissions@uea.ac.uk or
    telephone +44 (0)1603 591515